Obstetrics & Gynecology

NAMS: Breast Cancer Diagnosis May Indicate Lower Vitamin D Levels, Obesity in Postmenopausal Women

NAMS: Breast Cancer Diagnosis May Indicate Lower Vitamin D Levels, Obesity in Postmenopausal Women

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The North American Menopause Society has found that postmenopausal women with a breast cancer diagnosis may have vitamin D deficiency as well as higher rates of obesity.

Imvexxy Now Available in 4mcg Dosage Strength for Dyspareunia Due to Menopause

Imvexxy Now Available in 4mcg Dosage Strength for Dyspareunia Due to Menopause

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According to the Imvexxy prescribing information, women should generally be started at the 4mcg dosage strength with dosage adjustment guided by clinical response.

Depression or Psychosis Predicts Perinatal Recurrence of Bipolar Disorder

Depression or Psychosis Predicts Perinatal Recurrence of Bipolar Disorder

Investigators sought to determine clinical predictors to identify risk for perinatal recurrence in women with bipolar disorder.

Perinatal Photoperiod May Influence Lifetime Depression in Offspring

Perinatal Photoperiod May Influence Lifetime Depression in Offspring

Extreme differences in daily photoperiod during pregnancy may be related to risk for lifetime depression in offspring.

Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Not Associated With an Increased Risk of Autism

Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Not Associated With an Increased Risk of Autism

No association was observed between prenatal vaccination of Tdap vaccination and an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder risk in children.

Adverse Effects of Marijuana Use in Pregnancy: Current Research Is Questionable at Best

Adverse Effects of Marijuana Use in Pregnancy: Current Research Is Questionable at Best

Many women are unconvinced of the potential harmful effects of marijuana use in pregnancy due to the lack of available evidence.

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Supplementation linked to higher BMI z score at age 6 years but no higher proportion of obese children.

Recent Increase in Contraception Use Noted Among US Teenagers

Recent Increase in Contraception Use Noted Among US Teenagers

Increases in use of 1 or more contraceptive methods, dual-method use, long-acting reversibles.

Labor Induction Linked to Hypertensive Complication Prevention in Women With Chronic Hypertension

Labor Induction Linked to Hypertensive Complication Prevention in Women With Chronic Hypertension

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For expectant mothers with chronic hypertension, labor induction after 38 weeks of gestation may prevent hypertensive complications without increasing the risk of cesarean delivery.

Cell-Free DNA vs Invasive Fetal Karyotyping for High-Risk Pregnancies

Cell-Free DNA vs Invasive Fetal Karyotyping for High-Risk Pregnancies

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For women with pregnancies at high risk for trisomy 21, performing cell-free DNA tests over direct invasive karyotyping procedures did not reduce the risk for miscarriage.

Guidelines for Managing Perimenopausal Depression Now Available

Guidelines for Managing Perimenopausal Depression Now Available

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The 5 topics addressed by the 11-member expert panel include epidemiology, clinical presentation, therapeutic effects of antidepressants, effects of hormone therapy, and the effectiveness of other therapies (eg, psychotherapy, exercise, natural health products).

Dexamethasone Improves Outcomes for Patients Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization

Dexamethasone Improves Outcomes for Patients Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization

Investigators assessed whether adrenal suppression with low-dose dexamethasone improved IVF outcomes.

Vitamin D Deficiency Associated With Lower Success Rates of Fertility Treatment in PCOS

Vitamin D Deficiency Associated With Lower Success Rates of Fertility Treatment in PCOS

Investigators sought to determine the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the success of ovarian stimulation in women with PCOS or unexplained infertility.

Limited Formula Supplementation May Not Adversely Affect Breastfeeding

Limited Formula Supplementation May Not Adversely Affect Breastfeeding

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Although exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life is recommended by several health organizations, there may be a delay before abundant maternal milk production is established.

