USPSTF: Evidence insufficient for unconventional CVD risk factors

USPSTF: Evidence insufficient for unconventional CVD risk factors

According to the USPSTF, evidence is lacking to investigate nontraditional risk factors for CVD risk evaluation.

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

Use of long-acting bronchodilators is linked to cardiovascular risks in patients with COPD.

BRCA might not affect young-onset breast cancer survival rates

BRCA might not affect young-onset breast cancer survival rates

Both patients with and without BRCA mutations have comparable survival rates.

Dementia risk linked to apathy, depression in older adults

Dementia risk linked to apathy, depression in older adults

Apathy and depressive symptoms are independently associated with incident dementia in community-dwelling older people.

More US adults seeing mental health care specialists

More US adults seeing mental health care specialists

Between 2008 and 2015 there was an increase in the number of US adults who received outpatient mental health care in the specialty sector.

7 online tools and mobile apps recommended to reduce burnout, stress

7 online tools and mobile apps recommended to reduce burnout, stress

Researchers recommend 7 online tools and mobile apps to help healthcare professionals reduce stress, burnout, depression, and suicidal behaviors.

CDC: Unsafe infant sleep practices prevalent in the US

CDC: Unsafe infant sleep practices prevalent in the US

Unsafe sleep practices, including placing infants in a non-supine sleep position, are still prevalent in the United States.

Cancer risk in women who work night shifts long-term

Cancer risk in women who work night shifts long-term

For women who work night shifts, breast cancer risks increase by 3.3% for every 5 years of work.

HIV screening at 25 years optimal for outcomes, cost

HIV screening at 25 years optimal for outcomes, cost

For young adults without known risk factors, a one-time routine HIV screen at 25 years would optimize clinical outcomes and be cost-effective.

AKI common after non-kidney organ transplants in children

AKI common after non-kidney organ transplants in children

Children who receive a non-kidney solid organ transplant have an increased risk for AKI in the first year after surgery and is associated with an increased risk of CKD.

Maternal folic acid, multivitamin use linked to reduced autism risk

Maternal folic acid, multivitamin use linked to reduced autism risk

Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.

Ibuprofen use may compromise reproductive health in men

Ibuprofen use may compromise reproductive health in men

Increased ibuprofen administration elevates LH and decreases testosterone to LH and inhibin B to FSH ratios in young adult men.

Some infants are prematurely exposed to complementary foods

Some infants are prematurely exposed to complementary foods

About 16% of infants under 4 months were fed foods other than breast milk or formula.

FDA approves shock wave device to treat diabetic foot ulcers

FDA approves shock wave device to treat diabetic foot ulcers

The FDA has approved the Dermapace System for treatment of chronic, full-thickness diabetic foot ulcers.

Multiple flu vaccinations may prevent death, serious infection

Multiple flu vaccinations may prevent death, serious infection

Intensive care and death were greatly prevented in patients who were annually vaccinated.

Infant mortality rate varied by state, race from 2013 to 2015

Infant mortality rate varied by state, race from 2013 to 2015

The infant mortality rate varied by state, from 4.28 to 9.08 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts and Mississippi, respectively, in 2013 through 2015.

Mechanically expanded TAVR may benefit high-risk aortic stenosis patients

Mechanically expanded TAVR may benefit high-risk aortic stenosis patients

MEV aortic valve replacement is noninferior to SEV aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis.

Mediterranean, DASH diets ranked first in Best Diets Rankings

Mediterranean, DASH diets ranked first in Best Diets Rankings

More than 40 diet plans across 9 categories have been ranked to help those dieting achieve healthier lifestyles in U.S News & World Report.

CDC investigating E. coli outbreak in 13 states

CDC investigating E. coli outbreak in 13 states

An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.

Addition of new class of antihypertensive drug effective for lowering BP

Addition of new class of antihypertensive drug effective for lowering BP

Addition of a new class of antihypertensive drugs to existing treatment greatly decreases SBP in previously medicated patients with HT.

