To combat prediabetes, brisk walking may be superior to jogging

Brisk walking may be better than jogging for patients with prediabetes.
Brisk walking may be better than jogging for patients with prediabetes.

HealthDay News — Brisk walking may be more effective than jogging in controlling blood glucose levels in patients with prediabetes, according to a study published in Diabetologia.

The study included 150 individuals with prediabetes who were divided into 4 groups. One group followed a gold-standard program that included a low-fat, low-calorie diet and moderate-intensity exercise equivalent to 7.5 miles of brisk walking a week. The other participants were assigned to 1 of 3 exercise groups: low amount at moderate intensity equivalent to walking briskly for 7.5 miles a week; high amount at moderate intensity equal to walking briskly for 11.5 miles weekly; and high amount at vigorous intensity equivalent to jogging for 11.5 miles a week.

After 6 months, patients using the 3-pronged approach had an average 9% improvement in oral glucose tolerance. Among those who did exercise only, there was a 7% improvement in the moderate-intensity, 11.5-mile group; a 5% improvement in the moderate-intensity, 7.5-mile group; and a 2% improvement in the vigorous-intensity, 11.5-mile group.

"When faced with the decision of trying to do weight loss, diet, and exercise versus exercise alone, the study indicates you can achieve nearly 80% of the effect of doing all three with just a high amount of moderate-intensity exercise," lead author William Kraus, MD, of the Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C., said in a journal news release. "I was heartened by the fact that I found out that I can give patients one message and they can get nearly the same effect as when required to exercise, diet, and lose weight all at the same time."

Reference

  1. Slentz CA, Bateman LA, Willis LH, et al. Effects of exercise training alone vs a combined exercise and nutritional lifestyle intervention on glucose homeostasis in prediabetic individuals: a randomised controlled trial. Diabetologia. Published online July 15, 2016. doi:10.1007/s00125-016-4051-z [Epub ahead of print]
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