Infection Control

The flu shot versus flu nasal spray—which is more effective?

The flu shot versus flu nasal spray—which is more effective?

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In a study of pediatric patients, vaccine coverage in both LAIV and IIV groups was similar.

Early ART lowers risk of HIV-1 infection among sexual partners

Early ART lowers risk of HIV-1 infection among sexual partners

Researchers observed 78 HIV-1 among partners, with an annual incidence of 0.9%.

FDA approves new HPV test

FDA approves new HPV test

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A new HPV screening test that uses cervical cells collected for a Pap test has been approved by the FDA.

Managing aspergillosis: updated guidelines from IDSA

Managing aspergillosis: updated guidelines from IDSA

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New guidelines for the treatment and management of aspergillosis have been published by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

Epclusa approved to treat chronic hepatitis C

Epclusa approved to treat chronic hepatitis C

The combination drug treats 6 strains of chronic hepatitis C.

USPSTF recommends widespread screening for syphilis as prevalence increases

USPSTF recommends widespread screening for syphilis as prevalence increases

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As syphilis rates increase, the USPSTF has recommended screening all asymptomatic adults and adolescents for syphilis infection.

Zika threat in US lower than anticipated

Zika threat in US lower than anticipated

While Zika requires a strong public health response, it should be focused on states most likely to be impacted.

HIV infection, transmission rates decrease

HIV infection, transmission rates decrease

Instances of new HIV infections decreased by 11%.

CDC, OSHA issue interim guidance for preventing occupational exposure to Zika virus

CDC, OSHA issue interim guidance for preventing occupational exposure to Zika virus

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The CDC encourages all healthcare employers and employees to follow OSHA's guidelines for preventing occupational exposure to the Zika virus.

Increased use of Gardasil 9 for HPV prevention would reduce cervical cancer rates, healthcare costs

Increased use of Gardasil 9 for HPV prevention would reduce cervical cancer rates, healthcare costs

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The new vaccine protects against 9 types of HPV and 5 cancer-causing strains.

ASCO recommendations aim to increase HPV vaccination rates

ASCO recommendations aim to increase HPV vaccination rates

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The American Society of Clinical Oncology has released its recommendations to help improve rates of HPV vaccination worldwide.

Text message alerts can improve appointment adherence for patients with HIV

Text message alerts can improve appointment adherence for patients with HIV

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Patients with HIV have an increased risk of clinical nonadherence, which can be improved with text message alerts.

Latent tuberculosis infection screening recommended in at-risk adults

Latent tuberculosis infection screening recommended in at-risk adults

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The USPSTF concludes with moderate certainty a moderate net benefit in screening at-risk adults for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI).

ACIP recommends minor changes in flu vaccination practices

ACIP recommends minor changes in flu vaccination practices

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An ACIP panel recommended adding live-attenuated influenza vaccination as an option for individuals with egg allergy of any severity.

A side effect of the flu vaccine?

A side effect of the flu vaccine?

A clinician questions wonders if there is a connection between cardiac arrhythmia and the flu vaccine.

WHO guideline poised to reduce HIV-related deaths

WHO guideline poised to reduce HIV-related deaths

Rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy will likely reduce the number of HIV-related deaths.

In the wake of the Ebola crisis, PAs in Liberia face professional challenges

In the wake of the Ebola crisis, PAs in Liberia face professional challenges

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Physician assistants in Liberia have played a key role in their country's health care during times of crisis, but they still face professional challenges.

Opt-out testing may increase HIV screening rates

Opt-out testing may increase HIV screening rates

More than 65% of patients in the "opt-out" group accepted the HIV test, according to researchers.

Tdap vaccine moderately effective for 1 year after vaccination

Tdap vaccine moderately effective for 1 year after vaccination

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The Tdap vaccine for adolescents provides moderate protection for 1 year after vaccination, after which efficacy declines.

HIV testing rates low among young adults, teens, according to CDC report

HIV testing rates low among young adults, teens, according to CDC report

High school aged males were less likely to have been tested than females.

More life-threatening scope-related infections than previously thought

More life-threatening scope-related infections than previously thought

A US Senate Committee report shows higher numbers of life-threatening duodenoscpe infections between 2012 and 2015.

More people at risk for HIV need PrEP prescriptions, says CDC

More people at risk for HIV need PrEP prescriptions, says CDC

The CDC said that too few Americans who have an increased risk for HIV are taking the PrEP pill to help protect them against HIV.

Influenza vaccine can prevent pneumonia hospitalizations

Influenza vaccine can prevent pneumonia hospitalizations

The influenza vaccine may be able to prevent approximately 57% of hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia.

More evidence suggests daily PrEP reduces HIV transmission

More evidence suggests daily PrEP reduces HIV transmission

HIV-negative gay men are less likely to contract HIV with daily pre-exposure prophylaxis.

Nursing home residents should receive annual flu vaccine

Nursing home residents should receive annual flu vaccine

A new study provides evidence that yearly influenza vaccination benefited residents of nursing homes.

Genetic makeup influences HIV vaccine efficacy

Genetic makeup influences HIV vaccine efficacy

Researchers may be able to make HIV vaccines that are effective for specific genetic makeups.

Lyme disease: can 10 minutes make a difference?

Lyme disease: can 10 minutes make a difference?

Educating patients about Lyme disease can help avoid unnecessary appointments and testing.

Diabetes may increase infection-related mortality risk

Diabetes may increase infection-related mortality risk

After adjustment for age and sex, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were higher in type 1 and type 2 diabetes for all outcomes.

FDA recalls Queso Fresco cheese for <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> contamination

FDA recalls Queso Fresco cheese for Staphylococcus aureus contamination

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To date, no illnesses are known by the Department of Agriculture and Markets to be associated with this product.

Researchers make headway on understanding body's response to allergies

Researchers make headway on understanding body's response to allergies

In the absence of Mbd2, dendritic cells display reduced phenotypic activation and a markedly impaired capacity to initiate immunity against helminthes or allergens.

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