Pain Management

Central Sensitization in Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome

Central Sensitization in Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome

Patients with greater trochanteric pain syndrome may have altered conditioned pain modulation, as well as a high number of pain locations associated with negative conditioned pain modulation.

Two Screening Tools May Accurately Predict Transition From Acute to Chronic Low Back Pain

Two Screening Tools May Accurately Predict Transition From Acute to Chronic Low Back Pain

Two screening tools, the STarT Back Screening Tool and the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire, may be useful in predicting the transition from subacute and acute to chronic low back pain.

Guidelines on the Use of OnabotulinumtoxinA for Chronic Migraine

Guidelines on the Use of OnabotulinumtoxinA for Chronic Migraine

Researchers and pain experts formulated guidelines for the use of onabotulinumtoxinA for the management of chronic migraine.

Stepped-Care Model Beneficial in Pain Management Practices in Primary Care

Stepped-Care Model Beneficial in Pain Management Practices in Primary Care

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A stepped-care model of pain management implemented in primary care was successful in increasing the proportion of veteran patients reporting moderate to severe pain, as well as decreasing the use of opioids for pain management.

New Guidelines Issued for Patellofemoral Pain Management

New Guidelines Issued for Patellofemoral Pain Management

The National Athletic Trainers' Association has issued recommendations for identifying and managing patients with patellofemoral pain.

OTC Analgesic Use High, Associated With Worse-Than-Expected Clinical Profiles

OTC Analgesic Use High, Associated With Worse-Than-Expected Clinical Profiles

The clinical profiles of patients taking over-the-counter pain medications were found to be poorer than expected, with a high prevalence of migraine headache and many reporting frequent and disabling pain for extended durations.

Clinician Characteristics Associated With Outpatient Postoperative Opioid Prescribing

Clinician Characteristics Associated With Outpatient Postoperative Opioid Prescribing

Advanced practice providers were found to prescribe more opioids and in larger quantities compared with other physicians.

Gabapentin Superior to Pregabalin for Chronic Sciatica

Gabapentin Superior to Pregabalin for Chronic Sciatica

For patients with chronic sciatica, gabapentin is superior to pregabalin, with fewer and less severe adverse events.

CDC Guideline for Opioid Prescribing May Have Effectively Reduced Opioid Prescribing Practices

CDC Guideline for Opioid Prescribing May Have Effectively Reduced Opioid Prescribing Practices

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's "Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain" may have contributed to a further reduction in several opioid prescribing practices.

MRI Indicates Sacroiliitis in Some Healthy Individuals

MRI Indicates Sacroiliitis in Some Healthy Individuals

Considerable proportion of healthy individuals without back pain have MRI positive for sacroiliitis.

CDC: About One in 5 US Adults Has Chronic Pain

CDC: About One in 5 US Adults Has Chronic Pain

Higher prevalence of chronic pain, high-impact chronic pain for women, older adults, rural residents.

Internet-Delivered Exposure Therapy Cost-Effective for Patients With Fibromyalgia

Internet-Delivered Exposure Therapy Cost-Effective for Patients With Fibromyalgia

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In a randomized control trial, researchers found that internet-delivered exposure therapy was more cost-effective for patients with fibromyalgia than a waitlist control, which did not involve any treatment during the experimental phase of the study.

Current Guidelines for Management of Low Back Pain

Current Guidelines for Management of Low Back Pain

An estimated 31 million Americans will experience low back pain at some point in their lifetime.

Pfizer Recalls a Type of Children's Liquid Advil

Pfizer Recalls a Type of Children's Liquid Advil

Recall due to mismarked dosage cup in 4-oz bottles of Children's Advil Suspension Bubble Gum Flavored.

Prescription Drug Monitoring Program May Not Cut Opioid Use

Prescription Drug Monitoring Program May Not Cut Opioid Use

No significant reduction in percentage of patients prescribed opioids after general surgery.

Call to Better Investigate the Associations Between Sleep Disturbances and Chronic Pain

Call to Better Investigate the Associations Between Sleep Disturbances and Chronic Pain

Although literature indicates bidirectional associations between sleep disturbances and pain, few longitudinal studies have examined the role of sleep disturbances in contributing to chronic pain.

Graded In Vivo Exposure Elements May Benefit Chronic Lower Back Pain Management

Graded In Vivo Exposure Elements May Benefit Chronic Lower Back Pain Management

Integrating graded in vivo exposure into the management of chronic lower back pain may result in improved treatment efficacy and reduced pain-related fear.

Opioid-Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalization Rates Decrease From 2009 to 2015

Opioid-Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalization Rates Decrease From 2009 to 2015

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The number of patients prescribed opioids and visiting an emergency department or requiring hospitalization decreased from 2009 to 2015.

Odds of Death Up With Exposure to Pregabalin, Opioids

Odds of Death Up With Exposure to Pregabalin, Opioids

Dose-response association with highest odds of opioid-related death with high-dose pregabalin.

Low Literacy Self-Management Program for Chronic Pain May Be Effective

Low Literacy Self-Management Program for Chronic Pain May Be Effective

A low-literacy, pain self-management program delivered one-on-one by a health educator or in groups with lectures from experts over a period of 6 months may improve chronic pain outcomes.

Chronic Low Back Pain Levels Vary Between Sex and Race

Chronic Low Back Pain Levels Vary Between Sex and Race

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Differences exist in race and gender in patients with chronic lower back pain, especially in pain sensitivity and severity due to aftersensations from mechanical punctuate pain and deep muscle hyperalgesia.

Fewer Cervical Spine Injuries Seen With Motorcycle Helmet Use

Fewer Cervical Spine Injuries Seen With Motorcycle Helmet Use

Findings based on analysis of motorcycle accident victims by helmet use.

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Cumulative incidence of opioid-related adverse events was 38.3 per 100,000 prescriptions.

Wide Variations in Opioid Prescribing Practices for Surgical Procedures

Wide Variations in Opioid Prescribing Practices for Surgical Procedures

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Variation exists in opioid prescribing practices among clinicians in single-hospital systems, which prompts concern about the potential for opioid overprescribing.

Combination Therapies for Low Back Pain, Sciatica May Not Have Added Benefit

Combination Therapies for Low Back Pain, Sciatica May Not Have Added Benefit

There is a lack of evidence supporting the benefits of combination drug therapy over monotherapy for the management of low back pain and sciatica.

FDA to Review Novel Opioid Analgesic for Chronic Low Back Pain

FDA to Review Novel Opioid Analgesic for Chronic Low Back Pain

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This novel agent has low permeability across the blood-brain barrier, which slows its rate of entry into the brain and reduces dopamine release.

Postpartum Pain Management Recommendations From the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Postpartum Pain Management Recommendations From the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

A committee from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists formulated several recommendations for safely managing pain and fatigue in women during the early postpartum period.

Preoperative Opioids Used by Nearly One-Quarter of Surgical Patients

Preoperative Opioids Used by Nearly One-Quarter of Surgical Patients

Odds of pre-op opioid use up with age 31 to 40 years, tobacco use, illicit drug use, depression.

Two-Thirds of Parents Report Their Child Has Had Headache

Two-Thirds of Parents Report Their Child Has Had Headache

Only 44 of parents would definitely go to ER if their child had headache that didn't improve with medication.

Radiofrequency Denervation Efficacious in Treating Thoracic Zygapophyseal Joint Pain

Radiofrequency Denervation Efficacious in Treating Thoracic Zygapophyseal Joint Pain

Radiofrequency denervation, typically used to treat lumbar and cervical zygapophyseal joint pain, has shown efficacy in treating thoracic zygapophyseal joint pain.

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