Neurology

Dementia rates decline over the last decade in the United States

Dementia rates decline over the last decade in the United States

The prevalence of dementia dropped about 24% between 2000 and 2012.

The FDA approves first drug for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

The FDA approves first drug for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

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Data showed an increase in dystrophin production that could predict clinical benefit among patients with DMD.

Lead poisoning: Current practice guidelines

Lead poisoning: Current practice guidelines

An aging national infrastructure and paint in old homes increase the risk for lead poisoning and significant health-related problems in children and adults.

Early interferon beta-1b treatment beneficial in patients with multiple sclerosis

Early interferon beta-1b treatment beneficial in patients with multiple sclerosis

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Results of the BENEFIT 11 trial show that many clinical outcomes were improved with earlier interferon beta-1b treatment.

Unchecked MRI results

Unchecked MRI results

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A clinician sends an 18-year-old patient for a same-day MRI but forgets to review the results with the same urgency.

Managing concussion in primary care

Managing concussion in primary care

The incidence of concussion is increasing in children and adults, as is the demand for clinicians who can diagnose and treat both patient groups.

Patients with atrial fibrillation and stroke risk treated with aspirin over oral anticoagulants

Patients with atrial fibrillation and stroke risk treated with aspirin over oral anticoagulants

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Specific patient characteristics predicted the type of therapy more likely to be prescribed.

Intensive blood pressure reduction offers no added benefit in stroke outcomes

Intensive blood pressure reduction offers no added benefit in stroke outcomes

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For patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, intensive blood pressure reduction has similar outcomes compared with standard treatment.

Chronic migraines may be linked to vitamin deficiencies

Chronic migraines may be linked to vitamin deficiencies

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Researchers examined a possible link between vitamin D, riboflavin, coenzyme Q10, and chronic migraines.

Air pollution among leading risk factors for stroke

Air pollution among leading risk factors for stroke

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About 90% of global stroke burden can be linked to modifiable risk factors.

Concomitant vaccine administration may increase febrile seizure risk

Concomitant vaccine administration may increase febrile seizure risk

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Children who receive the influenza vaccine at the same time as PCV or a DTaP-containing vaccine have an increased risk for febrile seizure.

Migraines may increase CVD risk in women

Migraines may increase CVD risk in women

Women who experience migraines had a 50% greater risk for developing major CVD.

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk for secondary stroke

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk for secondary stroke

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Aspirin significantly reduces the risk of a recurrent stroke 6 weeks after a transient ischemic attack or minor stroke.

Migraine medications not linked to stroke risk

Migraine medications not linked to stroke risk

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For patients with basilar or hemiplegic migraines, two common migraine medications do not increase the risk of stroke and cardiovascular events.

Pesticides and 
Parkinson's disease

Pesticides and 
Parkinson's disease

Increasing evidence has shown a link between pesticide exposure and the risk for Parkinson's disease. How real is this link on the golf course?

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

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Researchers found a statistically significant link between modified DASH diet score and risk of ischemic stroke.

Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder leads to more diagnoses at a younger age

Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder leads to more diagnoses at a younger age

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A 2007 American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation for universal autism screening has led to increased earlier diagnoses of the condition.

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

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A report from the New England Journal of Medicine has confirmed that the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and other birth defects.

Diabetes drug may lower risk of recurrent stroke, MI in insulin-resistant patients

Diabetes drug may lower risk of recurrent stroke, MI in insulin-resistant patients

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Although pioglitazone decreased the risk of stroke and myocardial infarction in this population, it elevated the risk of weight gain, edema, and bone fracture.

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for autism screening in all children

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for autism screening in all children

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The USPSTF has found insufficient evidence to support screening all young children for autism spectrum disorder if a parent or clinician has no expressed concerns.

Past marijuana use linked to worse verbal memory later in life

Past marijuana use linked to worse verbal memory later in life

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In adults, past exposure to marijuana was associated with worse verbal memory.

Predicting neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with very low birth weight

Predicting neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with very low birth weight

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Four main factors can be used to predict potential neurodevelopmental delays in children born prematurely.

Glasgow Coma Scale may underestimate severity of isolated traumatic brain injury in patients aged ≥65 years

Glasgow Coma Scale may underestimate severity of isolated traumatic brain injury in patients aged ≥65 years

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Study results suggest that GCS may be less accurate in predicting the extent of injury in elderly adults.

Increasing weight loss linked to mild cognitive impairment in older adults

Increasing weight loss linked to mild cognitive impairment in older adults

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People who lose greater amounts of weight per decade later in life have an increased risk of mild cognitive impairment.

Aspirin use pre-stroke reduces stroke severity

Aspirin use pre-stroke reduces stroke severity

Stroke severity was reduced in aspirin users with large artery atherosclerosis.

People with asthma more likely to develop chronic migraine

People with asthma more likely to develop chronic migraine

In a study of 4,446 Americans, more than 5% of people with asthma developed chronic migraine, compared to 2.5% of those without.

NIH will support more research on myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome

NIH will support more research on myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome

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The NIH has pledged to renew research efforts into the cause and treatment of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome.

High stress jobs are linked to increased stroke risk

High stress jobs are linked to increased stroke risk

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High stress jobs are associated with a 22% higher risk of stroke, and were 58% more likely to have an ischemic stroke.

How to distinguish bradykinesia from psychomotor retardation

How to distinguish bradykinesia from psychomotor retardation

If a patient is truly bradykinetic, their blink rate will be decreased.

High stress jobs linked to increased stroke risk

High stress jobs linked to increased stroke risk

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As workplaces become increasingly more demanding, employees find themselves at an elevated risk for stroke.

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