Cardiovascular Information Center Archive

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Many patients taking NOACs for atrial fibrillation may not be receiving correct dose

Researchers found that 16% of patients received doses inconsistent with US Food and Drug Administration labeling.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Restarting anticoagulation may be cost-effective in some VTE cases

The therapy may be cost-effective for patients with a predicted 1-year VTE risk of 17.5% or more.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Reducing blood pressure below recommended targets significantly reduces CVD, mortality risk

Blood pressure levels below the recommended targets lower risk of CVD and all-cause mortality.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Regular chocolate consumption may lower atrial fibrillation risk

Compared with individuals reporting chocolate intake less than once per month, the rate of AF was lower for people consuming chocolate regularly.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Statins vs usual care for primary cardiovascular prevention in older adults

The ALLHAT-LLT trial showed that statin therapy for primary cardiovascular prevention may not benefit adults older than 65 years of age.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Vitamin D not effective for preventing cardiovascular disease

CVD occurred in 11.8% of participants in the vitamin D group and 11.5% in the placebo group.

Ob/Gyn Information Center

Screening for preeclampsia throughout pregnancy recommended by USPSTF

The USPSTF recommends that pregnant women receive screening for preeclampsia with blood pressure measurements throughout pregnancy.

Gastroenterology Information Center

Apixaban linked to lower risk of gastrointestinal bleeding

Apixaban is associated with a lower risk of gastrointestinal bleeding than rivaroxaban or dabigatran.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Statin eligibility differs between ACC/AHA vs USPSTF guidelines

Nine million fewer adults would be taking statins if clinicians followed the USPSTF guidelines.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Undiagnosed chest pain may increase long-term cardiovascular risk

Most patients in primary care with undiagnosed chest pain do not undergo diagnostic testing.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Moderate alcohol consumption linked to lower risk of some types of cardiovascular disease

The researchers found heterogeneity in the association between recorded alcohol consumption and the initial presentation of 12 cardiovascular diseases.

Orthopedics Information Center

Knee osteoarthritis linked to increased risk of hypertension

Researchers observed a higher incidence of hypertension in patients with knee osteoarthritis compared with patients without osteoarthritis.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Valvular heart disease: 2017 updated guideline from the AHA/ACC

The updated guideline includes recent advances in diagnostic imaging and improvements in catheter-based and surgical interventions for patients with valvular heart disease.

COPD Information Center

Statins may reduce pulmonary artery pressure in COPD patients

A daily dose of atorvastatin could reduce pulmonary artery pressure among patients with COPD.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Physical activity important for adults with CVD

In older adults, the consequences of functional impairment include increased morbidity and mortality, and reduced ability to perform activities of daily living.

COPD Information Center

ICU may be overused for some patients with heart or lung disease

Researchers also observed no difference in 30-day mortality rates between patients in the ICU and those who received regular inpatient care in another hospital unit.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Dabigatran linked to fewer bleeding complications in patients with atrial fibrillation

Anticoagulation with dabigatran was associated with fewer bleeding complications compared with warfarin among patients undergoing ablation for atrial fibrillation.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Coronary reperfusion improved with longer time between antiplatelet therapy and PCI

A longer period between P2Y12 inhibitor administration and primary percutaneous coronary intervention improves coronary reperfusion.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Same-day discharge may be safe for patients after percutaneous coronary intervention

Same-day discharge after percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes was not predictive of 30-day readmission, death, or bleeding.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Hospitalization, mortality rates higher for heart failure patients in winter

Researchers find that hospitalizations and deaths among heart failure patients are highest during winter months.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Nearly half of all cardiometabolic deaths linked to poor diet

Suboptimal intake of 10 specific dietary factors is associated with a substantial proportion of deaths due to heart disease, stroke, or type 2 diabetes.

Infectious Diseases Information Center

NSAID use for respiratory infection increases myocardial infarction risk

NSAID use during ARI was associated with a 3.4-fold increased risk of AMI compared with 2.7-fold increased risk without NSAID use.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Electronic cigarette use linked to higher CVD risk

Electronic cigarettes cause an imbalance of cardiac autonomic tone and increased oxidative stress, which may increase cardiovascular risk.

