Obstetrics & Gynecology

Preeclampsia With Severe Features Increases Risk for Cardiac Abnormalities

Preeclampsia With Severe Features Increases Risk for Cardiac Abnormalities

Women with preeclampsia with severe features had increased right ventricular systolic pressure and decreased global right ventricular longitudinal systolic strain.

Decrease in Mean Platelet Counts Seen During Pregnancy

Decrease in Mean Platelet Counts Seen During Pregnancy

Platelet counts of 150,000/mm at time of delivery more common with pregnancy-related complications

Vitamin D and Gestational Hypertension, Preeclampsia Risk: Is There a Connection?

Vitamin D and Gestational Hypertension, Preeclampsia Risk: Is There a Connection?

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Researchers from the University of Bristol found no association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders.

Follow-up Lacking for Women With Severe Maternal Morbidity

Follow-up Lacking for Women With Severe Maternal Morbidity

In New Zealand, large proportion did not receive event debrief, referral to social support or specialist

Assessing a Comprehensive Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive Program

Assessing a Comprehensive Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive Program

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An evaluation assessed the nonhealthcare-related influences that have led to misconceptions about long-acting reversible contraceptives.

Sex Hormone Levels May Affect Postmenopausal Heart Disease Risk

Sex Hormone Levels May Affect Postmenopausal Heart Disease Risk

Researchers assessed the effect of testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin levels on coronary heart disease, heart failure, and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women.

No Additional Benefits With Vaginal Estradiol Tablets, Moisturizers for Postmenopausal Vulvovaginal Symptoms

No Additional Benefits With Vaginal Estradiol Tablets, Moisturizers for Postmenopausal Vulvovaginal Symptoms

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Prescribed vaginal estradiol tablets and over-the-counter vaginal moisturizers may not be more effective than placebos for postmenopausal vulvovaginal symptoms.

Nutraceuticals Containing Equol May Be Effective for Postmenopausal Symptoms

Nutraceuticals Containing Equol May Be Effective for Postmenopausal Symptoms

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Equol-containing nutraceuticals may be beneficial for postmenopausal women with vaginal symptoms.

Imvexxy Approved for Moderate to Severe Dyspareunia Due to Menopause

Imvexxy Approved for Moderate to Severe Dyspareunia Due to Menopause

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The FDA approval was supported by findings from a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study that evaluated Imvexxy (4mcg and 10mcg) vs placebo from baseline to week 12.

Oral Contraceptive Taytulla Recalled Due to Packaging Error

Oral Contraceptive Taytulla Recalled Due to Packaging Error

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A physician report indicates that 4 placebo (non-hormonal) capsules were placed in the first 4 days of therapy instead of active capsules.

Major Depression in Males May Lower Chances of Conception

Major Depression in Males May Lower Chances of Conception

Active major depression in women not associated with negative fertility outcomes.

Recommendations Developed for Managing Postpartum Pain

Recommendations Developed for Managing Postpartum Pain

Impact of medications on mother-infant dyad should be considered, as many women breastfeed

Diethylstilbestrol Use in Pregnancy Linked to Multigenerational Neurodevelopmental Deficits

Diethylstilbestrol Use in Pregnancy Linked to Multigenerational Neurodevelopmental Deficits

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Diethylstilbestrol exposure during pregnancy is associated with multigenerational neurodevelopmental deficits in childhood, including ADHD.

Increase in Proportion of Births at Gestational Age 39 to 40 Weeks

Increase in Proportion of Births at Gestational Age 39 to 40 Weeks

From 2007 to 2015 there was a decrease in perinatal mortality at gestational ages 39 to 40 weeks

Long-Term Cardiovascular Risk for Endometrial Cancer Survivors

Long-Term Cardiovascular Risk for Endometrial Cancer Survivors

Elevated risk of various cardiovascular outcomes, including pulmonary heart disease, atrial fibrillation

USPSTF Recommends Screening for Partner Violence in Reproductive-Aged Women

USPSTF Recommends Screening for Partner Violence in Reproductive-Aged Women

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The USPSTF has found that screening for intimate partner violence is beneficial for reproductive-aged women, although there is inadequate evidence to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening for abuse in elderly and vulnerable adults.

Autism Linked to Prenatal Ultrasonography Depth

Autism Linked to Prenatal Ultrasonography Depth

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No statistically significant difference was observed in the number or duration of prenatal ultrasonographic scans across the entire pregnancy in children with later autism compared with controls with non-ASD developmental delay or typical development.

Number of IUD Insertions Increases After ACA Contraceptive Mandate

Number of IUD Insertions Increases After ACA Contraceptive Mandate

Increase in use depends on the amount of reduction in out-of-pocket costs

Pap Tests May Help Diagnose Endometrial, Ovarian Cancers

Pap Tests May Help Diagnose Endometrial, Ovarian Cancers

Genetic mutations assays using PapSEEK may facilitate the detection of certain cancers using fluids from Pap tests.

Postpartum Depression Screening Effective in the Pediatric Setting

Postpartum Depression Screening Effective in the Pediatric Setting

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Standardizing postpartum depression screening in the ambulatory pediatric setting coupled with implementing a referral algorithm and referral guide can help more PPD cases be identified, further evaluated, and treated.

Metformin, statins not associated with ovarian cancer

Metformin, statins not associated with ovarian cancer

The incidence of ovarian cancer was not related to metformin or statin usage among women with type 2 diabetes.

Medical schools on childbearing, family leave policies

Medical schools on childbearing, family leave policies

Many medical schools provide paternity and maternity leaves, though the duration may among schools.

Over 7% of pregnant women smoked in 2016

Over 7% of pregnant women smoked in 2016

Of the women who gave birth in 2016, over 7% smoked cigarettes while pregnant.

Cesarean delivery linked to long-term pregnancy complications

Cesarean delivery linked to long-term pregnancy complications

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Cesarean delivery is associated with a reduced rate of urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse, but this should be weighed against the association with increased risks for fertility, future pregnancy, and long-term childhood outcome.

Ovarian cancer screening: updated recommendations from the USPSTF

Ovarian cancer screening: updated recommendations from the USPSTF

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The USPSTF has issued an updated recommendation statement on ovarian cancer screening.

Laparoscopic hysterectomies increased in popularity from 2010 to 2013

Laparoscopic hysterectomies increased in popularity from 2010 to 2013

Laparoscopy became the most common surgical approach for hysterectomy between 2010 and 2013, with associated changes in payments statistics for hysterectomy.

Longer lactation duration linked to lower risk of diabetes in women

In this 30-year prospective cohort study, self-reported duration of lactation in women of childbearing age was associated with a lower risk of development of diabetes.

Early menarche, menopause linked to increased CVD risk

Early menarche, menopause linked to increased CVD risk

Several reproductive variables were independently linked to increased CVD risks.

Maternal folic acid, multivitamin use linked to reduced autism risk

Maternal folic acid, multivitamin use linked to reduced autism risk

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Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.

Long-acting reversible contraceptives: a review

Long-acting reversible contraceptives: a review

Because of the high number of unintended pregnancies and the effectiveness of LARCs, they should be a first-line contraceptive option for most women.

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