Obesity

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

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Weight-loss diets low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.

Overweight, obesity-related cancers increasing in the United States

Overweight, obesity-related cancers increasing in the United States

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Incidence rates of overweight- and obesity-related cancers have increased in the United States.

Commercial weight loss program may help prevent diabetes in obese patients

Commercial weight loss program may help prevent diabetes in obese patients

Primary care referral to Weight Watchers meetings is associated with weight loss, HbA1c reduction.

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

The meta-analysis showed that short-term probiotic supplementation reduced body weight, BMI, and fat percentage, but the effect sizes were small.

AAPA: Stemming the rise in obesity through effective care delivery

AAPA: Stemming the rise in obesity through effective care delivery

Obesity is a chronic, progressive disease, and continued communication on prevention and treatment is paramount to reversing the status quo.

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

CBGT did not prevent overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes from regaining weight lost during weight loss programs.

CDC: Nearly 40% of US adults are now obese

CDC: Nearly 40% of US adults are now obese

Nearly 40% of adults in the United States are now obese, raising concerns that the ever-expanding obesity epidemic will lead to sicker Americans and higher health care costs.

Metabolically healthy obese individuals have increased risk of CVD events

Metabolically healthy obese individuals have increased risk of CVD events

Compared with normal-weight individuals, metabolically healthy obese individuals have an increased risk of coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and heart failure

Demand for liver transplant for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis expected to continue

Demand for liver transplant for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis expected to continue

The increase in the demand for liver transplantation for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is expected to continue with the current population obesity trends.

Poor metabolic health associated with depression regardless of body mass index

Poor metabolic health associated with depression regardless of body mass index

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Researchers found an association between poor metabolic health and depression, regardless of weight status.

Moderate weight gain in early to middle adulthood linked to increased risk of chronic diseases

Moderate weight gain in early to middle adulthood linked to increased risk of chronic diseases

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Adulthood weight gain is associated with an increased risk of major chronic diseases and mortality.

Effects of the obesity paradox: VTE risk in atrial fibrillation

Effects of the obesity paradox: VTE risk in atrial fibrillation

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Researchers found a paradoxical increase in thromboembolism risk in low-weight patients with atrial fibrillation and VTE who were treated with direct oral anticoagulants.

USPSTF recommends obesity screening in children aged 6 years and older

USPSTF recommends obesity screening in children aged 6 years and older

The USPSTF has released updated recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents to focus on intensive behavioral interventions.

Managing comorbidities linked to childhood obesity

Managing comorbidities linked to childhood obesity

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A point-of-care resource tool may help clinicians better manage childhood overweight- and obesity-related comorbidities.

Preventing holiday weight gain among rural hospital nightshift employees

Preventing holiday weight gain among rural hospital nightshift employees

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Using collaboration and technology, NPs can help patients prevent weight gain and obesity-related diseases.

Study finds flu shots less effective for obese adults

Study finds flu shots less effective for obese adults

Study finds flu shots are less effective for obese adults compared to healthy weight individuals.

Weight loss leads to lower cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis

Weight loss leads to lower cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis

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Patients who lost weight over a 48-month period had a lower rate of cartilage degeneration than patients who maintained stable weight.

Obesity may increase cognitive impairment in patients with risk of bipolar disorder

Obesity may increase cognitive impairment in patients with risk of bipolar disorder

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Patients with high risk for bipolar disorder are more likely to exhibit decreased cognitive performance as a function of increasing overweight status.

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging score calculates diabetes risk in obese individuals

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging score calculates diabetes risk in obese individuals

The score can predict the effectiveness of weight-loss therapy for preventing diabetes in overweight or obese individuals.

High BMI in late adolescence associated with increased risk of severe liver disease in men

High BMI in late adolescence associated with increased risk of severe liver disease in men

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A high BMI is associated with an increased risk for severe liver disease, and the risk is higher in those who also have type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Additional weight may affect risk of gastrointestinal cancers

Additional weight may affect risk of gastrointestinal cancers

Excess weight could influence the risk of of gastrointestinal cancers by altering insulin levels and promoting inflammation.

Water consumption not linked to weight loss in overweight and obese adolescents

Water consumption not linked to weight loss in overweight and obese adolescents

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The study compared two weight-loss diets in adolescents who were overweight or obese with the goal of increasing regular water uptake to 8 cups daily.

Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty results in successful weight loss

Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty results in successful weight loss

The procedure could be used as alternative to bariatric surgery for selected patients with obesity.

Vision changes after bariatric surgery

Vision changes after bariatric surgery

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A patient notes concerns with vision difficulty 4 years after undergoing a laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch.

USPSTF releases draft recommendation for obesity screening in children and adolescents

USPSTF releases draft recommendation for obesity screening in children and adolescents

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The USPSTF recommends that children and adolescents older than age 6 years should be screened for obesity.

Interventions in childhood obesity

Interventions in childhood obesity

Effective use of research-based interventions and recommendations for overweight and obese children begin with initiating a conversation with the family.

Binge-eating disorder: a review of effective treatment options

Binge-eating disorder: a review of effective treatment options

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Cognitive behavioral therapy, lisdexamfetamine, second-generation antidepressants, and topiramate reduced binge eating.

Weak and dizzy spells in a patient after gastric bypass surgery

Weak and dizzy spells in a patient after gastric bypass surgery

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A patient came to the clinic to discuss her dizzy spells 4 years after her Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

A tip for encouraging exercise

A tip for encouraging exercise

Patients should be encouraged to incorporate daily exercise into their treatment regimen.

Obesity linked to increased risk for adverse pregnancy, neonatal outcomes

Obesity linked to increased risk for adverse pregnancy, neonatal outcomes

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Women categorized as class III obese were more likely to experience adverse outcomes in pregnancy and neonatal risks.

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