Infectious Disease News Archive
Children with recurrent acute or chronic pancreatitis are likely to have high healthcare costs and a high risk for repeat hospitalization.
97% of surveyed patients were malnourished after a pre-operation period of fasting.
Fewer than 20% of surveyed nurses report total adherence to the standard precautions meant to prevent bloodborne pathogen transmission.
Only 8.3% of eligible patients at 14 health centers were screened for hepatitis C based on guidelines presented in 2013.
A US Senate Committee report shows higher numbers of life-threatening duodenoscpe infections between 2012 and 2015.
Patients with heart failure who receive the influenza vaccine may have a lower risk for all-cause mortality compared with those who do not get the vaccine.
Men who have sex with men can reduce their risk of contracting HIV by taking PrEP before and after sex instead of every day.
Breastfeeding mothers who are HIV-positive can prevent transmission to their infants through a lopinavir-ritonavir or lamivudine regimen.
To combat the stigma associated with selective screening, the American Academy of Pediatrics has called for all children to be screened for high cholesterol, depression, and HIV.
The FDA has approved Fluad, a trivalent flu vaccine with the adjuvant MF59, for use in patients aged 65 and older.
The CDC said that too few Americans who have an increased risk for HIV are taking the PrEP pill to help protect them against HIV.
In 2014, the CDC reported the highest number of cases of chlamydia ever. These increasing rates are fueled by the population of gay and bisexual men.
Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, have found that pre-exposure prophylaxis can be effective in preventing HIV in transgender women when used consistently.
Molecules engineered to target killer T cells and HIV-infected cells can reduce detectable HIV expression in HIV-positive patients.
Genvoya, a tablet containing a new form of tenofovir, is now FDA-approved to treat HIV-1 infection in adults and children.
Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) does nto increase the risk of death or need for critical care in children, says a study published in the Candian Medical Association Journal.
Scientists from 22 institutions are launching a new research initiative with the goal of taking a new HIV vaccine through human trials in the next 5 years.
According to research published in the journal Neurology, children who have had infections or who have not received their vaccinations are at a higher risk for stroke.
A study has found that the rate of ESBL-E. coli infections increased from 5.28 to 10.5 per 100,000 patients between 2009 and 2014.
A variety of factors have led to low rates of teenage boys being vaccinated for the human papillomavirus (HPV), said a report published in Pediatrics.
An outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease at Princeton University has infected 19 students.
Statin use in co-infected patients showed a slowed progression of liver disease, according to a study conducted at the Johns Hopkins Moore Clinic for HIV Care.
The World Health Organization is seeking to remove all limitations on eligibility for antiretroviral therapy for HIV patients in an effort to encourage treatment as soon after diagnosis as possible.
Low-income HIV patients are faring better under the Affordable Care Act than they did on traditional state assistance.
Due to a dip in the number of vaccinated individuals, almost a quarter of children under the age of 3 are currently susceptible to the measles.
As HIV patients are living longer, their risk of developing anal, liver, and colorectal cancer is increasing.
The influenza vaccine may be able to prevent approximately 57% of hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia.
Seniors with the flu should be treated as soon as possible in order to reduce hospital stay length and the need for extended care after discharge.
Higher influenza vaccination rates among healthy adults may lower the risk for influenza among older adults, according to a study published online ahead of print September 9 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
The makers of the egg-free flu vaccine, Flublok, have announced that it is now available nationwide.
HIV patients who go to family clinicians with more HIV experience are more likely to receive ART.
The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate and rotavirus vaccines has helped to reduce hospitalizations from respiratory infections and diarrhea.
Clinicians are advised to lead by example and encourage all patients to get their annual influenza vaccine.
HIV-negative gay men are less likely to contract HIV with daily pre-exposure prophylaxis.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that flu vaccines should be mandatory for children and health care workers.
For every 1,000 people aged 50 years that get the vaccine, only 25 cases of herpes zoster are prevented.
Over more than two years, none of 657 patients contracted HIV while taking Truvada, though some contracted other STDs.
In patients with and without HIV, lung microbiomes are very similar, though oral microbiomes differ.
Children with HIV may not have adequate immunity against measles, mumps, and rubella, even after vaccination.
A new study provides evidence that yearly influenza vaccination benefited residents of nursing homes.
Children who are hospitalized for infection have a greater risk of increased BMI and metabolic syndrome in adulthood.
Chronic pain and depression symptoms are common among patients with HIV.
Two studies have provided more evidence that early initiatio of ART improves outcomes in HIV
Delphi methodology can optimize gastroenterology and hepatology workups.
The FDA has approved a new test that can differentiate between different HIV viruses.
HIV cells can multiply even in patients who are responding to antiretroviral therapy.
The Pueblo City-County Health Department has confirmed the death of an adult due to the plague.