Infectious Diseases Information Center

High-potency statins increase hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia

Higher-potency statins increased hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia compared with lower-potency statins.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Meal timing and frequency in CVD prevention: an AHA scientific statement

The AHA found that irregular eating patterns are less ideal for maintaining body weight and cardiometabolic health.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Diabetes without insulin may not increase thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation

Diabetes without insulin did not appear to increase thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with anticoagulation.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Efficacy of renin angiotensin system inhibitors for coronary artery disease

RASIs reduced cardiovascular events and death only when compared with placebo but not when compared with active controls.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Safety alert issued for LIFEPAK 1000 defibrillator

The device has shut down due to an intermittent connection between the battery and electrical contacts.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Increasing number of US adults with masked hypertension

An estimated 12.3% of Americans over the age of 21 have masked hypertension.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Caffeine may reduce age-related inflammation linked to cardiovascular disease

Researchers observed a connection between advancing age, systemic inflammation, cardiovascular disease, and caffeine.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Hypertension treatment in older adults: a new clinical practice guideline

The ACP and the AAFP has released a joint recommendation for the pharmacologic treatment of hypertension in adults aged 60 years and older.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

"Weekend warrior" activity reduces all-cause mortality risk

Individuals who perform their physical activity in 1 or 2 sessions during the week can still reduce their risk of mortality.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Statin prescription rates lower among younger adults with severe dyslipidemia

Prescription rates for statins were dependent on age among patients with severe dyslipidemia.

Ob/Gyn Information Center

Women using statins may have a lower risk of uterine fibroids

Researchers examined the association between statin use and the risk of uterine fibroids and fibroid-related symptoms.

Pain Information Center

Shared decision making boosts patients' knowledge of acute coronary syndrome risk

The use of a decision aid in patients at risk of acute coronary syndrome increased patient knowledge about their risk.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Statins may reduce risk of Alzheimer's disease

Depending on race, sex, and ethnicity, the right statin type may lower the risk of Alzheimer disease.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Regular alcohol consumption may increase risk of atrial fibrillation

Drinking small amounts of alcohol may increase the risk of atrial fibrillation.

Men's Health Information Center

Testosterone treatment may increase risk of venous thromboembolism

Researchers sought to determine the risk of venous thromboembolism associated with use of testosterone treatment.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Elevated blood pressure trends have shifted worldwide

The prevalence of elevated blood pressure rates shifted from high-income to low- and middle-income countries.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Dabigatran with statins increases hemorrhage risk in patients with atrial fibrillation

Patients who also took either lovastatin or simvastatin had a 40% higher risk of major hemorrhage than those who took other statins.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Managing peripheral artery disease: an updated guideline

The AHA/ACC guideline updates the 2005 recommendations on PAD management.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Warfarin may be linked to reduced thromboembolism in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation

The reduction in thromboembolism was attenuated after accounting for competing death events.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Statin and PCSK9 inhibitor combination more effective at lowering cholesterol

PCSK9 inhibition produces incremental benefits on coronary disease progression in patients treated with statins.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

USPSTF releases final statin recommendations for CVD prevention

The task force finalizes recommendations for statin therapy among adults between 40 and 75 years of age.

Heart Failure Information Center

Ambulatory diuretic therapy lowers costs in decompensated heart failure

Ambulatory high-dose intravenous diuretic therapy could be cost saving compared with hospitalization for intravenous loop diuretic therapy.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Caffeine does not induce arrhythmias in patients with heart disease

Caffeine consumption in patients with systolic heart failure does not induce arrhythmias both at rest and during physical exercise.

Pulmonology Information Center

Pulmonary embolism common in patients hospitalized for syncope

One in 6 patients hospitalized for a first episode of syncope experiences a pulmonary embolism.

Mood Disorder Information Center

Depression may worsen outcomes in patients with chronic stable angina

Depression can occur in approximately 1 in 5 patients who have chronic stable angina.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

New clinical practice guidelines for red blood cell transfusion

The AABB evaluated studies that examined hemoglobin thresholds for red blood cell transfusion and red blood cell storage duration.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

NSAID use linked to increased risk of heart failure hospitalization

Some individual NSAIDs may be linked to increased risk of hospital admission for heart failure.

