Infectious Disease News Archive
Early antiretroviral therapy initiation may increase the rate of bone loss in HIV patients.
Providers in 17 new Walgreens locations will be able to prescribe PrEP for HIV prevention.
The drug is indicated for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with HIV-1.
The number of emergency department visits for herpes zoster have increased from 2006 to 2013.
The score could help predict advanced colorectal neoplasia in adults younger than 50 years of age.
The CDC found that 28% of young men who have sex with men have undergone HIV testing, though they account for 83% of new diagnoses.
The Rotterdam Study found that frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption is associated with lower liver stiffness in the general population.
Hepatitis C treatment in HIV coinfection cases is effective with standardized nurse and pharmacist support for patients in an urban clinic.
Study findings suggest that nursing home residents should receive more guidance in using strategies to prevent aspiration during eating and drinking.
A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.
The universal vaccination against hepatitis B virus infection prevented non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents.
Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices released updated guidelines to include recommendations for the 3-dose formulation of serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.
Treatment with amphotericin B was superior to itraconazole as an induction therapy for HIV-associated talaromycosis.
Continued antiretroviral therapy was found to be safe and beneficial in HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4+ T cell counts.
Clinicians and patients should be aware that treatments for chronic Lyme disease can carry serious risks.
HIV-infected patients on ART had approximately 4 and 1.5 greater odds of developing diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, respectively.
Factors linked to health-related quality of life in military HIV patients include advanced HIV disease and mental or medical comorbidity.
Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to determine the association between coffee consumption and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Pregnant women with a high hepatitis B viral load who receive tenofovir have a reduced risk for passing the virus to their child.
The guideline is intended to be an educational device to provide information that may assist endoscopists in providing care to patients.
About 76% of US jurisdictions reported healthcare-associated cases of Legionnaires' disease.
Strategies are available to reduce the risk of HIV transmission using sperm from HIV-infected male.
Researchers found that multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria colonization prevalence ranged from 11.2% of residents to 59.1%.
Researchers predict that the infection rate could be as low as 12,000 people a year by 2025.
The researchers found that the average survival after surgery for those receiving capecitabine was longer compared with those who only had surgery.
Cholera, an acute, diarrheal illness, is spread by drinking water or eating food that is contaminated with cholera bacteria.
The researchers found that 2 doses of the HPV vaccine were just as protective as 3 doses.
Gluten-rich food may lead to symptom onset, specifically early satiety, in patients with functional dyspepsia.
The guidelines facilitate a holistic, lifelong approach to the management of patients with primary biliary cholangitis.
About 1 in 4 adult patients with pneumonia do not respond to initial prescription of antibiotic treatment.
The updated guidelines include substantial changes in the management of hepatitis B based on the latest scientific evidence.
Treatment was effective in patients under 6 years who received 50 mg/day of zinc as an initial dose.
The CDC recommends using an EPA-registered insect repellent, which is proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Nitrate inhalants (poppers) associated with increased virus-associated cancer risk in HIV-uninfected MSM
Among HIV-uninfected men aged 50 to 70, heavy popper use was associated with an increased risk of virus-associated cancer with causes linked to HPV, HHV-8, and Epstein-Barr virus.
Most opioid-dependent pregnant patients understand that intravenous drug use is a major transmission modality of HCV.
Results showed that mean induction times, analyzed in 170 patients, were 12.87 days in the HIV-infected patients and 11.19 days in the HIV-uninfected patients.
The FDA Drug Interactions section has been updated to include revised information on concomitant use of corticosteroids with these drugs.
Almost half of participants reported that they never received information regarding the side effects of their medication from their prescriber.
A World Health Organization expert panel recommended lay health care workers be allowed to conduct HIV testing services using rapid diagnostic tests.
Individuals have a higher risk of tick bites and tickborne diseases from May through July.
In patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment, researchers observed, on average, 25 fewer deaths/1000 person years than in patients who discontinue it.
The use of inhaled corticosteroids is associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in asthma patients.
Compared with current use of metformin + sulfonylurea, the use of thiazolidinediones + metformin was associated with an increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia.
Clinicians should consider risk of pneumonia when weighing the benefits and risks of benzodiazepines in patients with Alzheimer disease.
Statin use decreased rates of decompensation in patients with liver cirrhosis due to HBV and HCV infections and in patients with alcohol-induced cirrhosis.
Patients with chronic HCV infection who have achieved a sustained virologic response with treatment may still be at risk for complications such as hepatocellular carcinoma.
Patients with septic shock taking phenylephrine during the 2011 norepinephrine shortage experienced higher in-hospital mortality rates.
