Nephrology

FDA approves Vabomere for UTI treatment

FDA approves Vabomere for UTI treatment

This approval provides an additional treatment option for patients with complicated urinary tract infection.

Infection risk increases with reduced kidney function

Infection risk increases with reduced kidney function

Researchers observed excess community-acquired infections incidence in individuals with mild to severe chronic kidney disease.

Botulinum toxin may be safe and effective for overactive bladder

Botulinum toxin may be safe and effective for overactive bladder

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Intradetrusor injection of onabotulinumtoxin A impairs afferent and efferent nerves, but an injection-free drug delivery approach only impairs the bladder afferent nerves.

Recurrent kidney stone formers may not benefit from 24-hour urine collection

Recurrent kidney stone formers may not benefit from 24-hour urine collection

It is unclear whether all recurrent kidney stone formers benefit from 24-hour urine collection.

FDA approves first drug for frequent urination at night

FDA approves first drug for frequent urination at night

Noctiva is designed to increase absorption of water through the kidneys, decreasing urine production.

Recommendations released for management of small renal masses

Recommendations released for management of small renal masses

Researchers used data from 83 studies to develop guideline for management of patients with small renal masses.

American Urological Association issues guideline for male urethral stricture

American Urological Association issues guideline for male urethral stricture

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The guidelines provide a clinical framework for the diagnosis and treatment of male urethral stricture.

New guideline for managing kidney stones is released

New guideline for managing kidney stones is released

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Guideline from the American Urological Association has been revised to incorporate the management of patients with staghorn renal stones.

Renal function can predict preeclampsia in pregnant women with hypertension

Renal function can predict preeclampsia in pregnant women with hypertension

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Baseline renal function tests may predict the risk of preeclampsia and preterm birth for pregnant women with hypertension.

Cultural considerations in diabetes: controlling HbA1c in a patient observing Ramadan

Cultural considerations in diabetes: controlling HbA1c in a patient observing Ramadan

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A patient with type 2 diabetes is undergoing dialysis and needs to control his HbA1c levels while fasting during Ramadan.

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

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In patients with COPD, chronic renal failure is more likely and can be detected from decreased glomerular filtration rates.

HIV treatments, immunosuppressants may interact in transplant patients

HIV treatments, immunosuppressants may interact in transplant patients

A renal transplant recipient experienced drug interaction-induced calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity after starting a cobicistat-containing combination treatment for HIV.

Managing nephropathy in a patient with type 2 diabetes

Managing nephropathy in a patient with type 2 diabetes

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A patient with type 2 diabetes presents with elevated microalbumin levels and a recent history of elevated glucose due to bedtime snacking.

CDC works to eliminate HCV transmission in hemodialysis

CDC works to eliminate HCV transmission in hemodialysis

The organization encourages dialysis providers to improve current infection control practices.

Kidney stones becoming more common among youth, women, African Americans

Kidney stones becoming more common among youth, women, African Americans

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The annual incidence of kidney stones has increased 16% between 1997 and 2012

Online risk calculator predicts kidney failure odds in chronic kidney disease patients

Online risk calculator predicts kidney failure odds in chronic kidney disease patients

A new online risk calculation tool predicts kidney failure odds in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Ventricle pacing reduces heart failure in chronic kidney disease patients

Ventricle pacing reduces heart failure in chronic kidney disease patients

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Researchers found a 15% to 20% reduction in the risk of hospitalization for or death from heart failure in patients who received cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D).

Fever and tachycardia after a liver transplant

Fever and tachycardia after a liver transplant

A 29-year-old woman, 12 years post-liver transplant, presents with fever and tachycardia and had recently reported fatigue, weakness, and abdominal pain.

EKG metrics may signal risk for cardiovascular death in CKD patients

EKG metrics may signal risk for cardiovascular death in CKD patients

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Five EKG parameters can identify chronic kidney disease patients at risk for cardiovascular death.

Hemodialysis patients can be trained to reduce fluid, salt intake

Hemodialysis patients can be trained to reduce fluid, salt intake

Training can help reduce fluid and salt intake in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Preventing acute kidney injury

Preventing acute kidney injury

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Monitoring kidney function in hospitalized patients can help prevent acute kidney injury.

Sugary beverages linked to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Sugary beverages linked to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

People who drink more than one sugary beverage per day have an increased risk of developing NAFLD.

Ezetimibe not effective in treating NASH

Ezetimibe not effective in treating NASH

Ezetimibe did not outperform placebo in reducing liver fat in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

Additional evidence of link between psoriasis, kidney disease

Additional evidence of link between psoriasis, kidney disease

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Patients with psoriasis should avoid long-term use of medications that are toxic to the kidneys.

Biologic therapy may be safe for hemodialysis patients with psoriasis

Biologic therapy may be safe for hemodialysis patients with psoriasis

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Patient with psoriasis were unsuccessfully treated with conventional therapies before treatment with biologics.

Black urine after a spinning class

Black urine after a spinning class

After taking a spinning exercise class, a woman developed acute kidney injury.

Pediatric acute kidney injury intervention improves patient follow-up rates

Pediatric acute kidney injury intervention improves patient follow-up rates

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The follow-up pathway utilizes trigger reports, tracking spreadsheets, and educational materials to improve patient satisfaction.

Renal failure in a patient with maturity onset diabetes of the young

Renal failure in a patient with maturity onset diabetes of the young

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A patient presented to the office with a 45-year history of maturity onset diabetes of the young after renal failure.

Walking two minutes per hour may reverse negative effects of sitting

Walking two minutes per hour may reverse negative effects of sitting

Trading two minutes of sitting for two minutes of light-intensity activity each hour lowered the risk of premature death by 33%.

High water intake may decrease kidney stone risk

High water intake may decrease kidney stone risk

Patients who reported drinking a higher volume of water (at least 2.0 to 2.5 liters per day) were at a reduced risk for recurrent kidney stones.

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