Ophthalmology

Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness May Be Associated With Cognitive Function

Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness May Be Associated With Cognitive Function

By

Thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer has been linked to worsening cognitive function and may be valuable in identifying individuals who may be at risk for cognitive decline.

Dark Chocolate Linked to Enhanced Visual Acuity

Dark Chocolate Linked to Enhanced Visual Acuity

By

Compared with milk chocolate, dark chocolate was associated with improved low, high-contrast sensitivity and visual acuity in short durations.

FDA Approves First Auto-Darken Contact Lenses

FDA Approves First Auto-Darken Contact Lenses

Acuvue Oasys contact lenses with light-adaptive technology are soft contact lenses made for daily use

Pink Eye: Prevention and Treatment Tips from the CDC

Pink Eye: Prevention and Treatment Tips from the CDC

By

Pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva.

Case Study: Dizziness in a 42-year-old man

Case Study: Dizziness in a 42-year-old man

By

A 42-year-old man presents to the emergency department with vertigo that is worse with head motion as well as vomiting, but has no headache or abdominal pain.

Hot tea consumption may reduce the risk of glaucoma

Hot tea consumption may reduce the risk of glaucoma

Individuals who consume hot tea daily may have a lower risk of developing glaucoma.

Cataract surgery linked to lower all-cause mortality in women

Cataract surgery linked to lower all-cause mortality in women

Cataract surgery was correlated with lower all-cause mortality in covariate-adjusted models.

USPSTF recommends screening for amblyopia in all children aged 3 to 5 years

USPSTF recommends screening for amblyopia in all children aged 3 to 5 years

By

The USPSTF recommends that children aged 3 to 5 years undergo vision screening at least once to detect amblyopia or its risk factors.

Oily fish consumption may lower diabetic retinopathy risk in type 2 diabetes

Oily fish consumption may lower diabetic retinopathy risk in type 2 diabetes

By

A target intake of at least 500 mg/d is recommended to combat sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.

Rates of blindness, visual impairment projected to double by 2050

Rates of blindness, visual impairment projected to double by 2050

By

Researchers project that current rates of blindness and visual impairment in the United States will double by 2050, increasing the need for better screening efforts.

Conjunctivitis confusion: are we overtreating pink eye?

Conjunctivitis confusion: are we overtreating pink eye?

By

Identifying the type of conjunctivitis that a patient has is the key to identifying the most effective course of action.

Understanding age-related macular degeneration

Understanding age-related macular degeneration

By

Clinicians should be able to diagnose age-related macular degeneration and distinguish between dry and wet presentations.

USPSTF: evidence insufficient for visual acuity screening in older adults

USPSTF: evidence insufficient for visual acuity screening in older adults

By

The USPSTF has released a recommendation statement regarding screening for impaired visual acuity in older adults.

Metformin may lower open-angle glaucoma risk

Metformin may lower open-angle glaucoma risk

Patients taking the highest amount of metformin had a 25% reduced risk of developing OAG compared with those not taking the medication.

AIDS ups age-related macular degeneration risk

AIDS ups age-related macular degeneration risk

Compared with the HIV-uninfected study population, there was an approximate 4-fold increased age-adjusted prevalence of intermediate-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Viewing pupil response to light 
in a patient with brown eyes


Viewing pupil response to light 
in a patient with brown eyes


Clinicians can use two lights of different brightness to view pupil response in dark eyes.

Rapidly worsening eye pain and ankylosing spondylitis

Rapidly worsening eye pain and ankylosing spondylitis

By

A women presenting with eye pain and photo sensitivity was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis.

Selenium, vitamin E supplements do not reduce cataract risk in men

Selenium, vitamin E supplements do not reduce cataract risk in men

Long-term selenium and vitamin E supplementation did not reduce apparently healthy male patients' risks of developing age-related cataracts.

Statin use may increase cataract risk

Statin use may increase cataract risk

But benefits of cholesterol-lowering drugs outweigh risks, researcher says

Muscle pain in older adults may be polymyalgia rheumatica

Muscle pain in older adults may be polymyalgia rheumatica

By

Asking older patients about their muscle pain can help prevent undiagnosed polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis.

Diagnosing left eye retinoblastoma in an uninsured child

Diagnosing left eye retinoblastoma in an uninsured child

Taking the time to notice an outward gaze in the left eye, this nurse practitioner helped save a child.

Some BP meds may affect vision

Some BP meds may affect vision

Of the patients, 19.1% of those using vasodilator medication developed early-stage AMD, compared with an estimated 8.2% of persons not taking such drugs.

Common meds increase UV-related eye disease risk

Common meds increase UV-related eye disease risk

A new poll finds that Americans are not conscious of UV risks associated to eye disease.

Hetlioz approved for sleep disorder in blind people

Hetlioz approved for sleep disorder in blind people

The condition, non-24-hour sleep wake disorder, stems from inability to govern sleep from light-dark cycles.

Sealant gel approved for cataract surgery

Sealant gel approved for cataract surgery

ReSure Sealant gel breaks down over seven days and is naturally flushed away by the eye's tears.

Appropriate eye care lacking for diabetes patients

Appropriate eye care lacking for diabetes patients

Less than half of those with diabetic macular edema were told that their eyes were affected.

What you should know about medical marijuana

What you should know about medical marijuana

Federal criminalization of this drug—most commonly used in the treatment
of HIV, pain and glaucoma—has limited research into its effectiveness.

Halloween contact lenses pose injury risk

Halloween contact lenses pose injury risk

Improper use of decorative contact lenses can result in corneal scratches, eye infections and even blindness, FDA warns.

A lawn-mowing accident requires neurosurgery

A lawn-mowing accident requires neurosurgery

A reluctant, asymptomatic patient visits an ophthalmology clinic for a 'minor' injury at his wife's prompting.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters