Obstetrics & Gynecology
Continued antiretroviral therapy was found to be safe and beneficial in HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4+ T cell counts.
About 80% of birth defects between 2005 and 2009 have an unknown etiology.
Gestational weight gain greater than or less than guideline recommendations is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.
Pregnant women with a high hepatitis B viral load who receive tenofovir have a reduced risk for passing the virus to their child.
The baby's behavior at 2 to 4 weeks after birth is not likely due to exposure to medication or depression.
Understanding genetic testing allows providers to make the most of this resource in patient care.
Use of azithromycin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, and quinolones was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion during pregnancy.
Evidence supports the routine use of mind-body practices, such as yoga, meditation, relaxation techniques, and passive music therapy, to address common mental health concerns in patients with breast cancer.
The USPSTF recommends that pregnant women receive screening for preeclampsia with blood pressure measurements throughout pregnancy.
Women who took probiotics in their second trimester had lower rates of gestational diabetes.
The reports show that some pregnant women are using marijuana as an antiemetic, particularly during the first trimester.
Vitamin D and calcium supplementation not effective for lowering cancer risk in postmenopausal womenApril 11, 2017
Vitamin D and calcium did not result in a significantly lower risk of all-type cancer, including breast cancer, in postmenopausal women.
Infants whose mothers got the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy had a lower risk of pertussis during the first 2 months of life.
Use of oral contraceptives did not increase the risk for cancer in women and decreased the risk for colorectal, endometrial, ovarian, and lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers.
The Endocrine Society has released a clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea.
However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.
Using measurements of vaginal fetal fibronectin levels and cervical length did not indicate spontaneous preterm birth among first-time pregnant women.
Risk of serious infections is similar among pregnant women with systemic inflammatory conditions using steroids, non-biologics, and TNF inhibitors.
The USPSTF concludes that evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of performing screening pelvic examinations in asymptomatic women for the early detection and treatment of a range of gynecologic conditions.
ACOG recommends that carrier screening should be provided to all women who are pregnant but ideally should be provided to women as they are considering pregnancy.
Digital technology leads to increased rates of cancer detection, as well as false-positive rates.
Using transvaginal mesh and biological graft in prolapse surgery did not improve outcomes of effectiveness, quality of life, or adverse events.
Pre-incision azithromycin prophylaxis was associated with reduced odds of infection.
The ACOG releases an updated committee opinion suggesting that low-risk women can benefit from minimal intervention during labor and delivery.
Counseling patients on the difference between a Pap smear and a pelvic exam will help them realize the importance of following up with a gynecologist for an annual visit.
Early diagnosis and treatment play a substantial role in a patient's prognosis and result in a decreased risk of malignancy and scarring.
Treatment is associated with decreased loss of pregnancy among women with subclinical hypothyroidism.
A 30-year-old Caucasian woman reports a history of abnormal Pap test results with no other complaints.
The USPSTF recommends folic acid supplement for all women who are capable of pregnancy or who are planning to become pregnant.
Waiving costs of cancer screenings appears to improve mammography rates, even among individuals with low levels of income.