Obstetrics & Gynecology

Marijuana use higher among pregnant teens vs nonpregnant teens

Marijuana use higher among pregnant teens vs nonpregnant teens

The reports show that some pregnant women are using marijuana as an antiemetic, particularly during the first trimester.

Vitamin D and calcium supplementation not effective for lowering cancer risk in postmenopausal women

Vitamin D and calcium supplementation not effective for lowering cancer risk in postmenopausal women

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Vitamin D and calcium did not result in a significantly lower risk of all-type cancer, including breast cancer, in postmenopausal women.

Pertussis vaccination during pregnancy lowers risk for newborns

Pertussis vaccination during pregnancy lowers risk for newborns

Infants whose mothers got the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy had a lower risk of pertussis during the first 2 months of life.

Oral contraceptives may be protective against some types of cancer

Oral contraceptives may be protective against some types of cancer

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Use of oral contraceptives did not increase the risk for cancer in women and decreased the risk for colorectal, endometrial, ovarian, and lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers.

Clinical guideline released for functional hypothalamic amenorrhea

Clinical guideline released for functional hypothalamic amenorrhea

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The Endocrine Society has released a clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea.

Annual rate of perinatal HIV infection decreased in United States

Annual rate of perinatal HIV infection decreased in United States

However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.

Screening for spontaneous preterm birth has low predictive accuracy

Screening for spontaneous preterm birth has low predictive accuracy

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Using measurements of vaginal fetal fibronectin levels and cervical length did not indicate spontaneous preterm birth among first-time pregnant women.

High-dose steroids increase infection risk in pregnant women with inflammatory conditions

High-dose steroids increase infection risk in pregnant women with inflammatory conditions

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Risk of serious infections is similar among pregnant women with systemic inflammatory conditions using steroids, non-biologics, and TNF inhibitors.

USPSTF: evidence insufficient for pelvic exams in asymptomatic nonpregnant women

USPSTF: evidence insufficient for pelvic exams in asymptomatic nonpregnant women

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The USPSTF concludes that evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of performing screening pelvic examinations in asymptomatic women for the early detection and treatment of a range of gynecologic conditions.

ACOG recommends genetic screening in all women before pregnancy

ACOG recommends genetic screening in all women before pregnancy

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ACOG recommends that carrier screening should be provided to all women who are pregnant but ideally should be provided to women as they are considering pregnancy.

Digital mammograms increase cancer detection, false-positive rates

Digital mammograms increase cancer detection, false-positive rates

Digital technology leads to increased rates of cancer detection, as well as false-positive rates.

Prolapse surgery outcomes not improved with transvaginal mesh or biological graft

Prolapse surgery outcomes not improved with transvaginal mesh or biological graft

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Using transvaginal mesh and biological graft in prolapse surgery did not improve outcomes of effectiveness, quality of life, or adverse events.

Post-cesarean infections detected in 8.8% of women

Post-cesarean infections detected in 8.8% of women

Pre-incision azithromycin prophylaxis was associated with reduced odds of infection.

Intervention during labor and birth: new recommendations from ACOG

Intervention during labor and birth: new recommendations from ACOG

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The ACOG releases an updated committee opinion suggesting that low-risk women can benefit from minimal intervention during labor and delivery.

Counseling patients about annual Pap smears

Counseling patients about annual Pap smears

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Counseling patients on the difference between a Pap smear and a pelvic exam will help them realize the importance of following up with a gynecologist for an annual visit.

Vulvar lichen sclerosus: breaking the silence

Vulvar lichen sclerosus: breaking the silence

Early diagnosis and treatment play a substantial role in a patient's prognosis and result in a decreased risk of malignancy and scarring.

Thyroid hormone treatment linked to reduced risk of pregnancy loss in subclinical hypothyroidism

Thyroid hormone treatment linked to reduced risk of pregnancy loss in subclinical hypothyroidism

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Treatment is associated with decreased loss of pregnancy among women with subclinical hypothyroidism.

Abnormal Pap test follow-up in a 30-year-old woman

Abnormal Pap test follow-up in a 30-year-old woman

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A 30-year-old Caucasian woman reports a history of abnormal Pap test results with no other complaints.

USPSTF recommends folic acid for all women who may become pregnant

USPSTF recommends folic acid for all women who may become pregnant

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The USPSTF recommends folic acid supplement for all women who are capable of pregnancy or who are planning to become pregnant.

Breast cancer screening rates improve with the Affordable Care Act

Breast cancer screening rates improve with the Affordable Care Act

Waiving costs of cancer screenings appears to improve mammography rates, even among individuals with low levels of income.

Treating premenopausal women with fibroids and dysmenorrhea

Treating premenopausal women with fibroids and dysmenorrhea

The standard treatment option for premenopausal women who do not wish to get pregnant is hysterectomy.

Delayed umbilical cord clamping beneficial for infants

Delayed umbilical cord clamping beneficial for infants

Delayed umbilical cord clamping is associated with significant neonatal benefits, including improved transitional circulation and better establishment of red blood cell volume.

In-utero MRI more accurate than ultrasound for diagnosing fetal brain abnormalities

In-utero MRI more accurate than ultrasound for diagnosing fetal brain abnormalities

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This finding suggests that any fetus with a suspected brain abnormality on ultrasound should have iuMRI to better inform counseling and management decisions.

Women using statins may have a lower risk of uterine fibroids

Women using statins may have a lower risk of uterine fibroids

Researchers examined the association between statin use and the risk of uterine fibroids and fibroid-related symptoms.

Birth defect rate is 6% among US women with possible Zika virus infection

Birth defect rate is 6% among US women with possible Zika virus infection

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Birth defects potentially related to Zika virus were identified in 6% of fetuses or infants of women included in the study.

Teen pregnancy prevention program

Teen pregnancy prevention program

The program strives to modify teen attitudes toward sexuality and bring about life-changing behavior.

Pain from IUD insertion is not reduced from naproxen sodium

Pain from IUD insertion is not reduced from naproxen sodium

Oral naproxen sodium does not reduce pain with IUD insertion but does reduce pain after insertion.

Calculator predicts success of live birth after in vitro fertilization

Calculator predicts success of live birth after in vitro fertilization

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The findings may help couples plan infertility treatments more effectively.

Effects of maternal age on the decline of preterm birth

Effects of maternal age on the decline of preterm birth

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The CDC examined the effects of maternal age on the decline of preterm birth in the United States between 2007 and 2014.

Tdap vaccine safe for mother and infant during pregnancy

Tdap vaccine safe for mother and infant during pregnancy

The tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis vaccine does not appear to cause birth defects.

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