Diabetes News Archive

Regular alcohol consumption associated with lower risk of diabetes

Consumption of alcohol 3 to 4 days weekly is associated with a significantly lower risk for diabetes in men and women.

Maternal lifestyle interventions reduce the odds of cesarean section

Lifestyle interventions reduce gestational weight gain across various subgroups of women and lower the odds of cesarean section without affecting offspring outcomes.

A link between antiretroviral therapy and diabetes in HIV patients?

HIV-infected patients on ART had approximately 4 and 1.5 greater odds of developing diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, respectively.

Degludec vs glargine in type 2 diabetes for cardiovascular events

Degludec is noninferior to glargine regarding the incidence of major cardiovascular events among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Side effects may affect medication nonadherence in patients with chronic disease

Almost half of participants reported that they never received information regarding the side effects of their medication from their prescriber.

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging score calculates diabetes risk in obese individuals

The score can predict the effectiveness of weight-loss therapy for preventing diabetes in overweight or obese individuals.

Depression among diabetes patients may affect long-term drug adherence

Patients exhibiting moderate-to-severe depressive symptoms had worse adherence than nondepressed patients.

Probiotics may lower risk of gestational diabetes

Women who took probiotics in their second trimester had lower rates of gestational diabetes.

Using information technology to tailor diabetes care

A study of one tracking system's effect finds improvement in the management of diabetes.

Anti-inflammatory effects of linagliptin in diabetes patients

Patients taking linagliptin had decreased HbA1c as well as reactive oxygen species generation and plasma lipid peroxide levels.

Insulin pump therapy improves quality of life in adolescents with type 2 diabetes

Adolescents with type 2 diabetes decreased HbA1c levels after using insulin pump therapy for a 3-month period.

Diabetes and glucose intolerance increase with higher outdoor temperature

Diabetes incidence rates in the US and glucose intolerance worldwide increased per 1°C increase in temperature.

Insulin initiation in primary care improves HbA1c levels

The Stepping Up model of care produced a clinically and significantly significant improvement in HbA1c among adults with type 2 diabetes managed in primary care.

Gluten-free diet may increase risk of type 2 diabetes

Individuals who consume the least amount of gluten are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Metformin, vildagliptin have differing effects on heart rate, blood pressure in diabetes

Vildagliptin lowers blood pressure and elevates heart rate, while metformin increases heart rate with no effect on blood pressure.

Managing diabetic retinopathy: ADA releases new position statement

The position statement by the ADA incorporates updates in treatment and screening for patients with diabetic retinopathy.

Depression is often untreated in dialysis patients

Depression is common in patients receiving chronic hemodialysis but seems to be ineffectively treated.

Novel oral glucose lowering drugs reduce adverse events in type 2 diabetes

Researchers observed a reduced risk of all-cause mortality and CVD with dapagliflozin and a lower risk of mortality with dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitors.

Diabetes without insulin may not increase thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation

Diabetes without insulin did not appear to increase thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with anticoagulation.

The 2017 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes: an update from the ADA

The document addresses important new issues in diabetes management, including metabolic surgery and a more specific definition of hypoglycemia.

CDC tips for prediabetes prevention and treatment

Prediabetes does not always show clear symptoms; however, it can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or stroke.

Risk for postpartum depression higher among women with diabetes

Among all women, PPD risk increased with advanced age and gestational diabetes.

Accuracy of prediabetes screening tests is low

Fasting glucose is specific but not sensitive, and HbA1c is neither sensitive nor specific.

Glyburide and metformin have similar glucose control in gestational diabetes

Researchers observed a high efficacy rate for both glyburide and metformin.

Mortality risk increased in type 2 diabetes with depression or anxiety

Men with diabetes, but not women, had excess mortality risk associated with depression and anxiety.

Enterovirus infections associated with autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes

The most frequent enterovirus types included coxsackievirus A4, coxsackievirus A2, and coxsackievirus A16.

Fish oil, aspirin ineffective for reducing arteriovenous fistula failure

The study suggests that neither fish oil nor aspirin can be recommended for the prevention of AVF failure.

Updated guideline for oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes

The ACP has updated the 2012 guideline to provide clinical recommendations of oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes.

FDA approves first continuous glucose monitoring system to replace fingerstick test in diabetes

The FDA has approved a continuous glucose monitoring system to replace fingerstick blood sugar testing in patients with diabetes.

Primary care clinician volume tied to quality of diabetes care

Higher ambulatory volume was linked to lower quality of care and quality increased with higher diabetes-specific volume.

ADA releases guidelines for psychosocial care for diabetes patients

The position statement provides recommendations for psychosocial assessment and care of individuals with diabetes.

Gastrointestinal adverse events increase with GLP-1 receptor agonists

Risk was dependent on dose, background medications, and type of GLP-1 receptor agonist.

New continuous glucose monitoring system safe and accurate

The continuous glucose monitoring system detected 81% of hypoglycemic events within 30 minutes.

