Antibiotics

Penicillin Allergies: Commonly Reported but Rarely Accurate

Penicillin Allergies: Commonly Reported but Rarely Accurate

As infections from drug-resistant microbes continue to rise, the development of new antibiotics has declined since the golden age of antibiotic discovery in the mid-20th century.

Pediatric Revisits, Admissions for UTI Similar With Oral or IV Meds

Pediatric Revisits, Admissions for UTI Similar With Oral or IV Meds

Findings support ED discharge with oral antibiotics for children with urinary tract infection.

Completing Sepsis Bundle Within an Hour Cuts Pediatric Mortality

Completing Sepsis Bundle Within an Hour Cuts Pediatric Mortality

However, completing individual bundle elements in that timeframe does not reduce pediatric mortality.

Antibiotics Often Unnecessary for Sacral Pressure Ulcers Complicated by Osteomyelitis

Antibiotics Often Unnecessary for Sacral Pressure Ulcers Complicated by Osteomyelitis

A systematic literature review, published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, found no evidence supporting a benefit to antibacterial therapy for osteomyelitis in patients with stage IV sacral pressure ulcers.

Infective Endocarditis More Common with Valve Issues

Infective Endocarditis More Common with Valve Issues

Antibiotic prophylaxis should be reconsidered with bicuspid aortic valve, mitral valve prolapse.

Novel Antibiotic for <i>C Difficile</i> Infection Gets FDA's QIDP Designation

Novel Antibiotic for C Difficile Infection Gets FDA's QIDP Designation

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ACX-362E is a targeted, narrow spectrum oral antibiotic that blocks the DNA replication process through inhibition of polymerase III, which has been shown to be bactericidal.

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Found in 221 US Healthcare Facilities in 2017

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Found in 221 US Healthcare Facilities in 2017

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Antibiotic resistance is a nationwide issue that affects every state, so how do we combat it?

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

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Aortic aneurysm risks are significantly elevated in patients taking fluoroquinolone.

Symptomatic treatment inferior to antibiotics in women with UTIs

Symptomatic treatment inferior to antibiotics in women with UTIs

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Treating lower UTIs with diclofenac may help in optimizing antibiotic treatments.

Completing the antibiotic course: Is it necessary?

Completing the antibiotic course: Is it necessary?

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Completing the antibiotic course increases the chance of patients developing antibiotic resistance, according to the authors.

Treatment for cutaneous abscesses

Treatment for cutaneous abscesses

Antibiotics do not always need to be used for cutaneous abscesses, but the condition must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis to make a final decision regarding the appropriate course of treatment for any individual.

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

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General practices that prescribe fewer antibiotics may encounter slightly higher incidences of pneumonia and peritonsillar abscess.

Antibiotic use, perceptions differ among patients and providers

Antibiotic use, perceptions differ among patients and providers

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Regarding antibiotic use for upper respiratory infections, patients and providers have different perceptions, behaviors, and knowledge.

One-third of antibiotic prescriptions may be inappropriate, per study by JAMA and CDC

One-third of antibiotic prescriptions may be inappropriate, per study by JAMA and CDC

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Research findings support the need to establish a goal of increased antibiotic stewardship among physicians.

Children with UTIs related to E. coli failing to respond to antibiotics

Children with UTIs related to E. coli failing to respond to antibiotics

Nearly 54% of pediatric UTI cases were resistant to treatment with amoxicillin.

Stat Consult: Acute sinusitis in children and adolescents

Stat Consult: Acute sinusitis in children and adolescents

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Acute sinusitis is common, affecting 6% to 7% of children presenting with respiratory symptoms.

Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in primary care: the effect of behavioral interventions

Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in primary care: the effect of behavioral interventions

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In outpatient primary care settings, various behavioral interventions can reduce the rate of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing practices.

CDC, ACP issue guidelines for appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory tract infection in adults

CDC, ACP issue guidelines for appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory tract infection in adults

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Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing will improve the quality of patient care, decrease healthcare costs, and preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics.

Vaccination, parents, and children

Vaccination, parents, and children

Vaccinations cannot be equated to antibiotics.

Misconceptions about antibiotics common among Medicaid patients

Misconceptions about antibiotics common among Medicaid patients

Compared with those with private insurance, parents with Medicaid tended to know less about antibiotics.

Using PEARLS to reduce unnecessary antibiotics

Using PEARLS to reduce unnecessary antibiotics

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Educating nurse practitioners and patients on antibiotic resistance helps bring down the antibiotic overprescription rate.

Antibiotic shortages may catch providers off guard

Antibiotic shortages may catch providers off guard

Many of the drug shortages were of broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Certain antibiotics may boost type 2 diabetes risk

Certain antibiotics may boost type 2 diabetes risk

Patients who were prescribed at least two courses of four types of antibiotics -- penicillins, cephalosporins, quinolones, and macrolides -- were more likely to develop diabetes.

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