Cardiology

Women Less Likely to Fill Post-MI Statin Prescription

Women Less Likely to Fill Post-MI Statin Prescription

Fifty-six percent of men, 47% of women filled high-intensity statin after myocardial infarction

Health burden varies significantly by state in the US

In the US Burden of Disease Report, the leading causes of death were ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Alzheimer's disease, and colorectal cancer while the leading causes of disability were low back pain, major depressive disorder, and diabetes.

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Benefits seen in markers of cardiometabolic disease, including insulin sensitivity

Stat consult: Sudden cardiac death

Stat consult: Sudden cardiac death

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Described as death within an hour of onset of any symptom

Aortic valve replacement linked to increased mortality in elderly

Aortic valve replacement linked to increased mortality in elderly

Aside from age, other high mortality factors included left ventricular dysfunction, atrial fibrillation, COPD, and diabetes.

Antidepressants, depression may increase atrial fibrillation risks

Antidepressants, depression may increase atrial fibrillation risks

According to research presented at the 2018 American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.

FDA: World's smallest mechanical heart valve approved for newborns with heart defects

FDA: World's smallest mechanical heart valve approved for newborns with heart defects

The world's smallest mechanical heart valve was approved by the FDA for newborns and young infants with heart defects.

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

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Aortic aneurysm risks are significantly elevated in patients taking fluoroquinolone.

Collaborative care intervention does not improve health in chronic heart failure, but alleviates depression and fatigue

Collaborative Care to Alleviate Symptoms and Adjust to Illness, a collaborative care intervention combining symptom and psychosocial care, did not improve heart failure-specific health status in chronic heart disease, compared to usual care.

Noninvasive coronary testing may prevent need for future invasive tests

Noninvasive coronary testing may prevent need for future invasive tests

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Low-risk acute coronary syndrome patients may require fewer referrals for invasive coronary angiography if they had initial noninvasive testing such as stress echocardiography or cardiovascular magnetic resonance.

Varicose veins associated with increased risk of deep venous thrombosis

Varicose veins associated with increased risk of deep venous thrombosis

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There is a significant association between varicose veins and an increased risk for deep venous thrombosis and possible associations with pulmonary embolism and peripheral artery disease, though results are still unclear.

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity is affiliated with elevated morbidity, cardiovascular disease related mortality, and shorter longevity compared with individuals with a normal body mass index.

Cancer history affects mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history affects mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history has an important impact on mortality independent of cardiovascular risk factors.

Cardiac surgery during flu season linked to ARDS

Cardiac surgery during flu season linked to ARDS

Undergoing cardiac surgery during the influenza season is associated with increased likelihood of development of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

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Patients diagnosed with PFO prior to noncardiac surgery have an elevated ischemic stroke risk.

Breastfeeding may lower hypertension risk in postmenopausal women

Breastfeeding may lower hypertension risk in postmenopausal women

Breastfeeding duration and frequency may help reduce hypertension risks.

NFL players do not have significantly increased mortality risk

NFL players do not have significantly increased mortality risk

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Among NFL football players who began their careers between 1982 and 1992, career participation in the NFL, compared with limited NFL exposure obtained primarily as an NFL replacement player during a league-wide strike, was not associated with a statistically significant difference in long-term all-cause mortality.

Coronary artery disease: primary prevention measures

Coronary artery disease: primary prevention measures

Primary prevention efforts such as exercise, weight control, cessation of smoking, and alcohol intake can greatly affect the development of CAD.

Heart failure, hearing loss linked in older patients

Heart failure, hearing loss linked in older patients

Patients with heart failure might have a greater risk for cardiovascular comorbidities and hearing loss.

Living kidney donation associated with some increased health risks

Living kidney donation was associated with higher diastolic blood pressure, lower estimated glomerular filtration rates, and increased relative risk of preeclampsia and end-stage renal disease.

Viral respiratory infections associated with increased risk of acute myocardial infarction

In a self-controlled case series, patients were observed to have increased incidence of hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction within seven-days of respiratory virus detection.

Evidence of marijuana's effect on cardiovascular events still scarce

Evidence of marijuana's effect on cardiovascular events still scarce

Future studies may help to assess the relation between chronic marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.

Early menarche, menopause linked to increased CVD risk

Early menarche, menopause linked to increased CVD risk

Several reproductive variables were independently linked to increased CVD risks.

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

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Use of long-acting bronchodilators is linked to cardiovascular risks in patients with COPD.

Blood pressure control best achieved with a multilevel, multicomponent approach

Team-based, multilevel implementation strategies were the most effective at reducing systolic blood pressure.

Mechanically expanded TAVR may benefit high-risk aortic stenosis patients

Mechanically expanded TAVR may benefit high-risk aortic stenosis patients

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MEV aortic valve replacement is noninferior to SEV aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis.

Addition of new class of antihypertensive drug effective for lowering BP

Addition of new class of antihypertensive drug effective for lowering BP

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Addition of a new class of antihypertensive drugs to existing treatment greatly decreases SBP in previously medicated patients with HT.

AAFP does not endorse new hypertension guideline

AAFP does not endorse new hypertension guideline

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The AAFP continues to use the 2014 JNC8 guideline instead of the 2017 AHA/ACC update.

Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death

Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death

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Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death in patients older than 60 years.

VTE risk linked to increased television watching

VTE risk linked to increased television watching

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Increased frequency of television viewing may be linked to an increased risk for venous thromboembolism.

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