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy: an overview

Often underreported and undertreated, outcomes can be improved in this condition with appropriate screening and diagnosis.

Deferred revascularization leads to poor results in diabetes

Combining FFR with imaging techniques may be required to guide the treatment strategy in patients with high-risk, fast-progressing atherosclerosis.

ADA issues new diabetes guidelines for physical activity and exercise

The ADA releases its first independent recommendations on physical activity and exercise for all patients with diabetes.

Resveratrol supplementation shows no sign of improving insulin sensitivity

Hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes were not affected by resveratrol treatment.

Vitamin D may not improve glucose measures in patients at risk for diabetes

Researchers observed significant improvement in LDL cholesterol in those at risk for diabetes.

Stepwise diabetes prevention effective in patients with prediabetes

Individuals with prediabetes may reduce their risk of diabetes with stepwise diabetes prevention.

Oily fish consumption may lower diabetic retinopathy risk in type 2 diabetes

A target intake of at least 500 mg/d is recommended to combat sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.

Drug may slow renal disease progression in type 2 diabetes

Canagliflozin 100 mg or 300 mg slowed kidney decline compared with glimepiride.

Blood pressure lower than recommended level is beneficial in type 2 diabetes

Patients with type 2 diabetes with systolic blood pressure lower than 140 mm Hg have a lower risk of cardiovascular events.

Adlyxin approved for type 2 diabetes

The once-daily injection works to improve glycemic control.

To combat prediabetes, brisk walking may be superior to jogging

Patients with prediabetes who briskly walked saw greater improvements in oral glucose tolerance compared with those who jogged.

Diabetes drugs similar regarding cardiovascular and all-cause mortality risk

A meta-analysis of the 9 classes of glucose-lowering drugs supports the ADA's recommendation of metformin monotherapy as preferred initial treatment.

Postpartum readmission rates increase

Readmission was more common among publically insured, black patients presenting with comorbidities including hypertension and diabetes.

Whole grain consumption reduces chronic disease, all-cause mortality

Reductions in disease risk were observed for an intake as high as 7.5 servings of whole grains per day.

Coronary artery bypass linked to new-onset diabetes

Coronary artery bypass surgery may lead to metabolic changes, causing new-onset diabetes.

Glucommander linked to improved blood glucose levels

Use of the Glucommander was linked to a shorter time to achieving blood glucose levels lower than 200 mg/dL.

New guidelines support use of metabolic surgery as standard treatment option for type 2 diabetes, obesity

A panel of experts has recommended that metabolic surgery be included as a treatment option for patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity.

Oral glucocorticoid use increases risk of diabetes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Glucocorticoid therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis has been linked to elevated risk of diabetes.

Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes often have low levels of vitamin D.

Healthy diet reduces hypertension risk after gestational diabetes

Women who had gestational diabetes may be able to reduce their risk of developing hypertension by eating a healthy diet.

Metformin more effective than sulfonylureas for reducing cardiovascular mortality in diabetes patients

Compared with other drugs for type 2 diabetes, metformin is superior for reducing the risk of cardiovascular mortality.

FDA issues warning for 2 diabetes drugs linked to risk of heart failure

The FDA will add warnings about heart failure risk to the labels of type 2 diabetes medicines containing saxagliptin and alogliptin.

Worldwide diabetes prevalence has quadrupled since 1980

From 1980 to 2014, the number of people worldwide with diabetes has increased from 108 million to 422 million.

Incretin-based medications do not increase heart failure hospitalization

Regardless of history of heart failure, incretin-based medications are not associated with an increased risk for hospitalization due to heart failure.

Predictors of mortality and diabetes risk

High body fat percentage and low BMI are associated with increased mortality in women and men.

HCV, HIV co-infection linked to increased diabetes risk

Treatment guidelines must expand to focus on patients co-infected with both HCV and HIV.

Prediabetes goes untreated in many patients

Very few patients with glycated hemoglobin levels that indicate prediabetes are being told they have the condition.

Body fat percentage, physical fitness are better predictors of mortality and diabetes risk than BMI

High body weight percentage may increase mortality, and poor physical fitness in youth can increase diabetes risk later in life.

CPAP leads to improved glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes

The CPAP group had a larger decrease in HbA1c levels after 6 months.

Managing diabetes in primary care: 2016 recommendations from ADA

The ADA has published the 2016 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes that outline the best practices for diabetes care and management.

Once-weekly GLP-1RAs beneficial for type 2 diabetes

Once-weekly GLP-1RAs reduced HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose.

Comparing RAS blockers and other antihypertensives for diabetes

Renin angiotensin system blockers have similar risks and outcomes compared with other antihypertensive agents for patients with diabetes.

Potato consumption pre-pregnancy linked to diabetes

Eating more potatoes before pregnancy may be associated with greater risk of gestational diabetes mellitus,

Statin plus niacin reduces apoB-48 concentration in type 2 diabetes

A statin plus extended-release niacin reduces apoB-48 concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes, compared with a statin alone.

