Infectious Diseases

Mortality rate from infectious diseases remains unchanged in the United States

Mortality rate from infectious diseases remains unchanged in the United States

The number of patients dying from infections has remained stable, but some disease threats have changed.

High-dose vitamin D may decrease acute respiratory infections in elderly

High-dose vitamin D may decrease acute respiratory infections in elderly

Vitamin D supplementation may be associated with reduced ARIs among long-term care facility residents.

Outbreak of Candida auris identified in the US

Outbreak of Candida auris identified in the US

The CDC requested that laboratories report cases and send patient samples to state and local health departments and the CDC.

More than half of US citizens have a chronic health condition

More than half of US citizens have a chronic health condition

Conditions such as chronic disease, mental illness, or substance abuse commonly overlap with each other and with poverty, which contributes to poor health.

The role of biofilms in chronic infections

The role of biofilms in chronic infections

Bacteria in contact with living tissues form layers that resist penetration by the immune system or antibiotics, but promising treatments abound.

CDC approves HPV vaccine in 2 doses for preteens

CDC approves HPV vaccine in 2 doses for preteens

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Children younger than 15 may be given 2 HPV vaccine doses instead of 3, and the shots should be spaced at least 6 months apart.

Zika virus in amniotic fluid may help predict prenatal diagnosis

Zika virus in amniotic fluid may help predict prenatal diagnosis

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Researchers examined prenatal evolution and perinatal outcomes in neonates with developmental abnormalities associated with Zika virus infections.

Use of stronger antibiotics increases in US hospitals

Use of stronger antibiotics increases in US hospitals

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Although the overall use of antibiotics in US hospitals is unchanged, use of broad spectrum agents has increased significantly.

The flu shot versus flu nasal spray—which is more effective?

The flu shot versus flu nasal spray—which is more effective?

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In a study of pediatric patients, vaccine coverage in both LAIV and IIV groups was similar.

Early ART lowers risk of HIV-1 infection among sexual partners

Early ART lowers risk of HIV-1 infection among sexual partners

Researchers observed 78 HIV-1 among partners, with an annual incidence of 0.9%.

USPSTF releases statement on genital herpes screening

USPSTF releases statement on genital herpes screening

A Grade D recommendation discourages routine screening in asymptomatic adolescents and adults.

Shared drug paraphernalia linked to hep C transmission

Shared drug paraphernalia linked to hep C transmission

In a study, 24% of confiscated drug snorting straws tested positive for human blood.

Injectable oxymorphone, syringe sharing lead to HIV outbreak

Injectable oxymorphone, syringe sharing lead to HIV outbreak

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The use of injectable, extended-release oxymorphone and syringe sharing was linked to an outbreak of HIV infections in Indiana.

FDA approves new HPV test

FDA approves new HPV test

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A new HPV screening test that uses cervical cells collected for a Pap test has been approved by the FDA.

Managing aspergillosis: updated guidelines from IDSA

Managing aspergillosis: updated guidelines from IDSA

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New guidelines for the treatment and management of aspergillosis have been published by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

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General practices that prescribe fewer antibiotics may encounter slightly higher incidences of pneumonia and peritonsillar abscess.

Nasal flu vaccine not recommended for 2016-2017 flu season

Nasal flu vaccine not recommended for 2016-2017 flu season

The nasal flu vaccine had a protection rate of only 3%.

Epclusa approved to treat chronic hepatitis C

Epclusa approved to treat chronic hepatitis C

The combination drug treats 6 strains of chronic hepatitis C.

Pregnant women with HIV retained in care

Pregnant women with HIV retained in care

Many women were found to have poor postpartum virologic control.

Posthysterectomy Pap testing may benefit women with HIV

Posthysterectomy Pap testing may benefit women with HIV

More than 30% of women with HIV and no prehysterectomy had abnormal Pap test results.

USPSTF recommends widespread screening for syphilis as prevalence increases

USPSTF recommends widespread screening for syphilis as prevalence increases

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As syphilis rates increase, the USPSTF has recommended screening all asymptomatic adults and adolescents for syphilis infection.

Multidisciplinary approach improves outcomes in hepatitis C

Multidisciplinary approach improves outcomes in hepatitis C

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Patients with hepatitis C who had a multidisciplinary team during treatment had improved outcomes.

COPD screening needed in HIV-positive patients

COPD screening needed in HIV-positive patients

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Many HIV-positive patients who meet the criteria for COPD are not receiving proper treatment.

Stat Consult: Lyme disease

Stat Consult: Lyme disease

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The Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, is an obligate parasite and the most common tick-borne infection in North America and Europe.

Signs and symptoms not present during acute HIV-1 infection

Signs and symptoms not present during acute HIV-1 infection

Signs and symptoms are not typically observed during acute HIV-1 infection.

Zika threat in US lower than anticipated

Zika threat in US lower than anticipated

While Zika requires a strong public health response, it should be focused on states most likely to be impacted.

Predicting viral mutations may improve flu vaccine efficacy

Predicting viral mutations may improve flu vaccine efficacy

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Natural viral mutations ensure that the seasonal flu vaccine must be updated on a yearly basis.

HPV education key in college populations

HPV education key in college populations

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College-aged students may benefit from continued education regarding the spread of HPV, especially oral transmission

Hepatitis C mortality increasing, now leading cause of death among all infectious diseases

Hepatitis C mortality increasing, now leading cause of death among all infectious diseases

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The number of deaths associated with hepatitis C is higher than the total number of deaths resulting from 60 other infectious diseases.

Shared decision making aids medication management

Shared decision making aids medication management

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Researchers found that shared decision making is effective when managing medication therapy in patients.

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