Ophthalmology

Oily fish consumption may lower diabetic retinopathy risk in type 2 diabetes

Oily fish consumption may lower diabetic retinopathy risk in type 2 diabetes

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A target intake of at least 500 mg/d is recommended to combat sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.

Rates of blindness, visual impairment projected to double by 2050

Rates of blindness, visual impairment projected to double by 2050

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Researchers project that current rates of blindness and visual impairment in the United States will double by 2050, increasing the need for better screening efforts.

Conjunctivitis confusion: are we overtreating pink eye?

Conjunctivitis confusion: are we overtreating pink eye?

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Identifying the type of conjunctivitis that a patient has is the key to identifying the most effective course of action.

Understanding age-related macular degeneration

Understanding age-related macular degeneration

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Clinicians should be able to diagnose age-related macular degeneration and distinguish between dry and wet presentations.

USPSTF: evidence insufficient for visual acuity screening in older adults

USPSTF: evidence insufficient for visual acuity screening in older adults

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The USPSTF has released a recommendation statement regarding screening for impaired visual acuity in older adults.

Metformin may lower open-angle glaucoma risk

Metformin may lower open-angle glaucoma risk

Patients taking the highest amount of metformin had a 25% reduced risk of developing OAG compared with those not taking the medication.

AIDS ups age-related macular degeneration risk

AIDS ups age-related macular degeneration risk

Compared with the HIV-uninfected study population, there was an approximate 4-fold increased age-adjusted prevalence of intermediate-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Viewing pupil response to light 
in a patient with brown eyes


Viewing pupil response to light 
in a patient with brown eyes


Clinicians can use two lights of different brightness to view pupil response in dark eyes.

Rapidly worsening eye pain and ankylosing spondylitis

Rapidly worsening eye pain and ankylosing spondylitis

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A women presenting with eye pain and photo sensitivity was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis.

Selenium, vitamin E supplements do not reduce cataract risk in men

Selenium, vitamin E supplements do not reduce cataract risk in men

Long-term selenium and vitamin E supplementation did not reduce apparently healthy male patients' risks of developing age-related cataracts.

Statin use may increase cataract risk

Statin use may increase cataract risk

But benefits of cholesterol-lowering drugs outweigh risks, researcher says

Muscle pain in older adults may be polymyalgia rheumatica

Muscle pain in older adults may be polymyalgia rheumatica

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Asking older patients about their muscle pain can help prevent undiagnosed polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis.

Diagnosing left eye retinoblastoma in an uninsured child

Diagnosing left eye retinoblastoma in an uninsured child

Taking the time to notice an outward gaze in the left eye, this nurse practitioner helped save a child.

Some BP meds may affect vision

Some BP meds may affect vision

Of the patients, 19.1% of those using vasodilator medication developed early-stage AMD, compared with an estimated 8.2% of persons not taking such drugs.

Common meds increase UV-related eye disease risk

Common meds increase UV-related eye disease risk

A new poll finds that Americans are not conscious of UV risks associated to eye disease.

Hetlioz approved for sleep disorder in blind people

Hetlioz approved for sleep disorder in blind people

The condition, non-24-hour sleep wake disorder, stems from inability to govern sleep from light-dark cycles.

Sealant gel approved for cataract surgery

Sealant gel approved for cataract surgery

ReSure Sealant gel breaks down over seven days and is naturally flushed away by the eye's tears.

Appropriate eye care lacking for diabetes patients

Appropriate eye care lacking for diabetes patients

Less than half of those with diabetic macular edema were told that their eyes were affected.

What you should know about medical marijuana

What you should know about medical marijuana

Federal criminalization of this drug—most commonly used in the treatment
of HIV, pain and glaucoma—has limited research into its effectiveness.

Halloween contact lenses pose injury risk

Halloween contact lenses pose injury risk

Improper use of decorative contact lenses can result in corneal scratches, eye infections and even blindness, FDA warns.

A lawn-mowing accident requires neurosurgery

A lawn-mowing accident requires neurosurgery

A reluctant, asymptomatic patient visits an ophthalmology clinic for a 'minor' injury at his wife's prompting.

Lutein helps prevent AMD, cataracts

Lutein helps prevent AMD, cataracts

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Numerous trials support the efficacy of lutein supplementation in the reduction or prevention of AMD, as well as other age-related conditions such as cataracts.

Poor infection control behind severe conjunctivitis outbreaks

Poor infection control behind severe conjunctivitis outbreaks

Lax infection control measures played a role in six unrelated outbreaks of keratoconjunctivitis linked to human adenovirus.

Dry eye symptoms linked to low pain threshold

Dry eye symptoms linked to low pain threshold

Pain sensitivity and pain tolerance are associated with symptoms of dry eye disease.

Aspirin ups risk of age-related macular degeneration

Aspirin ups risk of age-related macular degeneration

Regular aspirin use is associated with a 4% increased risk of developing neovascular age-related macular degeneration over a 15 year period.

Iridology: Detecting impaired organ function with the iris

Iridology: Detecting impaired organ function with the iris

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Despite its long history, there are scarce scientific data supporting the clinical utility of iridology, an alternative medicine technique.

Retinal thinning may correspond with MS progression

Retinal thinning may correspond with MS progression

Thinning of the ganglion cell/inner plexiform of the retina may be a useful measure of the efficacy of novel MS therapies in future clinical trials.

Long-term aspirin use may damage eyes

Long-term aspirin use may damage eyes

Regular aspirin use over a 10-year period significantly increased the incidence of late age-related macular degeneration.

Vasomotor rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis

Vasomotor rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis

The ability to differentiate between the allergic and nonallergic form of these conditions is crucial when determining treatment.

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