Generic Name and Formulations:
Carfilzomib 30mg/vial, 60mg/vial; lyophilized pwd for IV inj after reconstitution; preservative-free.
Indications for KYPROLIS:
In combination with dexamethasone or lenalidomide plus dexamethasone for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received 1–3 lines of therapy. As a single agent for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received ≥1 lines of therapy.
See full labeling. Hydrate prior to and following administration as needed. Premedicate with dexamethasone prior to all Cycle 1 doses, during subsequent cycles, and if infusion reactions occur. Give by IV on two consecutive days each week for 3 weeks (Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16), followed by a 12-day rest period (Days 17–28). Lenalidomide/dexamethasone combination: Infuse over 10 mins. In Cycle 1: initially 20mg/m2 per dose on Days 1 and 2; if tolerated increase to 27mg/m2 on Day 8 and subsequent cycles. From Cycle 13, omit the Day 8 and 9 doses. Discontinue carfilzomib after Cycle 18. See full labeling for lenalidomide and dexamethasone dosing. Dexamethasone combination: Infuse over 30 mins. In Cycle 1: initially 20mg/m2 per dose on Days 1 and 2; if tolerated increase to 56mg/m2 on Day 8 and subsequent cycles. Monotherapy: initially 20mg/m2 per dose in Cycle 1 on Days 1 and 2; if tolerated increase to 27mg/m2 on Day 8 (by 10-min infusion regimen) or 56mg/m2 on Day 8 (by 30-min infusion regimen) and continue same dose for subsequent cycles. From Cycle 13, omit the Day 8 and 9 doses. All: continue until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurs. Toxicity dose modification: see full labeling. Mild or moderate hepatic impairment: reduce dose by 25%. ESRD on dialysis: give dose after session.
Monitor for signs/symptoms of cardiac failure or ischemia; evaluate promptly if toxicity is suspected. Increased risk of cardiac complications in patients with NYHA Class III and IV heart failure, recent MI, conduction abnormalities, angina, uncontrolled arrhythmias; do full medical assessment prior to starting. Pulmonary hypertension; if suspected, withhold therapy until resolved; may consider restarting after reevaluation. Discontinue if pulmonary toxicity occurs. Monitor for dyspnea or tumor lysis syndrome (TLS), and manage promptly if occurs; interrupt therapy until resolved. Maintain adequate hydration. Monitor for volume overload. Monitor platelets frequently during therapy. Evaluate signs/symptoms of blood loss; reduce or withhold dose as appropriate. Monitor for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura/hemolytic uremic syndrome (TTP/HUS); discontinue and evaluate if suspected. Discontinue and evaluate if posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is suspected. Monitor BP, renal function, liver enzymes, electrolytes (eg, potassium) regularly; reduce or withhold dose as needed. Renal or hepatic impairment. Give thromboprophylaxis for combination therapy. Consider antiviral prophylaxis to prevent herpes zoster reactivation. Elderly (≥75yrs). Embry-fetal toxicity. Use effective contraception during and for ≥30 days (females) or ≥90 days (males) after therapy completion. Pregnancy: avoid. Nursing mothers.
Increased risk of thrombosis with oral or hormonal contraceptives; consider alternatives during combination therapy. Increased fatal/serious toxicities in combination with melphalan + prednisone in newly diagnosed transplant-ineligible patients.
Anemia, neutropenia, diarrhea, dyspnea, fatigue, thrombocytopenia, pyrexia, insomnia, muscle spasm, cough, upper RTI, hypokalemia, nausea, headache, peripheral edema; cardiac events, pulmonary HTN, acute kidney injury, infusion reactions, hemorrhage, TLS, hepatic toxicity/failure, TTP/HUS, PRES.