Infectious Disease News Archive
Using state- and individual-level data from the 1995-2014 National Immunization Survey, the effect of a state's Universal Purchase adoption on vaccination rates was estimated.
Adherence and completion to multidose vaccine schedules for hepatitis A, B, and A-B are low, thereby rendering vaccination ineffective.
Estimated annual incidence of viral meningitis is 2.73 per 100,000 UK adults.
According to the CDC, outbreak that started in the spring and is now over
Cirrhosis is associated with an increased risk for diabetes mellitus among patients living with HIV.
Project ECHO at Los Angeles Christian Health Center contributes to improved care of HCV in underserved populations.
From 2007 to 2015, the majority of initial hepatitis A, B, and A/B vaccinations were administered by primary care providers.
The 2017-2018 influenza season in the United States (October 1, 2017-May 19, 2018) was a high-severity season.
No increased risk of depression or suicidal ideation among persons living with HIV in Uganda.
Annual occasion is a good time for health care providers to encourage testing
The CDC has identified an increasing number of Shigella isolates that test within the susceptible range for the fluoroquinolone antibiotic ciprofloxacin.
ACX-362E is a targeted, narrow spectrum oral antibiotic that blocks the DNA replication process through inhibition of polymerase III, which has been shown to be bactericidal.
First documented case of Keystone infection in a human.
Twenty-four people have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported.
Although heads of state and governments have pledged to reduce premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases by one-third by 2030, many countries are not on track to achieve this goal.
Patients with chronic hepatitis B have a lower risk of hepatic events if they achieve normal on-treatment ALT in the first 12 months of NA treatment.
Increase seen carbapenem- and cephalosporin-resistant strains, with peak in 2008
Of the 2500 cases of hepatitis A infection reported between January 2017 and April 2018, 68% were among persons who reported drug use (injection and non-injection), homelessness, or both.
31 people have been hospitalized; no deaths reported to date.
Successful DAA therapy may lead to cognitive improvement in several domains in HCV-infected patients.
Costs were significantly higher than total annual costs per matched control with similar comorbidities.
Lyme neuroborreliosis diagnosis had no substantial effect on long-term survival, health, or educational/social functioning yet may be associated with an increased risk of hematologic and nonmelanoma skin cancers.
197 cases of illness linked to the E coli outbreak, 5 of which were fatal
Low screening rate seen at same time as increase in hepatitis C virus prevalence among pregnant women
The Respectful & Equitable Access to Comprehensive Healthcare program obtained 93% of prior authorization approvals for hepatitis C medications.
A proposed novel Medicaid purchasing strategy is anticipated to increase access to medications that can eradicate hepatitis C virus infection without increasing costs at the state and federal levels.
Outbreaks with confirmed infectious etiology usually caused by Cryptosporidium, Legionella, Pseudomonas
Patients with mild, moderate renal impairment showed improvement in renal biomarkers over one year
The CDC recommends 2 doses of the MMR vaccine, which provides 97% protection against measles, prior to international travel.
Humoral response seen for 97.8% of HZ/su vaccine recipients vs 2% of placebo
A 72-year-old Japanese woman with a 40-year history of lupus nephritis presented with leg edema that had lasted for several weeks.
This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.
Future studies might focus on the use of electronic medical record warning systems or other prompts to improve diagnostic test use in at-risk individuals.
Metabolic syndrome also associated with higher alanine aminotransferase levels longitudinally
Screening prevalence 11.5 to 12.8%; similar rate for cohort born from 1966 to 1985
In this large, real-world cohort of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection, equivalent sustained virologic response rates were found with both 8-week and 12-week treatment.
End-of-treatment HBsAg levels may be a clinically useful biomarker to predict HBV relapse in patients with chronic hepatitis B regardless of HBeAg status.
Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old.
Direct-acting antivirals improved the survival of patients undergoing liver transplantation for HCV-related liver disease.
Antibiotic resistance is a nationwide issue that affects every state, so how do we combat it?
CVS Health faces lawsuit for revealing the HIV status of 6,000 patients in Ohio.
The FDA has approved Trogarzo for heavily treated adult patients living with HIV and whose HIV infections cannot be successfully treated with other currently available therapies.
Pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Recommendations for daily doses of emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) resulted in protective drug concentrations for men and transgender women.
The two most prevalent HIV symptoms, fatigue and muscle aches, are more common in women than men and can worsen with menopause.
BMI is positively correlated with increased hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic HBV, though the risk is greater in women.
Hepatitis C virus eradication by direct antiviral agents improves carotid atherosclerosis in patients with advanced fibrosis and compensated cirrhosis.
Prophylaxis safely, effectively prevents HCV transmittance in noninfected patients receiving kidney transplants from HCV-positive donors.
TDF did not reduce mother-to-child HBV transmission in mothers taking hepatitis B Ig and HBV vaccine.
Elbasvir and grazoprevir, taken in combination for 12 weeks, successfully treated virologic response in patient with hepatitis C genotype 1b.