Diabetes Resource Center

Vitamin D may not improve glucose measures in patients at risk for diabetes

Researchers observed significant improvement in LDL cholesterol in those at risk for diabetes.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Statin-based therapy less effective in advanced chronic kidney disease

Statin-based therapy had a smaller effect in reducing major vascular events in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Alternative non-statin therapies effectively lower LDL cholesterol

Researchers found that dietary changes, other medications, and surgery can also lower cardiovascular risk.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

European and American guidelines lead to different statin recommendations

Researchers observed a lower frequency of statin recommendation with ESC guidelines compared with the AHA/ACC guidelines.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Folic acid-fortified foods linked to lower risk of congenital heart defects

Foods fortified with folic acid are associated with a decrease in infants being born with congenital heart defects.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

CPAP does not prevent cardiovascular events in obstructive sleep apnea

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea did not have reduced cardiovascular events after CPAP in addition to usual care.

Diabetes Resource Center

Oily fish consumption may lower diabetic retinopathy risk in type 2 diabetes

A target intake of at least 500 mg/d is recommended to combat sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

AHA advisory: Sedentary behavior may increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality

The American Heart Association has released a science advisory regarding the cardiovascular risks associated with sedentary behavior.

Pediatrics Information Center

Lipid screening in children, adolescents: USPSTF recommendation statement

Current evidence is insufficient to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening.

Diabetes Resource Center

Blood pressure lower than recommended level is beneficial in type 2 diabetes

Patients with type 2 diabetes with systolic blood pressure lower than 140 mm Hg have a lower risk of cardiovascular events.

Heart Failure Information Center

Common medications can cause or worsen heart failure, cautions AHA

The American Heart Association has published a scientific statement that outlines which medications cause or exacerbate heart failure.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Vagal nerve stimulation does not reduce mortality in heart failure patients

At 16 months, 30.3% of patients either died or experienced worsening heart failure.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Patients with atrial fibrillation and stroke risk treated with aspirin over oral anticoagulants

Specific patient characteristics predicted the type of therapy more likely to be prescribed.

Ob/Gyn Information Center

Postpartum readmission rates increase

Readmission was more common among publically insured, black patients presenting with comorbidities including hypertension and diabetes.

Diet and Nutrition Information Center

Whole grain consumption reduces chronic disease, all-cause mortality

Reductions in disease risk were observed for an intake as high as 7.5 servings of whole grains per day.

Endocrinology Information Center

Coronary artery bypass linked to new-onset diabetes

Coronary artery bypass surgery may lead to metabolic changes, causing new-onset diabetes.

Pain Management Information Center

Smartphone app helps circumvent unnecessary testing for chest pain in ED patients

The HEART pathway app provides doctors in the ED with a digital application an already proven method of assessment.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants may be safe, effective

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants perform similarly to warfarin for patients with atrial fibrillation.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Rates of CVD mortality declining in US

Researchers found that mortality rates dropped less than 1% between 2011 and 2014.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Alanine aminotransferase serum levels linked to cardiovascular event risk

Incident events were most common in those within the lowest tertile of basline ALT serum.

Ob/Gyn Information Center

Renal function can predict preeclampsia in pregnant women with hypertension

Baseline renal function tests may predict the risk of preeclampsia and preterm birth for pregnant women with hypertension.

Neurology Information Center

Intensive blood pressure reduction offers no added benefit in stroke outcomes

For patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, intensive blood pressure reduction has similar outcomes compared with standard treatment.

Gastroenterology Information Center

FDA warns that misuse of antidiarrheal loperamide can cause severe cardiac events

The FDA warns that the antidiarrheal loperamide can lead to serious cardiac events when taken in high doses.

HIV/AIDS Information Center

ART may not reduce HIV-associated arterial inflammation

Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive patients did not decrease the progression of arterial inflammation.

Ob/Gyn Information Center

Levonorgestrel, low-dose estrogen associated with lower risk for adverse vascular events among oral contraceptives

Compared with other estrogen doses and progestogen types, low-dose estrogen with levonorgestrel had a decreased risk of adverse events.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Migraines may increase CVD risk in women

Women who experience migraines had a 50% greater risk for developing major CVD.

