Diet & Nutrition

Is group exercise more effective for weight loss than individual workouts?

Is group exercise more effective for weight loss than individual workouts?

A study found that individuals who workout in a group have a 26% lower stress rate and improved quality of life compared to people who work out by themselves.

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

The meta-analysis showed that short-term probiotic supplementation reduced body weight, BMI, and fat percentage, but the effect sizes were small.

Herbal, dietary supplements commonly mislabeled

Herbal, dietary supplements commonly mislabeled

Mislabeling of herbal and dietary supplements is common, occurring in more than half of products tested.

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

CBGT did not prevent overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes from regaining weight lost during weight loss programs.

CDC: Nearly 40% of US adults are now obese

CDC: Nearly 40% of US adults are now obese

Nearly 40% of adults in the United States are now obese, raising concerns that the ever-expanding obesity epidemic will lead to sicker Americans and higher health care costs.

Coffee consumption associated with reduced liver cancer risk, no link to biliary tract cancer

Coffee consumption associated with reduced liver cancer risk, no link to biliary tract cancer

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No significant association was observed between coffee consumption and risk of biliary tract cancer, but there was evidence of an inverse correlation between coffee consumption and liver cancer risk.

Mediterranean diet, antioxidant supplements beneficial for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Mediterranean diet, antioxidant supplements beneficial for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

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A Mediterranean diet with antioxidant supplementation contributes to improving lipid profile and insulin sensitivity parameters in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Sugar consumption linked to increased risk of mood disorders

Sugar consumption linked to increased risk of mood disorders

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Research reveals an adverse effect of sugar intake from sweet foods and beverages on long-term psychological health.

CVD prevention: New USPSTF guidelines for lifestyle counseling

CVD prevention: New USPSTF guidelines for lifestyle counseling

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The USPSTF updated their 2012 recommendations on behavior lifestyle counseling for preventing cardiovascular disease.

Alcohol screening and brief intervention: A practice manual for clinicians

Alcohol screening and brief intervention: A practice manual for clinicians

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The AAFP has created an alcohol screening practice manual to help family physicians prevent alcohol misuse.

Coffee consumption associated with lower mortality risk

Coffee consumption associated with lower mortality risk

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Coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality for men and women, specifically in African Americans, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites.

Frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption linked to lower liver stiffness

Frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption linked to lower liver stiffness

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The Rotterdam Study found that frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption is associated with lower liver stiffness in the general population.

High-dose vitamin D supplement use increasing, poses risk of adverse effects

High-dose vitamin D supplement use increasing, poses risk of adverse effects

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Although research has emphasized the possible benefits of vitamin D, high dosages pose potential risks.

One alcoholic drink per day may increase breast cancer risk

One alcoholic drink per day may increase breast cancer risk

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Drinking the equivalent of a small glass of wine or beer a day increases pre-menopausal breast cancer risk by 5% and post-menopausal breast cancer risk by 9%.

Preventing chronic diseases with lifestyle changes

Preventing chronic diseases with lifestyle changes

A low-carbohydrate lifestyle is an effective treatment option to prevent chronic diseases.

FODMAP diet effective for irritable bowel syndrome

FODMAP diet effective for irritable bowel syndrome

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Implementation of the FODMAP diet is an effective strategy to manage symptoms of IBS, including bloating and abdominal pain.

Nearly half of all cardiometabolic deaths linked to poor diet

Nearly half of all cardiometabolic deaths linked to poor diet

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Suboptimal intake of 10 specific dietary factors is associated with a substantial proportion of deaths due to heart disease, stroke, or type 2 diabetes.

FDA and EPA release final recommendations for fish consumption in pregnant women

FDA and EPA release final recommendations for fish consumption in pregnant women

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For adults, the recommended serving size of fish is 4 ounces, while servings for children should be smaller based on their age and calorie intake.

Interventions in childhood obesity

Interventions in childhood obesity

Effective use of research-based interventions and recommendations for overweight and obese children begin with initiating a conversation with the family.

Inulin as a nutritional supplement

Inulin as a nutritional supplement

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Inulin is a collective term for a large group of complex, natural carbohydrates.

Alcohol consumption, obesity raise risk of esophageal cancer

Alcohol consumption, obesity raise risk of esophageal cancer

One-third of cases may be avoided if patients maintained a healthy weight and limited alcohol consumption.

Whole grain consumption reduces chronic disease, all-cause mortality

Whole grain consumption reduces chronic disease, all-cause mortality

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Reductions in disease risk were observed for an intake as high as 7.5 servings of whole grains per day.

Consuming fiber from bread, cereal, fruits may improve aging process

Consuming fiber from bread, cereal, fruits may improve aging process

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Consuming dietary fiber from bread, cereal, and fruit may increase the likelihood of successful aging over 10 years.

Insufficient sleep is a risk factor for weight gain

Insufficient sleep is a risk factor for weight gain

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When patients don't get enough sleep, lipid levels in their blood may make it more difficult for them resist overeating.

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

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Researchers found a statistically significant link between modified DASH diet score and risk of ischemic stroke.

Healthy diet reduces hypertension risk after gestational diabetes

Healthy diet reduces hypertension risk after gestational diabetes

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Women who had gestational diabetes may be able to reduce their risk of developing hypertension by eating a healthy diet.

Greater gluten intake before age 2 may increase risk of celiac disease

Greater gluten intake before age 2 may increase risk of celiac disease

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High gluten intake during the first 2 years of life was associated with an increased risk of celiac disease during childhood.

Medical nutrition
 therapy in diabetes

Medical nutrition
 therapy in diabetes

Developing personalized nutrition goals with a registered dietitian
can be effective in managing non-insulin-dependent diabetes.

Monitoring obesity-specific visits helps clinicians track patient progress

Monitoring obesity-specific visits helps clinicians track patient progress

Obesity-specific visits were more likely to include weight, height, and blood glucose and lipid testing.

How food can affect your sleep

How food can affect your sleep

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A new study found that dietary intake of fiber, saturated fats, and carbohydrates can influence sleep quality.

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