During cold/flu season there is an increase in acetaminophen use and overdosing.
The first set of blood screening tests for the tickborne parasite Babesia microti have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.
A new antiretroviral HIV treatment, Trogarzo (ibalizumab-uiyk), has been approved by the FDA for patients with HIV who have not have success with past HIV medications.
Increasing awareness of and access to newer HIV testing options such as free or reduced price on home and self-tests and couples HIV testing and counseling can facilitate increased levels of consistent testing among young, Black MSM, and transgender women.
Bacterial vaginosis may cause an increased risk for HIV acquisition in women taking oral or injectable hormonal contraception.
Technical variant grafts may be better than whole grafts for living donor liver transplants in children.
Excessive alcohol consumption does not impact the decline of CD4 cell count in patients with HIV who have not undergone antiretroviral treatments.
Chronicity of depression is associated with increased likelihood of failure along the continuum of HIV care.
Undergoing cardiac surgery during the influenza season is associated with increased likelihood of development of acute respiratory distress syndrome.
The risk of invasive pneumococcal disease is correlated with the prescription opioid use.
The Work Group who authored the new recommendations was made up of professionals from academic medicine, federal and state public health agencies, and medical societies.
Once daily glecaprevir-pibrentasvir for 8 or 12 weeks successfully treated HCV genotype 1 and 3.
The USPSTF reports that pregnant women can benefit from screening for syphilis infection.
The 2017 to 2018 influenza vaccine reduces the chance of getting the disease by about 33%, but is only 25% effective against H3N2, otherwise known as influenza A.
Primary gastrinomas of the hepatobiliary tract may occur in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Lymph nodes proximal to hepatic or biliary gastrinomas will likely require extraction as many in the surround region will have metastasized.
Patients with chronic HCV with a sustained virologic response were more likely to have a reduced progression of liver fibrosis.
Influenza infections are independently compartmentalized in the upper and lower airways.
Hydrocortisone treatment does not effectively reduce mortality in sepsis.
Herpes zoster subunit vaccine more effective, less expensive than live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine
The adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine is more effective and less expensive than the live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine at all ages.
Younger adults are more likely to have provider-ordered flu testing than older adults.
For young adults without known risk factors, a one-time routine HIV screen at 25 years would optimize clinical outcomes and be cost-effective.
Intensive care and death were greatly prevented in patients who were annually vaccinated.
An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.
Men may experience a lower immune response than women, adding insight to the man flu debate.
Inactivated and live attenuated flu vaccines can be safely administered to people with egg allergies.
Post-seroconversion brain morphology can occur in HIV patients, but aviremia maintenance via cART can slow of prevent brain injuries.
A new report from the CDC finds that HIV is being diagnosed sooner after initial infection than in previous years.
Nivolumab treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer may induce successful depletion of HIV reservoir.
The decrease in HIV incidence in Uganda was facilitated by antiretroviral therapy, male circumcision, and adolescent abstinence.
Clinician suspicion has minimal accuracy for the diagnosis of Lyme disease.
A Minnesota-based hospital chain fires about 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Heplisav-B for the prevention of infection caused by all known subtypes of hepatitis B virus.
New virus mutations make antibody binding difficult as mismatches in vaccines and viruses emerge.
More tests might be administered to transgender individuals who are female, black, or sex workers.
A pneumonia vaccine under development provides the most comprehensive coverage to date and alleviates antimicrobial concerns.
The dual combination of dolutegravir plus darunavir/ritonavir provided a simple and safe salvage therapy to suppress viral replication without metabolic impact in patients infected with HIV-1.
Hepatitis B and hepatitis C may increase mortality risks in HIV patients.
The Ohio Supreme Court has unanimously upheld the constitutionality of a law requiring HIV-infected individuals to tell their sexual partners of their illness.
The CDC revised its US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use categorization for DMPA injection in women at high risk for HIV infection from US MEC category 1 to US MEC category 2.
Resistance to ART is threatening the recent gains of treatment in the rate of new HIV infections.
A combination antibiotic regimen with a macrolide was shown to improve short- and long-term outcomes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.
A 38-year old nonalcoholic patient consumed Epsom salt in large quantities for a short period of time and developed jaundice and steatohepatitis.
Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.
The AAP has updated guidelines on infection prevention and control that include the endorsement of immunization for healthcare personnel and guidance during outbreaks of infectious diseases.
More than half of women receiving a new HIV diagnosis have already received this diagnosis in the past but are not undergoing HIV medical care.
Mislabeling of herbal and dietary supplements is common, occurring in more than half of products tested.
Aspirin therapy is associated with a reduced risk of hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma.
The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America have added updates to the hepatitis C guidelines to include kidney transplant, pregnant, and pediatric patients.
Infection was diagnosed at an early stage for fewer males with infection attributed to heterosexual contact vs male-to-male sexual contact.
In the 1 to 10 days after flu vaccine administration, there was no increased risk for VTE.