Otolaryngology

Breastfeeding, fewer URIs linked to lower rates of acute otitis media in infants

Breastfeeding, fewer URIs linked to lower rates of acute otitis media in infants

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Prolonged breastfeeding and low rates of URIs have been linked to decreased instances of acute otitis media in infants.

Pollen-derived adenosine key in ragweed allergy

Pollen-derived adenosine key in ragweed allergy

Adenosine found to aggravate ragweed-induced allergic lung inflammation

New hypersensitivity/allergic disease model proposed

New hypersensitivity/allergic disease model proposed

The proposed model has been presented to the World Health Organization groups in charge of International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) revision.

Hearing loss, otologic problems more frequent with HIV

Hearing loss, otologic problems more frequent with HIV

Odds of hearing loss up for HAART-naive patients, and those receiving first- or second-line HAART

<i>F. necrophorum </i>may be responsible for 1 in 5 sore throats

F. necrophorum may be responsible for 1 in 5 sore throats

F. Necrophorum bacteria was found in 20.5% of patients with sore throat symptoms and about 9% in those without sore throats.

Gender impacts opioid-related adverse effects in kids

Gender impacts opioid-related adverse effects in kids

For girls, but not boys, there was a significant morphine effect for postoperative nausea and vomiting and prolonged post-anesthesia recovery unit stay.

HIV linked to hearing loss

HIV linked to hearing loss

HIV-positive patients demonstrated worse higher- and lower-frequency hearing, even after accounting for other factors.

Placebo, nectar reduce nighttime cough in kids

Placebo, nectar reduce nighttime cough in kids

Children who were assigned agave nectar or a placebo coughed less often and less severely compared with children who received no treatment.

'It takes a village' to help a patient hear

'It takes a village' to help a patient hear

When health providers worked together, a patient regained his hearing.

Double-check a strep test

Double-check a strep test

Study authors found that a throat culture may be useful after a negative RADT finding.

Epistaxis: the common and not-so-common nosebleed

Epistaxis: the common and not-so-common nosebleed

Approximately 90% of epistaxis cases seen can be treated successfully by primary-care providers. The remainder of cases require an otolaryngologist referral.

FDA approves new cochlear implant

FDA approves new cochlear implant

Novel combines device combines features from conventional cochlear implants and hearing aids to treat adults with adults with severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss at middle and high frequencies.

Treating antifungal-resistant ear infection
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Treating antifungal-resistant ear infection
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What is the best way to handle ear fungus that is resistant to ketoconazole?

Drops better than oral meds for ear tube discharge

Drops better than oral meds for ear tube discharge

Outcomes better with eardrops than with oral antibiotics or observation.

Cold comfort for recurrent nosebleeds

Cold comfort for recurrent nosebleeds

Use a cold saline mist daily and during any acute episode of bleeding.

Eliminate earwax with olive oil

Eliminate earwax with olive oil

This home ready can aid patients with recurrent cerumen impaction.

Pediatric AOM hikes U.S. healthcare costs

Pediatric AOM hikes U.S. healthcare costs

Children with acute otitis media have more office visits, increased outpatient health care costs and higher patient medication costs.

USPSTF: Evidence lacking for primary care oral CA screening

USPSTF: Evidence lacking for primary care oral CA screening

Insufficient evidence to weigh the benefits, harms of primary care screening for asymptomatic adults.

Acute pharyngitis in an adult

Acute pharyngitis in an adult

Were antibiotics the right decision in this clinical scenario?

Antibiotic Tx okay for all young kids with AOM

Antibiotic Tx okay for all young kids with AOM

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More stringent AOM diagnostic criteria suggest uniform antimicrobial treatment for patients younger than 2 years, regardless of laterality or severity.

Options for treating chronic tinnitus

Options for treating chronic tinnitus

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What treatments are available for patients suffering from chronic tinnitus?

How to suppress gagging during a strep test

How to suppress gagging during a strep test

A simple technique can help stifle patients' gag reflex.

Improve eustachian tube dysfunction with nasal spray

Improve eustachian tube dysfunction with nasal spray

A 12-hour nasal decongestant spray can help provide relief for kids with eustachian tube dysfunction.

Tonsillopharyngitis vs. peritonsillar abscess

What is the best way to differentiate tonsillopharyngitis from a peritonsillar abscess?

Three-drug regimen improves head and neck cancer survival

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Adding docetaxel to two-drug chemotherapy may become the standard of care for head and neck cancers.

Folic acid affects hearing loss

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Inadequate levels of folic acid, passive smoking were significantly associated with age-related hearing loss.

Rethink antibiotics for ear infections

Rethink antibiotics for ear infections

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In an age of antimicrobial resistance, antibiotics may not be necessary for common ear infections.

Do children with otitis media need antibiotics?

Is it true that most cases of otitis media in children are viral in origin?

Analgesic use can hurt a man's hearing

Analgesic use can hurt a man's hearing

The greatest impact is observed among those younger than age 60.

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