HIV/AIDS

Ohio Supreme Court upholds law requiring HIV-infected adults to tell sexual partners

Ohio Supreme Court upholds law requiring HIV-infected adults to tell sexual partners

The Ohio Supreme Court has unanimously upheld the constitutionality of a law requiring HIV-infected individuals to tell their sexual partners of their illness.

CDC updates contraception recommendations for women with HIV risk

CDC updates contraception recommendations for women with HIV risk

The CDC revised its US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use categorization for DMPA injection in women at high risk for HIV infection from US MEC category 1 to US MEC category 2.

Antiretroviral therapy resistance increasing in HIV treatment

Antiretroviral therapy resistance increasing in HIV treatment

Resistance to ART is threatening the recent gains of treatment in the rate of new HIV infections.

High percentage of HIV-diagnosed women not receiving care

High percentage of HIV-diagnosed women not receiving care

More than half of women receiving a new HIV diagnosis have already received this diagnosis in the past but are not undergoing HIV medical care.

HIV care outcomes low for Hispanics and Latinos

HIV care outcomes low for Hispanics and Latinos

Infection was diagnosed at an early stage for fewer males with infection attributed to heterosexual contact vs male-to-male sexual contact.

Single-tablet HIV treatment superior to standard therapy

Single-tablet HIV treatment superior to standard therapy

Virological response, efficacy, noninferiority, and tolerability were tested for bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide in patients with HIV.

Chronic pain management in HIV: Updated recommendations

Chronic pain management in HIV: Updated recommendations

The HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Disease Society of America recommends that people living with HIV be screened for pain and offered both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment options.

Notification rates of HIV diagnoses increased in 16 European countries

Notification rates of HIV diagnoses increased in 16 European countries

In 16 countries, notification rates for new HIV diagnoses in older adults increased significantly, clustering in central and eastern European countries.

Once-daily HIV tablet safe for children

Once-daily HIV tablet safe for children

Elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide was well tolerated in children and maintained high virological suppression.

Vitamin D supplements may improve bone health in HIV-infected youth

Vitamin D supplements may improve bone health in HIV-infected youth

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High-dose vitamin D supplements improve bone mineral density in youth with HIV.

Clinical practice guideline for antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with HIV

Clinical practice guideline for antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with HIV

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Alternative treatments should be offered to pregnant women with HIV instead of tenofovir or emtricitabine.

Smartphone-based electronic reader reliable for point-of-care tests in HIV and <i>T pallidum</i> infections

Smartphone-based electronic reader reliable for point-of-care tests in HIV and T pallidum infections

The findings shed new light on the applicability of smartphone-based electronic readers in point-of-care testing.

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

Adherence decreased over time in adolescent MSM who participated in a 48-week HIV PrEP intervention.

Sexually risky behavior more common in women with mental disorders than in men

Sexually risky behavior more common in women with mental disorders than in men

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Women with mental illness engage in significantly more sexually risky behaviors than men, and personality risk scores are a significant predictor of total sex acts for women but not men.

Offering rapid HIV testing to patients increases overall testing rate in the emergency department

Offering rapid HIV testing to patients increases overall testing rate in the emergency department

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Rapid HIV testing offered in parallel to patient-clinician consultations increases the testing rate in the emergency department.

WHO releases new guidelines in response to pretreatment HIV drug resistance

WHO releases new guidelines in response to pretreatment HIV drug resistance

The new guidelines address the issue of how to manage pretreatment HIV drug resistance in countries where the prevalence of is 10% or higher.

Child with HIV suppresses virus without antiretroviral therapy for more than 8 years

Child with HIV suppresses virus without antiretroviral therapy for more than 8 years

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A child who was diagnosed with HIV at 1 month and received early treatment has suppressed the virus without anti-HIV therapy for 8.5 years.

Injectable antiretroviral therapy for as HIV effective as oral medications

Injectable antiretroviral therapy for as HIV effective as oral medications

The investigators found that after 32 weeks, HIV remained suppressed in 91% percent of those taking the drugs orally, 94% of those receiving monthly injections, and 95% of patients receiving injections every two months.

Blood-borne viruses more common in patients with severe mental illness

Blood-borne viruses more common in patients with severe mental illness

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HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C infections are more common among individuals with severe mental illness.

WHO updates Essential Medicines List, recommendations for antibiotics

WHO updates Essential Medicines List, recommendations for antibiotics

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The update includes 30 new medicines for adults and 25 for children and groups antibiotics into 3 distinct categories.

Early antiretroviral therapy initiation linked to bone loss in HIV patients

Early antiretroviral therapy initiation linked to bone loss in HIV patients

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Early antiretroviral therapy initiation may increase the rate of bone loss in HIV patients.

Walgreens expands availability of PrEP for HIV prevention

Walgreens expands availability of PrEP for HIV prevention

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Providers in 17 new Walgreens locations will be able to prescribe PrEP for HIV prevention.

FDA approves first generic version of Truvada for HIV

FDA approves first generic version of Truvada for HIV

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The drug is indicated for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with HIV-1.

HIV testing rates low in young men who have sex with men

HIV testing rates low in young men who have sex with men

The CDC found that 28% of young men who have sex with men have undergone HIV testing, though they account for 83% of new diagnoses.

High HCV cure rates in patients with HIV coinfection at urban clinic

High HCV cure rates in patients with HIV coinfection at urban clinic

Hepatitis C treatment in HIV coinfection cases is effective with standardized nurse and pharmacist support for patients in an urban clinic.

Amphotericin B superior to itraconazole for HIV-associated talaromycosis

Amphotericin B superior to itraconazole for HIV-associated talaromycosis

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Treatment with amphotericin B was superior to itraconazole as an induction therapy for HIV-associated talaromycosis.

Postpartum antiretroviral therapy is beneficial in HIV-positive women

Postpartum antiretroviral therapy is beneficial in HIV-positive women

Continued antiretroviral therapy was found to be safe and beneficial in HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4+ T cell counts.

A link between antiretroviral therapy and diabetes in HIV patients?

A link between antiretroviral therapy and diabetes in HIV patients?

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HIV-infected patients on ART had approximately 4 and 1.5 greater odds of developing diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, respectively.

Quality of life in military HIV patients affected by advanced disease and mental comorbidity

Quality of life in military HIV patients affected by advanced disease and mental comorbidity

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Factors linked to health-related quality of life in military HIV patients include advanced HIV disease and mental or medical comorbidity.

Conception methods available for reducing risk of transmission in HIV-discordant couples

Conception methods available for reducing risk of transmission in HIV-discordant couples

Strategies are available to reduce the risk of HIV transmission using sperm from HIV-infected male.

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