Neurology Information Center

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk for secondary stroke

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk of a recurrent stroke 6 weeks after a transient ischemic attack or minor stroke.

Geriatrics Information Center

Hypertension interventions are beneficial in older adults

Even those who are in overall poor health and medically frail could benefit from hypertension interventions.

Ob/Gyn Information Center

Endometriosis is linked to higher risk for heart disease

The link is elevated in women 40 years of age or younger.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Survival unimproved with deferred second defibrillation

Deferred defibrillation was not associated with improved survival.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Rotating night shift work linked to elevated CHD risk in women

Study results showed a higher risk of CHD in women who work rotating night shifts.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Healthy diet reduces hypertension risk after gestational diabetes

Women who had gestational diabetes may be able to reduce their risk of developing hypertension by eating a healthy diet.

Diabetes Resource Center

Metformin more effective than sulfonylureas for reducing cardiovascular mortality in diabetes patients

Compared with other drugs for type 2 diabetes, metformin is superior for reducing the risk of cardiovascular mortality.

Psoriasis Information Center

Patients with psoriasis have an increased risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm

Patients with psoriasis are more likely to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm, with the likelihood increasing with more severe psoriasis.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

USPSTF issues final recommendations for aspirin use to prevent CVD, colorectal cancer

The USPSTF concluded that a low-dose aspirin regimen can prevent cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer in adults aged 50 to 59.

Diabetes Resource Center

FDA issues warning for 2 diabetes drugs linked to risk of heart failure

The FDA will add warnings about heart failure risk to the labels of type 2 diabetes medicines containing saxagliptin and alogliptin.

Heart Failure Information Center

Coronary bypass surgery reduces mortality for patients with heart failure

Patients with coronary artery disease who were previously not considered candidates for CABG may benefit from the surgery.

Heart Failure Information Center

Incretin-based medications do not increase heart failure hospitalization

Regardless of history of heart failure, incretin-based medications are not associated with an increased risk for hospitalization due to heart failure.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Public health initiatives improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes

Training the public in bystander CPR and first responder defibrillation improves outcomes for cardiac arrest that occurs outside of a hospital.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Statins may benefit intermediate-risk patients without CVD

Results from a study presented at ACC in Chicago suggest that statins can be more widely used in patients considered to be intermediate risk for cardiovascular disease.

Psychiatry Information Center

SSRIs and cardiovascular events—Is there a connection?

A large study found that use of SSRI medications to treat depression does not increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients 20 to 64 years of age.

Practice Management Information Center

E-consultations between PCPs, specialists can increase care access

Electronic consultation between PCPs and specialists can resolve cases faster than if a patient followed up with a specialist themselves.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

MI risks, symptoms different in women compared with men, per AHA

Women and men experience different symptoms, risks, and outcomes of myocardial infarction.

Heart Failure Information Center

Obese heart failure patients may benefit from bariatric surgery

Patients who were obese and underwent bariatric surgery saw a significant reduction in heart failure-related exacerbation events.

Heart Failure Information Center

Is heart failure linked to DPP-4 inhibitor use in patients with diabetes?

Current evidence is inadequate to determine how DPP-4 inhibitors affect the risk of heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Cardiovascular Disease Information Center

Comparing RAS blockers and other antihypertensives for diabetes

Renin angiotensin system blockers have similar risks and outcomes compared with other antihypertensive agents for patients with diabetes.

Neurology Information Center

Diabetes drug may lower risk of recurrent stroke, MI in insulin-resistant patients

Although pioglitazone decreased the risk of stroke and myocardial infarction in this population, it elevated the risk of weight gain, edema, and bone fracture.

Rheumatology Information Center

Cardiovascular deaths reduced among patients with RA

Cardiovascular deaths have significantly decreased among people with rheumatoid arthritis.


AHA checklist score may predict heart failure

A one-point increase in the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 checklist correlated to a 23% lower risk of developing heart failure.

Web Exclusives

House calls from PAs reduce hospital readmissions after cardiac surgery

After adult cardiac surgery, patients are less likely to be readmitted to the hospital if they receive house calls from PAs.

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