Diet & Nutrition
Patients perceive swallowing difficulty from thickness of saliva, but no real increase in mucus.
Supplementation linked to higher BMI z score at age 6 years but no higher proportion of obese children.
Association only significant among men and only in seropositive rheumatoid arthritis.
The consumption of whole-fat dairy products may reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, contrary to current dietary guidelines that advise limited consumption of fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
Increase in mortality when carbohydrates were exchanged for animal-derived fat or protein.
Men had larger reductions in metabolic syndrome Z-score, C-peptide, fat mass, heart rate.
American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.
Legumes, coffee, tea tied to cardiovascular benefits; added sugars, energy drinks linked to harmful effects.
Investigators examined the effect of consuming a Mediterranean-style diet for 1 year on inflammatory response and bone health in the elderly.
Substantial improvements to food additives regulatory system are needed.
Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI DisordersJuly 20, 2018
Individuals with clinically diagnosed celiac disease are at greater risk for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, possibly fitting modified Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.
Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.
No harms-related data reported for 28% of trials; safety results not reported for 37%.
Policy supports evidence-based strategies such as excise taxes, adding warning labels
Some of the most memorable moments in medical practice are the times when a patient and clinician can chit-chat like friends.
Twenty-four people have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported.
Lower incidence of major cardiovascular events with Mediterranean diet supplemented with oil, nuts.
31 people have been hospitalized; no deaths reported to date.
Moderate consumption of alcohol is associated with increased radiological progression in women with early RA.
At age 5 years, decreased waist circumference in both sexes, reduced insulin concentrations in boys
197 cases of illness linked to the E coli outbreak, 5 of which were fatal
Using a simple self-monitoring device may help reduce salt intake and systolic blood pressure.
Trained water consumption increase does not significantly reduce the decline of kidney function in individuals with chronic kidney disease.
Vitamin D levels in preterm infants are significantly correlated with optimal calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization of the femur.
A survey of individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus consuming a very low-carbohydrate diet indicated that many study participants were able to maintain glycemic control within national ideal glycemic target ranges.
Compared with milk chocolate, dark chocolate was associated with improved low, high-contrast sensitivity and visual acuity in short durations.
Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.
Maternal caffeine consumption tied to higher infant growth and childhood excess weight gain
The USPSTF has released recommendations for vitamin D and calcium supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults.
Benefits seen in markers of cardiometabolic disease, including insulin sensitivity