Neurology

Exercise may improve cognitive function ater stroke

Exercise may improve cognitive function ater stroke

The most effective programs offered patients exercises aimed at strength, balance, stretching, and aerobic fitness.

MRI may detect autism before age 1

MRI may detect autism before age 1

By

MRI scans showed that the brain size of infants grew faster between 12 and 24 months, the same time that behavioral signs of autism appeared.

Apixaban linked to higher rates of stroke than warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation

Apixaban linked to higher rates of stroke than warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation

By

Rivaroxaban once daily and dabigatran twice daily showed evidence of lower thromboembolic rates.

Emflaza approved by FDA for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Emflaza approved by FDA for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

The corticosteroid was approved to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy in patients 5 years and older.

Licorice consumption during pregnancy may be harmful for offspring

Licorice consumption during pregnancy may be harmful for offspring

By

Girls whose mothers consumed high amounts of licorice during pregnancy have more advanced pubertal maturation at age 12 years.

Noise-induced hearing loss a problem for US adults

Noise-induced hearing loss a problem for US adults

Discussions between patients and personal health care providers about hearing loss symptoms, tests, and ways to protect hearing might help with early diagnosis of hearing loss.

Regular proton pump inhibitor use associated with an increased risk of dementia in the elderly

Regular proton pump inhibitor use associated with an increased risk of dementia in the elderly

By

Regular proton pump inhibitor use in the elderly was associated with an increased risk of incident dementia compared with no proton pump inhibitor use, according to researchers.

Cannabis health risks and benefits: a report from NASEM

Cannabis health risks and benefits: a report from NASEM

By

Cannabis health end points include therapeutic effects, cardiometabolic risk, mental health, respiratory disease, and substance abuse.

Migraine increases stroke risk in surgical patients

Migraine increases stroke risk in surgical patients

By

Surgical patients with a history of migraine have an increased risk of perioperative ischemic stroke and a higher 30-day hospital readmission rate.

"Zombie" outbreak in New York City caused by ultrapotent cannabinoid use

"Zombie" outbreak in New York City caused by ultrapotent cannabinoid use

By

The potency of synthetic cannabinoids is consistent with strong depressant effects that account for "zombie-like" behavior.

Dementia rates decline over the last decade in the United States

Dementia rates decline over the last decade in the United States

The prevalence of dementia dropped about 24% between 2000 and 2012.

The FDA approves first drug for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

The FDA approves first drug for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

By

Data showed an increase in dystrophin production that could predict clinical benefit among patients with DMD.

Lead poisoning: Current practice guidelines

Lead poisoning: Current practice guidelines

An aging national infrastructure and paint in old homes increase the risk for lead poisoning and significant health-related problems in children and adults.

Early interferon beta-1b treatment beneficial in patients with multiple sclerosis

Early interferon beta-1b treatment beneficial in patients with multiple sclerosis

By

Results of the BENEFIT 11 trial show that many clinical outcomes were improved with earlier interferon beta-1b treatment.

Unchecked MRI results

Unchecked MRI results

By

A clinician sends an 18-year-old patient for a same-day MRI but forgets to review the results with the same urgency.

Managing concussion in primary care

Managing concussion in primary care

The incidence of concussion is increasing in children and adults, as is the demand for clinicians who can diagnose and treat both patient groups.

Patients with atrial fibrillation and stroke risk treated with aspirin over oral anticoagulants

Patients with atrial fibrillation and stroke risk treated with aspirin over oral anticoagulants

By

Specific patient characteristics predicted the type of therapy more likely to be prescribed.

Intensive blood pressure reduction offers no added benefit in stroke outcomes

Intensive blood pressure reduction offers no added benefit in stroke outcomes

By

For patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, intensive blood pressure reduction has similar outcomes compared with standard treatment.

Chronic migraines may be linked to vitamin deficiencies

Chronic migraines may be linked to vitamin deficiencies

By

Researchers examined a possible link between vitamin D, riboflavin, coenzyme Q10, and chronic migraines.

Air pollution among leading risk factors for stroke

Air pollution among leading risk factors for stroke

By

About 90% of global stroke burden can be linked to modifiable risk factors.

Concomitant vaccine administration may increase febrile seizure risk

Concomitant vaccine administration may increase febrile seizure risk

By

Children who receive the influenza vaccine at the same time as PCV or a DTaP-containing vaccine have an increased risk for febrile seizure.

Migraines may increase CVD risk in women

Migraines may increase CVD risk in women

Women who experience migraines had a 50% greater risk for developing major CVD.

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk for secondary stroke

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk for secondary stroke

By

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk of a recurrent stroke 6 weeks after a transient ischemic attack or minor stroke.

Migraine medications not linked to stroke risk

Migraine medications not linked to stroke risk

By

For patients with basilar or hemiplegic migraines, two common migraine medications do not increase the risk of stroke and cardiovascular events.

Pesticides and 
Parkinson's disease

Pesticides and 
Parkinson's disease

Increasing evidence has shown a link between pesticide exposure and the risk for Parkinson's disease. How real is this link on the golf course?

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

By

Researchers found a statistically significant link between modified DASH diet score and risk of ischemic stroke.

Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder leads to more diagnoses at a younger age

Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder leads to more diagnoses at a younger age

By

A 2007 American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation for universal autism screening has led to increased earlier diagnoses of the condition.

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

By

A report from the New England Journal of Medicine has confirmed that the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and other birth defects.

Diabetes drug may lower risk of recurrent stroke, MI in insulin-resistant patients

Diabetes drug may lower risk of recurrent stroke, MI in insulin-resistant patients

By

Although pioglitazone decreased the risk of stroke and myocardial infarction in this population, it elevated the risk of weight gain, edema, and bone fracture.

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for autism screening in all children

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for autism screening in all children

By

The USPSTF has found insufficient evidence to support screening all young children for autism spectrum disorder if a parent or clinician has no expressed concerns.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters