Pediatrics

Higher childhood intelligence linked to lower mortality risk

Higher childhood intelligence linked to lower mortality risk

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Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.

Shaky, jerky eyes in an 8-week-old infant

Shaky, jerky eyes in an 8-week-old infant

An 8-week-old infant, presents to primary care with bilateral "shaky, jerky eyes."

Antibody screenings could detect celiac disease in asymptomatic children

Antibody screenings could detect celiac disease in asymptomatic children

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Serum TG2A screening has a positive predictive value of 61% to detect celiac disease.

Many children with suspected penicillin allergy may not be allergic

Many children with suspected penicillin allergy may not be allergic

A 3-part testing process may facilitate increased use of first-line penicillin antibiotics in the pediatric emergency department.

Making a case for developmental trauma disorder

Making a case for developmental trauma disorder

Epigenetics explains the anatomy and physiology behind the central nervous system changes caused by child abuse.

CDC: 101 influenza deaths in children reported for 2016-17

CDC: 101 influenza deaths in children reported for 2016-17

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A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.

Maternal antibodies inhibit antigenic responses to vaccines in infants

Maternal antibodies inhibit antigenic responses to vaccines in infants

Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.

USPSTF recommends obesity screening in children aged 6 years and older

USPSTF recommends obesity screening in children aged 6 years and older

The USPSTF has released updated recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents to focus on intensive behavioral interventions.

Majority of birth defects have unknown etiology

Majority of birth defects have unknown etiology

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About 80% of birth defects between 2005 and 2009 have an unknown etiology.

Too much or too little gestational weight gain increases risk of adverse outcomes

Too much or too little gestational weight gain increases risk of adverse outcomes

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Gestational weight gain greater than or less than guideline recommendations is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.

Breast milk bacteria seed development of infant gut microbiome

Breast milk bacteria seed development of infant gut microbiome

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Findings show that bacteria from mothers' breast milk and areolar skin are transferred to their infants' guts.

FDA approves medical device to treat esophageal atresia

FDA approves medical device to treat esophageal atresia

The new device uses magnetic catheters to draw the upper and lower esophagus together.

Zinc effective in children with presymptomatic Wilson disease

Zinc effective in children with presymptomatic Wilson disease

Treatment was effective in patients under 6 years who received 50 mg/day of zinc as an initial dose.

Developmental trauma disorder: the effects of child abuse and neglect

Developmental trauma disorder: the effects of child abuse and neglect

Developmental trauma disorder, not yet officially recognized, results from child maltreatment and has many neurobiologic consequences.

Wrong-patient orders are more likely in NICU vs non-NICU pediatric units

Wrong-patient orders are more likely in NICU vs non-NICU pediatric units

Implementation of a combined ID re-entry intervention and distinct naming convention greatly reduced the risk.

Celiac disease linked to diagnosis of anorexia nervosa

Celiac disease linked to diagnosis of anorexia nervosa

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Celiac disease is associated with anorexia nervosa before and after a diagnosis of celiac disease.

Pertussis vaccination during pregnancy lowers risk for newborns

Pertussis vaccination during pregnancy lowers risk for newborns

Infants whose mothers got the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy had a lower risk of pertussis during the first 2 months of life.

PCV10 vaccine decreases pneumonia rate in children

PCV10 vaccine decreases pneumonia rate in children

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PCV10 decreases rate of pneumonia among vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.

Antibiotic prescribing in primary care varies for community-acquired pneumonia

Antibiotic prescribing in primary care varies for community-acquired pneumonia

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Factors that contribute to antibiotic choice for CAP include patient age, previous antibiotic receipt, and private insurance.

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine reduces <i>Streptococcus pneumoniae</i> bacteremia

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine reduces Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia

Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

Annual rate of perinatal HIV infection decreased in United States

Annual rate of perinatal HIV infection decreased in United States

However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.

Early feeding, skin-to-skin contact improves hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia

Early feeding, skin-to-skin contact improves hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia

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A hypoglycemia bundle was created in order to reduce hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia.

Adolescents not seeking STD services due to confidentiality issues

Adolescents not seeking STD services due to confidentiality issues

Adolescents might not seek care or might delay seeking care for STD services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out.

HPV educational session may boost vaccination rates in high school students

HPV educational session may boost vaccination rates in high school students

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The students improved their basic knowledge of HPV and understood the benefits of the HPV vaccine.

Sepsis risk calculator helps decrease antibiotic use in infants

Sepsis risk calculator helps decrease antibiotic use in infants

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Data presented at NAPNAP show that an early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants who received a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.

Water consumption not linked to weight loss in overweight and obese adolescents

Water consumption not linked to weight loss in overweight and obese adolescents

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The study compared two weight-loss diets in adolescents who were overweight or obese with the goal of increasing regular water uptake to 8 cups daily.

Soft tissue sarcoma of the thigh in an adolescent male

Soft tissue sarcoma of the thigh in an adolescent male

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A young boy's complaint of a tender mass on his left thigh is diagnosed as osteosarcoma.

Low vitamin E in pregnant women increases asthma risk in offspring

Low vitamin E in pregnant women increases asthma risk in offspring

Research presented at the AAAAI Annual Meeting suggests a link between maternal vitamin E levels and childhood asthma development.

Alcohol-based hand sanitizer ingestion linked to increasing illnesses in children

Alcohol-based hand sanitizer ingestion linked to increasing illnesses in children

Some older children may be intentionally consuming brands containing alcohol, according to CDC researchers.

MRI may detect autism before age 1

MRI may detect autism before age 1

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MRI scans showed that the brain size of infants grew faster between 12 and 24 months, the same time that behavioral signs of autism appeared.

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