Gastroenterology

Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders

Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders

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Individuals with clinically diagnosed celiac disease are at greater risk for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, possibly fitting modified Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of <i>Clostridium difficile</i>

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of Clostridium difficile

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Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.

Risk of CRC, Non-CRC Death Increases With Positive Fecal Hemoglobin Test

Risk of CRC, Non-CRC Death Increases With Positive Fecal Hemoglobin Test

Positive guaiac fecal occult blood test result linked to increased risk of death from circulatory, respiratory, other diseases.

Harms Reporting Limited in Trials of Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics

Harms Reporting Limited in Trials of Prebiotics, Probiotics, Synbiotics

No harms-related data reported for 28% of trials; safety results not reported for 37%.

FDA: Illnesses Tied to Fresh Crab Meat Imported From Venezuela

FDA: Illnesses Tied to Fresh Crab Meat Imported From Venezuela

Illnesses appear to be caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus bacteria.

Is New Surveillance Monitoring Required for Enterococcal Oxazolidinone Resistance?

Is New Surveillance Monitoring Required for Enterococcal Oxazolidinone Resistance?

A study was conducted to evaluate the oxazolidinone resistance mechanisms of enterococci bacteria.

Budesonide ER for Ulcerative Colitis Safe Regardless of Gender, Age

Budesonide ER for Ulcerative Colitis Safe Regardless of Gender, Age

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The budesonide extended-release formulation was found to be safe and well tolerated for the remission of ulcerative colitis, regardless of age or gender.

Rifaximin May Improve Abdominal Pain Symptoms in IBS-D

Rifaximin May Improve Abdominal Pain Symptoms in IBS-D

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A 2-week course of treatment with rifaximin for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome was found to improve abdominal pain symptoms.

CDC Issues Update for Resistant <i>Shigella</i> Infections

CDC Issues Update for Resistant Shigella Infections

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The CDC has identified an increasing number of Shigella isolates that test within the susceptible range for the fluoroquinolone antibiotic ciprofloxacin.

<i>C difficile</i> Risk Higher With Stoma Reversal vs Colectomy

C difficile Risk Higher With Stoma Reversal vs Colectomy

Findings based on examination of 30-day postoperative period in large cohort

Gastroesophageal Reflux in Preterm Infants: Diagnosis and Management

Gastroesophageal Reflux in Preterm Infants: Diagnosis and Management

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The American Academy of Pediatrics releases a new clinical report on the diagnosis and treatment of clinically significant gastroesophageal reflux.

Restricting perioperative fluid for abdominal surgery patients does not reduce complications: The RELIEF trial

Among patients at increased risk for complications undergoing abdominal surgery, those randomized to perioperative fluid restriction did not have increased disability-free survival at one year compared to patients who received liberal perioperative fluid management.

Higher Vitamin D Levels Tied to Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Higher Vitamin D Levels Tied to Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancer

In women, risk declines as levels increase up to 100 nmol/L, but association in men not significant

Case Study: Sudden Abdominal Pain

Case Study: Sudden Abdominal Pain

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A 90-year-old woman with a history of coronary disease and gallstones presents to the emergency department with generalized abdominal pain that started suddenly about 7 hours prior.

Microbiota in Breastfed Infants May Help Prevent Overweight

Microbiota in Breastfed Infants May Help Prevent Overweight

Elevated risk of overweight for formula-fed infants attenuated with adjustment for gut microbiota

ACS Updates Colorectal Cancer Screening to Start at Age 45

ACS Updates Colorectal Cancer Screening to Start at Age 45

Average-risk adults aged 45 should undergo high-sensitivity stool-based test, structural exam

Obesity Treatment Education, Training Needed in PA Programs

Obesity Treatment Education, Training Needed in PA Programs

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Recognizing the obesity epidemic and educating physician assistants on the implications of this condition and how they should be caring for obese patients should be prioritized, according to the study authors.

Higher CRC Risk With Advanced Adenoma Found on Colonoscopy

Higher CRC Risk With Advanced Adenoma Found on Colonoscopy

Risk not increased for non-advanced adenoma found on colonoscopy following flex sigmoidoscopy

Stat Consult: Parenteral Nutrition Issues

Stat Consult: Parenteral Nutrition Issues

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Some include mechanical complications, central vascular access complications, and compatibility issues.

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Cuts CRC Incidence, Mortality in Men

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Cuts CRC Incidence, Mortality in Men

Absolute risks for colorectal cancer, CRC death not reduced for screening group vs controls in women

Opiate Use Linked to Early Mortality in IBD Patients

Opiate Use Linked to Early Mortality in IBD Patients

Heavy use in Crohn's, heavy or moderate use in ulcerative colitis tied to increased risk of death

ACS guidelines adherence linked to higher colon cancer survival rate

ACS guidelines adherence linked to higher colon cancer survival rate

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Patients with colon cancer who adhere to ACS guidelines have may have an increased survival rate.

Metachronous gastric cancer risk reduced with <i>H pylori</i> treatment

Metachronous gastric cancer risk reduced with H pylori treatment

Antibiotic treatment for Helicobacter pylori in patients who underwent endoscopic resection of early-stage gastric cancer or high-grade adenoma is associated with a reduced rate of metachronous gastric cancer.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Risk Associated with DPP-4 Inhibitor Use

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Risk Associated with DPP-4 Inhibitor Use

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Patients with type 2 diabetes have a greater risk for developing inflammatory bowel disease when using dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors.

Hip fracture risks increase with short-term PPI use in patients with Alzheimer's disease

Hip fracture risks increase with short-term PPI use in patients with Alzheimer's disease

Short-term proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are linked to an elevated risk for hip fracture among patients with Alzheimer's disease. No link is seem among patients taking long-term or cumulative PPIs.

High fiber diet beneficial for gut bacteria development in type 2 diabetes

High fiber diet beneficial for gut bacteria development in type 2 diabetes

A high fiber diet promotes gut bacteria that helps blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Appendicitis risk greater one week after colonoscopy

Appendicitis risk greater one week after colonoscopy

Investigators found more frequent appendicitis, appendectomy codes in the first week following colonoscopy than the next 51 weeks.

CDC investigating <i>E. coli</i> outbreak in 13 states

CDC investigating E. coli outbreak in 13 states

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An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.

Oral capsule of fecal transplant may be effective for <i>C difficile</i> infection

Oral capsule of fecal transplant may be effective for C difficile infection

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Oral capsule FMT and colonoscopy delivery showed similar patient outcomes, low rate differences, and high success rates.

FODMAP vs GDA diets for patients with irritable bowel syndrome

FODMAP vs GDA diets for patients with irritable bowel syndrome

Patients with irritable bowel syndrome found FODMAP more beneficial than general dietary advice

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