Positive attitude linked to lower mortality risk after cardiovascular event

Positive attitude linked to lower mortality risk after cardiovascular event

Positive emotions and low levels of depression after a cardiovascular disease (CVD) event are associated with low risk for mortality during a 15-year period.

Some stresses lead female physicians to leave medicine

Some stresses lead female physicians to leave medicine

Practicing after childbirth, wage gaps, and additional work from home are some of the factors that cause burnout in female physicians.

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.

Air pollution increases mortality risk in older adults

Air pollution increases mortality risk in older adults

Exposure to surrounding air pollutants and warm season ozone are linked to increased risk of death.

Skin cancer risk higher in patients with atopic dermatitis

Skin cancer risk higher in patients with atopic dermatitis

Patients with atopic dermatitis may have a greater risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma.

Mild cognitive impairment: a practice guideline update

Mild cognitive impairment: a practice guideline update

The American Academy of Neurology has released updated guideline recommendations for mild cognitive impairment.

USPSTF screening recommendation for use of ECG in atrial fibrillation, CVD

USPSTF screening recommendation for use of ECG in atrial fibrillation, CVD

The USPSTF has found that the current evidence is inadequate to assess the benefits and harms of screening with ECG for atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular disease in older adults.

Pet ownership not linked to aging biomarkers in the elderly

Pet ownership not linked to aging biomarkers in the elderly

Pet ownership is not linked to decreased aging in the elderly.

Early treatment of nausea, vomiting in pregnancy may prevent complications

Early treatment of nausea, vomiting in pregnancy may prevent complications

Early treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy can prevent complications.

CDC receives list of banned terms for 2018

CDC receives list of banned terms for 2018

Policy analysts at the CDC and another, as yet unnamed Department of Health and Human Services agency, have been informed to stop using certain terms in documents to be used in next year's budget.

Green leafy vegetable consumption linked to slower cognitive decline

Green leafy vegetable consumption linked to slower cognitive decline

Intake of primary nutrients and bioactives in green leafy vegetables is associated with slower cognitive decline.

Prenatal marijuana use increased from 2009 to 2016

Prenatal marijuana use increased from 2009 to 2016

Prenatal marijuana use increased from 2009 to 2016 for pregnant women of all ages.

Dermatologists often underestimate mood disorders in patients

Dermatologists often underestimate mood disorders in patients

Dermatologists across Europe tend to underestimate mood disorders in their patients.

FDA proposes new enforcement approach for homeopathic drugs

FDA proposes new enforcement approach for homeopathic drugs

The FDA is proposing a new, risk-based enforcement approach to homeopathic drug products that have the greatest potential to harm patients.

Vitamin D, calcium supplements do not reduce fracture risk in older adults

Vitamin D, calcium supplements do not reduce fracture risk in older adults

Findings do not support routine vitamin D and calcium supplementation in community-dwelling older adults for lowering the incidence of osteoporosis-related fractures.

FDA removes Boxed Warning from select asthma, COPD medications

FDA removes Boxed Warning from select asthma, COPD medications

New evidence regarding safety is spurring the US FDA to remove a Boxed Warning from certain inhaled medications used to treat asthma and COPD.

Higher education may help reduce Alzheimer's disease risk

Higher education may help reduce Alzheimer's disease risk

Attaining higher education may aid in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease.

Drug combo reduces female pattern hair loss

Drug combo reduces female pattern hair loss

Taking minoxidil and spironolactone once a day proves to be safe and effective against female PHL.

Hot tea consumption may reduce the risk of glaucoma

Hot tea consumption may reduce the risk of glaucoma

Individuals who consume hot tea daily may have a lower risk of developing glaucoma.

Ginkgo biloba extract aids cognition in stroke patients

Ginkgo biloba extract aids cognition in stroke patients

Ginkgo biloba extract, along with aspiring, may help cognition in acute ischemic stroke patients.

Compression ultrasounds assist GPs in diagnosing DVTs

Compression ultrasounds assist GPs in diagnosing DVTs

Accuracy was 95.8% for DVT diagnosis for general practitioners using compression ultrasonography.

Man flu: man-made or real illness?

Man flu: man-made or real illness?

Men may experience a lower immune response than women, adding insight to the man flu debate.

FDA approves new "follow-on" insulin for diabetes

FDA approves new "follow-on" insulin for diabetes

The new FDA approved short-acting insulin drug can be used to treat T1 and T2 diabetes.

Steady rate of marijuana use associated with decline in cigarette, alcohol use in adolescents

Steady rate of marijuana use associated with decline in cigarette, alcohol use in adolescents

Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.

Flu vaccine safe for individuals with egg allergy

Flu vaccine safe for individuals with egg allergy

Inactivated and live attenuated flu vaccines can be safely administered to people with egg allergies.

AAFP does not endorse new hypertension guideline

AAFP does not endorse new hypertension guideline

The AAFP continues to use the 2014 JNC8 guideline instead of the 2017 AHA/ACC update.

Hormonal contraception use linked to an increased risk of breast cancer

Hormonal contraception use linked to an increased risk of breast cancer

Breast cancer diagnosis is higher among women who currently use or recently used contemporary hormonal contraceptives than among women who have never used hormonal contraceptives.

Average birth weights have decreased among infants born in Flint, Michigan

Average birth weights have decreased among infants born in Flint, Michigan

Average birth weights among infants born in Flint, Michigan, have decreased after the city's shift from using the Detroit Water Authority to the Flint River for its tap water source.

BMI may not indicate obesity in postmenopausal women

BMI may not indicate obesity in postmenopausal women

Body mass index BMI at a cut-point of 30 kg/m2 may not be an appropriate indicator of obesity in postmenopausal women.

Children are exposed to more allergens in daycare than at home

Children are exposed to more allergens in daycare than at home

Day-care centers have more allergens from pets and mites than in homes.

Non-pharma therapies may offer seizure relief for children with epilepsy

Non-pharma therapies may offer seizure relief for children with epilepsy

Non-pharmaceutical treatments improved 4 cognitive and behavioral domains in children with epilepsy.

Better lipid profiles with almond and chocolate consumption

Better lipid profiles with almond and chocolate consumption

Cocoa, dark chocolate, and raw almonds may help improve lipid profiles in overweight individuals.

Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death

Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death

Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death in patients older than 60 years.

Adult obesity possible for about 50% of today's children

Adult obesity possible for about 50% of today's children

Adult obesity by age of 35 is likely in about 57% of today's children.

VTE risk linked to increased television watching

VTE risk linked to increased television watching

Increased frequency of television viewing may be linked to an increased risk for venous thromboembolism.

Menopausal hormone therapy for chronic conditions: USPSTF's final recommendation

Menopausal hormone therapy for chronic conditions: USPSTF's final recommendation

The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions.

Patients treated by PCP in hospital have longer stay, lower mortality

Patients treated by PCP in hospital have longer stay, lower mortality

Patients treated by PCPs vs hospitalists can have lengthier hospital stays and lower 30-day mortality rates.

Oral capsule of fecal transplant may be effective for C. difficile infection

Oral capsule of fecal transplant may be effective for C. difficile infection

Oral capsule FMT and colonoscopy delivery showed similar patient outcomes, low rate differences, and high success rates.

Combination ART may prevent progressive brain injury in HIV patients

Combination ART may prevent progressive brain injury in HIV patients

Post-seroconversion brain morphology can occur in HIV patients, but aviremia maintenance via cART can slow of prevent brain injuries.

Pharmacomechanical thrombolysis does not reduce post-thrombotic syndrome in DVT

Pharmacomechanical thrombolysis does not reduce post-thrombotic syndrome in DVT

The addition of pharmacomechanical thrombolysis does not reduce the risk of post-thrombotic syndrome among patients with acute proximal deep vein thrombosis.

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

A new report from the CDC finds that HIV is being diagnosed sooner after initial infection than in previous years.

Solutions needed for increasing physician burnout rate in the US

Solutions needed for increasing physician burnout rate in the US

Although awareness of physician burnout has increased, the problem continues to affect medical students, residents, and practicing physicians.

Prescription video game shows promising results for pediatric ADHD

Prescription video game shows promising results for pediatric ADHD

A study of an investigational digital medicine achieves its primary efficacy end point in pediatric ADHD.

Omega-3 supplementation improves pediatric executive functioning

Omega-3 supplementation improves pediatric executive functioning

Omega-3 supplementation in children with mood disorders is associated with decreased impairment in executive functioning.

Nivolumab treatment for lung cancer may successfully deplete HIV reservoirs

Nivolumab treatment for lung cancer may successfully deplete HIV reservoirs

Nivolumab treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer may induce successful depletion of HIV reservoir.

HIV occurrences decline in Uganda from 1999 to 2016

HIV occurrences decline in Uganda from 1999 to 2016

The decrease in HIV incidence in Uganda was facilitated by antiretroviral therapy, male circumcision, and adolescent abstinence.

Alzheimer's cases to increase to 15 million by 2060

Alzheimer's cases to increase to 15 million by 2060

Over 6 million Americans were diagnosed with Alzheimer's this year, which will increase to 15 million by 2060.

Body mass index and dementia risk: Is there a connection?

Body mass index and dementia risk: Is there a connection?

Higher BMI is associated with increased dementia risk when weight was measured more than 20 years before dementia diagnosis, but this association is reversed when BMI was assessed less than 10 years before dementia diagnosis.

Cerebral morphometric alterations can help detect ADHD in children

Cerebral morphometric alterations can help detect ADHD in children

Cerebral morphometric alterations can discriminate between children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and controls.

Sexual harassment: How far have we come?

Sexual harassment: How far have we come?

Researchers sought to determine how much has changed since the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology first reported on sexual harassment two decades ago.

DOACs vs warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation

DOACs vs warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation

Many direct acting oral anticoagulants may be more beneficial than warfarin.

AHA outlines concerns against the Senate tax reform bill

AHA outlines concerns against the Senate tax reform bill

The American Heart Association has released a statement detailing their concerns about the tax reform bill.

FDA approves weekly diabetes drug that may also be beneficial for weight loss

FDA approves weekly diabetes drug that may also be beneficial for weight loss

The FDA has approved semaglutide injection as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methotrexate vs tumor necrosis factor inhibitors for pediatric psoriasis

Methotrexate vs tumor necrosis factor inhibitors for pediatric psoriasis

Medication-related adverse events occur more frequently with methotrexate in children with moderate to severe psoriasis.

ADHD medication in pregnancy linked to few absolute increased risks

ADHD medication in pregnancy linked to few absolute increased risks

Women with significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder do not need to stop treatment during pregnancy.

Oral insulin does not prevent type 1 diabetes in relatives of patients

Oral insulin does not prevent type 1 diabetes in relatives of patients

Oral insulin usage does not prevent the development of type 1 diabetes in relatives of patients.

ECG may distinguish major depressive disorder from bipolar depression

ECG may distinguish major depressive disorder from bipolar depression

Heart rate variability and specific inflammatory biomarkers can differentiate major depressive disorder from depression in bipolar disorder.

Residual anxiety after venlafaxine treatment associated with depressive relapse

Residual anxiety after venlafaxine treatment associated with depressive relapse

Venlafaxine was superior to lithium in reducing symptoms of both bipolar II, depression, and anxiety.

Many atopic dermatitis patients have inadequate disease control

Many atopic dermatitis patients have inadequate disease control

Physicians rate a high proportion of patients with atopic dermatitis as having inadequate disease control.

FODMAP vs GDA diets for patients with irritable bowel syndrome

FODMAP vs GDA diets for patients with irritable bowel syndrome

Patients with irritable bowel syndrome found FODMAP more beneficial than general dietary advice

Clinician accuracy low for lyme disease diagnosis

Clinician accuracy low for lyme disease diagnosis

Clinician suspicion has minimal accuracy for the diagnosis of Lyme disease.

Adolescent acne not linked to malignant melanoma in men

Adolescent acne not linked to malignant melanoma in men

Body mass index is linked to malignant melanoma in men.

Oxybenzone in lotion linked to dermatological, environmental toxicity

Oxybenzone in lotion linked to dermatological, environmental toxicity

Oxybenzone, found in sunscreens and other products, has harmful dermatological and environmental effects.

Healthcare system fires 50 employees for refusing influenza vaccination

Healthcare system fires 50 employees for refusing influenza vaccination

A Minnesota-based hospital chain fires about 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.

Drinking 3 to 4 cups of coffee per day linked to potential health benefits

Drinking 3 to 4 cups of coffee per day linked to potential health benefits

Meta-analyses suggest that drinking 3-4 cups of coffee a day has more associated health benefits than risks.

Low-dose aspirin ineffective for venous leg ulcers

Low-dose aspirin ineffective for venous leg ulcers

Low-dose aspirin does not decrease healing time for patients with venous leg ulcers.

FDA approves Heplisav-B vaccine for hepatitis B treatment

FDA approves Heplisav-B vaccine for hepatitis B treatment

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Heplisav-B for the prevention of infection caused by all known subtypes of hepatitis B virus.

Endovascular strategy more effective than open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

Endovascular strategy more effective than open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

Treating patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with endovascular strategy over open repair may increase survival and decrease cost.

Reduced effectiveness of last season's flu vaccine traced to mutation in chicken eggs

Reduced effectiveness of last season's flu vaccine traced to mutation in chicken eggs

New virus mutations make antibody binding difficult as mismatches in vaccines and viruses emerge.

FDA warns that febuxostat may increase risk of heart-related mortality

FDA warns that febuxostat may increase risk of heart-related mortality

Preliminary clinical trial results show more heart-related deaths occur in patients taking febuxostat compared to allopurinol.

Characteristics in transgender individuals may lead to more HIV tests

Characteristics in transgender individuals may lead to more HIV tests

More tests might be administered to transgender individuals who are female, black, or sex workers.

Brief intervention may be beneficial for adolescents with chronic pain

Brief intervention may be beneficial for adolescents with chronic pain

A combination of psychoeducation, cognitive-based therapy, visualization, and breathing exercises may represent a tolerable and readily accepted complementary therapeutic approach for adolescent patients with chronic pain.

Proposed pneumonia vaccine provides universal pneumococcal disease prevention

Proposed pneumonia vaccine provides universal pneumococcal disease prevention

A pneumonia vaccine under development provides the most comprehensive coverage to date and alleviates antimicrobial concerns.

Distinct treatment trajectories vary for childhood depression

Distinct treatment trajectories vary for childhood depression

Youths receiving dual therapy for depression had the highest incidence of attempted suicide compared with those receiving monotherapy.

FDA approves new hemophilia A drug with factor VIII inhibitors

FDA approves new hemophilia A drug with factor VIII inhibitors

New FDA-approved prophylactic treatment decreases bleeding episodes hemophilia A patients with factor VIII inhibitors.

ASCO: Alcohol consumption increases cancer risk

ASCO: Alcohol consumption increases cancer risk

According to a special report by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, alcohol consumption is a definite risk for cancer development.

Model uses acute kidney injury to predict chronic kidney disease

Model uses acute kidney injury to predict chronic kidney disease

A 6 variable model predicted advanced chronic kidney disease in patients with acute kidney injury.

Prenatal ADHD treatment linked to neonatal morbidity

Prenatal ADHD treatment linked to neonatal morbidity

Treatment with ADHD medication during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk for neonatal morbidity, especially central nervous system-related disorders such as seizures.

FDA tips for holiday food health, safety

FDA tips for holiday food health, safety

The FDA has published recommendations to prevent foodborne illnesses during the holiday season.

Americans consume less than recommended fruits, vegetables

Americans consume less than recommended fruits, vegetables

Lowest US consumption rates for fruits in vegetables found in males, young adults, and impoverished adults.

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