Antibiotic treatment for Helicobacter pylori in patients who underwent endoscopic resection of early-stage gastric cancer or high-grade adenoma is associated with a reduced rate of metachronous gastric cancer.
Patients with type 2 diabetes have a greater risk for developing inflammatory bowel disease when using dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors.
Short-term proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are linked to an elevated risk for hip fracture among patients with Alzheimer's disease. No link is seem among patients taking long-term or cumulative PPIs.
A high fiber diet promotes gut bacteria that helps blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Investigators found more frequent appendicitis, appendectomy codes in the first week following colonoscopy than the next 51 weeks.
An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.
Oral capsule FMT and colonoscopy delivery showed similar patient outcomes, low rate differences, and high success rates.
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome found FODMAP more beneficial than general dietary advice
The meta-analysis showed that short-term probiotic supplementation reduced body weight, BMI, and fat percentage, but the effect sizes were small.
The data suggest possible variability across NOACs regarding gastrointestinal bleeding risk, with an increased risk associated with rivaroxaban and dabigatran.
The researchers found that patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma were younger, more likely to have advanced disease, and had shorter postoperative inpatient stays.
The association is partially mediated by levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms.
Patient-level interventions include changes to invitation, giving results or follow-up appointments, and patient navigators, and provider-level interventions include reminders or performance data.
The 12-year results show that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass offered long-term durability of weight loss and was associated with fewer obesity-related coexisting conditions compared with those who did not have the surgery.
Patients with childhood-onset IBD have an increased risk of cancer, especially gastrointestinal cancers, lymphoid neoplasms, and skin cancer,
A 64-year-old man presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain and distention, as well as constipation of 8 days' duration.
A PEG low-volume regimen is similar to a PEG high-volume regimen for colon cleansing in patients with IBS.
Incidence of pneumonia was higher among patients with GERD compared with matched controls.
Clinical pathway to improve care of acute gastroenteritis patients is associated with a sustained reduction in IV fluid use and length of stay in the pediatric emergency department.
Asthma was associated with Crohn's disease and with early- and late-onset ulcerative colitis.
Researchers analyzed colorectal cancer mortality rates among individuals between 20 and 54 years of age from 1970 through 2014.
The addition of oats to a gluten-free diet did not affect symptoms, histology, immunity, or serologic features in patients with celiac disease.
Environmental risk factors that predispose people to inflammatory bowel disease may have a stronger effect in children than adults.
Researchers found that a cash incentive of $100 was associated with increased colorectal screening rates in eligible adults.
Many adverse events could be avoidable with more judicious use of antibiotics.
Serum TG2A screening has a positive predictive value of 61% to detect celiac disease.
An increased ADR is associated with an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.63 for interval colorectal cancer and 0.50 for cancer death.
Interferon- concentrations and THELPER cells are significantly reduced during symptom flares.
Risk of death is increased among those without gastrointestinal conditions and with prolonged use.
The score could help predict advanced colorectal neoplasia in adults younger than 50 years of age.