Cardiovascular Disease

Elevated blood pressure trends have shifted worldwide

Elevated blood pressure trends have shifted worldwide

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The prevalence of elevated blood pressure rates shifted from high-income to low- and middle-income countries.

Dabigatran with statins increases hemmorage risk for A-Fib patients

Dabigatran with statins increases hemmorage risk for A-Fib patients

Patients who also took either lovastatin or simvastatin had a 40% higher risk of major hemorrhage than those who took other statins.

Warfarin may be linked to reduced thromboembolism in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation

Warfarin may be linked to reduced thromboembolism in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation

The reduction in thromboembolism was attenuated after accounting for competing death events.

USPSTF releases final statin recommendations for CVD prevention

USPSTF releases final statin recommendations for CVD prevention

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The task force finalizes recommendations for statin therapy among adults between 40 and 75 years of age.

Caffeine does not induce arrhythmias in patients with heart disease

Caffeine does not induce arrhythmias in patients with heart disease

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Caffeine consumption in patients with systolic heart failure does not induce arrhythmias both at rest and during physical exercise.

Pulmonary embolism common in patients hospitalized for syncope

Pulmonary embolism common in patients hospitalized for syncope

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One in 6 patients hospitalized for a first episode of syncope experiences a pulmonary embolism.

Depression may worsen outcomes in patients with chronic stable angina

Depression may worsen outcomes in patients with chronic stable angina

Depression can occur in approximately 1 in 5 patients who have chronic stable angina.

New clinical practice guidelines for red blood cell transfusion

New clinical practice guidelines for red blood cell transfusion

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The AABB evaluated studies that examined hemoglobin thresholds for red blood cell transfusion and red blood cell storage duration.

NSAID use linked to increased risk of heart failure hospitalization

NSAID use linked to increased risk of heart failure hospitalization

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Some individual NSAIDs may be linked to increased risk of hospital admission for heart failure.

Resumption of antithrombotic therapy after gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation

Resumption of antithrombotic therapy after gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation

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Resuming antithrombotic therapy with in patients with atrial fibrillation and a serious gastrointestinal bleed results in better overall mortality outcomes.

Statin-based therapy less effective in advanced chronic kidney disease

Statin-based therapy less effective in advanced chronic kidney disease

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Statin-based therapy had a smaller effect in reducing major vascular events in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease.

Alternative non-statin therapies effectively lower LDL cholesterol

Alternative non-statin therapies effectively lower LDL cholesterol

Researchers found that dietary changes, other medications, and surgery can also lower cardiovascular risk.

European and American guidelines lead to different statin recommendations

European and American guidelines lead to different statin recommendations

Researchers observed a lower frequency of statin recommendation with ESC guidelines compared with the AHA/ACC guidelines.

CPAP does not prevent cardiovascular events in obstructive sleep apnea

CPAP does not prevent cardiovascular events in obstructive sleep apnea

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Patients with obstructive sleep apnea did not have reduced cardiovascular events after CPAP in addition to usual care.

Oily fish consumption may lower diabetic retinopathy risk in type 2 diabetes

Oily fish consumption may lower diabetic retinopathy risk in type 2 diabetes

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A target intake of at least 500 mg/d is recommended to combat sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.

AHA advisory: Sedentary behavior may increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality

AHA advisory: Sedentary behavior may increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality

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The American Heart Association has released a science advisory regarding the cardiovascular risks associated with sedentary behavior.

Lipid screening in children, adolescents: USPSTF recommendation statement

Lipid screening in children, adolescents: USPSTF recommendation statement

Current evidence is insufficient to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening.

Blood pressure lower than recommended level is beneficial in type 2 diabetes

Blood pressure lower than recommended level is beneficial in type 2 diabetes

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Patients with type 2 diabetes with systolic blood pressure lower than 140 mm Hg have a lower risk of cardiovascular events.

Vagal nerve stimulation does not reduce mortality in heart failure patients

Vagal nerve stimulation does not reduce mortality in heart failure patients

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At 16 months, 30.3% of patients either died or experienced worsening heart failure.

Whole grain consumption reduces chronic disease, all-cause mortality

Whole grain consumption reduces chronic disease, all-cause mortality

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Reductions in disease risk were observed for an intake as high as 7.5 servings of whole grains per day.

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants may be safe, effective

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants may be safe, effective

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Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants perform similarly to warfarin for patients with atrial fibrillation.

Rates of CVD mortality declining in US

Rates of CVD mortality declining in US

Researchers found that mortality rates dropped less than 1% between 2011 and 2014.

Alanine aminotransferase serum levels linked to cardiovascular event risk

Alanine aminotransferase serum levels linked to cardiovascular event risk

Incident events were most common in those within the lowest tertile of basline ALT serum.

ART may not reduce HIV-associated arterial inflammation

ART may not reduce HIV-associated arterial inflammation

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Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive patients did not decrease the progression of arterial inflammation.

Migraines may increase CVD risk in women

Migraines may increase CVD risk in women

Women who experience migraines had a 50% greater risk for developing major CVD.

Adherence and hypertension in the geriatric patient

Adherence and hypertension in the geriatric patient

Addressing factors that lead to lack of adherence to antihypertensive 
therapy in elderly patients is crucial to improving outcomes.

Endometriosis is linked to higher risk for heart disease

Endometriosis is linked to higher risk for heart disease

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The link is elevated in women 40 years of age or younger.

Survival unimproved with deferred second defibrillation

Survival unimproved with deferred second defibrillation

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Deferred defibrillation was not associated with improved survival.

Rotating night shift work linked to elevated CHD risk in women

Rotating night shift work linked to elevated CHD risk in women

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Study results showed a higher risk of CHD in women who work rotating night shifts.

Metformin more effective than sulfonylureas for reducing cardiovascular mortality in diabetes patients

Metformin more effective than sulfonylureas for reducing cardiovascular mortality in diabetes patients

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Compared with other drugs for type 2 diabetes, metformin is superior for reducing the risk of cardiovascular mortality.

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