Pediatrics

Prolonged Exposure to Psychotropic Medications Common in Medicaid-Insured Children

Prolonged Exposure to Psychotropic Medications Common in Medicaid-Insured Children

Researchers emphasized the need for outcomes research in pediatric populations to elucidate the long-term effects of early and sustained psychotropic medication exposure.

Managing Pediatric Migraine: Current Therapies and Future Directions

Managing Pediatric Migraine: Current Therapies and Future Directions

Migraine is highly prevalent in children and adolescents, affecting almost 10% of children between 5 and 15 years old and 30% of adolescents between 15 and 19 years old.

Diethylstilbestrol Use in Pregnancy Linked to Multigenerational Neurodevelopmental Deficits

Diethylstilbestrol Use in Pregnancy Linked to Multigenerational Neurodevelopmental Deficits

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Diethylstilbestrol exposure during pregnancy is associated with multigenerational neurodevelopmental deficits in childhood, including ADHD.

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.

Prescription Med Use in Children Down Overall From 1999 to 2014

Prescription Med Use in Children Down Overall From 1999 to 2014

Increases in 8 medication classes, including asthma and ADHD medications, contraceptives

Increase in Proportion of Births at Gestational Age 39 to 40 Weeks

Increase in Proportion of Births at Gestational Age 39 to 40 Weeks

From 2007 to 2015 there was a decrease in perinatal mortality at gestational ages 39 to 40 weeks

Prevalence of Obese, Allergic Asthma Phenotypes Examined in US Children

Prevalence of Obese, Allergic Asthma Phenotypes Examined in US Children

The study authors examined data obtained from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to determine the prevalence, risk factors, as well as the severity of asthma phenotypes.

FDA Expands Use of MS Drug to Include Children

FDA Expands Use of MS Drug to Include Children

Gilenya is the first multiple sclerosis drug approved for children

No Clinical Benefit Seen for Bath Emollients in Childhood Eczema

No Clinical Benefit Seen for Bath Emollients in Childhood Eczema

POEM scores didn't meet minimal clinically important difference after adjustment for confounders

Preterm Infant Vitamin D Level Affects Calcium and Bone Health

Preterm Infant Vitamin D Level Affects Calcium and Bone Health

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Vitamin D levels in preterm infants are significantly correlated with optimal calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization of the femur.

Discerning Arterial Ischemic Stroke From Migraine in Pediatric Emergency Departments

Discerning Arterial Ischemic Stroke From Migraine in Pediatric Emergency Departments

Investigators examined presenting features of migraine vs arterial ischemic stroke in children presenting to the emergency department.

Unit-Dose Packaging Cuts Accidental Peds Opioid Exposures

Unit-Dose Packaging Cuts Accidental Peds Opioid Exposures

Relative decrease in buprenorphine-naloxone exposure after transition to unit-dose packaging

Low Neighborhood Walkability Increases Risk of Asthma in Kids

Low Neighborhood Walkability Increases Risk of Asthma in Kids

Findings among children for both incident asthma and ongoing asthma.

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.

Hans Asperger, Leading Autism Researcher, Tied to Nazi Child Euthanasia Program

Hans Asperger, Leading Autism Researcher, Tied to Nazi Child Euthanasia Program

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Medical records of 48 children examined by Asperger show that he specifically called for 12 of the children to be transferred to the Am Spiegelgrund facility, the 'euthanasia' institution founded in 1940.

Screening insufficient for newborns exposed to hepatitis C virus

In this retrospective study, only a fraction of infants receiving well-child care at the study institution were screened for hepatitis C, despite being born to mothers with a known history of hepatitis C virus infection.

Hypertension Increase in Children Based on 2017 AAP Guidelines

Hypertension Increase in Children Based on 2017 AAP Guidelines

Increase in estimated population prevalence of elevated blood pressure from 11.8 to 14.2%.

Autism Linked to Prenatal Ultrasonography Depth

Autism Linked to Prenatal Ultrasonography Depth

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No statistically significant difference was observed in the number or duration of prenatal ultrasonographic scans across the entire pregnancy in children with later autism compared with controls with non-ASD developmental delay or typical development.

In Utero Caffeine Exposure Affects Early Childhood Weight

In Utero Caffeine Exposure Affects Early Childhood Weight

Maternal caffeine consumption tied to higher infant growth and childhood excess weight gain

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: Is There a Link?

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: Is There a Link?

Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.

COPD Risk in Middle Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Childhood Measles

COPD Risk in Middle Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Childhood Measles

A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.

Whole Body CT Not Linked to Reduced Mortality in Blunt Trauma

Whole Body CT Not Linked to Reduced Mortality in Blunt Trauma

No significant difference in mortality for those undergoing whole body CT vs selective CT approach

Infant Use of Acid-Suppressants, Antibiotics Tied to Allergic Disease Development

Infant Use of Acid-Suppressants, Antibiotics Tied to Allergic Disease Development

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Some allergic diseases associated with acid-suppressive, antibiotic intake in infants younger than 6 months old include food allergies, anaphylaxis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis.

In Utero Exposure to Multiple AEDs, Sodium Valproate Linked to Poor Educational Attainment in Childhood

In Utero Exposure to Multiple AEDs, Sodium Valproate Linked to Poor Educational Attainment in Childhood

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In utero exposure to AEDs in combination, or sodium valproate alone, is associated with a significant decrease in attainment in national educational tests for 7-year-old children.

Obesity Can Negatively Affect Liver in Children As Young As 8

Obesity Can Negatively Affect Liver in Children As Young As 8

Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old.

ADHD Frequently Occurs with Autism Spectrum Disorder

ADHD Frequently Occurs with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Maternal Probiotic, Fish Oil Intake Linked to Offspring Immune Development

Maternal Probiotic, Fish Oil Intake Linked to Offspring Immune Development

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Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.

Pediatric irritability, depressive moods linked to suicidality in adolescence

Pediatric irritability, depressive moods linked to suicidality in adolescence

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Children with chronic irritability, including depressive or anxious moods, may be at an increased risk for suicidality or suicidal thoughts as adolescents.

Pediatric Asthma Unaffected by 5-fold Increased Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose

Pediatric Asthma Unaffected by 5-fold Increased Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose

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Increasing inhaled glucocorticoid doses at initial signs of exacerbating asthma may not be effective.

Depression awareness, knowledge improved with peer awareness program

Depression awareness, knowledge improved with peer awareness program

After program initiation in 10 high schools, students responded positively to the campaign by having greater awareness, better identification skills of depression, and reduced stigma.

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