Diet & Exercise

High fitness level associated with lower waist circumference, independent of BMI

High fitness level associated with lower waist circumference, independent of BMI

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The investigators studied the association between abdominal fat, inflammation, and fitness by measuring body weight, dimensions, and blood samples.

Examining the effects of wearable fitness trackers

Examining the effects of wearable fitness trackers

The utility and effectiveness of wearable fitness devices are discussed in a clinician's opinion piece.

Better lipid profiles with almond and chocolate consumption

Better lipid profiles with almond and chocolate consumption

Cocoa, dark chocolate, and raw almonds may help improve lipid profiles in overweight individuals.

Modest changes in level of exercise may prevent new cases of depression

Modest changes in level of exercise may prevent new cases of depression

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Relatively modest changes in population levels of exercise may have important public mental health benefits and prevent a substantial number of new cases of depression.

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

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Weight-loss diets low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.

Is group exercise more effective for weight loss than individual workouts?

Is group exercise more effective for weight loss than individual workouts?

A study found that individuals who workout in a group have a 26% lower stress rate and improved quality of life compared to people who work out by themselves.

Exercise with interval therapy reduces fall risk

Exercise with interval therapy reduces fall risk

Exercise and various combinations of interventions were associated with lower risk of injurious falls compared with usual care.

Nurse practitioners important health, wellness role models

Nurse practitioners important health, wellness role models

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Evidence-based interventions needed to create wellness cultures and encourage healthy behavior change in NPs.

Vegan diet may improve diabetic neuropathy pain

Vegan diet may improve diabetic neuropathy pain

The vegan group had lost 15 pounds, on average, versus about one pound in the comparison group.

Can a video game provide health benefits?

Can a video game provide health benefits?

Equivalent health benefits were seen for active video games and laboratory-based exercise or field-based physical activity.

Walking two minutes per hour may reverse negative effects of sitting

Walking two minutes per hour may reverse negative effects of sitting

Trading two minutes of sitting for two minutes of light-intensity activity each hour lowered the risk of premature death by 33%.

Even one hour of TV a day boosts kids' obesity risk

Even one hour of TV a day boosts kids' obesity risk

Kids who watched more than one hour of television were more likely to be at unhealthy weights compared with those who watched less.

Exercise won't make up for poor diet

Exercise won't make up for poor diet

The most effective intervention for reducing the features of metabolic syndrome is dietary carbohydrate restriction.

Prolonged sitting linked to adverse health

Prolonged sitting linked to adverse health

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Spending a long time during the day sitting increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and death.

Diet, exercise may lower plaque build-up in coronary arteries

Diet, exercise may lower plaque build-up in coronary arteries

Intensive lifestyle modifications were associated with a decrease in atherosclerotic burden in both coronary and carotid vasculature systems.

Even with exercise, sitting linked to worse health outcomes

Even with exercise, sitting linked to worse health outcomes

Even in patients who exercise regularly, greater sedentary time is associated with an increased risk of adverse health outcomes.

Think whole grains for better weight control

Think whole grains for better weight control

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The Grain Foods Foundation's Glenn Gaesser, PhD, discusses how whole grains benefit patients.

High fiber intake may lower kidney stone risk in postmenopausal women

High fiber intake may lower kidney stone risk in postmenopausal women

There were no significant protective effects noted for fiber, fruit, or vegetable intake on the risk of kidney stone recurrence in women with a history of stones.

Weight loss strategies yield similar results in men, women

Weight loss strategies yield similar results in men, women

Although men lost more weight than women, the evidence does not indicate that weight loss strategies should differ according to sex.

Helping patients keep their New Year's resolutions

Helping patients keep their New Year's resolutions

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Setting realistic goals and establishing a time frame are just two tips for helping patients' health resolutions.

Chain restaurants now required to supply calorie counts

Chain restaurants now required to supply calorie counts

Restaurants that are part of a chain of 20 or more locations doing business under the same name will have to have list calorie content.

Nearly 140M Americans need weight-loss treatment

Nearly 140M Americans need weight-loss treatment

Of the 140 million American adults advised for weight-loss treatment, 83% could be considered for pharmacotherapy.

Offer behavioral counseling for obese, overweight patients with CVD risk

Offer behavioral counseling for obese, overweight patients with CVD risk

The USPSTF recommends primary-care providers refer or offer behavioral counseling for obese patients at risk of cardiovascular disease.

Nuts may lower heart, diabetes risks

Nuts may lower heart, diabetes risks

Patients who ate nuts regularly had reduced diabetes, fatal and nonfatal ischemic heart disease.

Long-term weight loss decreases diabetes risk

Long-term weight loss decreases diabetes risk

Steady weight-loss over two years was a stronger predictor of reducing diabetes risk, compared with six months of weight-loss.

Strategies for helping obese patients

Strategies for helping obese patients

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A recent study suggests class III obesity shortens life span by 6.5 to 13.7 years.

Diabetes drug may aid in weight loss

Diabetes drug may aid in weight loss

Higher weight loss and improvements in insulin secretion were found in patients assigned liraglutide with exercise and diet.

Midlife activity may stave off dementia

Midlife activity may stave off dementia

Leisure-time physical activity has previously been shown to have a positive impact on health.

Encourage heart-healthy dietary choices

Encourage heart-healthy dietary choices

Offering specific recommendations may be more beneficial to patients than food plate/pyramid nutritional guidelines.

Physical inactivity tops heart risk factors

Physical inactivity tops heart risk factors

Lack of exercise leads ahead of smoking, high BMI and hypertension as the biggest preventable risk in heart disease for female patients over age 30 years.

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