Autism Spectrum Disorder
These data show that ASD may arise from an early neurobiological difference in response to rewarding social stimuli, which could result in reduced social motivation.
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy linked to risk of poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring
Significant, positive link for common allergies, especially food allergy, with autism
Medical records of 48 children examined by Asperger show that he specifically called for 12 of the children to be transferred to the Am Spiegelgrund facility, the 'euthanasia' institution founded in 1940.
No statistically significant difference was observed in the number or duration of prenatal ultrasonographic scans across the entire pregnancy in children with later autism compared with controls with non-ASD developmental delay or typical development.
Co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.
Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.
Maternal multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy may be inversely associated with ASD with intellectual disability in offspring.
MRI scans showed that the brain size of infants grew faster between 12 and 24 months, the same time that behavioral signs of autism appeared.
Nearly 2% of the 1 million infants studied were later diagnosed with autism.
The technique is a noninvasive method to screen children for hearing loss that may be associated with autism.
A 2007 American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation for universal autism screening has led to increased earlier diagnoses of the condition.
Earlier interventions lead to better outcomes in autism.
The USPSTF has found insufficient evidence to support screening all young children for autism spectrum disorder if a parent or clinician has no expressed concerns.
The offspring of women who took antidepressants during pregnancy had an 87% increased risk of developing autism.
Researchers estimate that the annual cost of caring for people with autism spectrum disorder could rise to $500 billion to $1 trillion.
Greater odds in children of teenage mothers, older mothers, and parents with big age gap
Finding held true even for children at risk for the developmental disorder
Under guidelines from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, women are screened for gestational diabetes, usually at 24 to 28 weeks.
Diseases such as measles and whooping cough are making a comeback because a growing number of people choose to follow a movement based in fear mongering.
The children of mothers who had preeclampsia during pregnancy are more likely to develop autism spectrum disorder.
Mothers aged 35 years and older with low iron intake were at a fivefold greater risk of having a child diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.
Indirect evidence suggested future studies should focus on congenital anomalies, autism spectrum, and attention deficit disorders in offspring.
Greater impact of daily stressors, behavioral problems and worry about the future associated with more difficulty adapting.
Current evidence does not support a correlation between labor induction and augmentation and the risk of autism spectrum disorders.
Adolescents with ASDs show atypically increased functional connectivity between two brain networks that are crucial for social cognition.
Strongest correlation seen for SSRI exposure during first trimester, link also seen for developmental disorders.
Increase likely due to better diagnosis of the developmental disorder.
About 80% of those with an autism spectrum disorder under the previous criteria maintain their classification under the new DSM-5.
Pregnant women diagnosed with bacterial infections during hospital stays were at greater risk for having a child with an autism spectrum disorder.