Cardiovascular Information Center Archive
For this analysis, the authors used follow-up data from all 7020 patients included in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial to estimate the effect of empagliflozin on all-cause mortality vs placebo over the duration of a patient's lifetime.
Common carotid artery wall thickness measured using magnetic resonance imaging is more consistently associated with incident cardiovascular disease outcomes than intima-media thickness measured by ultrasound.
Implementing ACC/AHA guideline would direct antihypertensive meds to adults at high CVD risk.
Children with congenital heart disease presenting to ED at increased risk for morbidity, mortality.
Lixisenatide reduces progression of urinary albumin-creatinine ratio in patients with macroalbuminuria.
Probands of African or Hispanic/Latino descent with early-onset atrial fibrillation are more likely than European Americans to have a first-degree relative with AF.
Approximately 28% of stroke patients have diabetes, and the presence of diabetes can increase the risk for poor stroke outcome.
For both men and women, Southern dietary pattern is largest mediating factor for difference in hypertension.
For certain patients with endocarditis on the left side of the heart under stable condition, switching from intravenous (IV) antibiotics to orally administered antibiotics is noninferior to staying on IV treatment.
At 6 months, rates for provoked, unprovoked, cancer-related VTE are 6.8, 6.92, 9.06 per 100 person-years.
New classification system intended to capture complexity of anatomy and physiology of ACHD.
Aim should be to prevent CVD with environment where healthy foods are accessible, desirable.
Increased weight loss vs placebo with no rise in rate of extended major cardiovascular events.
Kidneys of neonates with left heart obstruction consistently found to be larger than normal.
South Asians exhibit the highest rates of ASCVD among all ethnic groups, and the highest prevalence is in younger age groups; up to 25% of myocardial infarctions in India occur in individuals younger than 40 years of age.
Mendelian randomization analysis provides evidence that increased height causally tied to varicose veins.
Including Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy in CVD Risk Score Does Not Improve CVD Risk Prediction
Adding history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy to the current cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk score does not improve CVD prediction in low-risk women.
Incidence of major bleeding low with rivaroxaban, but clot risk not lower.
Intensive blood pressure therapy is associated with a significantly lower risk for serious cardiovascular events in the adults with diabetes.
The use of aspirin in healthy elderly patients as a preventative strategy was associated with no prolongation of long-term disability-free survival compared with placebo.
PN linked to chronic kidney disease, hepatitis C, congestive heart failure, HIV, psychiatric comorbidities.
Ruling out prescription non-compliance, white coat syndrome, and interfering medications necessary.
Findings show improved outcomes may be due to better medication adherence.
Prevalence has increased in US; statement aims to increase recognition, improve care.
The consumption of whole-fat dairy products may reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, contrary to current dietary guidelines that advise limited consumption of fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
The authors searched for randomized placebo-controlled trials (December 1, 2008 to November 24, 2017) involving 3 pharmacologic classes of antidiabetic medications to compare the effects of these agents on the risk of hospitalization for HF in T2DM patients.
For expectant mothers with chronic hypertension, labor induction after 38 weeks of gestation may prevent hypertensive complications without increasing the risk of cesarean delivery.
A guideline-based approach directing pharmacological treatment to adults more likely to have CVD events may maximize absolute risk reduction of treatment.
Excess risk differed by up to 5 times across different diagnosis age groups.
The substantial burden of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes has led to the exploration of various cardiovascular disease prevention strategies, including the use of aspirin.
Patients with atrial fibrillation who have ≥1 non-sex CHA2DS2VASc stroke risk factor should receive oral anticoagulation as antithrombotic therapy.
And, 30-day functional outcomes similar with supraglottic airway device or tracheal intubation.
Findings may have implications for future cholesterol treatment paradigms.
Black survivors of in-hospital cardiac arrest have lower survival at 1, 3, 5 years vs whites.
The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association developed updated guidelines on the evaluation, management, and monitoring of adults with congenital heart disease.
Proportion achieving target BP increased with use of triple combo pill vs usual care at 6 months.
Physicians weigh in on the need to develop a screening strategy.
Benefit seen for adoption of healthy lifestyle even after T2DM diagnosis made.
American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.
No Impact on Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness Following Cessation of Menopausal Hormone Therapy
A follow-up study from KEEPS found that cessation of menopausal hormone therapy did not change the expected trajectory of carotid artery intima-media thickness over a 3-year period.
Legumes, coffee, tea tied to cardiovascular benefits; added sugars, energy drinks linked to harmful effects.
Increasing screen trends may have negative cardiometabolic impact; panel calls for more research.
US Preventive Services Task Force says benefit unclear in asymptomatic, older patients.
High total HDL cholesterol in postmenopausal women may mask heart disease risk.
Program for heart failure management and implementation of clinical practice guidelines.
Antibiotic prophylaxis should be reconsidered with bicuspid aortic valve, mitral valve prolapse.
This represents the prospective study confirming an independent relationship between cardiovascular mortality and oxidative DNA damage in type 2 diabetes.
