Pediatrics

Comorbidity risks increase in children with psoriasis

Comorbidity risks increase in children with psoriasis

Some of the comorbidities include increased lipid levels, hypertension, and diabetes.

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis screening: a USPSTF recommendation statement

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis screening: a USPSTF recommendation statement

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The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on screening for idiopathic scoliosis in asymptomatic adolescents.

CDC: Unsafe infant sleep practices prevalent in the US

CDC: Unsafe infant sleep practices prevalent in the US

Unsafe sleep practices, including placing infants in a non-supine sleep position, are still prevalent in the United States.

Maternal folic acid, multivitamin use linked to reduced autism risk

Maternal folic acid, multivitamin use linked to reduced autism risk

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Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.

Some infants are prematurely exposed to complementary foods

Some infants are prematurely exposed to complementary foods

About 16% of infants under 4 months were fed foods other than breast milk or formula.

Infant mortality rate varied by state, race from 2013 to 2015

Infant mortality rate varied by state, race from 2013 to 2015

The infant mortality rate varied by state, from 4.28 to 9.08 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts and Mississippi, respectively, in 2013 through 2015.

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.

Steady rate of marijuana use associated with decline in cigarette, alcohol use in adolescents

Steady rate of marijuana use associated with decline in cigarette, alcohol use in adolescents

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Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.

Average birth weights have decreased among infants born in Flint, Michigan

Average birth weights have decreased among infants born in Flint, Michigan

Average birth weights among infants born in Flint, Michigan, have decreased after the city's shift from using the Detroit Water Authority to the Flint River for its tap water source.

Children are exposed to more allergens in daycare than at home

Children are exposed to more allergens in daycare than at home

Day-care centers have more allergens from pets and mites than in homes.

Prescription video game shows promising results for pediatric ADHD

Prescription video game shows promising results for pediatric ADHD

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A study of an investigational digital medicine achieves its primary efficacy end point in pediatric ADHD.

Omega-3 supplementation improves pediatric executive functioning

Omega-3 supplementation improves pediatric executive functioning

Omega-3 supplementation in children with mood disorders is associated with decreased impairment in executive functioning.

Methotrexate vs tumor necrosis factor inhibitors for pediatric psoriasis

Methotrexate vs tumor necrosis factor inhibitors for pediatric psoriasis

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Medication-related adverse events occur more frequently with methotrexate in children with moderate to severe psoriasis.

Clinician accuracy low for lyme disease diagnosis

Clinician accuracy low for lyme disease diagnosis

Clinician suspicion has minimal accuracy for the diagnosis of Lyme disease.

Brief intervention may be beneficial for adolescents with chronic pain

Brief intervention may be beneficial for adolescents with chronic pain

A combination of psychoeducation, cognitive-based therapy, visualization, and breathing exercises may represent a tolerable and readily accepted complementary therapeutic approach for adolescent patients with chronic pain.

Distinct treatment trajectories vary for childhood depression

Distinct treatment trajectories vary for childhood depression

Youths receiving dual therapy for depression had the highest incidence of attempted suicide compared with those receiving monotherapy.

Prenatal ADHD treatment linked to neonatal morbidity

Prenatal ADHD treatment linked to neonatal morbidity

Treatment with ADHD medication during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk for neonatal morbidity, especially central nervous system-related disorders such as seizures.

Delayed vs immediate cord clamping: comparing the impact on preterm infant health

Delayed vs immediate cord clamping: comparing the impact on preterm infant health

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Delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping show no major differences in health of preterm infants.

Vaccination coverage remains above 90% for infants

Vaccination coverage remains above 90% for infants

Infants aged 19-35 months had vaccination rates above 90%.

AAP releases updated information on cord blood banking

AAP releases updated information on cord blood banking

The policy statement from the AAP recommends public cord blood banking for collecting, processing, and using cord blood cells.

Halloween tips for children with diabetes

Halloween tips for children with diabetes

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With a little creativity, children with diabetes can enjoy the festivities of Halloween.

Infection prevention in ambulatory settings: A policy statement from the AAP

Infection prevention in ambulatory settings: A policy statement from the AAP

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The AAP has updated guidelines on infection prevention and control that include the endorsement of immunization for healthcare personnel and guidance during outbreaks of infectious diseases.

Clinical tool developed to determine pediatric community-acquired pneumonia severity

Clinical tool developed to determine pediatric community-acquired pneumonia severity

Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.

Antidepressant use linked to type 2 diabetes in young adults

Antidepressant use linked to type 2 diabetes in young adults

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Type 2 diabetes risk is increased in young adults through antidepressant use, specifically the duration of use and the cumulative dose.

Diabetes risk greater in children, young adults on second-generation antipsychotics

Diabetes risk greater in children, young adults on second-generation antipsychotics

Type 2 diabetes is greater with second-generation antipsychotics than with non-second-generation antipsychotic psychotropic medications for patients aged 6 to 25 years.

Stat consult: Head lice

Stat consult: Head lice

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Approximately 6 to 12 million head lice cases are diagnosed in the United States per year, primarily affecting elementary school children.

Antenatal multivitamin use linked to lower autism risk in offspring

Antenatal multivitamin use linked to lower autism risk in offspring

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Maternal multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy may be inversely associated with ASD with intellectual disability in offspring.

AAP releases list of 5 unnecessary endocrine-related tests

AAP releases list of 5 unnecessary endocrine-related tests

The AAP Section for Endocrinology compiled the list of tests for height and puberty, which should prompt careful discussion between parents and physicians.

Insulin pump linked to better glycemic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes

Insulin pump linked to better glycemic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes

Insulin pump therapy is linked to lower risks of severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis and better glycemic control than insulin injection therapy.

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

With a continuing resurgence in pertussis, efforts should focus on maximizing Tdap uptake among pregnant women.

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