Cardiovascular Disease

Apixaban linked to higher rates of stroke than warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation

Apixaban linked to higher rates of stroke than warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation

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Rivaroxaban once daily and dabigatran twice daily showed evidence of lower thromboembolic rates.

NSAID use for respiratory infection increases myocardial infarction risk

NSAID use for respiratory infection increases myocardial infarction risk

NSAID use during ARI was associated with a 3.4-fold increased risk of AMI compared with 2.7-fold increased risk without NSAID use.

Electronic cigarette use linked to higher CVD risk

Electronic cigarette use linked to higher CVD risk

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Electronic cigarettes cause an imbalance of cardiac autonomic tone and increased oxidative stress, which may increase cardiovascular risk.

High-potency statins increase hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia

High-potency statins increase hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia

Higher-potency statins increased hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia compared with lower-potency statins.

Meal timing and frequency in CVD prevention: an AHA scientific statement

Meal timing and frequency in CVD prevention: an AHA scientific statement

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The AHA found that irregular eating patterns are less ideal for maintaining body weight and cardiometabolic health.

Diabetes without insulin may not increase thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation

Diabetes without insulin may not increase thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation

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Diabetes without insulin did not appear to increase thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with anticoagulation.

Efficacy of renin angiotensin system inhibitors for coronary artery disease

Efficacy of renin angiotensin system inhibitors for coronary artery disease

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RASIs reduced cardiovascular events and death only when compared with placebo but not when compared with active controls.

Safety alert issued for LIFEPAK 1000 defibrillator

Safety alert issued for LIFEPAK 1000 defibrillator

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The device has shut down due to an intermittent connection between the battery and electrical contacts.

Increasing number of US adults with masked hypertension

Increasing number of US adults with masked hypertension

An estimated 12.3% of Americans over the age of 21 have masked hypertension.

Caffeine may reduce age-related inflammation linked to cardiovascular disease

Caffeine may reduce age-related inflammation linked to cardiovascular disease

Researchers observed a connection between advancing age, systemic inflammation, cardiovascular disease, and caffeine.

Hypertension treatment in older adults: a new clinical practice guideline

Hypertension treatment in older adults: a new clinical practice guideline

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The ACP and the AAFP has released a joint recommendation for the pharmacologic treatment of hypertension in adults aged 60 years and older.

"Weekend warrior" activity reduces all-cause mortality risk

"Weekend warrior" activity reduces all-cause mortality risk

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Individuals who perform their physical activity in 1 or 2 sessions during the week can still reduce their risk of mortality.

Statin prescription rates lower among younger adults with severe dyslipidemia

Statin prescription rates lower among younger adults with severe dyslipidemia

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Prescription rates for statins were dependent on age among patients with severe dyslipidemia.

Women using statins may have a lower risk of uterine fibroids

Women using statins may have a lower risk of uterine fibroids

Researchers examined the association between statin use and the risk of uterine fibroids and fibroid-related symptoms.

Shared decision making boosts patients' knowledge of acute coronary syndrome risk

Shared decision making boosts patients' knowledge of acute coronary syndrome risk

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The use of a decision aid in patients at risk of acute coronary syndrome increased patient knowledge about their risk.

Statins may reduce risk of Alzheimer's disease

Statins may reduce risk of Alzheimer's disease

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Depending on race, sex, and ethnicity, the right statin type may lower the risk of Alzheimer disease.

Regular alcohol consumption may increase risk of atrial fibrillation

Regular alcohol consumption may increase risk of atrial fibrillation

Drinking small amounts of alcohol may increase the risk of atrial fibrillation.

Elevated blood pressure trends have shifted worldwide

Elevated blood pressure trends have shifted worldwide

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The prevalence of elevated blood pressure rates shifted from high-income to low- and middle-income countries.

Dabigatran with statins increases hemorrhage risk in patients with atrial fibrillation

Dabigatran with statins increases hemorrhage risk in patients with atrial fibrillation

Patients who also took either lovastatin or simvastatin had a 40% higher risk of major hemorrhage than those who took other statins.

Warfarin may be linked to reduced thromboembolism in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation

Warfarin may be linked to reduced thromboembolism in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation

The reduction in thromboembolism was attenuated after accounting for competing death events.

USPSTF releases final statin recommendations for CVD prevention

USPSTF releases final statin recommendations for CVD prevention

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The task force finalizes recommendations for statin therapy among adults between 40 and 75 years of age.

Caffeine does not induce arrhythmias in patients with heart disease

Caffeine does not induce arrhythmias in patients with heart disease

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Caffeine consumption in patients with systolic heart failure does not induce arrhythmias both at rest and during physical exercise.

Pulmonary embolism common in patients hospitalized for syncope

Pulmonary embolism common in patients hospitalized for syncope

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One in 6 patients hospitalized for a first episode of syncope experiences a pulmonary embolism.

Depression may worsen outcomes in patients with chronic stable angina

Depression may worsen outcomes in patients with chronic stable angina

Depression can occur in approximately 1 in 5 patients who have chronic stable angina.

New clinical practice guidelines for red blood cell transfusion

New clinical practice guidelines for red blood cell transfusion

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The AABB evaluated studies that examined hemoglobin thresholds for red blood cell transfusion and red blood cell storage duration.

NSAID use linked to increased risk of heart failure hospitalization

NSAID use linked to increased risk of heart failure hospitalization

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Some individual NSAIDs may be linked to increased risk of hospital admission for heart failure.

Resumption of antithrombotic therapy after gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation

Resumption of antithrombotic therapy after gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation

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Resuming antithrombotic therapy with in patients with atrial fibrillation and a serious gastrointestinal bleed results in better overall mortality outcomes.

Statin-based therapy less effective in advanced chronic kidney disease

Statin-based therapy less effective in advanced chronic kidney disease

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Statin-based therapy had a smaller effect in reducing major vascular events in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease.

Alternative non-statin therapies effectively lower LDL cholesterol

Alternative non-statin therapies effectively lower LDL cholesterol

Researchers found that dietary changes, other medications, and surgery can also lower cardiovascular risk.

European and American guidelines lead to different statin recommendations

European and American guidelines lead to different statin recommendations

Researchers observed a lower frequency of statin recommendation with ESC guidelines compared with the AHA/ACC guidelines.

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