The guideline will help clinicians determine the appropriate treatment of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Aggressive testing, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention methods, such as needle exchange for those who inject drugs, are some of the options that the NASEM explored to target hepatitis elimination.
Harvoni and Sovaldi have been approved for pediatric patients with HCV genotypes.
However, the HPV vaccine has the potential to reverse the epidemic and prevent thousands of cancers in the United States each year.
Regimens for the treatment of hepatitis C that included ribavirin had more mild or moderate adverse events than those without.
A meta-analysis suggests that patients who take gastric acid suppressants may have a higher risk for recurrent CDI.
Drug-drug interactions are common in patients taking hepatitis C virus medications, and consulting with a pharmacist can be beneficial.
PCV10 decreases rate of pneumonia among vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.
Elevated cardiac troponin T is also strongly prognostic of cardiac mortality observed in association with community-acquired pneumonia.
Factors that contribute to antibiotic choice for CAP include patient age, previous antibiotic receipt, and private insurance.
Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
Early, goal-directed therapy did not result in better outcomes for mortality for patients with septic shock.
However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.
A high BMI is associated with an increased risk for severe liver disease, and the risk is higher in those who also have type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Adolescents might not seek care or might delay seeking care for STD services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out.
The students improved their basic knowledge of HPV and understood the benefits of the HPV vaccine.
Implementation of the FODMAP diet is an effective strategy to manage symptoms of IBS, including bloating and abdominal pain.
Thirty-eight of 231 NCGS patients showed gluten-specific symptoms when completing the placebo-controlled gluten challenge.
The American College of Gastroenterology has released recommendations of preferred approaches for diagnosing and evaluating patients with abnormal liver test results.
Results showed no link between inhaled corticosteroids and risk of pharyngitis, otitis media, or sinusitis.
Findings from a US claims-based retrospective study call for more effective antimicrobial treatments for patients with community-acquired pneumonia.
Surgical intervention after 24.5 days of acute pancreatitis may be beneficial for reducing postoperative complications.
Investigators have proposed an algorithm to facilitate the decision-making process of clinical care for patients with very early hepatocellular carcinoma.
HCV infection is associated with cancers such as bile duct and pancreatic cancers and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Serum uric acid concentrations and fructose consumption are associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Symptoms of Seoul virus infection typically begin within 1 to 2 weeks after contact with infectious material and include fever, headache, and back pain.
Herpes zoster was linked to an increased stroke risk in first 90 days among patients with an autoimmune disease.
Higher-potency statins increased hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia compared with lower-potency statins.
Polyvalent pneumococcal vaccines offered protection against community-acquired pneumonia in COPD patients.
The PPSV23 vaccine may not prevent pneumonia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Updated international guidelines for managing sepsis and septic shock have been released by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine.
A C. difficile epidemic was an unintended consequence of the intensive use of fluoroquinolones.
HSV shedding was detected in 2.4% of swabs during pritelivir treatment compared with 5.3% during valacyclovir treatment.
The HIV-positive population of the United Kingdom has a higher risk of death than the general population, despite availability of free treatment and care.
With daily use Listerine may increase gonococcal clearance and have important implications for prevention strategies.
The procedure could be used as alternative to bariatric surgery for selected patients with obesity.
The USPSTF has released a final recommendation against routine serologic screening for genital herpes simplex virus infection.
Diabetes could increase the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with hepatitis C.
Forty percent of people have reported receiving the flu vaccine thus far, including 37% of children.
A VA center in Wisconsin is advising veterans to be screened for hepatitis and HIV after receiving care from a dentist who did not follow VA procedures.
Researchers described a new method to quantify hepatic fibrogenesis flux rates in the liver tissue and noninvasively in blood.
The screening identified BCL11B as the previously unknown cause of human SCID.
Treatment for 12 or 24 weeks is safe and efficacious for kidney transplant recipients with hepatitis C virus.
The study will be the largest HIV vaccine clinical trial to take place in South Africa.
The number of patients dying from infections has remained stable, but some disease threats have changed.
Vitamin D supplementation may be associated with reduced ARIs among long-term care facility residents.
Antenatal ART reduces rates of early HIV transmission but may increase risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.
Men and women who quit smoking after entering HIV care at age 40 years gained 5.7 years and 4.6 years of life expectancy, respectively, compared with those who continued to smoke.
The CDC requested that laboratories report cases and send patient samples to state and local health departments and the CDC.
Researchers identified an interaction between ribavirin with paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir and dasabuvir.
Conditions such as chronic disease, mental illness, or substance abuse commonly overlap with each other and with poverty, which contributes to poor health.
HIV-infected individuals should receive the meningococcal conjugate vaccine (serogroups A, C, W, and Y).