HIV/AIDS

WHO updates Essential Medicines List, recommendations for antibiotics

WHO updates Essential Medicines List, recommendations for antibiotics

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The update includes 30 new medicines for adults and 25 for children and groups antibiotics into 3 distinct categories.

Early antiretroviral therapy initiation linked to bone loss in HIV patients

Early antiretroviral therapy initiation linked to bone loss in HIV patients

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Early antiretroviral therapy initiation may increase the rate of bone loss in HIV patients.

Walgreens expands availability of PrEP for HIV prevention

Walgreens expands availability of PrEP for HIV prevention

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Providers in 17 new Walgreens locations will be able to prescribe PrEP for HIV prevention.

FDA approves first generic version of Truvada for HIV

FDA approves first generic version of Truvada for HIV

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The drug is indicated for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with HIV-1.

HIV testing rates low in young men who have sex with men

HIV testing rates low in young men who have sex with men

The CDC found that 28% of young men who have sex with men have undergone HIV testing, though they account for 83% of new diagnoses.

High HCV cure rates in patients with HIV coinfection at urban clinic

High HCV cure rates in patients with HIV coinfection at urban clinic

Hepatitis C treatment in HIV coinfection cases is effective with standardized nurse and pharmacist support for patients in an urban clinic.

Amphotericin B superior to itraconazole for HIV-associated talaromycosis

Amphotericin B superior to itraconazole for HIV-associated talaromycosis

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Treatment with amphotericin B was superior to itraconazole as an induction therapy for HIV-associated talaromycosis.

Postpartum antiretroviral therapy is beneficial in HIV-positive women

Postpartum antiretroviral therapy is beneficial in HIV-positive women

Continued antiretroviral therapy was found to be safe and beneficial in HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4+ T cell counts.

A link between antiretroviral therapy and diabetes in HIV patients?

A link between antiretroviral therapy and diabetes in HIV patients?

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HIV-infected patients on ART had approximately 4 and 1.5 greater odds of developing diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, respectively.

Quality of life in military HIV patients affected by advanced disease and mental comorbidity

Quality of life in military HIV patients affected by advanced disease and mental comorbidity

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Factors linked to health-related quality of life in military HIV patients include advanced HIV disease and mental or medical comorbidity.

Conception methods available for reducing risk of transmission in HIV-discordant couples

Conception methods available for reducing risk of transmission in HIV-discordant couples

Strategies are available to reduce the risk of HIV transmission using sperm from HIV-infected male.

HIV/AIDS epidemic could end by 2025 in the United States

HIV/AIDS epidemic could end by 2025 in the United States

Researchers predict that the infection rate could be as low as 12,000 people a year by 2025.

Nitrate inhalants (poppers) associated with increased virus-associated cancer risk in HIV-uninfected MSM

Nitrate inhalants (poppers) associated with increased virus-associated cancer risk in HIV-uninfected MSM

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Among HIV-uninfected men aged 50 to 70, heavy popper use was associated with an increased risk of virus-associated cancer with causes linked to HPV, HHV-8, and Epstein-Barr virus.

Warfarin dosing in HIV patients with deep venous thrombosis

Warfarin dosing in HIV patients with deep venous thrombosis

Results showed that mean induction times, analyzed in 170 patients, were 12.87 days in the HIV-infected patients and 11.19 days in the HIV-uninfected patients.

FDA approves label changes for two HIV drugs

FDA approves label changes for two HIV drugs

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The FDA Drug Interactions section has been updated to include revised information on concomitant use of corticosteroids with these drugs.

Side effects may affect medication nonadherence in patients with chronic disease

Side effects may affect medication nonadherence in patients with chronic disease

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Almost half of participants reported that they never received information regarding the side effects of their medication from their prescriber.

Trained lay healthcare providers can administer HIV testing

Trained lay healthcare providers can administer HIV testing

A World Health Organization expert panel recommended lay health care workers be allowed to conduct HIV testing services using rapid diagnostic tests.

The origin of AIDS and debating the Patient Zero theory

The origin of AIDS and debating the Patient Zero theory

There is evidence that HIV might have spread from its origins in the US to the rest of the world.

Annual rate of perinatal HIV infection decreased in United States

Annual rate of perinatal HIV infection decreased in United States

However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.

Mortality rates remain high among HIV-positive patients

Mortality rates remain high among HIV-positive patients

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The HIV-positive population of the United Kingdom has a higher risk of death than the general population, despite availability of free treatment and care.

VA offers hepatitis, HIV screening to veterans who received improper dental care

VA offers hepatitis, HIV screening to veterans who received improper dental care

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A VA center in Wisconsin is advising veterans to be screened for hepatitis and HIV after receiving care from a dentist who did not follow VA procedures.

New clinical trial underway to study efficacy of HIV vaccine

New clinical trial underway to study efficacy of HIV vaccine

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The study will be the largest HIV vaccine clinical trial to take place in South Africa.

Mortality rate from infectious diseases remains unchanged in the United States

Mortality rate from infectious diseases remains unchanged in the United States

The number of patients dying from infections has remained stable, but some disease threats have changed.

Antenatal antiretroviral therapy reduces early HIV transmission

Antenatal antiretroviral therapy reduces early HIV transmission

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Antenatal ART reduces rates of early HIV transmission but may increase risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Smoking more harmful for HIV patients than the virus

Smoking more harmful for HIV patients than the virus

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Men and women who quit smoking after entering HIV care at age 40 years gained 5.7 years and 4.6 years of life expectancy, respectively, compared with those who continued to smoke.

CDC presents updated recommendations for meningococcal vaccine in HIV

CDC presents updated recommendations for meningococcal vaccine in HIV

HIV-infected individuals should receive the meningococcal conjugate vaccine (serogroups A, C, W, and Y).

HIV's newly traced origins in US discredit Patient Zero theory

HIV's newly traced origins in US discredit Patient Zero theory

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The study debunks the theory that Patient Zero was responsible for the AIDS epidemic in North America.

Increasing recruitment to meet demand for HIV care providers

Increasing recruitment to meet demand for HIV care providers

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Speakers at IDWeek 2016 addressed the demand for additional HIV care providers.

DMPA contraceptives linked to increased HIV risk

DMPA contraceptives linked to increased HIV risk

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Recent data suggest that use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate may increase women's HIV acquisition risk.

HBV and HCV coinfection increases non-Hodgkin risk in ART-treated HIV

HBV and HCV coinfection increases non-Hodgkin risk in ART-treated HIV

Patients with HIV receiving antiretroviral treatment have a higher risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with HBV and HCV coinfection.

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