Colorectal Cancer

Higher Vitamin D Levels Tied to Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Higher Vitamin D Levels Tied to Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancer

In women, risk declines as levels increase up to 100 nmol/L, but association in men not significant

Higher CRC Risk With Advanced Adenoma Found on Colonoscopy

Higher CRC Risk With Advanced Adenoma Found on Colonoscopy

Risk not increased for non-advanced adenoma found on colonoscopy following flex sigmoidoscopy

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Cuts CRC Incidence, Mortality in Men

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Cuts CRC Incidence, Mortality in Men

Absolute risks for colorectal cancer, CRC death not reduced for screening group vs controls in women

Gap identified in colorectal cancer screening among low-income populations

Gap identified in colorectal cancer screening among low-income populations

Improving colorectal cancer screening rates among lower-income populations requires addressing structural, personal, and health care system barriers.

Colorectal cancer screening doubled with use of a digital health program

Colorectal cancer screening doubled with use of a digital health program

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The use of the Mobile Patient Technology for Health-CRC (mPATH-CRC) digital health program doubles the proportion of patients who completed colorectal cancer (CRC) screening.

Colorectal cancer risk in veterans significantly reduced with colonoscopy screening

Colorectal cancer risk in veterans significantly reduced with colonoscopy screening

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Colonoscopy is associated with significant reductions in colorectal cancer mortality among veterans and with greater benefit for left-sided cancer than right-sided cancer.

Case Study: Chest Pain and Shortness of Breath in a Patient with Colorectal Cancer

Case Study: Chest Pain and Shortness of Breath in a Patient with Colorectal Cancer

A 64-year-old woman who was recently diagnosed with colorectal cancer is brought to the emergency department with substernal chest pain and shortness of breath.

Multi-analyte blood test detects 8 common cancers

Multi-analyte blood test detects 8 common cancers

A multi-analyte blood test, CancerSEEK, can detect 8 common cancer types, with high sensitivity and specificity.

Noninvasive colorectal cancer screening

Noninvasive colorectal cancer screening

The FIT and the MT-sDNA are evidence-based tests that should be considered for CRC screening when a colonoscopy cannot be performed.

Colorectal cancer mortality rates increasing in younger white adults

Colorectal cancer mortality rates increasing in younger white adults

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Researchers analyzed colorectal cancer mortality rates among individuals between 20 and 54 years of age from 1970 through 2014.

Financial incentive linked to increased colonoscopy rates

Financial incentive linked to increased colonoscopy rates

Researchers found that a cash incentive of $100 was associated with increased colorectal screening rates in eligible adults.

Increased adenoma detection rate associated with lower risk of colorectal cancer and death

Increased adenoma detection rate associated with lower risk of colorectal cancer and death

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An increased ADR is associated with an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.63 for interval colorectal cancer and 0.50 for cancer death.

Risk-scoring model predicts advanced colorectal neoplasia in younger adults

Risk-scoring model predicts advanced colorectal neoplasia in younger adults

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The score could help predict advanced colorectal neoplasia in adults younger than 50 years of age.

Colonoscopy timing after positive fecal test linked to colorectal cancer risk

Colonoscopy timing after positive fecal test linked to colorectal cancer risk

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A follow-up colonoscopy more than 10 months after a positive FIT result is associated with a higher risk of colorectal cancer and more advanced disease at the time of diagnosis.

Long-term antibiotic use associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenoma

Long-term antibiotic use associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenoma

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Increasing duration of antibiotic use at ages 20 to 39 and 40 to 59 is significantly associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenoma.

USPSTF recommends screening for colorectal cancer from age 50 to 75

USPSTF recommends screening for colorectal cancer from age 50 to 75

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The USPSTF has released a recommendation statement regarding screening adults for colorectal cancer.

USPSTF issues final recommendations for aspirin use to prevent CVD, colorectal cancer

USPSTF issues final recommendations for aspirin use to prevent CVD, colorectal cancer

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The USPSTF concluded that a low-dose aspirin regimen can prevent cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer in adults aged 50 to 59.

Low-dose aspirin regimen may reduce risk of certain cancers

Low-dose aspirin regimen may reduce risk of certain cancers

A low-dose aspirin regimen was associated with a 3% lower risk of cancer overall.

Colorectal cancer diagnoses increase in patients younger than age 50

Colorectal cancer diagnoses increase in patients younger than age 50

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Nearly 15% of colorectal cancer patients were diagnosed before age 50.

Vitamin D
 for colorectal 
adenomas?

Vitamin D
 for colorectal 
adenomas?

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Vitamin D and calcium supplements do not reduce the risk for the development of colorectal adenomas, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Processed meats cause colorectal cancer in humans, according to WHO

Processed meats cause colorectal cancer in humans, according to WHO

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A report from WHO found that processed meat causes colorectal cancer, and red meat is positively associated with several cancers.

Colorectal cancer screening recommended for patients aged 50 to 75 years

Colorectal cancer screening recommended for patients aged 50 to 75 years

Adults aged 50 to 75 years should be screened for colorectal cancer. For older adults, the decision to screen should be based on the individual.

Regular aspirin, NSAID regimen may reduce colorectal cancer risk

Regular aspirin, NSAID regimen may reduce colorectal cancer risk

Regular, long-term use of low-dose aspirin or other NSAIDs reduced the risk of developing colorectal cancer.

Coffee intake associated with decreased colon cancer mortality

Coffee intake associated with decreased colon cancer mortality

Drinking four or more cups of coffee per day may significantly decrease mortality in colon cancer patients.

Screening colonoscopy linked to 50% lower colorectal cancer rate

Screening colonoscopy linked to 50% lower colorectal cancer rate

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Screening colonoscopy leads to higher adenoma detection rates, which reduces colorectal cancer mortality.

High rates of colorectal cancer in select parts of U.S.

High rates of colorectal cancer in select parts of U.S.

The Mississippi Delta region, Appalachia, Virginia, and North Carolina include areas with high rates of colorectal cancer.

Cancer screening rates are short of goal

Cancer screening rates are short of goal

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The CDC reports that screening rates for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer have dropped in recent years.

Obesity linked to higher risk of other cancers in colorectal cancer survivors

Obesity linked to higher risk of other cancers in colorectal cancer survivors

Overweight or obese patients with colorectal cancer had an elevated risk of developing a second cancer compared with normal-weight patients.

Home colorectal cancer test approved

Home colorectal cancer test approved

Cologuard, a noninvasive home-test, has been approved by the FDA to screen for colorectal cancer.

Upping calcium decreases CRC mortality rates

Upping calcium decreases CRC mortality rates

Postdiagnosis milk intake, but not vitamin D intake, was inversely associated with all-cause mortality.

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