Cardiovascular Information Center Archive
Ruling out prescription non-compliance, white coat syndrome, and interfering medications necessary.
Findings show improved outcomes may be due to better medication adherence.
Prevalence has increased in US; statement aims to increase recognition, improve care.
The consumption of whole-fat dairy products may reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, contrary to current dietary guidelines that advise limited consumption of fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
The authors searched for randomized placebo-controlled trials (December 1, 2008 to November 24, 2017) involving 3 pharmacologic classes of antidiabetic medications to compare the effects of these agents on the risk of hospitalization for HF in T2DM patients.
For expectant mothers with chronic hypertension, labor induction after 38 weeks of gestation may prevent hypertensive complications without increasing the risk of cesarean delivery.
A guideline-based approach directing pharmacological treatment to adults more likely to have CVD events may maximize absolute risk reduction of treatment.
Excess risk differed by up to 5 times across different diagnosis age groups.
The substantial burden of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes has led to the exploration of various cardiovascular disease prevention strategies, including the use of aspirin.
Patients with atrial fibrillation who have ≥1 non-sex CHA2DS2VASc stroke risk factor should receive oral anticoagulation as antithrombotic therapy.
And, 30-day functional outcomes similar with supraglottic airway device or tracheal intubation.
Findings may have implications for future cholesterol treatment paradigms.
Black survivors of in-hospital cardiac arrest have lower survival at 1, 3, 5 years vs whites.
The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association developed updated guidelines on the evaluation, management, and monitoring of adults with congenital heart disease.
Proportion achieving target BP increased with use of triple combo pill vs usual care at 6 months.
Physicians weigh in on the need to develop a screening strategy.
Benefit seen for adoption of healthy lifestyle even after T2DM diagnosis made.
American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.
No Impact on Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness Following Cessation of Menopausal Hormone Therapy
A follow-up study from KEEPS found that cessation of menopausal hormone therapy did not change the expected trajectory of carotid artery intima-media thickness over a 3-year period.
Legumes, coffee, tea tied to cardiovascular benefits; added sugars, energy drinks linked to harmful effects.
Increasing screen trends may have negative cardiometabolic impact; panel calls for more research.
US Preventive Services Task Force says benefit unclear in asymptomatic, older patients.
High total HDL cholesterol in postmenopausal women may mask heart disease risk.
Program for heart failure management and implementation of clinical practice guidelines.
Antibiotic prophylaxis should be reconsidered with bicuspid aortic valve, mitral valve prolapse.
This represents the prospective study confirming an independent relationship between cardiovascular mortality and oxidative DNA damage in type 2 diabetes.
Rate of acute myocardial infarction one per 12,400 for those hospitalized during pregnancy, puerperium.
Adoption of the guidelines would label more than half of 45- to 75-year-olds as having hypertension.
Respiratory polygraphy can accurately diagnose sleep apnea in patients hospitalized with heart failure.
Recurrent hypertensive disease of pregnancy is associated with increased risk for early all-cause and some cause-specific mortality.
Effectiveness of care and healthcare resource use for diabetes or cardiovascular disease were comparable among patients receiving care from an NP vs those managed by a PA.
Causes of death in patients with epilepsy were assessed to determine the presence of cardiac pathology.
Women with preeclampsia with severe features had increased right ventricular systolic pressure and decreased global right ventricular longitudinal systolic strain.
Weighted net estimated increase of 795,000 US youths being reclassified as having hypertension.
Siblings of patients with rheumatoid arthritis appear to have an increased risk for acute coronary syndrome, which suggests there is a shared susceptibility between the 2 conditions.
Agency offers steps to minimize exposure, particularly for those with chronic conditions.
Increased weight loss with risk factor management associated with greater atrial fibrillation freedom.
Investigators examined renal outcomes when controlling cardiovascular risk factors, such as blood pressure, LDL-C, and HbA1c.
A literature review revealed that the use of care navigators in conjunction with follow-up telephone calls from nursing staff improved transition of care and readmission rates in patients with congestive heart failure.
More major bleeding seen at maximal activated clotting time greater than 290 seconds.
An observational study was conducted in order to determine the accuracy and quality of readings provided by home blood pressure monitoring systems.
Vivio can accurately detect cardiac dysfunction in anthracycline-exposed childhood cancer survivors
Lower incidence of major cardiovascular events with Mediterranean diet supplemented with oil, nuts.
Researchers assessed the effect of testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin levels on coronary heart disease, heart failure, and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use mediated a substantial amount of cardiovascular disease risk in osteoarthritis.
Findings for those with systolic BP 130 mm Hg at age 50 years
Perioperative red blood cell transfusion linked to increased adjusted odds of VTE, DVT, PE
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy linked to risk of poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring
Racial differences persist in statin use among adults, specifically African American adults, who are less likely to be treated with any statin or guideline-recommended statin intensity compared with white adults.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.
