Cardiology

Weight Loss Linked to Reversal of Atrial Fibrillation Progression

Weight Loss Linked to Reversal of Atrial Fibrillation Progression

Increased weight loss with risk factor management associated with greater atrial fibrillation freedom.

Clotting Time in Transfemoral PCI Linked to Bleeding Risk

Clotting Time in Transfemoral PCI Linked to Bleeding Risk

More major bleeding seen at maximal activated clotting time greater than 290 seconds.

Handheld Device Can ID Cardiac Dysfunction in Cancer Survivors

Handheld Device Can ID Cardiac Dysfunction in Cancer Survivors

Vivio can accurately detect cardiac dysfunction in anthracycline-exposed childhood cancer survivors

Peri-Op RBC Transfusions Linked to Postoperative VTE

Peri-Op RBC Transfusions Linked to Postoperative VTE

Perioperative red blood cell transfusion linked to increased adjusted odds of VTE, DVT, PE

 USPSTF Does Not Recommend ECG Screening in Low-Risk CVD

USPSTF Does Not Recommend ECG Screening in Low-Risk CVD

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The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.

Mortality Still High After Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects

Mortality Still High After Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects

Long-term mortality elevated even for mild defects; overall survival improved over time

Alcohol Consumption Inversely Linked to Nonfatal Coronary Heart Disease

Alcohol Consumption Inversely Linked to Nonfatal Coronary Heart Disease

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Alcohol consumption may be inversely related to nonfatal CHD risk but positively correlated with risks for other stroke subtypes.

Severe Atopic Eczema Tied to Higher CV Disease Risk

Severe Atopic Eczema Tied to Higher CV Disease Risk

Risk of cardiovascular outcomes was greatest for those with the most active atopic eczema.

ACC Outlines Best Practices for Ionizing Radiation Use in Cardiovascular Imaging

ACC Outlines Best Practices for Ionizing Radiation Use in Cardiovascular Imaging

The American College of Cardiology, along with several other cardiology societies, have updated guidelines on best practices for improving safety when using ionizing radiation during cardiovascular imaging.

Atherosclerotic CVD Mortality Higher in South Asians in the US

Atherosclerotic CVD Mortality Higher in South Asians in the US

Most of the increased risk can be attributed to increased prevalence of known risk factors.

Ischemic Heart Disease, CHF Mortality Vary Across VA Systems

Ischemic Heart Disease, CHF Mortality Vary Across VA Systems

Risk-standardized mortality rates vary considerably across Veterans Affairs Medical Centers

Disruption of Circadian Rhythm Negatively Impacts Mental Health

Disruption of Circadian Rhythm Negatively Impacts Mental Health

Reduction in relative amplitude tied to higher risk of lifetime major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder

Stroke, TIA Risk Remain High After Atrial Fibrillation Resolved

Stroke, TIA Risk Remain High After Atrial Fibrillation Resolved

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Patients with resolved atrial fibrillation have an increased risk for stroke or transient ischemic attack.

Smartphone App May Boost Medication Adherence in Hypertension

Smartphone App May Boost Medication Adherence in Hypertension

But use of the app not linked to a change in systolic blood pressure in poorly controlled hypertension

Women Less Likely to Fill Post-MI Statin Prescription

Women Less Likely to Fill Post-MI Statin Prescription

Fifty-six percent of men, 47% of women filled high-intensity statin after myocardial infarction

Health burden varies significantly by state in the US

In the US Burden of Disease Report, the leading causes of death were ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Alzheimer's disease, and colorectal cancer while the leading causes of disability were low back pain, major depressive disorder, and diabetes.

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Benefits seen in markers of cardiometabolic disease, including insulin sensitivity

Stat consult: Sudden cardiac death

Stat consult: Sudden cardiac death

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Described as death within an hour of onset of any symptom

Aortic valve replacement linked to increased mortality in elderly

Aortic valve replacement linked to increased mortality in elderly

Aside from age, other high mortality factors included left ventricular dysfunction, atrial fibrillation, COPD, and diabetes.

Antidepressants, depression may increase atrial fibrillation risks

Antidepressants, depression may increase atrial fibrillation risks

According to research presented at the 2018 American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.

FDA: World's smallest mechanical heart valve approved for newborns with heart defects

FDA: World's smallest mechanical heart valve approved for newborns with heart defects

The world's smallest mechanical heart valve was approved by the FDA for newborns and young infants with heart defects.

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

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Aortic aneurysm risks are significantly elevated in patients taking fluoroquinolone.

Collaborative care intervention does not improve health in chronic heart failure, but alleviates depression and fatigue

Collaborative Care to Alleviate Symptoms and Adjust to Illness, a collaborative care intervention combining symptom and psychosocial care, did not improve heart failure-specific health status in chronic heart disease, compared to usual care.

Noninvasive coronary testing may prevent need for future invasive tests

Noninvasive coronary testing may prevent need for future invasive tests

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Low-risk acute coronary syndrome patients may require fewer referrals for invasive coronary angiography if they had initial noninvasive testing such as stress echocardiography or cardiovascular magnetic resonance.

Varicose veins associated with increased risk of deep venous thrombosis

Varicose veins associated with increased risk of deep venous thrombosis

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There is a significant association between varicose veins and an increased risk for deep venous thrombosis and possible associations with pulmonary embolism and peripheral artery disease, though results are still unclear.

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity is affiliated with elevated morbidity, cardiovascular disease related mortality, and shorter longevity compared with individuals with a normal body mass index.

Cancer history affects mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history affects mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history has an important impact on mortality independent of cardiovascular risk factors.

Cardiac surgery during flu season linked to ARDS

Cardiac surgery during flu season linked to ARDS

Undergoing cardiac surgery during the influenza season is associated with increased likelihood of development of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

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Patients diagnosed with PFO prior to noncardiac surgery have an elevated ischemic stroke risk.

Breastfeeding may lower hypertension risk in postmenopausal women

Breastfeeding may lower hypertension risk in postmenopausal women

Breastfeeding duration and frequency may help reduce hypertension risks.

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