Drug Safety

FDA: Possible Risk of Neural Tube Birth Defects With Certain HIV Meds

FDA: Possible Risk of Neural Tube Birth Defects With Certain HIV Meds

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The Agency has received reports of serious neural tube birth defects involving the brain, spine, and spinal cord in babies born to women who received dolutegravir for HIV treatment.

Prescription Med Use in Children Down Overall From 1999 to 2014

Prescription Med Use in Children Down Overall From 1999 to 2014

Increases in 8 medication classes, including asthma and ADHD medications, contraceptives

Some Anticholinergic Drugs May Be Linked to Dementia

Some Anticholinergic Drugs May Be Linked to Dementia

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Anticholinergic drugs for depression, urologic conditions, or Parkinson disease are associated with potential dementia occurrences up to 20 years after drug exposure.

Fycompa sNDA Submitted for Pediatric Seizure Indications

Fycompa sNDA Submitted for Pediatric Seizure Indications

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The proposed pediatric indications are based on a 2018 Draft Guidance that supports extrapolating efficacy data of approved drugs to treat POS in adults to pediatric patients aged ≥4 years.

FDA: Kratom-containing products to be recalled, destroyed

FDA: Kratom-containing products to be recalled, destroyed

A number of kratom-containing dietary supplements are being recalled and destroyed by the manufacturer stated the US Food and Drug Administration.

Walmart releases an opioid disposal solution

Walmart releases an opioid disposal solution

DisposeRx is a free method to safely and responsibly dispose of prescription opioids.

Evidence of marijuana's effect on cardiovascular events still scarce

Evidence of marijuana's effect on cardiovascular events still scarce

Future studies may help to assess the relation between chronic marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.

Ibuprofen use may compromise reproductive health in men

Ibuprofen use may compromise reproductive health in men

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Increased ibuprofen administration elevates LH and decreases testosterone to LH and inhibin B to FSH ratios in young adult men.

Use of potentially lethal drug combinations increases in the elderly

Use of potentially lethal drug combinations increases in the elderly

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The rates of dangerous drug combinations, supplement use, and polypharmacy are increasing among older adult patients.

Off-label prescription use leads to high rates of adverse events, serious side effects

Off-label prescription use leads to high rates of adverse events, serious side effects

Research shows that off-label drug uses puts patients at high risk for potentially serious side effects.

FDA issues warning for two hepatitis C drugs

FDA issues warning for two hepatitis C drugs

Hepatitis C drugs Viekira Pak and Technivie have been recently linked to serious liver damage in patients with advanced liver disease, said the FDA.

Improved prescribing practices needed to curb opioid abuse

Improved prescribing practices needed to curb opioid abuse

A comprehensive approach is needed to improve prescribing practices and ultimately reduce opioid abuse and related overdose death rates across the country.

Grapefruit contraindicated with increasing numbers of drugs

Grapefruit contraindicated with increasing numbers of drugs

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Take thorough dietary histories to be sure patients are not taking medications that adversely interact with the fruit.

Experts question safety of acetaminophen

Experts question safety of acetaminophen

Heavy use of acetaminophen is associated with kidney disease and bleeding in the digestive tract.

Missed drug side effect turns toxic

Missed drug side effect turns toxic

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One clinician misdiagnoses an adverse effect of a drug prescribed by another.

Fumaric acid esters effective psoriasis treatment in Germany

Fumaric acid esters effective psoriasis treatment in Germany

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The long-term safety profile of continuous fumaric acid esters treatment is favorable.

More oversight needed for compounded drugs, says OIG

More oversight needed for compounded drugs, says OIG

The report suggests CMS consider requiring more than 50 practices for accreditors to use to oversee compounded sterile preparations (CSPs).

Patients may be mixing medications with alcohol

Patients may be mixing medications with alcohol

Nearly 42% of patients considered current drinkers reported taking a medication that can interact with alcohol.

Nearly 50% of hospitalized kids exposed to potentially dangerous drug combos

Nearly 50% of hospitalized kids exposed to potentially dangerous drug combos

Opioids such as morphine and oxycodone were drugs most often involved in potentially dangerous drug interactions.

Test patients for penicillin allergy before prescribing costly alternatives

Test patients for penicillin allergy before prescribing costly alternatives

Majority of patients reporting penicillin allergy showed no evidence in skin tests.

Dabigatran linked to higher bleeding risks compared with warfarin

Dabigatran linked to higher bleeding risks compared with warfarin

In black patients and those with chronic kidney disease, the risk of major bleeding was especially high.

Dietary supplements containing banned substances still on shelves

Dietary supplements containing banned substances still on shelves

Supplements used to enhance sports performance, weight loss, and sexual performance that contain FDA-banned substances are still being sold in stores.

Hydrocodone combination products reclassified as schedule II

Hydrocodone combination products reclassified as schedule II

Pharmacies will be prohibited from filling hydrocodone prescriptions delivered over the phone or via fax. eScripts can only be used in states where they are permitted.

Simplified approach to aspirin for heart risk prevention

Simplified approach to aspirin for heart risk prevention

Recommend aspirin for all high-risk patients without an increased risk of bleeding.

Azithromycin pros beat cons in pneumonia

Azithromycin pros beat cons in pneumonia

Although azithromycin is usually first-line treatment, recent evidence has linked the drug with an increased risk of cardiovascular events.

Opioid prescribing rates vary drastically by region

Opioid prescribing rates vary drastically by region

The CDC noted a positive trend in decreasing overdose deaths, but urges clinicians to continue safe prescribing habits.

Benzodiazepines linked with worse COPD

Benzodiazepines linked with worse COPD

New users of benzodiazepines were 45% more likely to experience an exacerbation of respiratory symptoms.

Minnesota bans triclosan in hygiene products

Minnesota bans triclosan in hygiene products

An estimated 75% of anti-bacterial soaps and body washes sold in the United States contain triclosan.

CDC: Nearly half of all Americans use prescription drugs

CDC: Nearly half of all Americans use prescription drugs

Overall prescription use has increased in kids, adults and the elderly, but access disparities still exist for uninsured.

Marijuana linked to heart issues in young adults

Marijuana linked to heart issues in young adults

Association not strong enough to establish causality, but important as more states consider legalizing the drug.

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