Cardiovascular Features Archive
A patient diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia presents to the foot clinic after one month of swelling, redness, and warmth in the left foot.
How would you help maximize this patient's diabetes therapy, hypertension management, and reduce leg cramps?
After a patient's elective surgery was postponed due to glucose readings, an assessment of his medical profile and history were evaluated to manage his type 2 diabetes mellitus complications.
Our patient had an extensive medical history, but were her new-onset symptoms the result of poor compliance?
Originally used to treat lead poisoning and hypercalcemia, chelation has shown promise among individuals with heart disease and other conditions.
In those older than age 65 years, high BP heightens risk for various forms of heart disease as well as for chronic kidney disease and diabetes mellitus.
An adolescent presented with persistent upper-extremity pain, redness, and axillary swelling upon lifting weights.
To ensure that therapeutic interventions begin in time, providers must be able to recognize the clinical presentation of an acute ischemic stroke.
Exercise caution when a patient presents with acute chest pain. The ability to explain the situation as clearly as possible is essential.
Improved pulse-oximetry standards translate into more sensitive critical congenital heart disease screening.
As LDL goals become more aggressive, therapeutic lifestyle changes are increasingly important in achieving recommended lipid levels.
Taking the pulse of neonatal screening for critical congenital heart disease.
Early diagnosis is essential to providing treatment in infants with critical congenital heart disease.
The need to educate patients and help them make difficult lifestyle changes requires clinicians to think differently and offer novel treatment approaches.
The patient's gait was affected 48 hours after onset and any slight head movement intensified the feeling of imbalance.
Treating patients before they develop a disease is tempting, but the old adage still applies: First, do no harm.
With obesity on the rise, more patients are at risk for metabolic syndrome, a diagnosis given to a set of simultaneous disorders.
After a high-impact fall, a middle-aged firefighter presents with ecchymosis and fixed flexion in the right arm and hand.
An evidence-based guideline is available to help primary-care clinicians lower the burden of coronary deaths in this adult population
Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects an estimated 2.3 million Americans and is becoming more widespread as the population ages. Read about guideline changes that simplify treating AF in primary care.
Suddenly unable to remember the year or the president's name, an otherwise healthy man is admitted for observation.
Evidence-based recommendations pay particular attention to ethnic minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged populations.
Seen primarily in individuals older than age 50 years, this inflammatory disorder is characterized by headache, jaw pain, and vision difficulties.
Routine testing helps identify the disease and lowers the risk of sudden death, but prompt referral to secondary and tertiary care is vital.
Characterized by impaired myocardial performance, heart failure is often misdiagnosed. Clinicians should focus on prevention and early detection
Trial results poured cold water on claims that omega-3s prevent heart attacks. What does the future hold for these popular supplements?
First diagnosed with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, the patient could not tolerate antipsychotic meds.
Many sources of chest pain have nothing to do with the heart. Whether the pain is cardiac or noncardiac in nature dictates the next steps.
As a nurse, the patient had access to many informal opinions. Would a proper evaluation have led to a quicker diagnosis?
This common constellation of symptoms places patients at risk for CVD and diabetes. Here's what you can do to prevent further disease progression.
According to new studies, the answer is yes. But how good is the evidence, and what should the target be for which patients?
Given a family history of cardiovascular disease, the patient became concerned after an employee health screening.
In addition to being on the rise, asthma and obesity have other features in common. Will treatment for one condition also alleviate the other?
A wide-ranging evaluation is required to identify the multifactorial causes of resistant hypertension. Treatment goes beyond the usual antihypertensives.
Fatigue, fever, and chills plague a patient following valve replacement. The solution requires a multidisciplinary approach.
Our patient's hypertension had been under moderate control for two decades. What was causing her BP to rise now?
You will want your patients to consult a specialist to slow progression of this debilitating disease. Here's what you should know before you refer.
Most patients have no symptoms of hypertension until they suffer a major event. Here is a guide to help diagnose and manage this "silent killer."
The patient continued her aerobic workouts despite persistent chest pressure with an unknown etiology.
Identifying patients at higher risk for mortality and morbidity during the perioperative period can lead to strategies to minimize those risks.
According to new recommendations, patients once considered to be "prehypertensive" now require more than just lifestyle modification.