CDC: Most Babies Born in 2015 Started Out Breastfeeding

CDC: Most Babies Born in 2015 Started Out Breastfeeding

But less than one-half and one-quarter are exclusively breastfeeding through 3 and 6 months.

Skin Microbiota Differ for Obese, Non-Obese Undergoing C-Section

Skin Microbiota Differ for Obese, Non-Obese Undergoing C-Section

Obese women have significantly higher bacterial biomass of lower diversity at the incision site.

Examining the Ethics of Deceased vs Living Uterus Donors

Examining the Ethics of Deceased vs Living Uterus Donors

The first live birth after a uterus transplant was achieved in Sweden in 2014, followed by 4 more births, all from uteri provided by living donors.

Breastfeeding Linked to Lower Risk of Stroke Post-Menopause

Breastfeeding Linked to Lower Risk of Stroke Post-Menopause

Stroke risk 19% lower with breastfeeding for 1 to 6 months; stronger link for longer duration.

Reproductive Management in Multiple Sclerosis: Quick Takeaways for Your Practice

Reproductive Management in Multiple Sclerosis: Quick Takeaways for Your Practice

While it is now well-established that having MS should not limit patients' reproductive choices, this was not always the case.

FDA Rejects Treatment for Uterine Fibroids Based on Safety Concerns

FDA Rejects Treatment for Uterine Fibroids Based on Safety Concerns

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The NDA included data from two Phase 3 clinical trials (VENUS I and VENUS II), all four Phase 3 European Union registration studies, and real-world data of >700,000 women with uterine fibroids across 80 countries.

Labor Induction Reduces Cesarean Delivery Frequency for Low-Risk Women

Labor Induction Reduces Cesarean Delivery Frequency for Low-Risk Women

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Cesarean delivery frequency may be significantly reduced with induction of labor at 39 weeks in low-risk nulliparous expectant mothers.

Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause:  A Consensus Statement From the ISSWSH

Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause: A Consensus Statement From the ISSWSH

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The International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health convened an expert consensus panel to discuss the use of androgens in the management of genitourinary syndrome of menopause.

In Shocking Opposition, Trump Administration Denies Decades of Breastfeeding Research

In Shocking Opposition, Trump Administration Denies Decades of Breastfeeding Research

In a move that shocked world health officials, the Trump administration indicated its opposition to a resolution intended to encourage breastfeeding among new mothers

Characteristics of Menstrual Cycle Associated With Early Natural Menopause

Characteristics of Menstrual Cycle Associated With Early Natural Menopause

Investigators examined the relationship between menstrual cycle characteristics in adolescence and early adulthood and the risk for early natural menopause.

Sufficient Preconception Vitamin D Tied to Lower Miscarriage Risk

Sufficient Preconception Vitamin D Tied to Lower Miscarriage Risk

However, increased vitamin D levels in early pregnancy not correlated with reduced pregnancy loss.

FDA: Improper Use of Rupture of Membranes Tests Linked to Fetal Deaths

FDA: Improper Use of Rupture of Membranes Tests Linked to Fetal Deaths

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ROM tests are used to aid in diagnosing ruptured membranes in pregnant women through analysis of vaginal secretions.

Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Improve Fetal, Infant Growth

Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Improve Fetal, Infant Growth

Findings based on study of Bangladeshi women and infants, a population with known deficiency.

Thyroid Dysfunction Linked to Gestational Diabetes

Thyroid Dysfunction Linked to Gestational Diabetes

fT3 and fT3-to-fT4 ratio correlated positively with gestational diabetes at the first and second trimester.

'Good' Cholesterol May Not Be So in Postmenopausal Women

'Good' Cholesterol May Not Be So in Postmenopausal Women

High total HDL cholesterol in postmenopausal women may mask heart disease risk.

International PCOS Network Issues New Guidelines for Management and Diagnosis of PCOS

International PCOS Network Issues New Guidelines for Management and Diagnosis of PCOS

International evidence-based guidelines include 166 recommendations and practice points to improve health outcomes of women with PCOS.

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