Infectious Disease News Archive
The guidelines include a strong recommendation for annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older.
Total influenza vaccination rates among children in the 2016 to 2017 influenza season dropped 1.6% from the year before.
Digital immunoassays and rapid nucleic acid amplification tests have higher sensitivities for detecting influenza than rapid influenza diagnostic tests.
Adherence decreased over time in adolescent MSM who participated in a 48-week HIV PrEP intervention.
No significant association was observed between coffee consumption and risk of biliary tract cancer, but there was evidence of an inverse correlation between coffee consumption and liver cancer risk.
A Mediterranean diet with antioxidant supplementation contributes to improving lipid profile and insulin sensitivity parameters in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
The increase in the demand for liver transplantation for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is expected to continue with the current population obesity trends.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has released the guidelines for the 2017-2018 season.
The FDA has approved benznidazole to treat the tropical parasitic infection Chagas disease in children.
This approval provides an additional treatment option for patients with complicated urinary tract infection.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.
Men who are admitted to the hospital with a serious infection may have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the years immediately following the infection.
Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumonia
No single clinical observation reliably differentiates pneumonia from other causes of respiratory illness in children.
Researchers observed excess community-acquired infections incidence in individuals with mild to severe chronic kidney disease.
Researchers found the H3N2 virus in swine at state fairs in Ohio and Michigan, which was transmitted to humans.
Primary care providers and nurse practitioners achieve the same sustained virologic response rates as specialists.
The live attenuated vaccine was ineffective among children between 2 and 17 years of age during the 2015-2016 season.
Researchers found that in a cohort of pregnant women, receipt of influenza vaccine the previous year predicts higher baseline antibody titers and decreased peak antibody responses against all influenza strains.
Women with mental illness engage in significantly more sexually risky behaviors than men, and personality risk scores are a significant predictor of total sex acts for women but not men.
Rapid HIV testing offered in parallel to patient-clinician consultations increases the testing rate in the emergency department.
The new guidelines address the issue of how to manage pretreatment HIV drug resistance in countries where the prevalence of is 10% or higher.
A child who was diagnosed with HIV at 1 month and received early treatment has suppressed the virus without anti-HIV therapy for 8.5 years.
The AAFP has created an alcohol screening practice manual to help family physicians prevent alcohol misuse.
The use of palliative care increased from 2006 to 2012 among patients with end-stage liver disease.
The prompt increased hepatitis C screening rates among baby boomers in primary care by 5-fold.
A rare case reports a 51-year-old man who primarily presented with multiple nodules on his scalp.
The hospital and ICU mortality rates of critically ill patients with VZV-CAP were 24% and 17%, respectively.
The risks of both stroke and myocardial infarction were highest the first year after the onset of herpes zoster and decreased with time.
About half of patients accepted influenza vaccination for their child if the clinician used a presumptive vs participatory initiation format.
Algal blooms produce toxins that can cause illness in people and animals and can block sunlight or use up oxygen in water, which can kill fish and plants.
Telbivudine administered during early and middle pregnancy prevented hepatitis B transmission from mother to infants in all participants receiving antiviral treatment.
The investigators found that after 32 weeks, HIV remained suppressed in 91% percent of those taking the drugs orally, 94% of those receiving monthly injections, and 95% of patients receiving injections every two months.
HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C infections are more common among individuals with severe mental illness.
The update includes 30 new medicines for adults and 25 for children and groups antibiotics into 3 distinct categories.
Many adverse events could be avoidable with more judicious use of antibiotics.
Early antiretroviral therapy initiation may increase the rate of bone loss in HIV patients.
Providers in 17 new Walgreens locations will be able to prescribe PrEP for HIV prevention.
The drug is indicated for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with HIV-1.
The number of emergency department visits for herpes zoster have increased from 2006 to 2013.
The score could help predict advanced colorectal neoplasia in adults younger than 50 years of age.
The CDC found that 28% of young men who have sex with men have undergone HIV testing, though they account for 83% of new diagnoses.
The Rotterdam Study found that frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption is associated with lower liver stiffness in the general population.
Hepatitis C treatment in HIV coinfection cases is effective with standardized nurse and pharmacist support for patients in an urban clinic.
Study findings suggest that nursing home residents should receive more guidance in using strategies to prevent aspiration during eating and drinking.
A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.
The universal vaccination against hepatitis B virus infection prevented non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents.
Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices released updated guidelines to include recommendations for the 3-dose formulation of serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.
Treatment with amphotericin B was superior to itraconazole as an induction therapy for HIV-associated talaromycosis.
Continued antiretroviral therapy was found to be safe and beneficial in HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4+ T cell counts.
Clinicians and patients should be aware that treatments for chronic Lyme disease can carry serious risks.
