Obstetrics & Gynecology
The CDC revised its US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use categorization for DMPA injection in women at high risk for HIV infection from US MEC category 1 to US MEC category 2.
Early menopause risk is highest in weight-cycling and severely underweight women.
Delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping show no major differences in health of preterm infants.
The practice bulletin provides information for appropriate patient selection and evidence-based recommendations for intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants.
Among women who are attempting to conceive naturally, diminished ovarian reserve is not associated with infertility.
The major change includes screening with hrHPV testing alone as an alternative to cytology screening alone starting at age 30 years.
Alternative treatments should be offered to pregnant women with HIV instead of tenofovir or emtricitabine.
Women on AEDs during pregnancy are at a higher risk of delivering prematurely and giving birth to SGA newborns.
A 1% paracervical nerve block may be useful for reducing patient-reported pain during IUD insertion.
The researchers found no long-term increase in either all-cause or cause-specific mortality among women who received hormone therapy for up to 5.6 years or 7.2 years, depending on the type of therapy.
Duration of total and exclusive breastfeeding was significantly associated with a decreased risk of endometriosis.
Thousands of US lives would be saved each year if women received annual mammograms starting at age 40.
Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.
Women with at least 1 previous cesarean delivery have an increased risk of complications when undergoing a hysterectomy.
A patient presents with chest pain 6 weeks after beginning use of a contraceptive device.
Risk factors for emergency department visits include younger age, higher parity, Medicare or self-pay insurance, and postoperative pain.
The ACOG released recommendations to help clinicians counsel adolescents about using contraception.
Telbivudine administered during early and middle pregnancy prevented hepatitis B transmission from mother to infants in all participants receiving antiviral treatment.
Lifestyle interventions reduce gestational weight gain across various subgroups of women and lower the odds of cesarean section without affecting offspring outcomes.
Women who experienced early menopause were 2.4 times more likely to develop diabetes.
Preterm preeclampsia occurred in 13 participants (1.6%) in the aspirin group, as compared with 35 (4.3%) in the placebo group.
Continued antiretroviral therapy was found to be safe and beneficial in HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4+ T cell counts.
About 80% of birth defects between 2005 and 2009 have an unknown etiology.
Gestational weight gain greater than or less than guideline recommendations is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.
Pregnant women with a high hepatitis B viral load who receive tenofovir have a reduced risk for passing the virus to their child.
The baby's behavior at 2 to 4 weeks after birth is not likely due to exposure to medication or depression.
Understanding genetic testing allows providers to make the most of this resource in patient care.
Use of azithromycin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, and quinolones was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion during pregnancy.
Evidence supports the routine use of mind-body practices, such as yoga, meditation, relaxation techniques, and passive music therapy, to address common mental health concerns in patients with breast cancer.
The USPSTF recommends that pregnant women receive screening for preeclampsia with blood pressure measurements throughout pregnancy.