There is evidence that HIV might have spread from its origins in the US to the rest of the world.
However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.
The HIV-positive population of the United Kingdom has a higher risk of death than the general population, despite availability of free treatment and care.
A VA center in Wisconsin is advising veterans to be screened for hepatitis and HIV after receiving care from a dentist who did not follow VA procedures.
The study will be the largest HIV vaccine clinical trial to take place in South Africa.
The number of patients dying from infections has remained stable, but some disease threats have changed.
Antenatal ART reduces rates of early HIV transmission but may increase risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.
Men and women who quit smoking after entering HIV care at age 40 years gained 5.7 years and 4.6 years of life expectancy, respectively, compared with those who continued to smoke.
HIV-infected individuals should receive the meningococcal conjugate vaccine (serogroups A, C, W, and Y).
The study debunks the theory that Patient Zero was responsible for the AIDS epidemic in North America.
Speakers at IDWeek 2016 addressed the demand for additional HIV care providers.
Recent data suggest that use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate may increase women's HIV acquisition risk.
Patients with HIV receiving antiretroviral treatment have a higher risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with HBV and HCV coinfection.
Treatment with 3 medications compared with 4 or more correlated with immune success at the end of follow-up.
The results of a multicenter, cross-sectional study showed that 37% of patients could have been diagnosed with HIV at an earlier stage.
The efficacy and safety of ART have greatly improved with the newer drug classes of antiretrovirals.
Researchers analyzed data from 21 jurisdictions conducting HIV incidence surveillance from 2007 to 2013.
Patients with HIV infection with immediate access to antiretroviral therapy may have a reduced risk of infection-related cancer.
Free self-test kits were advertised among a population of high-risk MSM.
Researchers observed 78 HIV-1 among partners, with an annual incidence of 0.9%.
The use of injectable, extended-release oxymorphone and syringe sharing was linked to an outbreak of HIV infections in Indiana.
A greater understanding of the healthcare issues specific to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community may improve the quality of care.
Patients with HIV infection and elevated viral load are likely to progress to advanced hepatic fibrosis.
Children who were perinatally exposed to HIV are more likely to struggle with psychosocial adjustment during childhood and adolescence.
Many women were found to have poor postpartum virologic control.
More than 30% of women with HIV and no prehysterectomy had abnormal Pap test results.
The relationship between HIV and STI rates and race/ethnicity and partner characteristics should be considered in future HIV intervention.
Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive patients did not decrease the progression of arterial inflammation.
Many HIV-positive patients who meet the criteria for COPD are not receiving proper treatment.
Signs and symptoms are not typically observed during acute HIV-1 infection.