Rate of acute myocardial infarction one per 12,400 for those hospitalized during pregnancy, puerperium.
Adoption of the guidelines would label more than half of 45- to 75-year-olds as having hypertension.
Respiratory polygraphy can accurately diagnose sleep apnea in patients hospitalized with heart failure.
Recurrent hypertensive disease of pregnancy is associated with increased risk for early all-cause and some cause-specific mortality.
Effectiveness of care and healthcare resource use for diabetes or cardiovascular disease were comparable among patients receiving care from an NP vs those managed by a PA.
Causes of death in patients with epilepsy were assessed to determine the presence of cardiac pathology.
Women with preeclampsia with severe features had increased right ventricular systolic pressure and decreased global right ventricular longitudinal systolic strain.
Weighted net estimated increase of 795,000 US youths being reclassified as having hypertension.
Siblings of patients with rheumatoid arthritis appear to have an increased risk for acute coronary syndrome, which suggests there is a shared susceptibility between the 2 conditions.
Agency offers steps to minimize exposure, particularly for those with chronic conditions.
Increased weight loss with risk factor management associated with greater atrial fibrillation freedom.
Investigators examined renal outcomes when controlling cardiovascular risk factors, such as blood pressure, LDL-C, and HbA1c.
A literature review revealed that the use of care navigators in conjunction with follow-up telephone calls from nursing staff improved transition of care and readmission rates in patients with congestive heart failure.
More major bleeding seen at maximal activated clotting time greater than 290 seconds.
An observational study was conducted in order to determine the accuracy and quality of readings provided by home blood pressure monitoring systems.
Vivio can accurately detect cardiac dysfunction in anthracycline-exposed childhood cancer survivors
Lower incidence of major cardiovascular events with Mediterranean diet supplemented with oil, nuts.
Researchers assessed the effect of testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin levels on coronary heart disease, heart failure, and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use mediated a substantial amount of cardiovascular disease risk in osteoarthritis.
Findings for those with systolic BP 130 mm Hg at age 50 years
Perioperative red blood cell transfusion linked to increased adjusted odds of VTE, DVT, PE
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy linked to risk of poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring
Racial differences persist in statin use among adults, specifically African American adults, who are less likely to be treated with any statin or guideline-recommended statin intensity compared with white adults.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.
Long-term mortality elevated even for mild defects; overall survival improved over time
Alcohol consumption may be inversely related to nonfatal CHD risk but positively correlated with risks for other stroke subtypes.
Age at diagnosis, sex, BMI, and thyroid-stimulating hormone suppression therapy affect CVD risk
The American College of Cardiology, along with several other cardiology societies, have updated guidelines on best practices for improving safety when using ionizing radiation during cardiovascular imaging.
Increase in proportion of adults recommended for treatment; estimated decrease in CVD events, deaths.
Risk of cardiovascular outcomes was greatest for those with the most active atopic eczema.
Most of the increased risk can be attributed to increased prevalence of known risk factors.
Ethnicity and hypertension have an association with incident gout that is not fully explained by differences in serum urate.
Men with higher estradiol and estradiol/testosterone levels had an increased risk for pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Grip strength is strongly and inversely associated with all-cause mortality and incidence of and mortality from cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, COPD, all cancer, and subtypes of cancer, with associations being modestly stronger in the younger age groups.
Risk-standardized mortality rates vary considerably across Veterans Affairs Medical Centers
Findings based on one-year follow-up after a hospitalization complicated by acute kidney injury
Using a simple self-monitoring device may help reduce salt intake and systolic blood pressure.
Reduction in relative amplitude tied to higher risk of lifetime major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder
Patients with resolved atrial fibrillation have an increased risk for stroke or transient ischemic attack.
A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.
Increase in estimated population prevalence of elevated blood pressure from 11.8 to 14.2%.
But use of the app not linked to a change in systolic blood pressure in poorly controlled hypertension
Among current drinkers without previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, the threshold for lowest risk of all-cause mortality is about 100 g of alcohol consumed per week.
Fifty-six percent of men, 47% of women filled high-intensity statin after myocardial infarction
Benefits seen in markers of cardiometabolic disease, including insulin sensitivity
There is an inverse association between coffee consumption and coronary artery calcium, especially among never smokers.
Aside from age, other high mortality factors included left ventricular dysfunction, atrial fibrillation, COPD, and diabetes.
According to research presented at the 2018 American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.
The world's smallest mechanical heart valve was approved by the FDA for newborns and young infants with heart defects.
Cognitive decline risk is lowered in individuals aged 85 and older with high cholesterol.
Alirocumab significantly decreased severe cardiovascular risks in patients with acute coronary syndrome.
Aortic aneurysm risks are significantly elevated in patients taking fluoroquinolone.
Medicare patients with ED visits pertaining to imminent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms, stroke, acute myocardial infarctions, or other cardiovascular relating events are very likely to be diagnosed prior to hospital discharge.