Pericoital application of tenofovir gel, previously studied for HIV, linked to reduced risk of herpes infection.
Approximately 40% of girls and 60% of boys aged 13 to 17 have not received the HPV vaccine.
In emergency rooms, UTIs are overdiagnosed while STIs are underdiagnosed in women.
HIV patients undergoing ART often die from non-AIDS infections and cardiovascular disease.
Since the new Pap test guidelines have been established, rates of chlamydia screening have dropped.
Researchers may be able to make HIV vaccines that are effective for specific genetic makeups.
The number of counties in the United States with a high risk for Lyme disease is rising.
The combinations of ledipasvir plus sofosbuvir and daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir may effectively treat HIV, HCV coinfection.
HIV patients have several biomarkers that indicate higher risks for cardiovascular problems and mortality.
The Cervarix vaccine may be as effective in one or two doses as it is with three.
Series of immunizations might encourage HIV-fighting antibodies.
The strain of H3N2 used in last year's flu vaccine differed from the circulating strain.
A bill passed in California bans vaccine exemptions due to religious and personal reasons.
Flublok Quadrivalent vaccine was 33% more effective in preventing flu than the traditional vaccine.
Children using acid suppression medications have a higher risk of incident Clostridium difficile infections.
After adjustment for age and sex, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were higher in type 1 and type 2 diabetes for all outcomes.
In 2013, one-quarter of Campylobacter samples from infected people were resistant to quinolone antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin, the agency said.
In survey, more than half didn't get vaccinated; many were unaware of risk
Vaccine adherence didn't increase with a provider-targeted intervention; personal medical and belief exemption rates tended to overlap in California.
Congenital cytomegalovirus is the leading cause of mental retardation and disability in children.
Safe hygiene practices can prevent norovirus outbreaks, according to the CDC.
HBV screening is not supported for patients who have neither HBV risk factors nor anticipate cancer therapy associated with a high risk of reactivation.
Children's immune systems appeared to be weakened for as long as 28 months following a measles infection, during which time they were at increased risk for death from a viral or bacterial disease
C. difficile costs as much as $4.8 billion in estimated extra health care costs per year.
In recurrent infections caused by C. difficile, the intervention is successful 85% of the time.
The CDC does not recommend any shift in vaccine protocols at this time.
In the target population, 89.1% coverage with the two-dose vaccination series was obtained through May 14, 2014.
Many of the drug shortages were of broad-spectrum antibiotics.
To date, no illnesses are known by the Department of Agriculture and Markets to be associated with this product.
At day 91, 85.4% of children in the aerosol group and 94.6% in the subcutaneous group were seropositive.
Roughly 6,000 health workers will get shots in country hit hard by current outbreak
The potential costs and effectiveness of HPV4 vaccination versus no vaccination were compared in a theoretical cohort based on a cohort of 192,940 boys aged 12 years.
Units with more nursing hours per patient-day had a 0.42 decrease in the rate of bloodstream infections.
Of the 49,653 patients included in the cohort, 562 were hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia during follow-up.
Of the patients, 10% to 22% showed evidence of HIV replication or inflammation in the brain at different times within the first two years of infection.
In the United States, most Shigella is already resistant to the antibiotics ampicillin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole.
The prevalence of H. pylori was not higher in psoriasis versus the control, but patients infected with H. pylori showed more severe psoriasis compared with uninfected patients.
Adding ledipasvir/sofosbuvir or sofosbuvir to amiodarone could cause symptomatic bradycardia, reported the FDA.
New drug targets cell walls of the fungi and is available in oral and intravenous formulations.
Odds of hearing loss up for HAART-naive patients, and those receiving first- or second-line HAART
Hepatitis E vaccine offers nearly five years of protection. Long-term efficacy still needs to be assessed.
While most providers believe that veering from the recommended vaccine schedule is risky, they often agree to parents' wishes.
Nearly three-quarters of the children studied had viral infections -- either alone or in combination with a bacterial infection.
Pulmonary tuberculosis smear-positive for acid-fast bacilli was confirmed in all case patients.
The high sustained virologic response rates in these studies suggest that future barriers to unnecessary HCV-related deaths may be related to health-care system failures.
Centralized notification system might be more effective than messages from health care provider offices.
The majority of patients who have gotten the measles in the current outbreak were unvaccinated.
F. Necrophorum bacteria was found in 20.5% of patients with sore throat symptoms and about 9% in those without sore throats.
There was a nearly identical increase in STIs among girls who received the HPV vaccine and girls who did not.
Daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir demonstrated a sustained virological response in 98% of patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C infection.
Thirteen patients with SVR died, resulting in a cumulative 10-year overall survival of 91.1% , which did not different significantly from the aged- and sex-matched general population.
Prolonged illness in infected Americans costs up to 1.3 billion a year in treatments