Pediatrics

Sodium Chloride Fluid Infusion Rates Do Not Affect Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Sodium Chloride Fluid Infusion Rates Do Not Affect Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis

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Sodium chloride content of intravenous fluids does not affect neurologic events in children with diabetic ketoacidosis.

Gastroesophageal Reflux in Preterm Infants: Diagnosis and Management

Gastroesophageal Reflux in Preterm Infants: Diagnosis and Management

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The American Academy of Pediatrics releases a new clinical report on the diagnosis and treatment of clinically significant gastroesophageal reflux.

Resistant <i>A. Baumannii</i> Increased in Children From 1999 to 2012

Resistant A. Baumannii Increased in Children From 1999 to 2012

Increase seen carbapenem- and cephalosporin-resistant strains, with peak in 2008

Pediatric Kidney Recipients Often Have Subclinical Inflammation

Pediatric Kidney Recipients Often Have Subclinical Inflammation

Associated with increased risk of composite end point of acute rejection, allograft failure

Maternal Glucose, Fetal Genotype Independently Affect Birth Weight

Maternal Glucose, Fetal Genotype Independently Affect Birth Weight

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Fetal genetic score for birth weight affects fetal growth at various maternal fasting plasma glucose levels.

Child Neuroblastoma Survivors at Risk for Psychological Impairment

Child Neuroblastoma Survivors at Risk for Psychological Impairment

Psychological impairment seen particularly in those with chronic health conditions

Lower and higher oxygen saturation targets result in equal but contrasting outcomes for extremely preterm infants

In this meta-analysis, there was no significant difference between lower and higher oxygen saturation targets on a primary composite of mortality or major disability at a corrected age of 18-24 months for infants born extremely preterm.

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Increased From 1999 to 2014

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Increased From 1999 to 2014

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If trends continue, about one-third of children and one-half of teens will be obese/overweight by 2030.

Infant Omega-3 Supplementation Tied to Decreased Waist Size

Infant Omega-3 Supplementation Tied to Decreased Waist Size

At age 5 years, decreased waist circumference in both sexes, reduced insulin concentrations in boys

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

Surgeries by age 9 associated with higher long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, allergic diseases

Some Common Allergies Linked to Odds of Autism in Children

Some Common Allergies Linked to Odds of Autism in Children

Significant, positive link for common allergies, especially food allergy, with autism

Respiratory Pathogens May Increase Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

Respiratory Pathogens May Increase Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

Increased risk of treatment failure for children with asthma exacerbations presenting to the ER.

Mortality Still High After Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects

Mortality Still High After Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects

Long-term mortality elevated even for mild defects; overall survival improved over time

Microbiota in Breastfed Infants May Help Prevent Overweight

Microbiota in Breastfed Infants May Help Prevent Overweight

Elevated risk of overweight for formula-fed infants attenuated with adjustment for gut microbiota

Hepatitis C-Exposed Infants Not Adequately Screened

Hepatitis C-Exposed Infants Not Adequately Screened

Low screening rate seen at same time as increase in hepatitis C virus prevalence among pregnant women

FDA: Updated Safety Alert Regarding Benzocaine-Associated Methemoglobinemia

FDA: Updated Safety Alert Regarding Benzocaine-Associated Methemoglobinemia

The Agency is urging manufacturers to stop marketing OTC oral drug products containing benzocaine for teething to this patient population.

Is Current Hib Vaccine Effectiveness Decreasing in Children?

Is Current Hib Vaccine Effectiveness Decreasing in Children?

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The hexavalent DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib vaccine may not affect Hib vaccine efficacy.

Vitamin D Supplements May Reduce Recurrent Wheezing in Preterm Black Infants

Vitamin D Supplements May Reduce Recurrent Wheezing in Preterm Black Infants

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In black infants who were born preterm, vitamin D supplementation may reduce the risk for recurrent wheezing.

Prescription Medication Use Decreasing in Children, Adolescents

Prescription Medication Use Decreasing in Children, Adolescents

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Estimates of prescription medication use in children and adolescents showed an overall decrease in use of any medication from 1999 to 2014.

AAP: Congress Urged to Act to Prevent Firearm Deaths

AAP: Congress Urged to Act to Prevent Firearm Deaths

Following latest shooting, pediatricians join call for action to be taken to address firearm deaths, injury

Prolonged Exposure to Psychotropic Medications Common in Medicaid-Insured Children

Prolonged Exposure to Psychotropic Medications Common in Medicaid-Insured Children

Researchers emphasized the need for outcomes research in pediatric populations to elucidate the long-term effects of early and sustained psychotropic medication exposure.

Diethylstilbestrol Use in Pregnancy Linked to Multigenerational Neurodevelopmental Deficits

Diethylstilbestrol Use in Pregnancy Linked to Multigenerational Neurodevelopmental Deficits

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Diethylstilbestrol exposure during pregnancy is associated with multigenerational neurodevelopmental deficits in childhood, including ADHD.

Managing Pediatric Migraine: Current Therapies and Future Directions

Managing Pediatric Migraine: Current Therapies and Future Directions

Migraine is highly prevalent in children and adolescents, affecting almost 10% of children between 5 and 15 years old and 30% of adolescents between 15 and 19 years old.

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.

Increase in Proportion of Births at Gestational Age 39 to 40 Weeks

Increase in Proportion of Births at Gestational Age 39 to 40 Weeks

From 2007 to 2015 there was a decrease in perinatal mortality at gestational ages 39 to 40 weeks

Prevalence of Obese, Allergic Asthma Phenotypes Examined in US Children

Prevalence of Obese, Allergic Asthma Phenotypes Examined in US Children

The study authors examined data obtained from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to determine the prevalence, risk factors, as well as the severity of asthma phenotypes.

FDA Expands Use of MS Drug to Include Children

FDA Expands Use of MS Drug to Include Children

Gilenya is the first multiple sclerosis drug approved for children

No Clinical Benefit Seen for Bath Emollients in Childhood Eczema

No Clinical Benefit Seen for Bath Emollients in Childhood Eczema

POEM scores didn't meet minimal clinically important difference after adjustment for confounders

Preterm Infant Vitamin D Level Affects Calcium and Bone Health

Preterm Infant Vitamin D Level Affects Calcium and Bone Health

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Vitamin D levels in preterm infants are significantly correlated with optimal calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization of the femur.

Discerning Arterial Ischemic Stroke From Migraine in Pediatric Emergency Departments

Discerning Arterial Ischemic Stroke From Migraine in Pediatric Emergency Departments

Investigators examined presenting features of migraine vs arterial ischemic stroke in children presenting to the emergency department.

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