Infectious Diseases

Metabolic Syndrome Common With Chronic Hepatitis B Infection

Metabolic Syndrome Common With Chronic Hepatitis B Infection

Metabolic syndrome also associated with higher alanine aminotransferase levels longitudinally

Hepatitis C Screening Increasing Among Baby Boomers

Hepatitis C Screening Increasing Among Baby Boomers

Screening prevalence 11.5 to 12.8%; similar rate for cohort born from 1966 to 1985

A Zika vaccine could virtually eliminate prenatal infections

Zika virus shown to be of moderate to high efficacy in eliminating prenatal infections.

Effectiveness of Shortened Treatment Regimen for Hepatitis C Assessed

Effectiveness of Shortened Treatment Regimen for Hepatitis C Assessed

In this large, real-world cohort of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection, equivalent sustained virologic response rates were found with both 8-week and 12-week treatment.

End-of-Treatment HBsAg Levels May Predict HBV Relapse in Chronic Hepatitis B

End-of-Treatment HBsAg Levels May Predict HBV Relapse in Chronic Hepatitis B

End-of-treatment HBsAg levels may be a clinically useful biomarker to predict HBV relapse in patients with chronic hepatitis B regardless of HBeAg status.

Case Study: Headache, Back Pain, and Fever

Case Study: Headache, Back Pain, and Fever

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A 25-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with a chief complaint of headache, back pain, and fever, while also experiencing some vaginal itching and discharge.

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria found in 221 US healthcare facilities in 2017

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria found in 221 US healthcare facilities in 2017

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Antibiotic resistance is a nationwide issue that affects every state, so how do we combat it?

Pink Eye: Prevention and Treatment Tips from the CDC

Pink Eye: Prevention and Treatment Tips from the CDC

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Pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva.

Daily dose of PrEP raises coverage, protective drug concentrations

Daily dose of PrEP raises coverage, protective drug concentrations

Recommendations for daily doses of emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) resulted in protective drug concentrations for men and transgender women.

Maternal TDF not effective in reducing hepatitis B transmission

Maternal TDF not effective in reducing hepatitis B transmission

TDF did not reduce mother-to-child HBV transmission in mothers taking hepatitis B Ig and HBV vaccine.

Drug combination effective for hepatitis C

Drug combination effective for hepatitis C

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Elbasvir and grazoprevir, taken in combination for 12 weeks, successfully treated virologic response in patient with hepatitis C genotype 1b.

FDA approves screening tests for <i>Babesia microti</i>

FDA approves screening tests for Babesia microti

The first set of blood screening tests for the tickborne parasite Babesia microti have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

FDA OKs new medication for individuals with resistant HIV

FDA OKs new medication for individuals with resistant HIV

A new antiretroviral HIV treatment, Trogarzo (ibalizumab-uiyk), has been approved by the FDA for patients with HIV who have not have success with past HIV medications.

Newer HIV testing options underused in Black MSM and transgender women

Newer HIV testing options underused in Black MSM and transgender women

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Increasing awareness of and access to newer HIV testing options such as free or reduced price on home and self-tests and couples HIV testing and counseling can facilitate increased levels of consistent testing among young, Black MSM, and transgender women.

Early dermatology consultation linked to improved diagnostic accuracy and care in cellulitis

Among patients admitted to the hospital for a provisional diagnosis of cellulitis, early dermatologic consultation was associated with improved recognition of pseudo-cellulitis, decreased antibiotic use, and earlier discharge.

Cardiac surgery during flu season linked to ARDS

Cardiac surgery during flu season linked to ARDS

Undergoing cardiac surgery during the influenza season is associated with increased likelihood of development of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Opioid use increases risk of invasive pneumococcal disease

Opioid use increases risk of invasive pneumococcal disease

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The risk of invasive pneumococcal disease is correlated with the prescription opioid use.

CDC: Influenza vaccine 25% effective against H3N2 in 2017-2018

CDC: Influenza vaccine 25% effective against H3N2 in 2017-2018

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The 2017 to 2018 influenza vaccine reduces the chance of getting the disease by about 33%, but is only 25% effective against H3N2, otherwise known as influenza A.

Pediatrician recommended tips to prevent flu in children

Pediatrician recommended tips to prevent flu in children

These tips, recommended by pediatrician Shilpa Patel, MD, include keeping children home from school if they develop flu-like symptoms and monitoring your child's reaction to a fever.

HCV treatment hinders liver fibrosis progression

HCV treatment hinders liver fibrosis progression

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Patients with chronic HCV with a sustained virologic response were more likely to have a reduced progression of liver fibrosis.

Airborne influenza transmission possible through exhalation

Airborne influenza transmission possible through exhalation

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Influenza infections are independently compartmentalized in the upper and lower airways.

Glucocorticoid treatment ineffective for reducing sepsis-related mortality

Glucocorticoid treatment ineffective for reducing sepsis-related mortality

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Hydrocortisone treatment does not effectively reduce mortality in sepsis.

Herpes zoster subunit vaccine more effective, less expensive than live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine

Herpes zoster subunit vaccine more effective, less expensive than live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine

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The adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine is more effective and less expensive than the live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine at all ages.

Over one-third of U.S. HIV patients are not vaccinated against hepatitis B

One third of HIV patients in the United States remain unvaccinated against hepatitis B.

CDC investigating <i>E. coli</i> outbreak in 13 states

CDC investigating E. coli outbreak in 13 states

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An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

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A new report from the CDC finds that HIV is being diagnosed sooner after initial infection than in previous years.

Nivolumab treatment for lung cancer may successfully deplete HIV reservoirs

Nivolumab treatment for lung cancer may successfully deplete HIV reservoirs

Nivolumab treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer may induce successful depletion of HIV reservoir.

Human papillomavirus in males

Human papillomavirus in males

The importance of male vaccination cannot be overemphasized, because the risk of male-to-female HPV transmission is significant.

Clinician accuracy low for lyme disease diagnosis

Clinician accuracy low for lyme disease diagnosis

Clinician suspicion has minimal accuracy for the diagnosis of Lyme disease.

Healthcare system fires 50 employees for refusing influenza vaccination

Healthcare system fires 50 employees for refusing influenza vaccination

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A Minnesota-based hospital chain fires about 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.

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