Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI DisordersJuly 20, 2018
Individuals with clinically diagnosed celiac disease are at greater risk for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, possibly fitting modified Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.
Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.
Positive guaiac fecal occult blood test result linked to increased risk of death from circulatory, respiratory, other diseases.
No harms-related data reported for 28% of trials; safety results not reported for 37%.
Illnesses appear to be caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus bacteria.
A study was conducted to evaluate the oxazolidinone resistance mechanisms of enterococci bacteria.
The budesonide extended-release formulation was found to be safe and well tolerated for the remission of ulcerative colitis, regardless of age or gender.
A 2-week course of treatment with rifaximin for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome was found to improve abdominal pain symptoms.
The CDC has identified an increasing number of Shigella isolates that test within the susceptible range for the fluoroquinolone antibiotic ciprofloxacin.
Findings based on examination of 30-day postoperative period in large cohort
The American Academy of Pediatrics releases a new clinical report on the diagnosis and treatment of clinically significant gastroesophageal reflux.
Restricting perioperative fluid for abdominal surgery patients does not reduce complications: The RELIEF trialJune 19, 2018
Among patients at increased risk for complications undergoing abdominal surgery, those randomized to perioperative fluid restriction did not have increased disability-free survival at one year compared to patients who received liberal perioperative fluid management.
In women, risk declines as levels increase up to 100 nmol/L, but association in men not significant
A 90-year-old woman with a history of coronary disease and gallstones presents to the emergency department with generalized abdominal pain that started suddenly about 7 hours prior.
Elevated risk of overweight for formula-fed infants attenuated with adjustment for gut microbiota
Average-risk adults aged 45 should undergo high-sensitivity stool-based test, structural exam
Recognizing the obesity epidemic and educating physician assistants on the implications of this condition and how they should be caring for obese patients should be prioritized, according to the study authors.
Risk not increased for non-advanced adenoma found on colonoscopy following flex sigmoidoscopy
Some include mechanical complications, central vascular access complications, and compatibility issues.
Absolute risks for colorectal cancer, CRC death not reduced for screening group vs controls in women
Heavy use in Crohn's, heavy or moderate use in ulcerative colitis tied to increased risk of death
Patients with colon cancer who adhere to ACS guidelines have may have an increased survival rate.
Antibiotic treatment for Helicobacter pylori in patients who underwent endoscopic resection of early-stage gastric cancer or high-grade adenoma is associated with a reduced rate of metachronous gastric cancer.
Patients with type 2 diabetes have a greater risk for developing inflammatory bowel disease when using dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors.
Short-term proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are linked to an elevated risk for hip fracture among patients with Alzheimer's disease. No link is seem among patients taking long-term or cumulative PPIs.
A high fiber diet promotes gut bacteria that helps blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Investigators found more frequent appendicitis, appendectomy codes in the first week following colonoscopy than the next 51 weeks.
An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.
Oral capsule FMT and colonoscopy delivery showed similar patient outcomes, low rate differences, and high success rates.
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome found FODMAP more beneficial than general dietary advice