Nephrology

Acute Kidney Injury in Hospital Ups Risk of Later Heart Failure

Acute Kidney Injury in Hospital Ups Risk of Later Heart Failure

Findings based on one-year follow-up after a hospitalization complicated by acute kidney injury

Increased Water Consumption Does Not Enhance Kidney Function in Chronic Kidney Disease

Increased Water Consumption Does Not Enhance Kidney Function in Chronic Kidney Disease

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Trained water consumption increase does not significantly reduce the decline of kidney function in individuals with chronic kidney disease.

Prophylaxis may protect kidney recipients from HCV

Prophylaxis may protect kidney recipients from HCV

Prophylaxis safely, effectively prevents HCV transmittance in noninfected patients receiving kidney transplants from HCV-positive donors.

Living kidney donation associated with some increased health risks

Living kidney donation was associated with higher diastolic blood pressure, lower estimated glomerular filtration rates, and increased relative risk of preeclampsia and end-stage renal disease.

AKI common after non-kidney organ transplants in children

AKI common after non-kidney organ transplants in children

Children who receive a non-kidney solid organ transplant have an increased risk for AKI in the first year after surgery and is associated with an increased risk of CKD.

Model uses acute kidney injury to predict chronic kidney disease

Model uses acute kidney injury to predict chronic kidney disease

A 6 variable model predicted advanced chronic kidney disease in patients with acute kidney injury.

Symptomatic treatment inferior to antibiotics in women with UTIs

Symptomatic treatment inferior to antibiotics in women with UTIs

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Treating lower UTIs with diclofenac may help in optimizing antibiotic treatments.

FDA approves Vabomere for UTI treatment

FDA approves Vabomere for UTI treatment

This approval provides an additional treatment option for patients with complicated urinary tract infection.

Infection risk increases with reduced kidney function

Infection risk increases with reduced kidney function

Researchers observed excess community-acquired infections incidence in individuals with mild to severe chronic kidney disease.

Botulinum toxin may be safe and effective for overactive bladder

Botulinum toxin may be safe and effective for overactive bladder

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Intradetrusor injection of onabotulinumtoxin A impairs afferent and efferent nerves, but an injection-free drug delivery approach only impairs the bladder afferent nerves.

Recurrent kidney stone formers may not benefit from 24-hour urine collection

Recurrent kidney stone formers may not benefit from 24-hour urine collection

It is unclear whether all recurrent kidney stone formers benefit from 24-hour urine collection.

FDA approves first drug for frequent urination at night

FDA approves first drug for frequent urination at night

Noctiva is designed to increase absorption of water through the kidneys, decreasing urine production.

Recommendations released for management of small renal masses

Recommendations released for management of small renal masses

Researchers used data from 83 studies to develop guideline for management of patients with small renal masses.

American Urological Association issues guideline for male urethral stricture

American Urological Association issues guideline for male urethral stricture

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The guidelines provide a clinical framework for the diagnosis and treatment of male urethral stricture.

New guideline for managing kidney stones is released

New guideline for managing kidney stones is released

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Guideline from the American Urological Association has been revised to incorporate the management of patients with staghorn renal stones.

Renal function can predict preeclampsia in pregnant women with hypertension

Renal function can predict preeclampsia in pregnant women with hypertension

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Baseline renal function tests may predict the risk of preeclampsia and preterm birth for pregnant women with hypertension.

Cultural considerations in diabetes: controlling HbA1c in a patient observing Ramadan

Cultural considerations in diabetes: controlling HbA1c in a patient observing Ramadan

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A patient with type 2 diabetes is undergoing dialysis and needs to control his HbA1c levels while fasting during Ramadan.

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

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In patients with COPD, chronic renal failure is more likely and can be detected from decreased glomerular filtration rates.

HIV treatments, immunosuppressants may interact in transplant patients

HIV treatments, immunosuppressants may interact in transplant patients

A renal transplant recipient experienced drug interaction-induced calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity after starting a cobicistat-containing combination treatment for HIV.

Managing nephropathy in a patient with type 2 diabetes

Managing nephropathy in a patient with type 2 diabetes

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A patient with type 2 diabetes presents with elevated microalbumin levels and a recent history of elevated glucose due to bedtime snacking.

CDC works to eliminate HCV transmission in hemodialysis

CDC works to eliminate HCV transmission in hemodialysis

The organization encourages dialysis providers to improve current infection control practices.

Kidney stones becoming more common among youth, women, African Americans

Kidney stones becoming more common among youth, women, African Americans

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The annual incidence of kidney stones has increased 16% between 1997 and 2012

Online risk calculator predicts kidney failure odds in chronic kidney disease patients

Online risk calculator predicts kidney failure odds in chronic kidney disease patients

A new online risk calculation tool predicts kidney failure odds in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Ventricle pacing reduces heart failure in chronic kidney disease patients

Ventricle pacing reduces heart failure in chronic kidney disease patients

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Researchers found a 15% to 20% reduction in the risk of hospitalization for or death from heart failure in patients who received cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D).

Fever and tachycardia after a liver transplant

Fever and tachycardia after a liver transplant

A 29-year-old woman, 12 years post-liver transplant, presents with fever and tachycardia and had recently reported fatigue, weakness, and abdominal pain.

EKG metrics may signal risk for cardiovascular death in CKD patients

EKG metrics may signal risk for cardiovascular death in CKD patients

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Five EKG parameters can identify chronic kidney disease patients at risk for cardiovascular death.

Hemodialysis patients can be trained to reduce fluid, salt intake

Hemodialysis patients can be trained to reduce fluid, salt intake

Training can help reduce fluid and salt intake in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Preventing acute kidney injury

Preventing acute kidney injury

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Monitoring kidney function in hospitalized patients can help prevent acute kidney injury.

Sugary beverages linked to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Sugary beverages linked to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

People who drink more than one sugary beverage per day have an increased risk of developing NAFLD.

Ezetimibe not effective in treating NASH

Ezetimibe not effective in treating NASH

Ezetimibe did not outperform placebo in reducing liver fat in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

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