Neonatology

Obesity linked to increased risk for adverse pregnancy, neonatal outcomes

Obesity linked to increased risk for adverse pregnancy, neonatal outcomes

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Women categorized as class III obese were more likely to experience adverse outcomes in pregnancy and neonatal risks.

Swaddling sleeping infants increases risk of SIDS

Swaddling sleeping infants increases risk of SIDS

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Infants who are swaddled while they sleep have an increased risk of SIDS, and the risk increases with age.

Brief resolved unexplained events in lower-risk infants: a clinical practice guideline

Brief resolved unexplained events in lower-risk infants: a clinical practice guideline

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The American Academy of Pediatrics has proposed a new term—brief resolved unexplained events—and has released guidelines for management.

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

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A report from the New England Journal of Medicine has confirmed that the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and other birth defects.

Infantile hemangiomas: benign lesions with potential complications

Infantile hemangiomas: benign lesions with potential complications

Although usually benign, some infantile hemangiomas have complications that are potentially fatal or physically debilitating if untreated.

Prenatal steroids reduce respiratory complications in late preterm infants

Prenatal steroids reduce respiratory complications in late preterm infants

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Administering steroids to pregnant women likely to give birth before 37 weeks can reduce infants' risk of respiratory complications.

Fetal macrosomia and shoulder dystocia


Fetal macrosomia and shoulder dystocia


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Fetal macrosomia is associated with an increased risk of neonatal and maternal complications.

New mothers report lack of provider advice on infant care

New mothers report lack of provider advice on infant care

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Clinicians should educate new mothers on various aspects of infant care.

Glyburide increases adverse neonatal outcomes in gestational diabetes

Glyburide increases adverse neonatal outcomes in gestational diabetes

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Glyburide is associated with an increased risk 
of adverse neonatal 
outcomes compared to 
insulin in women with 
gestational diabetes.

More evidence links SSRIs to birth defects

More evidence links SSRIs to birth defects

Researchers found more evidence that links SSRI use during pregnancy to birth defects.

Exercise and healthy birth weight

Exercise and healthy birth weight

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Exercising regularly during pregnancy may be associated with lower birth weight.

No link between labor induction and autism

No link between labor induction and autism

Current evidence does not support a correlation between labor induction and augmentation and the risk of autism spectrum disorders.

Prenatal smoke exposure linked to adolescent hearing loss

Prenatal smoke exposure linked to adolescent hearing loss

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Mothers who smoke while pregnant may be damaging their children's auditory abilities.

Challenges to CCHD pulse oximetry screening identified

Challenges to CCHD pulse oximetry screening identified

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Healthcare providers have experienced a number of challenges implementing CCHD pulse oximetry screening for newborns, since the procedure was officially recommended in October 2010.

Navigating healthcare services for premature infants

Navigating healthcare services for premature infants

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Accessing developmental evaluations and services is one of the biggest challenges preemies and their families face.

CCHD screening guidelines: Implementation of standardized protocols, Part 2

CCHD screening guidelines: Implementation of standardized protocols, Part 2

Taking the pulse of neonatal screening for critical congenital heart disease.

CDC: Chagas disease may be overlooked in newborns

CDC: Chagas disease may be overlooked in newborns

U.S. health officials are emphasizing the need for increased awareness of Chagas disease among at-risk mothers and their offspring, after identifying the first congenital case in a Virginia baby.

Infant breathing device recalled

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The FDA has issued a Class I recall for CareFusion's AirLife™ Infant Breathing Circuit.

The problem with TIME magazine's breastfeeding cover

The problem with TIME magazine's breastfeeding cover

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Women tend to attack those who make different parenting choices. Instead of alienating each other, we should encourage respect and understanding.

Pulse oximetry helps detect heart defects

Pulse oximetry helps detect heart defects

Pulse oximetry has high specificity, moderate sensitivity, and low false-positive rates in detecting congenital heart defects in asymptomatic newborns.

Tight glycemic control not beneficial for premature infants

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The benefits of tight glycemic control may not outweigh the risks among premature infants with hyperglycemia, results of a randomized clinical trial suggest.

FDA approves respiratory distress drug for infants

FDA approves respiratory distress drug for infants

Surfaxin (lucinactant) is indicated for the prevention of respiratory distress syndrome, a breathing disorder that affects premature infants.

Severe dizziness, nausea and vomiting prompt an ED visit

Severe dizziness, nausea and vomiting prompt an ED visit

The patient's gait was affected 48 hours after onset and any slight head movement intensified the feeling of imbalance.

Promoting neonatal health through breast-milk donation

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Milk banks now provide life-improving and sometimes life-saving services to many newborns and infants, especially premature infants around the world.

No safe threshold for prenatal alcohol exposure

No safe threshold for prenatal alcohol exposure

Mothers that consume alcohol during any gestational period during pregnancy put infants at risk for fetal alcohol syndrome.

Maternal antidepressants up infant pulmonary hypertension risk

Maternal antidepressants up infant pulmonary hypertension risk

Pregnant women who take antidepressants, specifically selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may be increasing their child's risk for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn.

Hospitals continue free infant formula distribution, despite criticism

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The majority of hospitals continue to include infant formula sample packs in discharge packs for new mothers despite criticism that the practice discourages breastfeeding recommendations.

Progesteron gel reduces preterm birth risk, neonatal respiratory distress

Intramuscular or vaginal progesterone appears effective for reducing premature delivery, but data on neonatal outcomes have been limited until recently.

Labor and delivery: Intermittent auscultation or electronic fetal monitors?

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Evidence is mixed on whether electronic fetal monitors truly prevent more stillbirths and reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality compared with intermittent auscultation.

Consider multiple factors when deciding where to practice

Despite the sagging economy, the demand for NPs and PAs is still strong, and most individuals will have options when it is time to decide where to practice. But choosing where to practice can be a difficult decision to make.

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