Monitoring is advised for adults born preterm

Premature birth has been associated with a number of adverse health conditions.

Intranasal glucagon effectively treats type 1 diabetes

Intranasal glucagon is noninferior to intramuscular glucagon in adults with type 1 diabetes.

Patients with type 2 diabetes may undergo unnecessary HbA1c testing

More than 60% of the 31,545 patients analyzed between 2001 and 2013 underwent HbA1c at least four times per year.

Metformin does not improve glycemic control in overweight teens with type 1 diabetes

Research shows that adding metformin to insulin therapy will not boost glycemic control in overweight teens with type 1 diabetes.

Breastfeeding may reduce odds of developing type 2 diabetes

Breastfeeding for 2 or more months may reduce the odds of developing type 2 diabetes in mothers previously diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Renal biomarkers predict adverse outcomes in diabetes

Three renal biomarkers - AKI, albuminuria, and eGFR - can predict adverse outcomes in diabetes, according to a study published in Diabetes Care.

Depression is underdiagnosed in adolescents with diabetes

In adolescents with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the rates of diagnosed depression are lower than the number of patients reporting depressive symptoms.

Prevalence of diabetes 
continues to increase

Diabetes remains prevalent in the United States, with an estimated rate of 12% to 14% among adults.

FDA approves Tresiba, Ryzodeg for diabetes treatment

The FDA has approved two new treatments, Tresiba and Ryzodeg, for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Long naps, daytime sleepiness may increase type 2 diabetes risk

Daytime sleepiness and long naps may be associated with significantly increased risks of developing type 2 diabetes.

Exposure to pesticides increases risk of developing diabetes

Exposure to any type of pesticide raised the risk of developing any type of diabetes by 61%.

In patients with diabetes, women at higher risk for cardiovascular event

Compared with men with diabetes, women with diabetes have a 34% higher risk of experiencing cardiovascular events.

Half of U.S. adults have type 2 diabetes or prediabetes

Almost half of adults in the United States have either type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, though many are undiagnosed.

Diabetes is poorly controlled in a majority of elderly people

The majority of older adults with diabetes do not meet the ADA's criteria for good management of their condition.

Diabetes insulin type does not affect myocardial infarction risk

Using long-acting insulin in type 2 diabetes does not increase the risk for acute myocardial infarction.

Insulin pump use reduces mortality in type 1 diabetes

For people with type 1 diabetes, using insulin pump therapy lowers mortality from all causes.

Eating breakfast helps control glucose in type 2 diabetes

People with type 2 diabetes who skipped breakfast had a higher risk of postprandial hyperglycemia.

Glyburide increases adverse neonatal outcomes in gestational diabetes

Glyburide is associated with an increased risk 
of adverse neonatal 
outcomes compared to 
insulin in women with 
gestational diabetes.

Accuracy of blood glucose meters in low glycemic range is questionable

Blood glucose meters may not adhere to FDA standards for low glycemic ranges.

Psoriasis drug may help preserve pancreatic function in type 1 diabetes

Alefacept, a psoriasis treatment, can help preserve pancreas function in type 1 diabetes.

More diabetes complications increase dementia risk

Diabetes patients who had a greater number of diabetes-related complications had an increased risk for dementia.

Comorbidity involving diabetes, myocardial infarction, stroke increases mortality risk

People with more than one major health problem have higher mortality than those with just one condition.

Intensive glucose control lowers cardiovascular risk in diabetes

For patients with diabetes, strict glucose control lowers the risk for cardiovascular events.

Eating carbs last in a meal lowers glucose levels

Eating carbohydrates last helped lower glucose levels, especially if vegetables and proteins were eaten first.

Glycemic control improves with more electronic clinician notes

Clinicians who take more electronic notes on lifestyle counseling help their diabetic patients achieve lower HbA1c.

Subclinical hypothyroidism plus statins increase diabetes risk

Patients with subclinical hypothyroidism who take statins have an increased risk of developing diabetes.

Diabetes may increase infection-related mortality risk

After adjustment for age and sex, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were higher in type 1 and type 2 diabetes for all outcomes.

Diabetes telehealth initiative bridges care gaps in rural settings

Strengthening patient-provider communication can improve diabetes outcomes.

Gastritis tied to metformin-related gastrointestinal side effects in type 2 diabetes

With metformin, mean score for gastrointestinal side effects higher for gastritis subjects over four weeks.

Strict glycemic control may decrease cardiovascular events in diabetes patients

The glycated hemoglobin in the intensive control group was 6.9%, on average. For those on standard care, the glycated hemoglobin average was 8.4%.

Metformin may lower open-angle glaucoma risk

Patients taking the highest amount of metformin had a 25% reduced risk of developing OAG compared with those not taking the medication.

Shift work may pose threat to metabolic health

Excess weight and sleep issues are more common among those with changing schedules.

Antipsychotics may increase diabetes risk in children

Antipsychotic medications increase a child's risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 50%.

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