Gastroenterology

Apixaban linked to lower risk of gastrointestinal bleeding

Apixaban linked to lower risk of gastrointestinal bleeding

Apixaban is associated with a lower risk of gastrointestinal bleeding than rivaroxaban or dabigatran.

An unusual pelvic mass in a 43-year-old woman

An unusual pelvic mass in a 43-year-old woman

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A woman who is in generally good health presents with a visibly enlarged abdomen with left-sided dominance and increased pelvic pressure that had worsened.

Celiac disease linked to diagnosis of anorexia nervosa

Celiac disease linked to diagnosis of anorexia nervosa

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Celiac disease is associated with anorexia nervosa before and after a diagnosis of celiac disease.

FDA approves first direct-to-consumer genetic health risk test

FDA approves first direct-to-consumer genetic health risk test

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The test will provide information on an individual's genetic predisposition to 10 diseases or conditions.

Screening for celiac disease: A USPSTF recommendation statement

Screening for celiac disease: A USPSTF recommendation statement

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The USPSTF evaluated the benefits and harms of screening vs not screening, targeted vs universal screening, and treatment for celiac disease.

Gastric acid suppressants may increase risk of recurrent <i>Clostridium difficile</i> infection

Gastric acid suppressants may increase risk of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection

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A meta-analysis suggests that patients who take gastric acid suppressants may have a higher risk for recurrent CDI.

Predicting high healthcare costs in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

Predicting high healthcare costs in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

Researchers identified 5 factors that identify patients with IBD at high risk for hospitalization, emergency department visits, and high treatment charges in the next year.

Colorectal cancer characteristics different, outcomes worse among octogenarians

Colorectal cancer characteristics different, outcomes worse among octogenarians

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Octogenarians with colorectal cancer have several differences in clinical and tumor characteristics, compared with younger patients with the disease.

Budesonide oral suspension may be effective for eosinophilic esophagitis

Budesonide oral suspension may be effective for eosinophilic esophagitis

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Budesonide oral suspension treatment improved symptomatic, endoscopic, and histologic parameters in eosinophilic esophagitis.

Irritable bowel syndrome medication linked to pancreatitis in certain patients

Irritable bowel syndrome medication linked to pancreatitis in certain patients

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The FDA has received 120 reports of serious cases of pancreatitis or death after the approval of Viberzi in May 2015.

Additional weight may affect risk of gastrointestinal cancers

Additional weight may affect risk of gastrointestinal cancers

Excess weight could influence the risk of of gastrointestinal cancers by altering insulin levels and promoting inflammation.

FODMAP diet effective for irritable bowel syndrome

FODMAP diet effective for irritable bowel syndrome

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Implementation of the FODMAP diet is an effective strategy to manage symptoms of IBS, including bloating and abdominal pain.

Gluten challenge not effective for confirming non-celiac gluten sensitivity

Gluten challenge not effective for confirming non-celiac gluten sensitivity

Thirty-eight of 231 NCGS patients showed gluten-specific symptoms when completing the placebo-controlled gluten challenge.

Gluten-free diet may increase risk of type 2 diabetes

Gluten-free diet may increase risk of type 2 diabetes

Individuals who consume the least amount of gluten are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Evaluating abnormal liver chemistries: a clinical guideline

Evaluating abnormal liver chemistries: a clinical guideline

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The American College of Gastroenterology has released recommendations of preferred approaches for diagnosing and evaluating patients with abnormal liver test results.

Proton pump inhibitor use may decrease healthcare visits in GERD patients

Proton pump inhibitor use may decrease healthcare visits in GERD patients

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Among GERD patients, the mean annual ARI episode dropped from 4.39 during the year before PPI treatment to 3.89 after treatment with a PPI.

FDA approves Trulance for chronic idiopathic constipation treatment

FDA approves Trulance for chronic idiopathic constipation treatment

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Trulance has been approved for the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation in adults.

Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty results in successful weight loss

Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty results in successful weight loss

The procedure could be used as alternative to bariatric surgery for selected patients with obesity.

HCV patients with diabetes may have increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma

HCV patients with diabetes may have increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma

Diabetes could increase the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with hepatitis C.

Gastrointestinal adverse events increase with GLP-1 receptor agonists

Gastrointestinal adverse events increase with GLP-1 receptor agonists

Risk was dependent on dose, background medications, and type of GLP-1 receptor agonist.

Antibiotics associated with reduced mortality rate in cirrhosis patients

Antibiotics associated with reduced mortality rate in cirrhosis patients

Timely administration of antibiotics was associated with a 30% reduction in 30 day mortality.

Liver hepatotoxicity results from herbal, dietary supplements

Liver hepatotoxicity results from herbal, dietary supplements

The ultimate goal should be to more closely regulate potentially injurious ingredients in herbal and dietary supplements.

FDA requires black box warning on HCV drugs regarding potential HBV reactivation

FDA requires black box warning on HCV drugs regarding potential HBV reactivation

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The FDA issues a warning about the risk of hepatitis B virus reactivation among patients taking direct-acting antivirals to treat hepatitis C infections.

Biologic agents may increase infection risk in inflammatory bowel disease

Biologic agents may increase infection risk in inflammatory bowel disease

Biologic agents increase the risk of opportunistic infection, but do not increase the risk of serious infection or malignancy.

Exercise reduces lipid content in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Exercise reduces lipid content in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Physical Activity reduces intrahepatic lipid content and markers of hepatocellular injury in patients with NAFLD and this effect correlated with baseline body mass index.

Patients diagnosed with upper functional gastroenterology disorders often have irritable bowel syndrome

Patients diagnosed with upper functional gastroenterology disorders often have irritable bowel syndrome

The risk factors for IBS-FD overlap deserve more concern, according to the authors.

Pancreatic cancer is most lethal pancreatic disorder worldwide

Pancreatic cancer is most lethal pancreatic disorder worldwide

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The mortality rate from pancreatic cancer is significantly higher in the American region than in the European and Western Pacific regions.

Chronic pancreatitis in women typically not related to alcohol use

Chronic pancreatitis in women typically not related to alcohol use

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Most cases of chronic pancreatitis in women are from nonalcoholic etiologies, according to researchers.

USPSTF recommends screening for colorectal cancer from age 50 to 75

USPSTF recommends screening for colorectal cancer from age 50 to 75

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The USPSTF has released a recommendation statement regarding screening adults for colorectal cancer.

A step-by-step approach to managing gastrointestinal bleeding

A step-by-step approach to managing gastrointestinal bleeding

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Using a stepwise approach to diagnose and treat gastrointestinal bleeding can improve patient outcomes.

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