Pediatrics

Zinc effective in children with presymptomatic Wilson disease

Zinc effective in children with presymptomatic Wilson disease

Treatment was effective in patients under 6 years who received 50 mg/day of zinc as an initial dose.

Developmental trauma disorder: the effects of child abuse and neglect

Developmental trauma disorder: the effects of child abuse and neglect

Developmental trauma disorder, not yet officially recognized, results from child maltreatment and has many neurobiologic consequences.

Wrong-patient orders are more likely in NICU vs non-NICU pediatric units

Wrong-patient orders are more likely in NICU vs non-NICU pediatric units

Implementation of a combined ID re-entry intervention and distinct naming convention greatly reduced the risk.

Celiac disease linked to diagnosis of anorexia nervosa

Celiac disease linked to diagnosis of anorexia nervosa

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Celiac disease is associated with anorexia nervosa before and after a diagnosis of celiac disease.

Pertussis vaccination during pregnancy lowers risk for newborns

Pertussis vaccination during pregnancy lowers risk for newborns

Infants whose mothers got the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy had a lower risk of pertussis during the first 2 months of life.

PCV10 vaccine decreases pneumonia rate in children

PCV10 vaccine decreases pneumonia rate in children

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PCV10 decreases rate of pneumonia among vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.

Antibiotic prescribing in primary care varies for community-acquired pneumonia

Antibiotic prescribing in primary care varies for community-acquired pneumonia

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Factors that contribute to antibiotic choice for CAP include patient age, previous antibiotic receipt, and private insurance.

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine reduces <i>Streptococcus pneumoniae</i> bacteremia

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine reduces Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia

Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

Annual rate of perinatal HIV infection decreased in United States

Annual rate of perinatal HIV infection decreased in United States

However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.

Early feeding, skin-to-skin contact improves hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia

Early feeding, skin-to-skin contact improves hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia

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A hypoglycemia bundle was created in order to reduce hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia.

Adolescents not seeking STD services due to confidentiality issues

Adolescents not seeking STD services due to confidentiality issues

Adolescents might not seek care or might delay seeking care for STD services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out.

HPV educational session may boost vaccination rates in high school students

HPV educational session may boost vaccination rates in high school students

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The students improved their basic knowledge of HPV and understood the benefits of the HPV vaccine.

Sepsis risk calculator helps decrease antibiotic use in infants

Sepsis risk calculator helps decrease antibiotic use in infants

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Data presented at NAPNAP show that an early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants who received a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.

Water consumption not linked to weight loss in overweight and obese adolescents

Water consumption not linked to weight loss in overweight and obese adolescents

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The study compared two weight-loss diets in adolescents who were overweight or obese with the goal of increasing regular water uptake to 8 cups daily.

Soft tissue sarcoma of the thigh in an adolescent male

Soft tissue sarcoma of the thigh in an adolescent male

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A young boy's complaint of a tender mass on his left thigh is diagnosed as osteosarcoma.

Low vitamin E in pregnant women increases asthma risk in offspring

Low vitamin E in pregnant women increases asthma risk in offspring

Research presented at the AAAAI Annual Meeting suggests a link between maternal vitamin E levels and childhood asthma development.

Alcohol-based hand sanitizer ingestion linked to increasing illnesses in children

Alcohol-based hand sanitizer ingestion linked to increasing illnesses in children

Some older children may be intentionally consuming brands containing alcohol, according to CDC researchers.

MRI may detect autism before age 1

MRI may detect autism before age 1

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MRI scans showed that the brain size of infants grew faster between 12 and 24 months, the same time that behavioral signs of autism appeared.

Uric acid concentration and fructose intake linked to NASH in children

Uric acid concentration and fructose intake linked to NASH in children

Serum uric acid concentrations and fructose consumption are associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Licorice consumption during pregnancy may be harmful for offspring

Licorice consumption during pregnancy may be harmful for offspring

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Girls whose mothers consumed high amounts of licorice during pregnancy have more advanced pubertal maturation at age 12 years.

2017 immunization schedule for children and adolescents released by CDC

2017 immunization schedule for children and adolescents released by CDC

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The schedule includes new or revised recommendations for several vaccines for children and adolescents.

Fever and sore throat in a child

Fever and sore throat in a child

A 4-year-old girl presents to the emergency department after 3 days of worsening sore throat with a fever.

Rate of vitamin D deficiency increased in children from 2000 to 2014

Rate of vitamin D deficiency increased in children from 2000 to 2014

Researchers observed a 15-fold increase in diagnosis from 2008 to 2014 after accounting for demographic changes.

FDA approves first newborn screening system for rare metabolic disorders

FDA approves first newborn screening system for rare metabolic disorders

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The Seeker System is approved to screen for four rare lysosomal storage disorders in newborns.

Recurrent pneumonia resulting from misdiagnosed endobronchial suture—a case synopsis

Recurrent pneumonia resulting from misdiagnosed endobronchial suture—a case synopsis

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Endobronchial suture should be considered in patients with recurrent pneumonia that is unresponsive to medical therapy.

Antenatal steroids may improve respiratory outcomes for late preterm births

Antenatal steroids may improve respiratory outcomes for late preterm births

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The decreased rate of respiratory complications with betamethasone suggests antenatal steroids may improve the respiratory status in late preterm infants.

ADHD accounts for 6 million annual clinician visits for children

ADHD accounts for 6 million annual clinician visits for children

More than 6 million physician visits were made by children between 4 and 17 years of age with ADHD in 2012 to 2013.

CDC: Two-thirds of US youth consume at least one sugar-sweetened beverage per day

CDC: Two-thirds of US youth consume at least one sugar-sweetened beverage per day

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Overall, US youth consumed an average 143 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, with boys consuming a higher percentage of calories than girls.

Monitoring asthma control in children: AAP recommendations for clinicians

Monitoring asthma control in children: AAP recommendations for clinicians

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Recent advances in measuring asthma control tools have enhanced ongoing assessment and monitoring of asthma.

NIH releases addendum guidelines to prevent peanut allergies through early introduction

NIH releases addendum guidelines to prevent peanut allergies through early introduction

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The NIAID has issued addendum guidelines regarding the early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants at risk for peanut allergies.

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