Diabetes

A link between antiretroviral therapy and diabetes in HIV patients?

A link between antiretroviral therapy and diabetes in HIV patients?

By

HIV-infected patients on ART had approximately 4 and 1.5 greater odds of developing diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, respectively.

Degludec vs glargine in type 2 diabetes for cardiovascular events

Degludec vs glargine in type 2 diabetes for cardiovascular events

By

Degludec is noninferior to glargine regarding the incidence of major cardiovascular events among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Case Study: Hyperglycemia, concern for diabetic ketoacidosis, and type 1 diabetes

Case Study: Hyperglycemia, concern for diabetic ketoacidosis, and type 1 diabetes

By

A 36-year-old man with type 1 diabetes presents to the emergency room with hyperglycemia and possible diabetic ketoacidosis after not taking his insulin for 3 days.

Side effects may affect medication nonadherence in patients with chronic disease

Side effects may affect medication nonadherence in patients with chronic disease

By

Almost half of participants reported that they never received information regarding the side effects of their medication from their prescriber.

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging score calculates diabetes risk in obese individuals

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging score calculates diabetes risk in obese individuals

The score can predict the effectiveness of weight-loss therapy for preventing diabetes in overweight or obese individuals.

Depression among diabetes patients may affect long-term drug adherence

Depression among diabetes patients may affect long-term drug adherence

By

Patients exhibiting moderate-to-severe depressive symptoms had worse adherence than nondepressed patients.

Probiotics may lower risk of gestational diabetes

Probiotics may lower risk of gestational diabetes

Women who took probiotics in their second trimester had lower rates of gestational diabetes.

Using information technology to tailor diabetes care

Using information technology to tailor diabetes care

A study of one tracking system's effect finds improvement in the management of diabetes.

Anti-inflammatory effects of linagliptin in diabetes patients

Anti-inflammatory effects of linagliptin in diabetes patients

By

Patients taking linagliptin had decreased HbA1c as well as reactive oxygen species generation and plasma lipid peroxide levels.

Insulin pump therapy improves quality of life in adolescents with type 2 diabetes

Insulin pump therapy improves quality of life in adolescents with type 2 diabetes

By

Adolescents with type 2 diabetes decreased HbA1c levels after using insulin pump therapy for a 3-month period.

Diabetes and glucose intolerance increase with higher outdoor temperature

Diabetes and glucose intolerance increase with higher outdoor temperature

By

Diabetes incidence rates in the US and glucose intolerance worldwide increased per 1°C increase in temperature.

Insulin initiation in primary care improves HbA1c levels

Insulin initiation in primary care improves HbA1c levels

By

The Stepping Up model of care produced a clinically and significantly significant improvement in HbA1c among adults with type 2 diabetes managed in primary care.

Gluten-free diet may increase risk of type 2 diabetes

Gluten-free diet may increase risk of type 2 diabetes

Individuals who consume the least amount of gluten are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Metformin, vildagliptin have differing effects on heart rate, blood pressure in diabetes

Metformin, vildagliptin have differing effects on heart rate, blood pressure in diabetes

Vildagliptin lowers blood pressure and elevates heart rate, while metformin increases heart rate with no effect on blood pressure.

Lifestyle modifications vs pharmacologic treatment for patients with diabetes

Lifestyle modifications vs pharmacologic treatment for patients with diabetes

Applying necessary lifestyle changes as well as incorporating pharmaceutical drugs will improve diabetes in patients compared to drugs alone.

Managing diabetic retinopathy: ADA releases new position statement

Managing diabetic retinopathy: ADA releases new position statement

By

The position statement by the ADA incorporates updates in treatment and screening for patients with diabetic retinopathy.

Case Study in Diabetes: Use of DPP-4 inhibitors with GLP-1 agonists

Case Study in Diabetes: Use of DPP-4 inhibitors with GLP-1 agonists

By

A 63-year-old man with type 2 diabetes was admitted to the hospital to undergo right robotic partial nephrectomy.

Depression is often untreated in dialysis patients

Depression is often untreated in dialysis patients

Depression is common in patients receiving chronic hemodialysis but seems to be ineffectively treated.

Novel oral glucose lowering drugs reduce adverse events in type 2 diabetes

Novel oral glucose lowering drugs reduce adverse events in type 2 diabetes

Researchers observed a reduced risk of all-cause mortality and CVD with dapagliflozin and a lower risk of mortality with dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitors.

Treating patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Treating patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Alpha-lipoic acid, 600mg daily, is an effective treatment option for patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

A differing opinion on the ACP's new diabetes treatment guidelines

A differing opinion on the ACP's new diabetes treatment guidelines

Pharmacotherapy and combination therapy may be a better alternative to the ACP's diabetes treatment guidelines.

Diabetes without insulin may not increase thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation

Diabetes without insulin may not increase thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation

By

Diabetes without insulin did not appear to increase thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with anticoagulation.

The 2017 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes: an update from the ADA

The 2017 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes: an update from the ADA

By

The document addresses important new issues in diabetes management, including metabolic surgery and a more specific definition of hypoglycemia.

CDC tips for prediabetes prevention and treatment

CDC tips for prediabetes prevention and treatment

By

Prediabetes does not always show clear symptoms; however, it can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or stroke.

Risk for postpartum depression higher among women with diabetes

Risk for postpartum depression higher among women with diabetes

Among all women, PPD risk increased with advanced age and gestational diabetes.

Accuracy of prediabetes screening tests is low

Accuracy of prediabetes screening tests is low

By

Fasting glucose is specific but not sensitive, and HbA1c is neither sensitive nor specific.

Glyburide and metformin have similar glucose control in gestational diabetes

Glyburide and metformin have similar glucose control in gestational diabetes

Researchers observed a high efficacy rate for both glyburide and metformin.

Mortality risk increased in type 2 diabetes with depression or anxiety

Mortality risk increased in type 2 diabetes with depression or anxiety

Men with diabetes, but not women, had excess mortality risk associated with depression and anxiety.

Enterovirus infections associated with autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes

Enterovirus infections associated with autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes

The most frequent enterovirus types included coxsackievirus A4, coxsackievirus A2, and coxsackievirus A16.

A case of acute severe emphysematous pancreatitis

A case of acute severe emphysematous pancreatitis

By

A diabetic patient rushed to the hospital for vomiting and abdomen pain, resulting in a diagnosis of acute severe emphysematous pancreatitis.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters