NUCYNTA ER CII
Generic Name and Formulations:
Tapentadol 50mg, 100mg, 150mg, 200mg, 250mg; ext-rel tabs.
Indications for NUCYNTA ER:
Management of pain or neuropathic pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) severe enough to require daily, around-the-clock, long-term analgesia for which alternative treatment options are inadequate.
Limitations Of use:
Not for use as an as-needed (prn) analgesic. Use only if alternative treatment options (eg, non-opioid analgesics, immediate-release opioids) are ineffective, not tolerated, or otherwise inadequate to provide sufficient management of pain.
Use lowest effective dose for shortest duration. Swallow whole. ≥18yrs: Individualize. Usual dose: 100–250mg twice daily (approx. every 12hrs). Opioid-naïve or opioid non-tolerant: initially 50mg twice daily (approx. every 12hrs); titrate to optimal dose. Max 500mg/day. Converting from Nucynta to Nucynta ER: divide total daily dose of Nucynta into two equal doses of Nucynta ER separated by 12hr intervals. Converting from other opioids: see full labeling. Moderate hepatic impairment: initially 50mg once every 24hrs; max 100mg/day. Withdraw gradually by 25–50% every 2–4 days.
<18yrs: not established.
Significant respiratory depression. Acute or severe bronchial asthma in an unmonitored setting or in the absence of resuscitative equipment. Known or suspected GI obstruction, including paralytic ileus. During or within 14 days of MAOIs.
Life-threatening respiratory depression; monitor within first 24–72hrs of initiating therapy and following dose increases. Accidental exposure may cause fatal overdose (esp. in children). COPD, cor pulmonale, decreased respiratory reserve, hypoxia, hypercapnia, or pre-existing respiratory depression; monitor and consider non-opioid analgesics. Abuse potential (monitor). Severe renal or hepatic impairment: not recommended. Adrenal insufficiency. Head injury. Increased intracranial pressure, brain tumors; monitor. Seizure disorders. CNS depression. Impaired consciousness, coma, shock; avoid. Biliary tract disease. Acute pancreatitis. Drug abusers. Reevaluate periodically. Avoid abrupt cessation. Elderly. Cachectic. Debilitated. Pregnancy (Cat.C); potential neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome during prolonged use. Labor & delivery: not recommended. Nursing mothers: monitor infants if used.
See Contraindications. Increased risk of hypotension, respiratory depression, sedation with benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants (eg, non-benzodiazepine sedatives/hypnotics, anxiolytics, general anesthetics, phenothiazines, tranquilizers, muscle relaxants, antipsychotics, alcohol, other opioids); reserve concomitant use in those for whom alternative options are inadequate; limit dosages/durations to minimum required; monitor. Risk of serotonin syndrome with serotonergic drugs (eg, SSRIs, SNRIs, TCAs, triptans, 5-HT3 antagonists, mirtazapine, trazodone, tramadol, MAOIs, linezolid, IV methylene blue); monitor and discontinue if suspected. Avoid concomitant mixed agonist/antagonist opioids (eg, butorphanol, nalbuphine, pentazocine) or partial agonist (eg, buprenorphine); may reduce effects and precipitate withdrawal symptoms. May antagonize diuretics; monitor. Paralytic ileus may occur with anticholinergics.
Nausea, constipation, dizziness, vomiting, headache, somnolence; respiratory depression, severe hypotension, syncope.
Hepatic (CYP2C9, 2C19, 2D6).
Tabs—100; ER tabs—60