Pediatrics

COPD Risk in Middle Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Childhood Measles

COPD Risk in Middle Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Childhood Measles

A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.

Whole Body CT Not Linked to Reduced Mortality in Blunt Trauma

Whole Body CT Not Linked to Reduced Mortality in Blunt Trauma

No significant difference in mortality for those undergoing whole body CT vs selective CT approach

Infant Use of Acid-Suppressants, Antibiotics Tied to Allergic Disease Development

Infant Use of Acid-Suppressants, Antibiotics Tied to Allergic Disease Development

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Some allergic diseases associated with acid-suppressive, antibiotic intake in infants younger than 6 months old include food allergies, anaphylaxis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis.

In Utero Exposure to Multiple AEDs, Sodium Valproate Linked to Poor Educational Attainment in Childhood

In Utero Exposure to Multiple AEDs, Sodium Valproate Linked to Poor Educational Attainment in Childhood

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In utero exposure to AEDs in combination, or sodium valproate alone, is associated with a significant decrease in attainment in national educational tests for 7-year-old children.

Obesity Can Negatively Affect Liver in Children As Young As 8

Obesity Can Negatively Affect Liver in Children As Young As 8

Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old.

ADHD Frequently Occurs with Autism Spectrum Disorder

ADHD Frequently Occurs with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Maternal probiotic, fish oil intake linked to offspring immune development

Maternal probiotic, fish oil intake linked to offspring immune development

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Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.

Pediatric irritability, depressive moods linked to suicidality in adolescence

Pediatric irritability, depressive moods linked to suicidality in adolescence

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Children with chronic irritability, including depressive or anxious moods, may be at an increased risk for suicidality or suicidal thoughts as adolescents.

Pediatric Asthma Unaffected by 5-fold Increased Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose

Pediatric Asthma Unaffected by 5-fold Increased Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose

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Increasing inhaled glucocorticoid doses at initial signs of exacerbating asthma may not be effective.

Depression awareness, knowledge improved with peer awareness program

Depression awareness, knowledge improved with peer awareness program

After program initiation in 10 high schools, students responded positively to the campaign by having greater awareness, better identification skills of depression, and reduced stigma.

High-Flow Oxygen Treatment Better for Infants with Bronchiolitis Than Standard Therapy

High-Flow Oxygen Treatment Better for Infants with Bronchiolitis Than Standard Therapy

Compared with standard oxygen therapy, high-flow treatments were better for infants with bronchiolotis.

Complete fetal genome sequences can be obtained from amniotic fluid

Complete fetal genome sequences can be obtained from amniotic fluid

Complete genome sequences were elucidated for 31 fetuses from amniotic fluid. Two methods of DNA extraction proved to be relatively equal in quality of complete genome sequence.

Parent-child reading interventions have positive psychosocial effects

A meta-analysis reviewing the effect of parent-child book reading interventions revealed a positive correlation between such interventions and a broad range of beneficial psychosocial outcomes, including social-emotional competence, quality of life, and parenting competence.

CDC reports increase in low birthweight from 2014 to 2016

CDC reports increase in low birthweight from 2014 to 2016

Singleton low birthweight rates increased from 2014 to 2016, according to a March data brief by the CDC and NCHS.

Early care transitions beneficial for adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Early care transitions beneficial for adolescents with type 1 diabetes

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A diabetes transition registry may help adolescents with type 1 diabetes plan and prepare for independent adult care.

Pediatric cancer treatment and school attendance: lack of consensus remains

Pediatric cancer treatment and school attendance: lack of consensus remains

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School attendance or daycare for immunosuppressed pediatric cancer patients remains a topic of uncertainty for many clinicians.

Postpartum depression screening effective in the pediatric setting

Postpartum depression screening effective in the pediatric setting

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Standardizing postpartum depression screening in the ambulatory pediatric setting coupled with implementing a referral algorithm and referral guide can help more PPD cases be identified, further evaluated, and treated.

Better glycemic control, weight reduction with surgical treatment for youths with T2D, severe obesity

Better glycemic control, weight reduction with surgical treatment for youths with T2D, severe obesity

For adolescents with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity, surgical therapy facilitates glycemic control and weight reduction better than medical therapy.

Depression screening improves short- and long-term outcomes in pediatric oncology

Depression screening improves short- and long-term outcomes in pediatric oncology

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Implementing mental health services early on in pediatric oncology patients has significant benefits, as managing such distress before symptom severity worsens creates better short- and long-term outcomes.

Smoking screening beneficial in pediatric pulmonology clinics

Smoking screening beneficial in pediatric pulmonology clinics

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Adaption of processes in pediatric pulmonology clinics that may eliminate tobacco use and exposure will help with decreasing medical expenses and hospital admissions for illnesses that can be triggered from smoke exposure.

Teens more responsive to STI test results via text message

Teens more responsive to STI test results via text message

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Hospital notifications are received more quickly by teen patients with STIs as text messages rather than phone calls.

Hospitalization, PICU admissions increasing for pediatric opioid ingestions

Hospitalization, PICU admissions increasing for pediatric opioid ingestions

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The US opioid crisis is negatively affecting children, and the rate of hospitalization and pediatric intensive care unit admission for pediatric opioid ingestions is increasing.

Family management variables predict quality of life in children with chronic conditions

Family management variables predict quality of life in children with chronic conditions

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Increased daily family management, which includes attending to physical, psychological, or social aspects of a child with special healthcare needs, may be negatively associated with quality of life in children with chronic conditions.

Maternal age, stress may be associated with poor infant feeding practices

Maternal age, stress may be associated with poor infant feeding practices

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Maternal factors, such as age and stress levels, may be linked with infant feeding concerns.

Physical fitness in adolescence impacts adult lung performance

Physical fitness in adolescence impacts adult lung performance

Involvement in aerobic fitness activities helps adolescents and children increase lung volume as adults but does not improve airway caliber.

Childhood bullying, abuse may increase teen pregnancy risk

Childhood bullying, abuse may increase teen pregnancy risk

Bullying and maltreatment may be factors that explain the high pregnancy levels in teenage sexual minorities.

Electronic device screen time may affect mental health of school-aged youths

Electronic device screen time may affect mental health of school-aged youths

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Two primary care pediatric clinics study the relationship between screen time use and mental health effects on children between 6 and 12 years old.

FDA: World's smallest mechanical heart valve approved for newborns with heart defects

FDA: World's smallest mechanical heart valve approved for newborns with heart defects

The world's smallest mechanical heart valve was approved by the FDA for newborns and young infants with heart defects.

NAPNAP celebrates 45th anniversary at 2018 National Conference

NAPNAP celebrates 45th anniversary at 2018 National Conference

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NAPNAP will celebrate its 45th anniversary at the organization's National Conference in Chicago from March 19-22, 2018.

Frightening parasomnias of childhood sleep

Frightening parasomnias of childhood sleep

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Parasomnias usually occur in healthy children, but the differential can include neurologic, psychiatric, and mental disorders, so careful observation and a good history and physical are important.

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