Diet & Exercise
Evidence-based interventions needed to create wellness cultures and encourage healthy behavior change in NPs.
The vegan group had lost 15 pounds, on average, versus about one pound in the comparison group.
Equivalent health benefits were seen for active video games and laboratory-based exercise or field-based physical activity.
Trading two minutes of sitting for two minutes of light-intensity activity each hour lowered the risk of premature death by 33%.
Kids who watched more than one hour of television were more likely to be at unhealthy weights compared with those who watched less.
The most effective intervention for reducing the features of metabolic syndrome is dietary carbohydrate restriction.
Spending a long time during the day sitting increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and death.
Intensive lifestyle modifications were associated with a decrease in atherosclerotic burden in both coronary and carotid vasculature systems.
Even in patients who exercise regularly, greater sedentary time is associated with an increased risk of adverse health outcomes.
The Grain Foods Foundation's Glenn Gaesser, PhD, discusses how whole grains benefit patients.
There were no significant protective effects noted for fiber, fruit, or vegetable intake on the risk of kidney stone recurrence in women with a history of stones.
Although men lost more weight than women, the evidence does not indicate that weight loss strategies should differ according to sex.
Setting realistic goals and establishing a time frame are just two tips for helping patients' health resolutions.
Restaurants that are part of a chain of 20 or more locations doing business under the same name will have to have list calorie content.
Of the 140 million American adults advised for weight-loss treatment, 83% could be considered for pharmacotherapy.
The USPSTF recommends primary-care providers refer or offer behavioral counseling for obese patients at risk of cardiovascular disease.
Patients who ate nuts regularly had reduced diabetes, fatal and nonfatal ischemic heart disease.
Steady weight-loss over two years was a stronger predictor of reducing diabetes risk, compared with six months of weight-loss.
A recent study suggests class III obesity shortens life span by 6.5 to 13.7 years.
Higher weight loss and improvements in insulin secretion were found in patients assigned liraglutide with exercise and diet.
Leisure-time physical activity has previously been shown to have a positive impact on health.
Offering specific recommendations may be more beneficial to patients than food plate/pyramid nutritional guidelines.
Lack of exercise leads ahead of smoking, high BMI and hypertension as the biggest preventable risk in heart disease for female patients over age 30 years.
USPSTF has released a draft recommendation considering the benefits of intensive behavioral counseling to prevent CVD in high-risk patients.
Among metabolically abnormal individuals, the obese showed faster global cognitive decline.
Artificial sweeteners may help people reach and maintain a healthy body weight, as long as those who use them do not compensate for the calories cut.
Getting patients to make behavior changes that stick can be tough. Treating the change as a process can help.