Obesity

Vision changes after bariatric surgery

Vision changes after bariatric surgery

A patient notes concerns with vision difficulty 4 years after undergoing a laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch.

USPSTF releases draft recommendation for obesity screening in children and adolescents

USPSTF releases draft recommendation for obesity screening in children and adolescents

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The USPSTF recommends that children and adolescents older than age 6 years should be screened for obesity.

Interventions in childhood obesity

Interventions in childhood obesity

Effective use of research-based interventions and recommendations for overweight and obese children begin with initiating a conversation with the family.

Binge-eating disorder: a review of effective treatment options

Binge-eating disorder: a review of effective treatment options

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Cognitive behavioral therapy, lisdexamfetamine, second-generation antidepressants, and topiramate reduced binge eating.

Weak and dizzy spells in a patient after gastric bypass surgery

Weak and dizzy spells in a patient after gastric bypass surgery

A patient came to the clinic to discuss her dizzy spells 4 years after her Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

A tip for encouraging exercise

A tip for encouraging exercise

Patients should be encouraged to incorporate daily exercise into their treatment regimen.

Obesity linked to increased risk for adverse pregnancy, neonatal outcomes

Obesity linked to increased risk for adverse pregnancy, neonatal outcomes

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Women categorized as class III obese were more likely to experience adverse outcomes in pregnancy and neonatal risks.

FDA approves novel obesity treatment device

FDA approves novel obesity treatment device

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The AspireAssist device has been approved for treatment of obese patients with a BMI of 35 to 55.

Obesity rates increasing in women, adolescents

Obesity rates increasing in women, adolescents

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An analysis of data from NHANES shows that obesity rates continue to increase in women and adolescents.

New guidelines support use of metabolic surgery as standard treatment option for type 2 diabetes, obesity

New guidelines support use of metabolic surgery as standard treatment option for type 2 diabetes, obesity

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A panel of experts has recommended that metabolic surgery be included as a treatment option for patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity.

Insufficient sleep is a risk factor for weight gain

Insufficient sleep is a risk factor for weight gain

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When patients don't get enough sleep, lipid levels in their blood may make it more difficult for them resist overeating.

Odorous stools, laboratory abnormalities after gastric bypass surgery

Odorous stools, laboratory abnormalities after gastric bypass surgery

A patient comes to her yearly nutrition check-up 11 years after undergoing gastric bypass surgery with reports of loose stools with significant odor several times per day.

Overweight, obese patients have increased osteoarthritis risk

Overweight, obese patients have increased osteoarthritis risk

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The risk of developing hand, hip, and knee osteoarthritis is increased in people who are overweight or obese.

Asthma prevalence higher in obese adults

Asthma prevalence higher in obese adults

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A National Center for Health Statistics study found significantly higher rates of asthma prevalence among obese women compared with men.

Link between obesity and depression in college-educated women

Link between obesity and depression in college-educated women

Women considered obese were more likely to have depression than women of a normal weight.

Body fat percentage, physical fitness are better predictors of mortality and diabetes risk than BMI

Body fat percentage, physical fitness are better predictors of mortality and diabetes risk than BMI

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High body weight percentage may increase mortality, and poor physical fitness in youth can increase diabetes risk later in life.

Monitoring obesity-specific visits helps clinicians track patient progress

Monitoring obesity-specific visits helps clinicians track patient progress

Obesity-specific visits were more likely to include weight, height, and blood glucose and lipid testing.

Updated dietary guidelines focus on healthy eating patterns, disease prevention

Updated dietary guidelines focus on healthy eating patterns, disease prevention

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HHS and USDA have released the latest edition of dietary guidelines for Americans that focus on healthy eating patterns and preventing chronic diseases.

Gastric bypass surgery improves patient well-being, though symptom prevalence, hospitalization rate high afterward

Gastric bypass surgery improves patient well-being, though symptom prevalence, hospitalization rate high afterward

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About 90% of patients who undergo gastric bypass surgery experience 1 or more related symptoms afterward.

Achieving sustained weight loss in an obese patient

Achieving sustained weight loss in an obese patient

After steadily gaining weight for 10 years, an obese patient seeks help in achieving sustained, long-term weight loss.

Obesity associated with increased carpal tunnel syndrome risk

Obesity associated with increased carpal tunnel syndrome risk

A meta-analysis from 58 studies found that the risks of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) increased 7.4% with each one-unit increase in BMI.

Young women with higher BMIs face higher risks for sudden cardiac death

Young women with higher BMIs face higher risks for sudden cardiac death

Women with a higher body mass index (BMI) in early adulthood were at an elevated risk of sudden cardiac death and coronary heart disease.

Severe insulin resistance in a patient with type 2 diabetes

Severe insulin resistance in a patient with type 2 diabetes

Patients with type 2 diabetes and severe insulin resistance may require large doses of insulin to achieve glycemic control.

Central obesity at normal weight leads to increased risk of premature mortality

Central obesity at normal weight leads to increased risk of premature mortality

Central obesity paired with a normal weight (according to BMI) leads to a higher risk of premature mortality than is found in overweight or obese people, according to the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Low-fat diets do not increase long-term weight loss

Low-fat diets do not increase long-term weight loss

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Compared with other dietary interventions, low-fat diets are not more effective for long-term weight loss.

Patients may have increased suicide risk after bariatric surgery

Patients may have increased suicide risk after bariatric surgery

Changes in alcohol metabolism, substituting substances for food, and hormone changes may increase the risk for suicide after bariatric surgery.

Weight loss is important in improving daytime sleepiness

Weight loss is important in improving daytime sleepiness

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If a patient is experiencing fatigue, consider exercise and weight loss to help decrease their symptoms.

Management of the healthy, post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patient

Management of the healthy, post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patient

A patient visits her primary care physician for a two-year follow-up after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery to check for complications.

GLP-1 receptor agonist for chronic weight management

GLP-1 receptor agonist for chronic weight management

Saxenda is adjunct to reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity for chronic weight management.

Vitamin D does not improve heart and 
diabetes factors in obese teens

Vitamin D does not improve heart and 
diabetes factors in obese teens

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For obese adolescents, taking vitamin D does not reduce the risk for cardiovascular events or diabetes.

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