Hospital Medicine

2001 to 2015 Saw Decline in Self-Employment in Health Care

2001 to 2015 Saw Decline in Self-Employment in Health Care

Gap in earnings between self-employed and employed health care professionals also decreased.

Pelvic Exam in ER Doesn't Help Predict STI for Young Females

Pelvic Exam in ER Doesn't Help Predict STI for Young Females

Pelvic exam doesn't add to history for diagnosis of STIs in young females with suspected cervicitis, PID.

fMRI Evidence for Social Motivation Hypothesis of Autism

fMRI Evidence for Social Motivation Hypothesis of Autism

These data show that ASD may arise from an early neurobiological difference in response to rewarding social stimuli, which could result in reduced social motivation.

Red Cross Calls for Blood Donors

Red Cross Calls for Blood Donors

While all blood types are needed, type O negative and positive are especially crucial.

For Postpartum Hemorrhage, Carbetocin Similar to Oxytocin

For Postpartum Hemorrhage, Carbetocin Similar to Oxytocin

Heat-stable carbetocin non-inferior for preventing blood loss of 500 ml, use of other uterotonic agents

WHO Calls for Renewed Effort to Combat Chronic Disease

WHO Calls for Renewed Effort to Combat Chronic Disease

Commission makes 6 recommendations to meet 2030 goals for non-communicable diseases

FDA Permits Marketing of Devices to Create Arteriovenous Fistula

FDA Permits Marketing of Devices to Create Arteriovenous Fistula

Two devices designed to create arteriovenous fistula in patients with CKD in need of hemodialysis

AMA Calls for Electronic Health Record Training

AMA Calls for Electronic Health Record Training

Association says medical students, residents should undergo training with evaluative feedback.

Should Clinicians Treat Family and Friends? Three Experts Weigh In

Should Clinicians Treat Family and Friends? Three Experts Weigh In

Although all of the guidelines acknowledge that there are emergent situations in which providing care for a family member or friend is not only permissible but also essential, other situations are frowned upon.

Intensive Management Program Benefits High-Risk Patients

Intensive Management Program Benefits High-Risk Patients

Use of an intensive management program for high-risk patients is associated with greater receipt of outpatient care with no increase in total costs.

AMA: Docs Declare Drug Shortages Public Health Emergency

AMA: Docs Declare Drug Shortages Public Health Emergency

AMA calls for greater manufacturer transparency in order to prepare for disasters, mitigate shortages.

Discharge Tools, Follow-Up Calls Reduce Readmission for Congestive Heart Failure

Discharge Tools, Follow-Up Calls Reduce Readmission for Congestive Heart Failure

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A literature review revealed that the use of care navigators in conjunction with follow-up telephone calls from nursing staff improved transition of care and readmission rates in patients with congestive heart failure.

Preoperative Testing, Management: Addressing a Potential Hospitalist NP Gap

Preoperative Testing, Management: Addressing a Potential Hospitalist NP Gap

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Hospitalist NPs are key to successfully implementing Society of Hospital Medicine guidelines for preoperative testing and management.

Quantification of Prevalence, Outcomes of Incidental Imaging Abnormalities

Quantification of Prevalence, Outcomes of Incidental Imaging Abnormalities

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Incidental abnormalities are most frequently observed in computed tomography colonoscopy, computed tomography of the chest, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.

Clotting Time in Transfemoral PCI Linked to Bleeding Risk

Clotting Time in Transfemoral PCI Linked to Bleeding Risk

More major bleeding seen at maximal activated clotting time greater than 290 seconds.

Study Compares Treatment Options for T1a Renal Cancer

Study Compares Treatment Options for T1a Renal Cancer

Percutaneous ablation compared with partial, radical nephrectomy for 4,310 patients aged 66 years

<i>C difficile</i> Risk Higher With Stoma Reversal vs Colectomy

C difficile Risk Higher With Stoma Reversal vs Colectomy

Findings based on examination of 30-day postoperative period in large cohort

Double Lung Transplantation Improves Survival in Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis

Double Lung Transplantation Improves Survival in Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis

Double lung transplantation appears to offer superior survival outcomes to single lung transplantation in patients with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis who are younger than 70 years.

Restricting perioperative fluid for abdominal surgery patients does not reduce complications: The RELIEF trial

Among patients at increased risk for complications undergoing abdominal surgery, those randomized to perioperative fluid restriction did not have increased disability-free survival at one year compared to patients who received liberal perioperative fluid management.

Lower and higher oxygen saturation targets result in equal but contrasting outcomes for extremely preterm infants

In this meta-analysis, there was no significant difference between lower and higher oxygen saturation targets on a primary composite of mortality or major disability at a corrected age of 18-24 months for infants born extremely preterm.

No benefit of negative pressure wound therapy for lower extremity open fractures

In this randomized controlled trial, there was no difference in the self-reported disability 12 months after injury between patients treated with negative pressure wound therapy and those treated with standard wound dressings.

ABIM research suggests that doctors who maintain board certification provide better patient care

Physicians who maintained Board Certification were associated with improved Health Effectiveness Data and Information Set score.

Increase in Global Cancer Incidence, Drop in Death Rates

Increase in Global Cancer Incidence, Drop in Death Rates

From 2006 and 2016, smallest increase seen in high Sociodemographic Index countries.

Does Political Affiliation Influence Patient Care? An Interview With Anupam B. Jena, MD

Does Political Affiliation Influence Patient Care? An Interview With Anupam B. Jena, MD

To shed further light on the study's implications, MPR interviewed lead author Anupam B. Jena, MD, PhD, Ruth L. Newhouse Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Prediction tool helps tailor lung cancer screening to patient benefit and preferences

Prediction tool may help physicians better personalize screening discussions with patients.

Regional Anesthesia Tied to Lower Opioid Use in TKA, Hip Arthroplasty

Regional Anesthesia Tied to Lower Opioid Use in TKA, Hip Arthroplasty

Findings based on comparison to general anesthesia for knee and hip arthroplasty

US Nursing Home Costs Due to Diabetes Vary Greatly by State

US Nursing Home Costs Due to Diabetes Vary Greatly by State

Per-person diabetes-attributable costs ranged from 374 in New Mexico to 1,610 in Washington, D.C.

Early Hospital Readmissions More Preventable Than Late Readmissions

Early Hospital Readmissions More Preventable Than Late Readmissions

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Can the length of time after hospital discharge influence readmission preventability among general medicine patients?

eConsult in Primary Care: Clinicians Surveyed About the Pros and Cons

eConsult in Primary Care: Clinicians Surveyed About the Pros and Cons

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Implementing an electronic consult system for specialty requests in safety-net health systems is associated with improved specialty care access but creates new challenges for primary care practitioners.

Parkinson Drug May Be Linked to Deaths

Parkinson Drug May Be Linked to Deaths

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The FDA advisory committee voted 12-2 in favor of recommending the approval of Nuplazid.

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