Diet & Nutrition

No Evidence for Milk Increasing Mucus Production From Lungs

No Evidence for Milk Increasing Mucus Production From Lungs

Patients perceive swallowing difficulty from thickness of saliva, but no real increase in mucus.

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Supplementation linked to higher BMI z score at age 6 years but no higher proportion of obese children.

Mediterranean Diet Tied to Lower Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Mediterranean Diet Tied to Lower Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Association only significant among men and only in seropositive rheumatoid arthritis.

Increased Dairy Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD, Mortality Risk in Low-, Middle-Income Countries

Increased Dairy Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD, Mortality Risk in Low-, Middle-Income Countries

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The consumption of whole-fat dairy products may reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, contrary to current dietary guidelines that advise limited consumption of fat-free or low-fat dairy products.

High, Low Carbohydrate Diets Linked to Increased Mortality

High, Low Carbohydrate Diets Linked to Increased Mortality

Increase in mortality when carbohydrates were exchanged for animal-derived fat or protein.

Low-Energy Diet Induces Different Effects in Men, Women

Low-Energy Diet Induces Different Effects in Men, Women

Men had larger reductions in metabolic syndrome Z-score, C-peptide, fat mass, heart rate.

AHA: A Diverse Diet May Not Promote a Healthy Weight

AHA: A Diverse Diet May Not Promote a Healthy Weight

American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.

Review Addresses Nutritional Hype for Popular Foods

Review Addresses Nutritional Hype for Popular Foods

Legumes, coffee, tea tied to cardiovascular benefits; added sugars, energy drinks linked to harmful effects.

Effect of Mediterranean Diet Plus Vitamin D3 on Bone Density in Osteoporosis

Effect of Mediterranean Diet Plus Vitamin D3 on Bone Density in Osteoporosis

Investigators examined the effect of consuming a Mediterranean-style diet for 1 year on inflammatory response and bone health in the elderly.

Child Health Concerns Related to Use of Food Additives

Child Health Concerns Related to Use of Food Additives

Substantial improvements to food additives regulatory system are needed.

Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders

Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders

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Individuals with clinically diagnosed celiac disease are at greater risk for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, possibly fitting modified Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of <i>Clostridium difficile</i>

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of Clostridium difficile

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Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.

Harms Reporting Limited in Trials of Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics

Harms Reporting Limited in Trials of Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics

No harms-related data reported for 28% of trials; safety results not reported for 37%.

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

Policy supports evidence-based strategies such as excise taxes, adding warning labels

Food Talk is Good Medicine

Food Talk is Good Medicine

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Some of the most memorable moments in medical practice are the times when a patient and clinician can chit-chat like friends.

Kellogg's Honey Smacks Cereal Recalled Due to <i>Salmonella</i> Risk

Kellogg's Honey Smacks Cereal Recalled Due to Salmonella Risk

Twenty-four people have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported.

Risk of CV Events Down With Mediterranean Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

Risk of CV Events Down With Mediterranean Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

Lower incidence of major cardiovascular events with Mediterranean diet supplemented with oil, nuts.

60 Sickened So Far in Salmonella-Tainted Melon Outbreak

60 Sickened So Far in Salmonella-Tainted Melon Outbreak

31 people have been hospitalized; no deaths reported to date.

Moderate Alcohol Consumption Linked to Increased Disease Progression for Women With RA

Moderate Alcohol Consumption Linked to Increased Disease Progression for Women With RA

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Moderate consumption of alcohol is associated with increased radiological progression in women with early RA.

Infant Omega-3 Supplementation Tied to Decreased Waist Size

Infant Omega-3 Supplementation Tied to Decreased Waist Size

At age 5 years, decreased waist circumference in both sexes, reduced insulin concentrations in boys

CDC Says <i>E Coli</i> Outbreak Tied to Romaine Lettuce Is Over

CDC Says E Coli Outbreak Tied to Romaine Lettuce Is Over

197 cases of illness linked to the E coli outbreak, 5 of which were fatal

Electrical Device Helps Reduce Daily Salt Intake, Improve Blood Pressure

Electrical Device Helps Reduce Daily Salt Intake, Improve Blood Pressure

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Using a simple self-monitoring device may help reduce salt intake and systolic blood pressure.

Increased Water Consumption Does Not Enhance Kidney Function in Chronic Kidney Disease

Increased Water Consumption Does Not Enhance Kidney Function in Chronic Kidney Disease

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Trained water consumption increase does not significantly reduce the decline of kidney function in individuals with chronic kidney disease.

Preterm Infant Vitamin D Level Affects Calcium and Bone Health

Preterm Infant Vitamin D Level Affects Calcium and Bone Health

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Vitamin D levels in preterm infants are significantly correlated with optimal calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization of the femur.

Improved glycemic control in type 1 diabetics on very low-carbohydrate diets

A survey of individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus consuming a very low-carbohydrate diet indicated that many study participants were able to maintain glycemic control within national ideal glycemic target ranges.

Dark Chocolate Linked to Enhanced Visual Acuity

Dark Chocolate Linked to Enhanced Visual Acuity

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Compared with milk chocolate, dark chocolate was associated with improved low, high-contrast sensitivity and visual acuity in short durations.

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.

In Utero Caffeine Exposure Affects Early Childhood Weight

In Utero Caffeine Exposure Affects Early Childhood Weight

Maternal caffeine consumption tied to higher infant growth and childhood excess weight gain

USPSTF Issues Recommendation for Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation for Fracture Prevention

USPSTF Issues Recommendation for Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation for Fracture Prevention

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The USPSTF has released recommendations for vitamin D and calcium supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults.

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Benefits seen in markers of cardiometabolic disease, including insulin sensitivity

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