Diabetes

Diabetes and glucose intolerance increase with higher outdoor temperature

Diabetes and glucose intolerance increase with higher outdoor temperature

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Diabetes incidence rates in the US and glucose intolerance worldwide increased per 1°C increase in temperature.

Insulin initiation in primary care improves HbA1c levels

Insulin initiation in primary care improves HbA1c levels

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The Stepping Up model of care produced a clinically and significantly significant improvement in HbA1c among adults with type 2 diabetes managed in primary care.

Gluten-free diet may increase risk of type 2 diabetes

Gluten-free diet may increase risk of type 2 diabetes

Individuals who consume the least amount of gluten are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Metformin, vildagliptin have differing effects on heart rate, blood pressure in diabetes

Metformin, vildagliptin have differing effects on heart rate, blood pressure in diabetes

Vildagliptin lowers blood pressure and elevates heart rate, while metformin increases heart rate with no effect on blood pressure.

Lifestyle modifications vs pharmacologic treatment for patients with diabetes

Lifestyle modifications vs pharmacologic treatment for patients with diabetes

Applying necessary lifestyle changes as well as incorporating pharmaceutical drugs will improve diabetes in patients compared to drugs alone.

Managing diabetic retinopathy: ADA releases new position statement

Managing diabetic retinopathy: ADA releases new position statement

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The position statement by the ADA incorporates updates in treatment and screening for patients with diabetic retinopathy.

Case Study in Diabetes: Use of DPP-4 inhibitors with GLP-1 agonists

Case Study in Diabetes: Use of DPP-4 inhibitors with GLP-1 agonists

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A 63-year-old man with type 2 diabetes was admitted to the hospital to undergo right robotic partial nephrectomy.

Depression is often untreated in dialysis patients

Depression is often untreated in dialysis patients

Depression is common in patients receiving chronic hemodialysis but seems to be ineffectively treated.

Novel oral glucose lowering drugs reduce adverse events in type 2 diabetes

Novel oral glucose lowering drugs reduce adverse events in type 2 diabetes

Researchers observed a reduced risk of all-cause mortality and CVD with dapagliflozin and a lower risk of mortality with dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitors.

Treating patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Treating patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Alpha-lipoic acid, 600mg daily, is an effective treatment option for patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

A differing opinion on the ACP's new diabetes treatment guidelines

A differing opinion on the ACP's new diabetes treatment guidelines

Pharmacotherapy and combination therapy may be a better alternative to the ACP's diabetes treatment guidelines.

Diabetes without insulin may not increase thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation

Diabetes without insulin may not increase thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation

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Diabetes without insulin did not appear to increase thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with anticoagulation.

The 2017 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes: an update from the ADA

The 2017 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes: an update from the ADA

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The document addresses important new issues in diabetes management, including metabolic surgery and a more specific definition of hypoglycemia.

CDC tips for prediabetes prevention and treatment

CDC tips for prediabetes prevention and treatment

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Prediabetes does not always show clear symptoms; however, it can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or stroke.

Risk for postpartum depression higher among women with diabetes

Risk for postpartum depression higher among women with diabetes

Among all women, PPD risk increased with advanced age and gestational diabetes.

Accuracy of prediabetes screening tests is low

Accuracy of prediabetes screening tests is low

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Fasting glucose is specific but not sensitive, and HbA1c is neither sensitive nor specific.

Glyburide and metformin have similar glucose control in gestational diabetes

Glyburide and metformin have similar glucose control in gestational diabetes

Researchers observed a high efficacy rate for both glyburide and metformin.

Mortality risk increased in type 2 diabetes with depression or anxiety

Mortality risk increased in type 2 diabetes with depression or anxiety

Men with diabetes, but not women, had excess mortality risk associated with depression and anxiety.

Enterovirus infections associated with autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes

Enterovirus infections associated with autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes

The most frequent enterovirus types included coxsackievirus A4, coxsackievirus A2, and coxsackievirus A16.

A case of acute severe emphysematous pancreatitis

A case of acute severe emphysematous pancreatitis

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A diabetic patient rushed to the hospital for vomiting and abdomen pain, resulting in a diagnosis of acute severe emphysematous pancreatitis.

Fish oil, aspirin ineffective for reducing arteriovenous fistula failure

Fish oil, aspirin ineffective for reducing arteriovenous fistula failure

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The study suggests that neither fish oil nor aspirin can be recommended for the prevention of AVF failure.

Updated guideline for oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes

Updated guideline for oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes

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The ACP has updated the 2012 guideline to provide clinical recommendations of oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes.

FDA approves first continuous glucose monitoring system to replace fingerstick test in diabetes

FDA approves first continuous glucose monitoring system to replace fingerstick test in diabetes

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The FDA has approved a continuous glucose monitoring system to replace fingerstick blood sugar testing in patients with diabetes.

Primary care clinician volume tied to quality of diabetes care

Primary care clinician volume tied to quality of diabetes care

Higher ambulatory volume was linked to lower quality of care and quality increased with higher diabetes-specific volume.

ADA releases guidelines for psychosocial care for diabetes patients

ADA releases guidelines for psychosocial care for diabetes patients

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The position statement provides recommendations for psychosocial assessment and care of individuals with diabetes.

Shortened sleep increases risk of diabetes

Shortened sleep increases risk of diabetes

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Lack of sleep may be one reason for the increase in diabetes in the United States.

Gastrointestinal adverse events increase with GLP-1 receptor agonists

Gastrointestinal adverse events increase with GLP-1 receptor agonists

Risk was dependent on dose, background medications, and type of GLP-1 receptor agonist.

New continuous glucose monitoring system safe and accurate

New continuous glucose monitoring system safe and accurate

The continuous glucose monitoring system detected 81% of hypoglycemic events within 30 minutes.

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy: an overview

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy: an overview

Often underreported and undertreated, outcomes can be improved in this condition with appropriate screening and diagnosis.

Deferred revascularization leads to poor results in diabetes

Deferred revascularization leads to poor results in diabetes

Combining FFR with imaging techniques may be required to guide the treatment strategy in patients with high-risk, fast-progressing atherosclerosis.

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