Cardiology

Intensive Blood Pressure Therapy Lowers Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes

Intensive Blood Pressure Therapy Lowers Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes

Intensive blood pressure therapy is associated with a significantly lower risk for serious cardiovascular events in the adults with diabetes.

ASPREE Trial: Aspirin Associated With Higher Mortality, Hemorrhage Risk in Older Adults

ASPREE Trial: Aspirin Associated With Higher Mortality, Hemorrhage Risk in Older Adults

The use of aspirin in healthy elderly patients as a preventative strategy was associated with no prolongation of long-term disability-free survival compared with placebo.

AHA: Resistant Hypertension Diagnosis, Treatment Guidelines Updated

AHA: Resistant Hypertension Diagnosis, Treatment Guidelines Updated

Ruling out prescription non-compliance, white coat syndrome, and interfering medications necessary.

Prurigo Nodularis More Likely in African-Americans

Prurigo Nodularis More Likely in African-Americans

PN linked to chronic kidney disease, hepatitis C, congestive heart failure, HIV, psychiatric comorbidities.

Single, Fixed-Dose Combo Pills Improve Hypertension Outcomes

Single, Fixed-Dose Combo Pills Improve Hypertension Outcomes

Findings show improved outcomes may be due to better medication adherence.

AHA: Update on Diagnosis, Treatment for Chagas Cardiomyopathy

AHA: Update on Diagnosis, Treatment for Chagas Cardiomyopathy

Prevalence has increased in US; statement aims to increase recognition, improve care.

Increased Dairy Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD, Mortality Risk in Low-, Middle-Income Countries

Increased Dairy Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD, Mortality Risk in Low-, Middle-Income Countries

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The consumption of whole-fat dairy products may reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, contrary to current dietary guidelines that advise limited consumption of fat-free or low-fat dairy products.

Addition of CT angiography to standard care for stable chest pain reduces mortality due to coronary disease

Patients with stable chest pain referred to a cardiology clinic who received standard care plus coronary CT angiography experienced lower 5-year rate of death due to coronary disease compared to those receiving standard care alone.

New Guidelines Target Pharmacological Hypertension Management to High-Risk Patients

New Guidelines Target Pharmacological Hypertension Management to High-Risk Patients

A guideline-based approach directing pharmacological treatment to adults more likely to have CVD events may maximize absolute risk reduction of treatment.

CHEST Releases Guideline for Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation

CHEST Releases Guideline for Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation

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Patients with atrial fibrillation who have ≥1 non-sex CHA2DS2VASc stroke risk factor should receive oral anticoagulation as antithrombotic therapy.

High LDL in Young, Healthy Adults Leaves Them Vulnerable to CVD

High LDL in Young, Healthy Adults Leaves Them Vulnerable to CVD

Findings may have implications for future cholesterol treatment paradigms.

Laryngeal Tube Insertion Beats Endotracheal Intubation in OHCA

Laryngeal Tube Insertion Beats Endotracheal Intubation in OHCA

And, 30-day functional outcomes similar with supraglottic airway device or tracheal intubation.

Lower Long-Term Survival for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests in Blacks

Lower Long-Term Survival for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests in Blacks

Black survivors of in-hospital cardiac arrest have lower survival at 1, 3, 5 years vs whites.

Triple Combo Blood Pressure Pill Can Improve BP Control

Triple Combo Blood Pressure Pill Can Improve BP Control

Proportion achieving target BP increased with use of triple combo pill vs usual care at 6 months.

AHA/ACC: Updated Management Guidelines for Adult Congenital Heart Disease

AHA/ACC: Updated Management Guidelines for Adult Congenital Heart Disease

The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association developed updated guidelines on the evaluation, management, and monitoring of adults with congenital heart disease.

Perspectives on USPSTF AF Screening Recommendation

Perspectives on USPSTF AF Screening Recommendation

Physicians weigh in on the need to develop a screening strategy.

AHA: A Diverse Diet May Not Promote a Healthy Weight

AHA: A Diverse Diet May Not Promote a Healthy Weight

American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.

Review Addresses Nutritional Hype for Popular Foods

Review Addresses Nutritional Hype for Popular Foods

Legumes, coffee, tea tied to cardiovascular benefits; added sugars, energy drinks linked to harmful effects.

American Heart Association Urges Screen Time Limits for Youth

American Heart Association Urges Screen Time Limits for Youth

Increasing screen trends may have negative cardiometabolic impact; panel calls for more research.

USPSTF: Insufficient Evidence to Screen for Atrial Fibrillation

USPSTF: Insufficient Evidence to Screen for Atrial Fibrillation

US Preventive Services Task Force says benefit unclear in asymptomatic, older patients.

AHA Introduces Heart Failure Certification Program

AHA Introduces Heart Failure Certification Program

Program for heart failure management and implementation of clinical practice guidelines.

Infective Endocarditis More Common with Valve Issues

Infective Endocarditis More Common with Valve Issues

Antibiotic prophylaxis should be reconsidered with bicuspid aortic valve, mitral valve prolapse.

2002 to 2014 Saw Hike in AMI Rate in Pregnancy, Puerperium

2002 to 2014 Saw Hike in AMI Rate in Pregnancy, Puerperium

Rate of acute myocardial infarction one per 12,400 for those hospitalized during pregnancy, puerperium.

Use of 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines Would Increase HTN Prevalence

Use of 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines Would Increase HTN Prevalence

Adoption of the guidelines would label more than half of 45- to 75-year-olds as having hypertension.

Portable Sleep Monitoring Accurate in Heart Failure Patients

Portable Sleep Monitoring Accurate in Heart Failure Patients

Respiratory polygraphy can accurately diagnose sleep apnea in patients hospitalized with heart failure.

Cardiac Pathology in SUDEP Compared With Sudden Arrhythmic or Traumatic Deaths

Cardiac Pathology in SUDEP Compared With Sudden Arrhythmic or Traumatic Deaths

Causes of death in patients with epilepsy were assessed to determine the presence of cardiac pathology.

More Youths With Hypertension Using 2017 AAP Guidelines

More Youths With Hypertension Using 2017 AAP Guidelines

Weighted net estimated increase of 795,000 US youths being reclassified as having hypertension.

Preeclampsia With Severe Features Increases Risk for Cardiac Abnormalities

Preeclampsia With Severe Features Increases Risk for Cardiac Abnormalities

Women with preeclampsia with severe features had increased right ventricular systolic pressure and decreased global right ventricular longitudinal systolic strain.

Weight Loss Linked to Reversal of Atrial Fibrillation Progression

Weight Loss Linked to Reversal of Atrial Fibrillation Progression

Increased weight loss with risk factor management associated with greater atrial fibrillation freedom.

Clotting Time in Transfemoral PCI Linked to Bleeding Risk

Clotting Time in Transfemoral PCI Linked to Bleeding Risk

More major bleeding seen at maximal activated clotting time greater than 290 seconds.

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