Cardiovascular Disease

Cancer history impacts mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history impacts mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history has an important impact on mortality independent of cardiovascular risk factors.

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

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Patients diagnosed with PFO prior to noncardiac surgery have an elevated ischemic stroke risk.

<I>Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes</I> modified for cardiovascular disease

Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes modified for cardiovascular disease

The ADA's updates include a modified patient-focused care algorithm as well as improved risk management for CVD.

Migraine associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events

Migraine associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events

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Migraines are linked to cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, VTE, and stroke.

Coronary artery disease: primary prevention measures

Coronary artery disease: primary prevention measures

Primary prevention efforts such as exercise, weight control, cessation of smoking, and alcohol intake can greatly affect the development of CAD.

Heart failure, hearing loss linked in older patients

Heart failure, hearing loss linked in older patients

Patients with heart failure might have a greater risk for cardiovascular comorbidities and hearing loss.

Depressive symptoms may increase mortality risk in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement

Depressive symptoms may increase mortality risk in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement

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In patients undergoing TAVR or SAVR, approximately 1 in 3 had depressive symptoms at baseline and a higher risk of short-term and midterm mortality.

Acute ischemic stroke: new guidelines open treatment window to 24 hours

Acute ischemic stroke: new guidelines open treatment window to 24 hours

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At the 2018 International Stroke Conference in Los Angeles, the AHA/ASA released updated guidelines for the early management of ischemic strokes, which account for 87% of all strokes.

Evidence of marijuana's effect on cardiovascular events still scarce

Evidence of marijuana's effect on cardiovascular events still scarce

Future studies may help to assess the relation between chronic marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.

Case Study: Lower extremity edema and heart failure in a middle-aged woman

Case Study: Lower extremity edema and heart failure in a middle-aged woman

A 55-year-old obese woman with hypertension, diabetes, and scleroderma is referred for follow-up after a recent admission for new-onset heart failure.

Early menarche, menopause linked to increased CVD risk

Early menarche, menopause linked to increased CVD risk

Several reproductive variables were independently linked to increased CVD risks.

USPSTF: Evidence insufficient for unconventional CVD risk factors

USPSTF: Evidence insufficient for unconventional CVD risk factors

According to the USPSTF, evidence is lacking to investigate nontraditional risk factors for CVD risk evaluation.

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

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Use of long-acting bronchodilators is linked to cardiovascular risks in patients with COPD.

Blood pressure control best achieved with a multilevel, multicomponent approach

Team-based, multilevel implementation strategies were the most effective at reducing systolic blood pressure.

Mechanically expanded TAVR may benefit high-risk aortic stenosis patients

Mechanically expanded TAVR may benefit high-risk aortic stenosis patients

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MEV aortic valve replacement is noninferior to SEV aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis.

Positive attitude linked to lower mortality risk after cardiovascular event

Positive attitude linked to lower mortality risk after cardiovascular event

Positive emotions and low levels of depression after a cardiovascular disease (CVD) event are associated with low risk for mortality during a 15-year period.

Addition of new class of antihypertensive drug effective for lowering BP

Addition of new class of antihypertensive drug effective for lowering BP

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Addition of a new class of antihypertensive drugs to existing treatment greatly decreases SBP in previously medicated patients with HT.

USPSTF screening recommendation for use of ECG in atrial fibrillation, CVD

USPSTF screening recommendation for use of ECG in atrial fibrillation, CVD

The USPSTF has found that the current evidence is inadequate to assess the benefits and harms of screening with ECG for atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular disease in older adults.

Safety of MRI for patients with legacy cardiac devices

Patients with a legacy pacemaker or cardioverter-defibrillator were followed after undergoing medically indicated magnetic resonance imaging examinations, and no long-term clinically significant adverse effects were reported.

Ginkgo biloba extract aids cognition in stroke patients

Ginkgo biloba extract aids cognition in stroke patients

Ginkgo biloba extract, along with aspiring, may help cognition in acute ischemic stroke patients.

Compression ultrasounds assist GPs in diagnosing DVTs

Compression ultrasounds assist GPs in diagnosing DVTs

Accuracy was 95.8% for DVT diagnosis for general practitioners using compression ultrasonography.

AAFP does not endorse new hypertension guideline

AAFP does not endorse new hypertension guideline

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The AAFP continues to use the 2014 JNC8 guideline instead of the 2017 AHA/ACC update.

Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death

Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death

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Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death in patients older than 60 years.

VTE risk linked to increased television watching

VTE risk linked to increased television watching

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Increased frequency of television viewing may be linked to an increased risk for venous thromboembolism.

DOACs vs warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation

DOACs vs warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation

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Many direct acting oral anticoagulants may be more beneficial than warfarin.

Low-dose aspirin ineffective for venous leg ulcers

Low-dose aspirin ineffective for venous leg ulcers

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Low-dose aspirin does not decrease healing time for patients with venous leg ulcers.

Endovascular strategy more effective than open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

Endovascular strategy more effective than open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

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Treating patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with endovascular strategy over open repair may increase survival and decrease cost.

FDA warns that febuxostat may increase risk of heart-related mortality

FDA warns that febuxostat may increase risk of heart-related mortality

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Preliminary clinical trial results show more heart-related deaths occur in patients taking febuxostat compared to allopurinol.

AHA, ACC release new clinical guideline for managing hypertension in adults

AHA, ACC release new clinical guideline for managing hypertension in adults

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The AHA and ACC have released a new guideline that categorizes more US adults as hypertensive.

Statins associated with increased risk of diabetes in high-risk individuals

Statins associated with increased risk of diabetes in high-risk individuals

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Statins are associated with an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes, especially for high-risk individuals.

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