Pediatrics

Delayed vs immediate cord clamping: comparing the impact on preterm infant health

Delayed vs immediate cord clamping: comparing the impact on preterm infant health

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Delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping show no major differences in health of preterm infants.

Vaccination coverage remains above 90% for infants

Vaccination coverage remains above 90% for infants

Infants aged 19-35 months had vaccination rates above 90%.

AAP releases updated information on cord blood banking

AAP releases updated information on cord blood banking

The policy statement from the AAP recommends public cord blood banking for collecting, processing, and using cord blood cells.

Halloween tips for children with diabetes

Halloween tips for children with diabetes

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With a little creativity, children with diabetes can enjoy the festivities of Halloween.

Infection prevention in ambulatory settings: A policy statement from the AAP

Infection prevention in ambulatory settings: A policy statement from the AAP

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The AAP has updated guidelines on infection prevention and control that include the endorsement of immunization for healthcare personnel and guidance during outbreaks of infectious diseases.

Clinical tool developed to determine pediatric community-acquired pneumonia severity

Clinical tool developed to determine pediatric community-acquired pneumonia severity

Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.

Antidepressant use linked to type 2 diabetes in young adults

Antidepressant use linked to type 2 diabetes in young adults

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Type 2 diabetes risk is increased in young adults through antidepressant use, specifically the duration of use and the cumulative dose.

Diabetes risk greater in children, young adults on second-generation antipsychotics

Diabetes risk greater in children, young adults on second-generation antipsychotics

Type 2 diabetes is greater with second-generation antipsychotics than with non-second-generation antipsychotic psychotropic medications for patients aged 6 to 25 years.

Stat consult: Head lice

Stat consult: Head lice

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Approximately 6 to 12 million head lice cases are diagnosed in the United States per year, primarily affecting elementary school children.

Antenatal multivitamin use linked to lower autism risk in offspring

Antenatal multivitamin use linked to lower autism risk in offspring

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Maternal multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy may be inversely associated with ASD with intellectual disability in offspring.

AAP releases list of 5 unnecessary endocrine-related tests

AAP releases list of 5 unnecessary endocrine-related tests

The AAP Section for Endocrinology compiled the list of tests for height and puberty, which should prompt careful discussion between parents and physicians.

Insulin pump linked to better glycemic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes

Insulin pump linked to better glycemic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes

Insulin pump therapy is linked to lower risks of severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis and better glycemic control than insulin injection therapy.

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

With a continuing resurgence in pertussis, efforts should focus on maximizing Tdap uptake among pregnant women.

Once-daily HIV tablet safe for children

Once-daily HIV tablet safe for children

Elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide was well tolerated in children and maintained high virological suppression.

Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease increases cancer risk in adulthood

Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease increases cancer risk in adulthood

Patients with childhood-onset IBD have an increased risk of cancer, especially gastrointestinal cancers, lymphoid neoplasms, and skin cancer,

New biochemical bone assessment predicts fracture risk in children

New biochemical bone assessment predicts fracture risk in children

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The FSI proved to be at least as effective in predicting fracture risk in children as femoral and total body BMD.

USPSTF recommends screening for amblyopia in all children aged 3 to 5 years

USPSTF recommends screening for amblyopia in all children aged 3 to 5 years

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The USPSTF recommends that children aged 3 to 5 years undergo vision screening at least once to detect amblyopia or its risk factors.

2017-2018 recommendations for pediatric influenza vaccination

2017-2018 recommendations for pediatric influenza vaccination

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The guidelines include a strong recommendation for annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older.

Influenza vaccination rates drop in children when nasal spray is unavailable

Influenza vaccination rates drop in children when nasal spray is unavailable

Total influenza vaccination rates among children in the 2016 to 2017 influenza season dropped 1.6% from the year before.

Clinical pathway beneficial for pediatric acute gastroenteritis

Clinical pathway beneficial for pediatric acute gastroenteritis

Clinical pathway to improve care of acute gastroenteritis patients is associated with a sustained reduction in IV fluid use and length of stay in the pediatric emergency department.

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

Adherence decreased over time in adolescent MSM who participated in a 48-week HIV PrEP intervention.

FDA approves Chagas disease treatment for children

FDA approves Chagas disease treatment for children

The FDA has approved benznidazole to treat the tropical parasitic infection Chagas disease in children.

Updated recommendations for pediatric integrative medicine

Updated recommendations for pediatric integrative medicine

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The recommendations update the AAP's original 2008 statement on complementary medicine.

AAP: Hepatitis B vaccine should be given within first 24 hours of life

AAP: Hepatitis B vaccine should be given within first 24 hours of life

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.

Shorter sleep duration linked to higher diabetes risk in children

Shorter sleep duration linked to higher diabetes risk in children

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Sleep duration for 1 hour longer was associated with lower BMI, fat mass, insulin resistance, and fasting glucose but had no effect on HbA1c or cardiovascular risk.

Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumonia

Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumonia

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No single clinical observation reliably differentiates pneumonia from other causes of respiratory illness in children.

Anti-vaccine information during pregnancy could delay infant immunization

Anti-vaccine information during pregnancy could delay infant immunization

Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.

Managing high blood pressure in children: a clinical practice guideline

Managing high blood pressure in children: a clinical practice guideline

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The AAP has released an updated clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of high blood pressure in children.

Antiemetics: a clinical practice guideline update from ASCO

Antiemetics: a clinical practice guideline update from ASCO

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The updated guidelines will help clinicians prevent and manage nausea and vomiting caused by antineoplastic agents or radiation therapy in cancer patients.

Child with HIV suppresses virus without antiretroviral therapy for more than 8 years

Child with HIV suppresses virus without antiretroviral therapy for more than 8 years

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A child who was diagnosed with HIV at 1 month and received early treatment has suppressed the virus without anti-HIV therapy for 8.5 years.

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