Cardiovascular Disease

Acute Kidney Injury in Hospital Ups Risk of Later Heart Failure

Acute Kidney Injury in Hospital Ups Risk of Later Heart Failure

Findings based on one-year follow-up after a hospitalization complicated by acute kidney injury

Electrical Device Helps Reduce Daily Salt Intake, Improve Blood Pressure

Electrical Device Helps Reduce Daily Salt Intake, Improve Blood Pressure

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Using a simple self-monitoring device may help reduce salt intake and systolic blood pressure.

Case Study: Cardiovascular Complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Case Study: Cardiovascular Complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.

Smartphone App May Boost Medication Adherence in Hypertension

Smartphone App May Boost Medication Adherence in Hypertension

But use of the app not linked to a change in systolic blood pressure in poorly controlled hypertension

Study Finds Safe Alcohol Consumption Guidelines May Not Be Strict Enough

Study Finds Safe Alcohol Consumption Guidelines May Not Be Strict Enough

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Among current drinkers without previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, the threshold for lowest risk of all-cause mortality is about 100 g of alcohol consumed per week.

Women Less Likely to Fill Post-MI Statin Prescription

Women Less Likely to Fill Post-MI Statin Prescription

Fifty-six percent of men, 47% of women filled high-intensity statin after myocardial infarction

Deep Vein Thrombosis: History and Evolution of Treatment

Deep Vein Thrombosis: History and Evolution of Treatment

Deep vein thrombosis is a significant source of morbidity and mortality, so it is imperative that clinicians understand how to recognize and treat patients with the disorder.

Coffee Consumption Cuts Coronary Artery Calcification

Coffee Consumption Cuts Coronary Artery Calcification

There is an inverse association between coffee consumption and coronary artery calcium, especially among never smokers.

Stat consult: Sudden cardiac death

Stat consult: Sudden cardiac death

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Described as death within an hour of onset of any symptom

Aortic valve replacement linked to increased mortality in elderly

Aortic valve replacement linked to increased mortality in elderly

Aside from age, other high mortality factors included left ventricular dysfunction, atrial fibrillation, COPD, and diabetes.

Intensive blood pressure control not linked to changes in cerebral perfusion in patients with cerebral small vessel disease

In patients with severe cerebral small vessel disease, a strategy of intensive blood pressure control did not significantly alter whole brain blood flow when compared to standard blood pressure control.

Cholesterol drug may lower risk for death and cardiovascular events

Cholesterol drug may lower risk for death and cardiovascular events

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Alirocumab significantly decreased severe cardiovascular risks in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

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Aortic aneurysm risks are significantly elevated in patients taking fluoroquinolone.

Undiagnosed CV events low for elderly patients in emergency department

Undiagnosed CV events low for elderly patients in emergency department

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Medicare patients with ED visits pertaining to imminent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms, stroke, acute myocardial infarctions, or other cardiovascular relating events are very likely to be diagnosed prior to hospital discharge.

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity is affiliated with elevated morbidity, cardiovascular disease related mortality, and shorter longevity compared with individuals with a normal body mass index.

ACC: Changes in temperature linked to STEMI

ACC: Changes in temperature linked to STEMI

Large changes in temperature are associated with increased risk of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Case Study: Syncope, Dizziness, and Fatigue on a Camping Trip

Case Study: Syncope, Dizziness, and Fatigue on a Camping Trip

A 52-year-old man presents to the emergency department with dizziness and fatigue after a syncopal episode on a camping trip.

Cancer history affects mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history affects mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history has an important impact on mortality independent of cardiovascular risk factors.

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

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Patients diagnosed with PFO prior to noncardiac surgery have an elevated ischemic stroke risk.

<I>Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes</I> modified for cardiovascular disease

Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes modified for cardiovascular disease

The ADA's updates include a modified patient-focused care algorithm as well as improved risk management for CVD.

Migraine associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events

Migraine associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events

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Migraines are linked to cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, VTE, and stroke.

Coronary artery disease: primary prevention measures

Coronary artery disease: primary prevention measures

Primary prevention efforts such as exercise, weight control, cessation of smoking, and alcohol intake can greatly affect the development of CAD.

Heart failure, hearing loss linked in older patients

Heart failure, hearing loss linked in older patients

Patients with heart failure might have a greater risk for cardiovascular comorbidities and hearing loss.

Depressive symptoms may increase mortality risk in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement

Depressive symptoms may increase mortality risk in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement

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In patients undergoing TAVR or SAVR, approximately 1 in 3 had depressive symptoms at baseline and a higher risk of short-term and midterm mortality.

Acute ischemic stroke: new guidelines open treatment window to 24 hours

Acute ischemic stroke: new guidelines open treatment window to 24 hours

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At the 2018 International Stroke Conference in Los Angeles, the AHA/ASA released updated guidelines for the early management of ischemic strokes, which account for 87% of all strokes.

Evidence of marijuana's effect on cardiovascular events still scarce

Evidence of marijuana's effect on cardiovascular events still scarce

Future studies may help to assess the relation between chronic marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.

Case Study: Lower extremity edema and heart failure in a middle-aged woman

Case Study: Lower extremity edema and heart failure in a middle-aged woman

A 55-year-old obese woman with hypertension, diabetes, and scleroderma is referred for follow-up after a recent admission for new-onset heart failure.

Early menarche, menopause linked to increased CVD risk

Early menarche, menopause linked to increased CVD risk

Several reproductive variables were independently linked to increased CVD risks.

USPSTF: Evidence insufficient for unconventional CVD risk factors

USPSTF: Evidence insufficient for unconventional CVD risk factors

According to the USPSTF, evidence is lacking to investigate nontraditional risk factors for CVD risk evaluation.

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

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Use of long-acting bronchodilators is linked to cardiovascular risks in patients with COPD.

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