Neurology

Novel device may ease symptoms of tinnitus

Novel device may ease symptoms of tinnitus

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Bimodal auditory-somatosensory treatment is noninvasive and showed no side effects.

Dementia risk linked to apathy, depression in older adults

Dementia risk linked to apathy, depression in older adults

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Apathy and depressive symptoms are independently associated with incident dementia in community-dwelling older people.

Mild cognitive impairment: a practice guideline update

Mild cognitive impairment: a practice guideline update

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The American Academy of Neurology has released updated guideline recommendations for mild cognitive impairment.

Green leafy vegetable consumption linked to slower cognitive decline

Green leafy vegetable consumption linked to slower cognitive decline

Intake of primary nutrients and bioactives in green leafy vegetables is associated with slower cognitive decline.

Higher education may help reduce Alzheimer's disease risk

Higher education may help reduce Alzheimer's disease risk

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Attaining higher education may aid in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease.

Ginkgo biloba extract aids cognition in stroke patients

Ginkgo biloba extract aids cognition in stroke patients

Ginkgo biloba extract, along with aspiring, may help cognition in acute ischemic stroke patients.

Non-pharma therapies may offer seizure relief for children with epilepsy

Non-pharma therapies may offer seizure relief for children with epilepsy

Non-pharmaceutical treatments improved 4 cognitive and behavioral domains in children with epilepsy.

Combination ART may prevent progressive brain injury in HIV patients

Combination ART may prevent progressive brain injury in HIV patients

Post-seroconversion brain morphology can occur in HIV patients, but aviremia maintenance via cART can slow of prevent brain injuries.

Solutions needed for increasing physician burnout rate in the US

Solutions needed for increasing physician burnout rate in the US

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Although awareness of physician burnout has increased, the problem continues to affect medical students, residents, and practicing physicians.

Alzheimer's cases to increase to 15 million by 2060

Alzheimer's cases to increase to 15 million by 2060

Over 6 million Americans were diagnosed with Alzheimer's this year, which will increase to 15 million by 2060.

Cerebral morphometric alterations can help detect ADHD in children

Cerebral morphometric alterations can help detect ADHD in children

Cerebral morphometric alterations can discriminate between children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and controls.

Body mass index and dementia risk: Is there a connection?

Body mass index and dementia risk: Is there a connection?

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Higher BMI is associated with increased dementia risk when weight was measured more than 20 years before dementia diagnosis, but this association is reversed when BMI was assessed less than 10 years before dementia diagnosis.

Mid-adulthood hypertension linked to dementia risk in women

Mid-adulthood hypertension linked to dementia risk in women

Among women, but not men, mid-adulthood hypertension correlated with a 65% increased dementia risk.

Case Study: Headache, neck stiffness, and fever

Case Study: Headache, neck stiffness, and fever

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A 55-year-old man with a history of hypertension and migraines is sent by his primary care provider to the emergency department for a spinal tap to rule out meningitis.

Case Study: A subdural hematoma after a fall

Case Study: A subdural hematoma after a fall

A 65-year-old Hispanic man presents to the emergency department via EMS after an unwitnessed fall from a presumed standing height.

When patients need services that don't exist

When patients need services that don't exist

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It can be difficult to care for complex patients when they need services that do not exist.

Individuals born in states with high stroke mortality have increased risk of dementia

Individuals born in states with high stroke mortality have increased risk of dementia

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Birth in a high stroke mortality state was associated with a significantly increased risk of dementia.

CTE found in high proportion of deceased football players

CTE found in high proportion of deceased football players

A new study finds compelling evidence of a strong link between chronic traumatic encephalopathy and North American football.

Stroke incidence has decreased over time in men

Stroke incidence has decreased over time in men

The incidence of all strokes decreased over time in men, but not women, due to a decrease in ischemic stroke.

Sleep disorders may increase risk for Alzheimer's disease

Sleep disorders may increase risk for Alzheimer's disease

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Obstructive sleep apnea and sleep-disordered breathing are associated with amyloid deposition.

CPAP not effective in reducing cardiovascular events, mortality

CPAP not effective in reducing cardiovascular events, mortality

The use of PAP, compared with no treatment or sham, was not associated with reduced risks of cardiovascular outcomes or death for patients with sleep apnea.

Necrotizing myopathy: muscle weakness

Necrotizing myopathy: muscle weakness

Clinicians in all settings are in a position to identify patients with potential myopathic processes and complete an initial diagnostic work-up.

Physical activity may not reduce the risk of dementia

Physical activity may not reduce the risk of dementia

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Results from a 27-year follow-up study found no association between physical activity and a lower risk of dementia.

Sleep disturbances after traumatic brain injury

Sleep disturbances after traumatic brain injury

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A traumatic brain injury can change physical, cognitive, and emotional functioning, which can include changes in the patient's sleeping patterns.

Case Study in Urgent Care: Head injury

Case Study in Urgent Care: Head injury

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A 71-year-old man is brought to the emergency department by his family after he tripped and fell in his backyard 30 minutes before presentation.

Practice guideline released for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy

Practice guideline released for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy

The guideline highlights the incidence, risk factors, and preventive approaches of SUDEP.

Cannabis-based medicine may reduce seizures in certain epilepsy patients

Cannabis-based medicine may reduce seizures in certain epilepsy patients

Cannabidiol appears to reduce seizures for some patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.

FDA approves first direct-to-consumer genetic health risk test

FDA approves first direct-to-consumer genetic health risk test

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The test will provide information on an individual's genetic predisposition to 10 diseases or conditions.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: a clinical practice guideline

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: a clinical practice guideline

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The American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery foundation has released an updated clinical guideline for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

FDA approves Ocrevus to treat primary progressive multiple sclerosis

FDA approves Ocrevus to treat primary progressive multiple sclerosis

The FDA approved Ocrevus to treat adults with primary progressive multiple sclerosis and relapsing forms of the disease.

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