Pediatrics

Monitoring asthma control in children: AAP recommendations for clinicians

Monitoring asthma control in children: AAP recommendations for clinicians

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Recent advances in measuring asthma control tools have enhanced ongoing assessment and monitoring of asthma.

NIH releases addendum guidelines to prevent peanut allergies through early introduction

NIH releases addendum guidelines to prevent peanut allergies through early introduction

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The NIAID has issued addendum guidelines regarding the early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants at risk for peanut allergies.

FDA issues warning of anesthesia use in children and pregnant women

FDA issues warning of anesthesia use in children and pregnant women

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The FDA warns against the repeated or prolonged use of anesthesia in pregnant women and in children younger than 3 years of age.

Neonatal abstinence syndrome increases among rural-born infants

Neonatal abstinence syndrome increases among rural-born infants

Diagnoses of neonatal abstinence syndrome rose from 1.2 per 1,000 hospital births to 7.5 per 1,000 hospital births among rural infants between 2004 and 2013.

Newborn screening identifies unknown cause of severe combined immunodeficiency

Newborn screening identifies unknown cause of severe combined immunodeficiency

The screening identified BCL11B as the previously unknown cause of human SCID.

AAP recommendations for behavioral and emotional problems in young children

AAP recommendations for behavioral and emotional problems in young children

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Most young children with an emotional, behavioral, or relationship problem receive no interventions for their disorder.

IV catheters vs oral antibiotic treatment for pediatric pneumonia

IV catheters vs oral antibiotic treatment for pediatric pneumonia

Children with complicated pneumonia should preferentially receive oral antibiotics at discharge when effective oral options are available

USPSTF releases draft recommendation for obesity screening in children and adolescents

USPSTF releases draft recommendation for obesity screening in children and adolescents

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The USPSTF recommends that children and adolescents older than age 6 years should be screened for obesity.

AAP updates recommendations for SIDS and safe infant sleeping environment

AAP updates recommendations for SIDS and safe infant sleeping environment

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A safe sleep environment can prevent suffocation and strangulation, two major causes of sudden infant death.

Water immersion during delivery may lead to health problems

Water immersion during delivery may lead to health problems

Although a birthing pool may offer some advantages during labor, this could lead to serious health problems.

Hospital admissions for headache pain increase in children

Hospital admissions for headache pain increase in children

Headache visits increased from 2% to more than 4% of all visits between 2007 and 2014.

USPSTF recommends primary care breastfeeding intervention support

USPSTF recommends primary care breastfeeding intervention support

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The USPSTF reviewed evidence on the benefits and harms of breastfeeding support interventions.

Urine concentration could help urinary tract infection diagnosis in infants

Urine concentration could help urinary tract infection diagnosis in infants

Urine concentration should be included in the urinary tract infection evaluation among infants.

Interventions in childhood obesity

Interventions in childhood obesity

Effective use of research-based interventions and recommendations for overweight and obese children begin with initiating a conversation with the family.

Allergic sensitization is common in pediatric asthma

Allergic sensitization is common in pediatric asthma

Children were assessed for allergic sensitization by two microarray system. As a result, 47% of children had allergic sensitization.

Timolol effective treatment for infantile hemangiomas

Timolol effective treatment for infantile hemangiomas

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Topical timolol maleate may be safe and effective for infantile hemangiomas, amid concerns about the potential overuse of propranolol.

Introducing allergens at an early age may help prevent food allergies

Introducing allergens at an early age may help prevent food allergies

Introducing foods like eggs and peanuts to babies may decrease their chance of developing allergies later in life.

The FDA approves first drug for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

The FDA approves first drug for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

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Data showed an increase in dystrophin production that could predict clinical benefit among patients with DMD.

Codeine use unsafe in children, AAP issues stronger warning

Codeine use unsafe in children, AAP issues stronger warning

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Additional clinical research is required to understand the risk and benefits of opioid and nonopioid alternatives for acute pain.

Lead poisoning: Current practice guidelines

Lead poisoning: Current practice guidelines

An aging national infrastructure and paint in old homes increase the risk for lead poisoning and significant health-related problems in children and adults.

Prescription treatments are more effective in head lice treatment

Prescription treatments are more effective in head lice treatment

Over-the-counted remedies are not as effective as prescription medications.

Addressing parental vaccine concerns: AAP provides guidance for clinicians

Addressing parental vaccine concerns: AAP provides guidance for clinicians

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The AAP has released a report to help clinicians address the concerns of parents who are hesitant about their children's vaccination.

Folic acid-fortified foods linked to lower risk of congenital heart defects

Folic acid-fortified foods linked to lower risk of congenital heart defects

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Foods fortified with folic acid are associated with a decrease in infants being born with congenital heart defects.

Food allergies in children linked to high risk of asthma, rhinitis

Food allergies in children linked to high risk of asthma, rhinitis

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Researchers measured rates of childhood allergic conditions with data from healthcare provider-based diagnoses.

Many parents place their infants in unsafe sleep environments

Many parents place their infants in unsafe sleep environments

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Many parents do not place their infants in a supine position, or place them on nonrecommended surfaces with loose items.

Preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants

Preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants

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Seven ventilation strategies were compared for efficacy in a study of 5598 preterm infants.

Lipid screening in children, adolescents: USPSTF recommendation statement

Lipid screening in children, adolescents: USPSTF recommendation statement

Current evidence is insufficient to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening.

Managing concussion in primary care

Managing concussion in primary care

The incidence of concussion is increasing in children and adults, as is the demand for clinicians who can diagnose and treat both patient groups.

Sedentary behavior linked to chronic pain in children

Sedentary behavior linked to chronic pain in children

Prepubertal children who regularly engage in sedentary behavior have an increased likelihood of experiencing various pain conditions.

Marijuana poisoning cases in children increase in Colorado

Marijuana poisoning cases in children increase in Colorado

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Results suggest that the legalization of recreational marijuana use led to the increase in children who were unintentionally exposed to the drug.

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