Infectious Diseases

More antimicrobial treatments needed in community-acquired pneumonia

More antimicrobial treatments needed in community-acquired pneumonia

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Findings from a US claims-based retrospective study call for more effective antimicrobial treatments for patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

CDC expands investigation into Seoul virus outbreak

CDC expands investigation into Seoul virus outbreak

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Symptoms of Seoul virus infection typically begin within 1 to 2 weeks after contact with infectious material and include fever, headache, and back pain.

Stroke risk increases after herpes zoster in patients with autoimmune disease

Stroke risk increases after herpes zoster in patients with autoimmune disease

Herpes zoster was linked to an increased stroke risk in first 90 days among patients with an autoimmune disease.

High-potency statins increase hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia

High-potency statins increase hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia

Higher-potency statins increased hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia compared with lower-potency statins.

Pneumococcal vaccination reduces pneumonia risk in COPD patients

Pneumococcal vaccination reduces pneumonia risk in COPD patients

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Polyvalent pneumococcal vaccines offered protection against community-acquired pneumonia in COPD patients.

Pneumonia vaccine may not be effective in rheumatoid arthritis patients

Pneumonia vaccine may not be effective in rheumatoid arthritis patients

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The PPSV23 vaccine may not prevent pneumonia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Sepsis and septic shock: new guidelines for clinical management

Sepsis and septic shock: new guidelines for clinical management

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Updated international guidelines for managing sepsis and septic shock have been released by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine.

Use of fluoroquinolones linked to <i>C. difficile</i> outbreak

Use of fluoroquinolones linked to C. difficile outbreak

A C. difficile epidemic was an unintended consequence of the intensive use of fluoroquinolones.

Pritelivir better for treating genital HSV-2 than valacyclovir

Pritelivir better for treating genital HSV-2 than valacyclovir

HSV shedding was detected in 2.4% of swabs during pritelivir treatment compared with 5.3% during valacyclovir treatment.

USPSTF recommends against routine serologic screening for genital herpes simplex virus

USPSTF recommends against routine serologic screening for genital herpes simplex virus

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The USPSTF has released a final recommendation against routine serologic screening for genital herpes simplex virus infection.

CDC: Influenza vaccine rate low this season

CDC: Influenza vaccine rate low this season

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Forty percent of people have reported receiving the flu vaccine thus far, including 37% of children.

Newborn screening identifies unknown cause of severe combined immunodeficiency

Newborn screening identifies unknown cause of severe combined immunodeficiency

The screening identified BCL11B as the previously unknown cause of human SCID.

Mortality rate from infectious diseases remains unchanged in the United States

Mortality rate from infectious diseases remains unchanged in the United States

The number of patients dying from infections has remained stable, but some disease threats have changed.

High-dose vitamin D may decrease acute respiratory infections in elderly

High-dose vitamin D may decrease acute respiratory infections in elderly

Vitamin D supplementation may be associated with reduced ARIs among long-term care facility residents.

Outbreak of Candida auris identified in the US

Outbreak of Candida auris identified in the US

The CDC requested that laboratories report cases and send patient samples to state and local health departments and the CDC.

More than half of US citizens have a chronic health condition

More than half of US citizens have a chronic health condition

Conditions such as chronic disease, mental illness, or substance abuse commonly overlap with each other and with poverty, which contributes to poor health.

The role of biofilms in chronic infections

The role of biofilms in chronic infections

Bacteria in contact with living tissues form layers that resist penetration by the immune system or antibiotics, but promising treatments abound.

CDC approves HPV vaccine in 2 doses for preteens

CDC approves HPV vaccine in 2 doses for preteens

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Children younger than 15 may be given 2 HPV vaccine doses instead of 3, and the shots should be spaced at least 6 months apart.

Zika virus in amniotic fluid may help predict prenatal diagnosis

Zika virus in amniotic fluid may help predict prenatal diagnosis

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Researchers examined prenatal evolution and perinatal outcomes in neonates with developmental abnormalities associated with Zika virus infections.

Use of stronger antibiotics increases in US hospitals

Use of stronger antibiotics increases in US hospitals

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Although the overall use of antibiotics in US hospitals is unchanged, use of broad spectrum agents has increased significantly.

The flu shot versus flu nasal spray—which is more effective?

The flu shot versus flu nasal spray—which is more effective?

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In a study of pediatric patients, vaccine coverage in both LAIV and IIV groups was similar.

Early ART lowers risk of HIV-1 infection among sexual partners

Early ART lowers risk of HIV-1 infection among sexual partners

Researchers observed 78 HIV-1 among partners, with an annual incidence of 0.9%.

USPSTF releases statement on genital herpes screening

USPSTF releases statement on genital herpes screening

A Grade D recommendation discourages routine screening in asymptomatic adolescents and adults.

Shared drug paraphernalia linked to hep C transmission

Shared drug paraphernalia linked to hep C transmission

In a study, 24% of confiscated drug snorting straws tested positive for human blood.

Injectable oxymorphone, syringe sharing lead to HIV outbreak

Injectable oxymorphone, syringe sharing lead to HIV outbreak

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The use of injectable, extended-release oxymorphone and syringe sharing was linked to an outbreak of HIV infections in Indiana.

FDA approves new HPV test

FDA approves new HPV test

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A new HPV screening test that uses cervical cells collected for a Pap test has been approved by the FDA.

Managing aspergillosis: updated guidelines from IDSA

Managing aspergillosis: updated guidelines from IDSA

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New guidelines for the treatment and management of aspergillosis have been published by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

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General practices that prescribe fewer antibiotics may encounter slightly higher incidences of pneumonia and peritonsillar abscess.

Nasal flu vaccine not recommended for 2016-2017 flu season

Nasal flu vaccine not recommended for 2016-2017 flu season

The nasal flu vaccine had a protection rate of only 3%.

Epclusa approved to treat chronic hepatitis C

Epclusa approved to treat chronic hepatitis C

The combination drug treats 6 strains of chronic hepatitis C.

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