HIV-infected patients on ART had approximately 4 and 1.5 greater odds of developing diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, respectively.
Factors linked to health-related quality of life in military HIV patients include advanced HIV disease and mental or medical comorbidity.
Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to determine the association between coffee consumption and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Pregnant women with a high hepatitis B viral load who receive tenofovir have a reduced risk for passing the virus to their child.
The guideline is intended to be an educational device to provide information that may assist endoscopists in providing care to patients.
About 76% of US jurisdictions reported healthcare-associated cases of Legionnaires' disease.
Strategies are available to reduce the risk of HIV transmission using sperm from HIV-infected male.
Researchers found that multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria colonization prevalence ranged from 11.2% of residents to 59.1%.
Researchers predict that the infection rate could be as low as 12,000 people a year by 2025.
The researchers found that the average survival after surgery for those receiving capecitabine was longer compared with those who only had surgery.
Cholera, an acute, diarrheal illness, is spread by drinking water or eating food that is contaminated with cholera bacteria.
The researchers found that 2 doses of the HPV vaccine were just as protective as 3 doses.
Gluten-rich food may lead to symptom onset, specifically early satiety, in patients with functional dyspepsia.
The guidelines facilitate a holistic, lifelong approach to the management of patients with primary biliary cholangitis.
About 1 in 4 adult patients with pneumonia do not respond to initial prescription of antibiotic treatment.
The updated guidelines include substantial changes in the management of hepatitis B based on the latest scientific evidence.
Treatment was effective in patients under 6 years who received 50 mg/day of zinc as an initial dose.
The CDC recommends using an EPA-registered insect repellent, which is proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Nitrate inhalants (poppers) associated with increased virus-associated cancer risk in HIV-uninfected MSM
Among HIV-uninfected men aged 50 to 70, heavy popper use was associated with an increased risk of virus-associated cancer with causes linked to HPV, HHV-8, and Epstein-Barr virus.
Most opioid-dependent pregnant patients understand that intravenous drug use is a major transmission modality of HCV.
Results showed that mean induction times, analyzed in 170 patients, were 12.87 days in the HIV-infected patients and 11.19 days in the HIV-uninfected patients.
The FDA Drug Interactions section has been updated to include revised information on concomitant use of corticosteroids with these drugs.
Almost half of participants reported that they never received information regarding the side effects of their medication from their prescriber.
A World Health Organization expert panel recommended lay health care workers be allowed to conduct HIV testing services using rapid diagnostic tests.
Individuals have a higher risk of tick bites and tickborne diseases from May through July.
In patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment, researchers observed, on average, 25 fewer deaths/1000 person years than in patients who discontinue it.
The use of inhaled corticosteroids is associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in asthma patients.
Compared with current use of metformin + sulfonylurea, the use of thiazolidinediones + metformin was associated with an increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia.
Clinicians should consider risk of pneumonia when weighing the benefits and risks of benzodiazepines in patients with Alzheimer disease.
Statin use decreased rates of decompensation in patients with liver cirrhosis due to HBV and HCV infections and in patients with alcohol-induced cirrhosis.
Patients with chronic HCV infection who have achieved a sustained virologic response with treatment may still be at risk for complications such as hepatocellular carcinoma.
Patients with septic shock taking phenylephrine during the 2011 norepinephrine shortage experienced higher in-hospital mortality rates.
The guideline will help clinicians determine the appropriate treatment of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Aggressive testing, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention methods, such as needle exchange for those who inject drugs, are some of the options that the NASEM explored to target hepatitis elimination.
Harvoni and Sovaldi have been approved for pediatric patients with HCV genotypes.
However, the HPV vaccine has the potential to reverse the epidemic and prevent thousands of cancers in the United States each year.
Regimens for the treatment of hepatitis C that included ribavirin had more mild or moderate adverse events than those without.
A meta-analysis suggests that patients who take gastric acid suppressants may have a higher risk for recurrent CDI.
Drug-drug interactions are common in patients taking hepatitis C virus medications, and consulting with a pharmacist can be beneficial.
PCV10 decreases rate of pneumonia among vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.
Elevated cardiac troponin T is also strongly prognostic of cardiac mortality observed in association with community-acquired pneumonia.
Factors that contribute to antibiotic choice for CAP include patient age, previous antibiotic receipt, and private insurance.
Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
Early, goal-directed therapy did not result in better outcomes for mortality for patients with septic shock.
However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.
A high BMI is associated with an increased risk for severe liver disease, and the risk is higher in those who also have type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Adolescents might not seek care or might delay seeking care for STD services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out.
The students improved their basic knowledge of HPV and understood the benefits of the HPV vaccine.
Implementation of the FODMAP diet is an effective strategy to manage symptoms of IBS, including bloating and abdominal pain.