HIV/AIDS

VA offers hepatitis, HIV screening to veterans who received improper dental care

VA offers hepatitis, HIV screening to veterans who received improper dental care

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A VA center in Wisconsin is advising veterans to be screened for hepatitis and HIV after receiving care from a dentist who did not follow VA procedures.

New clinical trial underway to study efficacy of HIV vaccine

New clinical trial underway to study efficacy of HIV vaccine

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The study will be the largest HIV vaccine clinical trial to take place in South Africa.

Mortality rate from infectious diseases remains unchanged in the United States

Mortality rate from infectious diseases remains unchanged in the United States

The number of patients dying from infections has remained stable, but some disease threats have changed.

Antenatal antiretroviral therapy reduces early HIV transmission

Antenatal antiretroviral therapy reduces early HIV transmission

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Antenatal ART reduces rates of early HIV transmission but may increase risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Smoking more harmful for HIV patients than the virus

Smoking more harmful for HIV patients than the virus

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Men and women who quit smoking after entering HIV care at age 40 years gained 5.7 years and 4.6 years of life expectancy, respectively, compared with those who continued to smoke.

CDC presents updated recommendations for meningococcal vaccine in HIV

CDC presents updated recommendations for meningococcal vaccine in HIV

HIV-infected individuals should receive the meningococcal conjugate vaccine (serogroups A, C, W, and Y).

HIV's newly traced origins in US discredit Patient Zero theory

HIV's newly traced origins in US discredit Patient Zero theory

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The study debunks the theory that Patient Zero was responsible for the AIDS epidemic in North America.

Increasing recruitment to meet demand for HIV care providers

Increasing recruitment to meet demand for HIV care providers

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Speakers at IDWeek 2016 addressed the demand for additional HIV care providers.

DMPA contraceptives linked to increased HIV risk

DMPA contraceptives linked to increased HIV risk

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Recent data suggest that use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate may increase women's HIV acquisition risk.

HBV and HCV coinfection increases non-Hodgkin risk in ART-treated HIV

HBV and HCV coinfection increases non-Hodgkin risk in ART-treated HIV

Patients with HIV receiving antiretroviral treatment have a higher risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with HBV and HCV coinfection.

Many patients with HIV have a successful response to ART

Many patients with HIV have a successful response to ART

Treatment with 3 medications compared with 4 or more correlated with immune success at the end of follow-up.

Lack of epidemiologic indicators increases risk of missed HIV diagnosis

Lack of epidemiologic indicators increases risk of missed HIV diagnosis

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The results of a multicenter, cross-sectional study showed that 37% of patients could have been diagnosed with HIV at an earlier stage.

Comparing first-line antiretroviral therapies for HIV

Comparing first-line antiretroviral therapies for HIV

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The efficacy and safety of ART have greatly improved with the newer drug classes of antiretrovirals.

Increased HIV testing linked to earlier diagnosis in men who have sex with men

Increased HIV testing linked to earlier diagnosis in men who have sex with men

Researchers analyzed data from 21 jurisdictions conducting HIV incidence surveillance from 2007 to 2013.

Immediate antiretroviral therapy may reduce infection-related cancer in HIV

Immediate antiretroviral therapy may reduce infection-related cancer in HIV

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Patients with HIV infection with immediate access to antiretroviral therapy may have a reduced risk of infection-related cancer.

Efficacy of distributing HIV self-tests via Grindr

Efficacy of distributing HIV self-tests via Grindr

Free self-test kits were advertised among a population of high-risk MSM.

Early ART lowers risk of HIV-1 infection among sexual partners

Early ART lowers risk of HIV-1 infection among sexual partners

Researchers observed 78 HIV-1 among partners, with an annual incidence of 0.9%.

Injectable oxymorphone, syringe sharing lead to HIV outbreak

Injectable oxymorphone, syringe sharing lead to HIV outbreak

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The use of injectable, extended-release oxymorphone and syringe sharing was linked to an outbreak of HIV infections in Indiana.

Healthcare issues of the LGBT community: What the primary care clinician should know

Healthcare issues of the LGBT community: What the primary care clinician should know

A greater understanding of the healthcare issues specific to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community may improve the quality of care.

HIV viral load linked to liver fibrosis

HIV viral load linked to liver fibrosis

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Patients with HIV infection and elevated viral load are likely to progress to advanced hepatic fibrosis.

Perinatal HIV exposure has negative psychosocial consequences

Perinatal HIV exposure has negative psychosocial consequences

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Children who were perinatally exposed to HIV are more likely to struggle with psychosocial adjustment during childhood and adolescence.

Pregnant women with HIV retained in care

Pregnant women with HIV retained in care

Many women were found to have poor postpartum virologic control.

Posthysterectomy Pap testing may benefit women with HIV

Posthysterectomy Pap testing may benefit women with HIV

More than 30% of women with HIV and no prehysterectomy had abnormal Pap test results.

HIV, STI rates elevated among young MSM

HIV, STI rates elevated among young MSM

The relationship between HIV and STI rates and race/ethnicity and partner characteristics should be considered in future HIV intervention.

ART may not reduce HIV-associated arterial inflammation

ART may not reduce HIV-associated arterial inflammation

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Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive patients did not decrease the progression of arterial inflammation.

COPD screening needed in HIV-positive patients

COPD screening needed in HIV-positive patients

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Many HIV-positive patients who meet the criteria for COPD are not receiving proper treatment.

Signs and symptoms not present during acute HIV-1 infection

Signs and symptoms not present during acute HIV-1 infection

Signs and symptoms are not typically observed during acute HIV-1 infection.

Shared decision making aids medication management

Shared decision making aids medication management

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Researchers found that shared decision making is effective when managing medication therapy in patients.

Abstinence, fidelity programs are ineffective for HIV prevention

Abstinence, fidelity programs are ineffective for HIV prevention

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A study has found no evidence that programs promoting abstinence can reduce risky sexual behaviors that can increase the risk of HIV.

HIV infection, transmission rates decrease

HIV infection, transmission rates decrease

Instances of new HIV infections decreased by 11%.

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