Screening, counseling advised for adults, including pregnant women; evidence lacking for teens
Among current drinkers without previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, the threshold for lowest risk of all-cause mortality is about 100 g of alcohol consumed per week.
CHOICE intervention for patients with high risk for alcohol use disorder may not reduce heavy drinking or associated problems.
Alcohol use disorders are the strongest modifiable risk factors for onset of all types of dementia, especially early-onset dementia.
Behavioral interventions that include sexual risk reduction combined with alcohol- and cannabis-focused elements are effective at reducing sexually transmitted infection incidence among justice-involved adolescents.
The new guideline focuses on evidence-based treatments in alcohol use disorder such as pharmacologic treatments, naltrexone, disulfiram, and topiramate.
According to a special report by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, alcohol consumption is a definite risk for cancer development.
Patients with psoriasis have a greater risk of mortality due to alcohol-related causes, including alcoholic liver disease, fibrosis and cirrhosis of the liver, and mental and behavioral disorders.
Increases were greatest among women, older adults, racial/ethnic minorities, and individuals with lower educational level and family income.
Consumption of alcohol 3 to 4 days weekly is associated with a significantly lower risk for diabetes in men and women.
The AAFP has created an alcohol screening practice manual to help family physicians prevent alcohol misuse.
The researchers found heterogeneity in the association between recorded alcohol consumption and the initial presentation of 12 cardiovascular diseases.
Total alcohol abstinence is the cornerstone of treatment for patients with alcohol use disorders and alcoholic liver disease.
One-third of cases may be avoided if patients maintained a healthy weight and limited alcohol consumption.
An automated telephone call prior to a primary care visit can encourage patients to discuss their alcohol consumption.
Light to moderate alcohol intake increased the risk of alcohol-related cancers in women.
White and Native American men had the highest rates of lifetime drinking problems - 33% and 43%, respectively.
Only a minority of primary care providers appropriately screen or intervene with at-risk alcohol users.