Obstetrics & Gynecology

Prolapse surgery outcomes not improved with transvaginal mesh or biological graft

Prolapse surgery outcomes not improved with transvaginal mesh or biological graft

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Using transvaginal mesh and biological graft in prolapse surgery did not improve outcomes of effectiveness, quality of life, or adverse events.

Post-cesarean infections detected in 8.8% of women

Post-cesarean infections detected in 8.8% of women

Pre-incision azithromycin prophylaxis was associated with reduced odds of infection.

Intervention during labor and birth: new recommendations from ACOG

Intervention during labor and birth: new recommendations from ACOG

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The ACOG releases an updated committee opinion suggesting that low-risk women can benefit from minimal intervention during labor and delivery.

Counseling patients about annual Pap smears

Counseling patients about annual Pap smears

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Counseling patients on the difference between a Pap smear and a pelvic exam will help them realize the importance of following up with a gynecologist for an annual visit.

Vulvar lichen sclerosus: breaking the silence

Vulvar lichen sclerosus: breaking the silence

Early diagnosis and treatment play a substantial role in a patient's prognosis and result in a decreased risk of malignancy and scarring.

Thyroid hormone treatment linked to reduced risk of pregnancy loss in subclinical hypothyroidism

Thyroid hormone treatment linked to reduced risk of pregnancy loss in subclinical hypothyroidism

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Treatment is associated with decreased loss of pregnancy among women with subclinical hypothyroidism.

Abnormal Pap test follow-up in a 30-year-old woman

Abnormal Pap test follow-up in a 30-year-old woman

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A 30-year-old Caucasian woman reports a history of abnormal Pap test results with no other complaints.

USPSTF recommends folic acid for all women who may become pregnant

USPSTF recommends folic acid for all women who may become pregnant

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The USPSTF recommends folic acid supplement for all women who are capable of pregnancy or who are planning to become pregnant.

Breast cancer screening rates improve with the Affordable Care Act

Breast cancer screening rates improve with the Affordable Care Act

Waiving costs of cancer screenings appears to improve mammography rates, even among individuals with low levels of income.

Treating premenopausal women with fibroids and dysmenorrhea

Treating premenopausal women with fibroids and dysmenorrhea

The standard treatment option for premenopausal women who do not wish to get pregnant is hysterectomy.

Delayed umbilical cord clamping beneficial for infants

Delayed umbilical cord clamping beneficial for infants

Delayed umbilical cord clamping is associated with significant neonatal benefits, including improved transitional circulation and better establishment of red blood cell volume.

In-utero MRI more accurate than ultrasound for diagnosing fetal brain abnormalities

In-utero MRI more accurate than ultrasound for diagnosing fetal brain abnormalities

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This finding suggests that any fetus with a suspected brain abnormality on ultrasound should have iuMRI to better inform counseling and management decisions.

Women using statins may have a lower risk of uterine fibroids

Women using statins may have a lower risk of uterine fibroids

Researchers examined the association between statin use and the risk of uterine fibroids and fibroid-related symptoms.

Birth defect rate is 6% among US women with possible Zika virus infection

Birth defect rate is 6% among US women with possible Zika virus infection

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Birth defects potentially related to Zika virus were identified in 6% of fetuses or infants of women included in the study.

Teen pregnancy prevention program

Teen pregnancy prevention program

The program strives to modify teen attitudes toward sexuality and bring about life-changing behavior.

Pain from IUD insertion is not reduced from naproxen sodium

Pain from IUD insertion is not reduced from naproxen sodium

Oral naproxen sodium does not reduce pain with IUD insertion but does reduce pain after insertion.

Calculator predicts success of live birth after in vitro fertilization

Calculator predicts success of live birth after in vitro fertilization

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The findings may help couples plan infertility treatments more effectively.

Effects of maternal age on the decline of preterm birth

Effects of maternal age on the decline of preterm birth

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The CDC examined the effects of maternal age on the decline of preterm birth in the United States between 2007 and 2014.

Tdap vaccine safe for mother and infant during pregnancy

Tdap vaccine safe for mother and infant during pregnancy

The tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis vaccine does not appear to cause birth defects.

Pain relief during labor may lower risk of postpartum depression

Pain relief during labor may lower risk of postpartum depression

Women who received epidural pain relief during labor had lower scores on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale.

Water immersion during delivery may lead to health problems

Water immersion during delivery may lead to health problems

Although a birthing pool may offer some advantages during labor, this could lead to serious health problems.

USPSTF recommends primary care breastfeeding intervention support

USPSTF recommends primary care breastfeeding intervention support

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The USPSTF reviewed evidence on the benefits and harms of breastfeeding support interventions.

Cervical cancer screening intervals effective beyond 5 years

Cervical cancer screening intervals effective beyond 5 years

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Data from the POBASCAM trial support the extension of screening intervals for cervical cancer beyond 5 years.

Zika virus in amniotic fluid may help predict prenatal diagnosis

Zika virus in amniotic fluid may help predict prenatal diagnosis

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Researchers examined prenatal evolution and perinatal outcomes in neonates with developmental abnormalities associated with Zika virus infections.

OCD in children may develop due to pregnancy practices and childbirth complications

OCD in children may develop due to pregnancy practices and childbirth complications

The researchers found that smoking, method of delivery and birth weight, and a low Apgar score indicated a greater risk of OCD.

Hormonal contraception use associated with depression

Hormonal contraception use associated with depression

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Women who use hormonal contraception have an increased risk for first use of an antidepressant and first diagnosis of depression.

Screening and treating pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria may not be helpful

Screening and treating pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria may not be helpful

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Screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria may not lead to better outcomes among pregnant women and exposes them to unnecessary antibiotics.

Yeast infections in skinfolds

Yeast infections in skinfolds

Preventing yeast infections in skinfolds by using hand sanitizer.

Nausea and vomiting may reduce the risk of pregnancy loss

Nausea and vomiting may reduce the risk of pregnancy loss

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Nausea and vomiting were common in early pregnancy and are associated with a lower risk of pregnancy loss.

Maternal marijuana use not significantly linked to adverse neonatal outcomes

Maternal marijuana use not significantly linked to adverse neonatal outcomes

The data showed no statistically significant risk for low birth weight or preterm delivery.

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