A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
No significant difference in mortality for those undergoing whole body CT vs selective CT approach
Some allergic diseases associated with acid-suppressive, antibiotic intake in infants younger than 6 months old include food allergies, anaphylaxis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis.
In Utero Exposure to Multiple AEDs, Sodium Valproate Linked to Poor Educational Attainment in ChildhoodApril 09, 2018
In utero exposure to AEDs in combination, or sodium valproate alone, is associated with a significant decrease in attainment in national educational tests for 7-year-old children.
Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old.
Co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.
Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.
Children with chronic irritability, including depressive or anxious moods, may be at an increased risk for suicidality or suicidal thoughts as adolescents.
Increasing inhaled glucocorticoid doses at initial signs of exacerbating asthma may not be effective.
After program initiation in 10 high schools, students responded positively to the campaign by having greater awareness, better identification skills of depression, and reduced stigma.
Compared with standard oxygen therapy, high-flow treatments were better for infants with bronchiolotis.
Complete genome sequences were elucidated for 31 fetuses from amniotic fluid. Two methods of DNA extraction proved to be relatively equal in quality of complete genome sequence.
A meta-analysis reviewing the effect of parent-child book reading interventions revealed a positive correlation between such interventions and a broad range of beneficial psychosocial outcomes, including social-emotional competence, quality of life, and parenting competence.
Singleton low birthweight rates increased from 2014 to 2016, according to a March data brief by the CDC and NCHS.
A diabetes transition registry may help adolescents with type 1 diabetes plan and prepare for independent adult care.
School attendance or daycare for immunosuppressed pediatric cancer patients remains a topic of uncertainty for many clinicians.
Standardizing postpartum depression screening in the ambulatory pediatric setting coupled with implementing a referral algorithm and referral guide can help more PPD cases be identified, further evaluated, and treated.
Better glycemic control, weight reduction with surgical treatment for youths with T2D, severe obesityMarch 22, 2018
For adolescents with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity, surgical therapy facilitates glycemic control and weight reduction better than medical therapy.
Implementing mental health services early on in pediatric oncology patients has significant benefits, as managing such distress before symptom severity worsens creates better short- and long-term outcomes.
Adaption of processes in pediatric pulmonology clinics that may eliminate tobacco use and exposure will help with decreasing medical expenses and hospital admissions for illnesses that can be triggered from smoke exposure.
Hospital notifications are received more quickly by teen patients with STIs as text messages rather than phone calls.
The US opioid crisis is negatively affecting children, and the rate of hospitalization and pediatric intensive care unit admission for pediatric opioid ingestions is increasing.
Increased daily family management, which includes attending to physical, psychological, or social aspects of a child with special healthcare needs, may be negatively associated with quality of life in children with chronic conditions.
Maternal factors, such as age and stress levels, may be linked with infant feeding concerns.
Involvement in aerobic fitness activities helps adolescents and children increase lung volume as adults but does not improve airway caliber.
Bullying and maltreatment may be factors that explain the high pregnancy levels in teenage sexual minorities.
Two primary care pediatric clinics study the relationship between screen time use and mental health effects on children between 6 and 12 years old.
The world's smallest mechanical heart valve was approved by the FDA for newborns and young infants with heart defects.
NAPNAP will celebrate its 45th anniversary at the organization's National Conference in Chicago from March 19-22, 2018.
Parasomnias usually occur in healthy children, but the differential can include neurologic, psychiatric, and mental disorders, so careful observation and a good history and physical are important.