Long-term mortality elevated even for mild defects; overall survival improved over time
Alcohol consumption may be inversely related to nonfatal CHD risk but positively correlated with risks for other stroke subtypes.
Age at diagnosis, sex, BMI, and thyroid-stimulating hormone suppression therapy affect CVD risk
The American College of Cardiology, along with several other cardiology societies, have updated guidelines on best practices for improving safety when using ionizing radiation during cardiovascular imaging.
Increase in proportion of adults recommended for treatment; estimated decrease in CVD events, deaths.
Risk of cardiovascular outcomes was greatest for those with the most active atopic eczema.
Most of the increased risk can be attributed to increased prevalence of known risk factors.
Ethnicity and hypertension have an association with incident gout that is not fully explained by differences in serum urate.
Men with higher estradiol and estradiol/testosterone levels had an increased risk for pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Grip strength is strongly and inversely associated with all-cause mortality and incidence of and mortality from cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, COPD, all cancer, and subtypes of cancer, with associations being modestly stronger in the younger age groups.
Risk-standardized mortality rates vary considerably across Veterans Affairs Medical Centers
Findings based on one-year follow-up after a hospitalization complicated by acute kidney injury
Using a simple self-monitoring device may help reduce salt intake and systolic blood pressure.
Reduction in relative amplitude tied to higher risk of lifetime major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder
Patients with resolved atrial fibrillation have an increased risk for stroke or transient ischemic attack.
A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.
Increase in estimated population prevalence of elevated blood pressure from 11.8 to 14.2%.
But use of the app not linked to a change in systolic blood pressure in poorly controlled hypertension
Among current drinkers without previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, the threshold for lowest risk of all-cause mortality is about 100 g of alcohol consumed per week.
Fifty-six percent of men, 47% of women filled high-intensity statin after myocardial infarction
Benefits seen in markers of cardiometabolic disease, including insulin sensitivity
There is an inverse association between coffee consumption and coronary artery calcium, especially among never smokers.
Aside from age, other high mortality factors included left ventricular dysfunction, atrial fibrillation, COPD, and diabetes.
According to research presented at the 2018 American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.
The world's smallest mechanical heart valve was approved by the FDA for newborns and young infants with heart defects.
Cognitive decline risk is lowered in individuals aged 85 and older with high cholesterol.
Alirocumab significantly decreased severe cardiovascular risks in patients with acute coronary syndrome.
Aortic aneurysm risks are significantly elevated in patients taking fluoroquinolone.
Medicare patients with ED visits pertaining to imminent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms, stroke, acute myocardial infarctions, or other cardiovascular relating events are very likely to be diagnosed prior to hospital discharge.
There is a significant association between varicose veins and an increased risk for deep venous thrombosis and possible associations with pulmonary embolism and peripheral artery disease, though results are still unclear.
Low-risk acute coronary syndrome patients may require fewer referrals for invasive coronary angiography if they had initial noninvasive testing such as stress echocardiography or cardiovascular magnetic resonance.
Obesity is affiliated with elevated morbidity, cardiovascular disease related mortality, and shorter longevity compared with individuals with a normal body mass index.
Large changes in temperature are associated with increased risk of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
Cancer history has an important impact on mortality independent of cardiovascular risk factors.
Undergoing cardiac surgery during the influenza season is associated with increased likelihood of development of acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Patients diagnosed with PFO prior to noncardiac surgery have an elevated ischemic stroke risk.
The ADA's updates include a modified patient-focused care algorithm as well as improved risk management for CVD.
Migraines are linked to cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, VTE, and stroke.
Women with gestational diabetes have a greater risk of developing T2D and cardiovascular events than women who were not previously diagnosed with the disease.
Breastfeeding duration and frequency may help reduce hypertension risks.
Among NFL football players who began their careers between 1982 and 1992, career participation in the NFL, compared with limited NFL exposure obtained primarily as an NFL replacement player during a league-wide strike, was not associated with a statistically significant difference in long-term all-cause mortality.
Patients with heart failure might have a greater risk for cardiovascular comorbidities and hearing loss.
In patients undergoing TAVR or SAVR, approximately 1 in 3 had depressive symptoms at baseline and a higher risk of short-term and midterm mortality.
At the 2018 International Stroke Conference in Los Angeles, the AHA/ASA released updated guidelines for the early management of ischemic strokes, which account for 87% of all strokes.
Future studies may help to assess the relation between chronic marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.
Several reproductive variables were independently linked to increased CVD risks.
According to the USPSTF, evidence is lacking to investigate nontraditional risk factors for CVD risk evaluation.
Use of long-acting bronchodilators is linked to cardiovascular risks in patients with COPD.
MEV aortic valve replacement is noninferior to SEV aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis.
Addition of a new class of antihypertensive drugs to existing treatment greatly decreases SBP in previously medicated patients with HT.