Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Fruit and vegetable consumption reduces risk of COPD in smokers

Fruit and vegetable consumption reduces risk of COPD in smokers

A strong inverse association between total fruit and vegetable consumption and COPD was observed in smokers but not in never-smokers.

Vitamin D supplementation reduces the risk of acute respiratory tract infection

Vitamin D supplementation reduces the risk of acute respiratory tract infection

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Patients receiving vitamin D for deficiency without bolus doses experienced the most benefit.

Pneumococcal vaccination reduces pneumonia risk in COPD patients

Pneumococcal vaccination reduces pneumonia risk in COPD patients

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Polyvalent pneumococcal vaccines offered protection against community-acquired pneumonia in COPD patients.

COPD exacerbations reduced with budesonide/formoterol treatment

COPD exacerbations reduced with budesonide/formoterol treatment

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Budesonide/formoterol treatment decreased exacerbations in COPD after 3 months.

Patients with chronic diseases are frequently overly optimistic about life expectancy

Patients with chronic diseases are frequently overly optimistic about life expectancy

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Self-estimated life expectancy rates may differ from clinician-estimated rates of survival.

Morning symptoms in COPD linked to limited physical activity

Morning symptoms in COPD linked to limited physical activity

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Many patients with COPD report morning symptoms that are negatively associated with physical activity.

Medicare bundled payment initiative did not reduce COPD readmissions

Medicare bundled payment initiative did not reduce COPD readmissions

The multidisciplinary care intervention did not reduce COPD readmissions or achieve substantial savings.

GOLD Report includes updated COPD management recommendations

GOLD Report includes updated COPD management recommendations

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The GOLD Report includes a revised definition of COPD and updates guidelines for managing exacerbations.

Proposing new concepts and definitions in COPD

Proposing new concepts and definitions in COPD

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It is important to use the right terminology when discussing medical terms, specifically ones associated with smoke-related respiratory conditions, according to the researchers.

Predicting COPD exacerbation onset with use of physiological parameters

Predicting COPD exacerbation onset with use of physiological parameters

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Researchers conducted a systematic review of the effectiveness of monitoring physiological parameters to predict COPD exacerbations.

Improvement needed in managing COPD in women

Improvement needed in managing COPD in women

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The prevalence of COPD globally is increasing more rapidly in women than in men.

COPD Assessment Test indicates mortality risk in interstitial lung disease

COPD Assessment Test indicates mortality risk in interstitial lung disease

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Researchers conducted a study to verify the CAT as a predictor of outcome among patients with interstitial lung disease.

Questionnaire and peak expiratory flow identify undiagnosed COPD

Questionnaire and peak expiratory flow identify undiagnosed COPD

The CAPTURE questionnaire with peak flow can identify patients who would benefit from COPD therapy.

Long-term oxygen therapy not beneficial for COPD patients with moderate desaturation

Long-term oxygen therapy not beneficial for COPD patients with moderate desaturation

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Long-term supplemental oxygen has no benefit in patients with stable COPD and resting or exercise-induced moderate desaturation.

COPD and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis may have common genetic network

COPD and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis may have common genetic network

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Researchers used integrated genomics to identify convergent transcriptomic pathways in emphysema and IPF.

Omalizumab effective for asthma and overlapping COPD

Omalizumab effective for asthma and overlapping COPD

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Omalizumab is useful in the management of severe asthma with overlapping COPD.

Number of COPD cases predicted to increase until 2030

Number of COPD cases predicted to increase until 2030

Researchers predict that the number of COPD cases will increase by more than 150% from 2010 to 2030.

Endoscopic sinus surgery may improve asthma quality of life in rhinosinusitis

Endoscopic sinus surgery may improve asthma quality of life in rhinosinusitis

Endoscopic sinus surgery improved asthma quality of life and control in patients with uncontrolled asthma.

Acute exacerbations may accelerate lung function decline in smokers with COPD

Acute exacerbations may accelerate lung function decline in smokers with COPD

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Exacerbations were associated with accelerated lung function loss in patients with established COPD.

COPD mortality rate decreases in the United States

COPD mortality rate decreases in the United States

COPD-related mortality was reduced by 12.3% between 2000 and 2014.

Fluticasone furoate and vilanterol may reduce exacerbations in COPD

Fluticasone furoate and vilanterol may reduce exacerbations in COPD

The combination may reduce the rate of moderate or severe exacerbations among COPD patients.

Clinician survey indicates improved attitudes toward COPD treatment

Clinician survey indicates improved attitudes toward COPD treatment

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Clinician awareness of COPD treatment guidelines has increased since 2007.

Blood eosinophil counts linked to adverse pneumonia events in COPD patients

Blood eosinophil counts linked to adverse pneumonia events in COPD patients

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Patients with a blood eosinophil count below 2% had a poor response to treatment with inhaled corticosteroids.

Does statin use benefit patients with COPD?

Does statin use benefit patients with COPD?

Potential effects of statin use as adjunct therapy in COPD patients is still widely debated.

Inpatient mortality, length of stay decreasing for COPD patients, but financial burden increasing

Inpatient mortality, length of stay decreasing for COPD patients, but financial burden increasing

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For patients hospitalized with COPD, mortality and length of stay have decreased while financial burden has increased.

COPD Assessment Test can identify new COPD, mild airflow obstruction

COPD Assessment Test can identify new COPD, mild airflow obstruction

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The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) can be used to distinguish between newly diagnosed patients, those with more exacerbations, and by gender.

Young patients with COPD still active smokers

Young patients with COPD still active smokers

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Patients who are socioeconomically disadvantaged are more likely to continue smoking after a COPD diagnosis.

Depression limits adherence to COPD maintenance medications

Depression limits adherence to COPD maintenance medications

Older adults with depression are less likely to adhere to COPD maintenance medications regimens.

COPD exacerbations linked to quality of life, history of pneumonia

COPD exacerbations linked to quality of life, history of pneumonia

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Patients with mild-to-moderate airflow limitations should be screened for COPD exacerbations.

Frailty affects rehabilitation outcomes in COPD patients

Frailty affects rehabilitation outcomes in COPD patients

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Patients who complete pulmonary rehabilitation programs may experience short-term symptom reversal.

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