Pediatrics

MRI may detect autism before age 1

MRI may detect autism before age 1

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MRI scans showed that the brain size of infants grew faster between 12 and 24 months, the same time that behavioral signs of autism appeared.

Uric acid concentration and fructose intake linked to NASH in children

Uric acid concentration and fructose intake linked to NASH in children

Serum uric acid concentrations and fructose consumption are associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Licorice consumption during pregnancy may be harmful for offspring

Licorice consumption during pregnancy may be harmful for offspring

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Girls whose mothers consumed high amounts of licorice during pregnancy have more advanced pubertal maturation at age 12 years.

2017 immunization schedule for children and adolescents released by CDC

2017 immunization schedule for children and adolescents released by CDC

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The schedule includes new or revised recommendations for several vaccines for children and adolescents.

Fever and sore throat in a child

Fever and sore throat in a child

A 4-year-old girl presents to the emergency department after 3 days of worsening sore throat with a fever.

Rate of vitamin D deficiency increased in children from 2000 to 2014

Rate of vitamin D deficiency increased in children from 2000 to 2014

Researchers observed a 15-fold increase in diagnosis from 2008 to 2014 after accounting for demographic changes.

FDA approves first newborn screening system for rare metabolic disorders

FDA approves first newborn screening system for rare metabolic disorders

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The Seeker System is approved to screen for four rare lysosomal storage disorders in newborns.

Recurrent pneumonia resulting from misdiagnosed endobronchial suture—a case synopsis

Recurrent pneumonia resulting from misdiagnosed endobronchial suture—a case synopsis

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Endobronchial suture should be considered in patients with recurrent pneumonia that is unresponsive to medical therapy.

Antenatal steroids may improve respiratory outcomes for late preterm births

Antenatal steroids may improve respiratory outcomes for late preterm births

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The decreased rate of respiratory complications with betamethasone suggests antenatal steroids may improve the respiratory status in late preterm infants.

ADHD accounts for 6 million annual clinician visits for children

ADHD accounts for 6 million annual clinician visits for children

More than 6 million physician visits were made by children between 4 and 17 years of age with ADHD in 2012 to 2013.

CDC: Two-thirds of US youth consume at least one sugar-sweetened beverage per day

CDC: Two-thirds of US youth consume at least one sugar-sweetened beverage per day

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Overall, US youth consumed an average 143 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, with boys consuming a higher percentage of calories than girls.

Monitoring asthma control in children: AAP recommendations for clinicians

Monitoring asthma control in children: AAP recommendations for clinicians

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Recent advances in measuring asthma control tools have enhanced ongoing assessment and monitoring of asthma.

NIH releases addendum guidelines to prevent peanut allergies through early introduction

NIH releases addendum guidelines to prevent peanut allergies through early introduction

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The NIAID has issued addendum guidelines regarding the early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants at risk for peanut allergies.

FDA issues warning of anesthesia use in children and pregnant women

FDA issues warning of anesthesia use in children and pregnant women

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The FDA warns against the repeated or prolonged use of anesthesia in pregnant women and in children younger than 3 years of age.

Neonatal abstinence syndrome increases among rural-born infants

Neonatal abstinence syndrome increases among rural-born infants

Diagnoses of neonatal abstinence syndrome rose from 1.2 per 1,000 hospital births to 7.5 per 1,000 hospital births among rural infants between 2004 and 2013.

Newborn screening identifies unknown cause of severe combined immunodeficiency

Newborn screening identifies unknown cause of severe combined immunodeficiency

The screening identified BCL11B as the previously unknown cause of human SCID.

AAP recommendations for behavioral and emotional problems in young children

AAP recommendations for behavioral and emotional problems in young children

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Most young children with an emotional, behavioral, or relationship problem receive no interventions for their disorder.

IV catheters vs oral antibiotic treatment for pediatric pneumonia

IV catheters vs oral antibiotic treatment for pediatric pneumonia

Children with complicated pneumonia should preferentially receive oral antibiotics at discharge when effective oral options are available

USPSTF releases draft recommendation for obesity screening in children and adolescents

USPSTF releases draft recommendation for obesity screening in children and adolescents

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The USPSTF recommends that children and adolescents older than age 6 years should be screened for obesity.

AAP updates recommendations for SIDS and safe infant sleeping environment

AAP updates recommendations for SIDS and safe infant sleeping environment

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A safe sleep environment can prevent suffocation and strangulation, two major causes of sudden infant death.

Water immersion during delivery may lead to health problems

Water immersion during delivery may lead to health problems

Although a birthing pool may offer some advantages during labor, this could lead to serious health problems.

Hospital admissions for headache pain increase in children

Hospital admissions for headache pain increase in children

Headache visits increased from 2% to more than 4% of all visits between 2007 and 2014.

USPSTF recommends primary care breastfeeding intervention support

USPSTF recommends primary care breastfeeding intervention support

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The USPSTF reviewed evidence on the benefits and harms of breastfeeding support interventions.

Urine concentration could help urinary tract infection diagnosis in infants

Urine concentration could help urinary tract infection diagnosis in infants

Urine concentration should be included in the urinary tract infection evaluation among infants.

Interventions in childhood obesity

Interventions in childhood obesity

Effective use of research-based interventions and recommendations for overweight and obese children begin with initiating a conversation with the family.

Allergic sensitization is common in pediatric asthma

Allergic sensitization is common in pediatric asthma

Children were assessed for allergic sensitization by two microarray system. As a result, 47% of children had allergic sensitization.

Timolol effective treatment for infantile hemangiomas

Timolol effective treatment for infantile hemangiomas

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Topical timolol maleate may be safe and effective for infantile hemangiomas, amid concerns about the potential overuse of propranolol.

Introducing allergens at an early age may help prevent food allergies

Introducing allergens at an early age may help prevent food allergies

Introducing foods like eggs and peanuts to babies may decrease their chance of developing allergies later in life.

The FDA approves first drug for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

The FDA approves first drug for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

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Data showed an increase in dystrophin production that could predict clinical benefit among patients with DMD.

Codeine use unsafe in children, AAP issues stronger warning

Codeine use unsafe in children, AAP issues stronger warning

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Additional clinical research is required to understand the risk and benefits of opioid and nonopioid alternatives for acute pain.

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