Pediatrics

Third Trimester Immunization With Tdap Vaccine Optimal for Pertussis Toxin Antibody Concentrations in Newborns

Third Trimester Immunization With Tdap Vaccine Optimal for Pertussis Toxin Antibody Concentrations in Newborns

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Immunization with Tdap vaccine during the third trimester of pregnancy resulted in higher concentrations of pertussis toxin antibodies in newborns.

Pediatric Migraine: Evidence-Based Alternative Management

Pediatric Migraine: Evidence-Based Alternative Management

Recent high-quality clinical trial evidence has demonstrated that medications commonly prescribed for migraine prevention in pediatric patients were not superior to placebo for reducing headache symptoms.

CDC Warns of Polio-Like Virus Striking More US Children

CDC Warns of Polio-Like Virus Striking More US Children

127 cases reported in 22 states so far this year with 62 confirmed as acute flaccid myelitis.

Recommendations Developed to Verify Nasogastric Tube Placement in Children

Recommendations Developed to Verify Nasogastric Tube Placement in Children

Recommendations include clinician education, use of gastric pH measurement, radiographs.

Nine Cases of Polio-Like Illness Suspected in Children in Illinois

Nine Cases of Polio-Like Illness Suspected in Children in Illinois

Five possible cases reported in Washington state; 14 confirmed cases reported in Colorado.

Pneumococcal <i>H Influenzae</i> Protein D Conjugate Vaccine Effective in Children

Pneumococcal H Influenzae Protein D Conjugate Vaccine Effective in Children

The burden of childhood and infant pneumonia can be effectively reduced through the use of the pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine.

CDC: Many Children With Heart Conditions Have Special Needs

CDC: Many Children With Heart Conditions Have Special Needs

One in 77 US children reportedly had heart conditions in 2016, with special needs in 60%.

Childhood Obesity Persists Into Adolescence

Childhood Obesity Persists Into Adolescence

Greater weight gain in early childhood often carries over to overweight and obesity in adolescence.

Acetaminophen Can Reduce Recurrence of Febrile Seizures

Acetaminophen Can Reduce Recurrence of Febrile Seizures

For children, infants with febrile seizure, recurrence down with acetaminophen vs no antipyretic.

Fycompa Approved for Younger Epilepsy Patients With Partial-Onset Seizures

Fycompa Approved for Younger Epilepsy Patients With Partial-Onset Seizures

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Safety data for Fycompa was consistent with the safety profile in adult populations without the need for weight-based dosing.

Morbidity, Mortality Up for Youth With CHD Presenting to ED

Morbidity, Mortality Up for Youth With CHD Presenting to ED

Children with congenital heart disease presenting to ED at increased risk for morbidity, mortality.

Folic Acid Supplementation May Protect Against Language Delay in AED-Exposed Children

Folic Acid Supplementation May Protect Against Language Delay in AED-Exposed Children

The odds of language delay were lower at 18 months and 36 months in children exposed to AEDs in utero whose mothers took folic acid.

Soft Drinks Account for 20% of Youth Beverage Consumption

Soft Drinks Account for 20% of Youth Beverage Consumption

Despite dietary recommendations, soft drinks make up about one-fifth of total beverage consumption by US youth.

Additional Symjepi Dosage Strength Approved for Anaphylaxis Treatment

Additional Symjepi Dosage Strength Approved for Anaphylaxis Treatment

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Both doses will be supplied in single-dose, prefilled syringes for manual injection.

Breastfeeding Inversely Linked to Infant BMI Z Score

Breastfeeding Inversely Linked to Infant BMI Z Score

Breastfeeding is inversely associated with body mass index z scores measured at 12 months, and the association is attenuated with formula supplementation by 6 months.

Monovalent Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Safe and Effective for Neonates With Mothers Unvaccinated for Tdap

Monovalent Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Safe and Effective for Neonates With Mothers Unvaccinated for Tdap

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The monovalent acellular pertussis vaccine may be beneficial to neonates whose mothers did not receive Tdap vaccine during pregnancy.

Effects of Parental Decision Aids on ED CT Rates Among Children at Risk for TBI

Effects of Parental Decision Aids on ED CT Rates Among Children at Risk for TBI

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Emergency department computed tomography rates for children with minor head trauma were not affected by parent decision aid use.

AAP Provides Recommendations for Teen Drivers, Parents

AAP Provides Recommendations for Teen Drivers, Parents

Parents should be reminded that their driving and behavior will shape the behavior of their teen drivers.

Recreational Screen Time, Sleep Duration Linked to Cognitive Development in Children

Recreational Screen Time, Sleep Duration Linked to Cognitive Development in Children

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More than 2 hours of recreational screen time was found to be associated with cognitive decline in children.

Cesarean Delivery, Early Childhood Antibiotic Use Not Associated With Risk for ADHD

Cesarean Delivery, Early Childhood Antibiotic Use Not Associated With Risk for ADHD

This research rejects any association between increased risk for ADHD and changes in children's microbiota related to cesarean delivery or antibiotic use.

Allergy, But Not Asthma, Risk Increased in Children of East Asian Descent

Allergy, But Not Asthma, Risk Increased in Children of East Asian Descent

Children of East Asian-born parents had an increased risk for allergic rhinitis and aeroallergen sensitization compared with children of Caucasian ancestry.

AAP Report Addresses Managing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

AAP Report Addresses Managing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Recommendations developed to support pediatric providers in managing patients with FASD diagnosis.

PUFAs Inversely Associated With Asthma in Preschool Children

PUFAs Inversely Associated With Asthma in Preschool Children

Total omega-3 and omega-6 plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids relative abundances were significantly inversely correlated with asthma/recurrent wheeze and allergic sensitization.

Prenatal Insecticide Exposure in Mother May Be Linked to Risk for Autism in Children

Prenatal Insecticide Exposure in Mother May Be Linked to Risk for Autism in Children

Levels of p,p'-DDE were higher in mothers of children with autism than in mothers of children in the control group.

Pediatric End-Stage Liver Disease Score Underestimates Mortality

Pediatric End-Stage Liver Disease Score Underestimates Mortality

The PELD score underestimates the actual probability of 90-day pretransplant mortality for children undergoing a primary liver transplant.

Cesarean Delivery Linked to Food Allergy in Offspring

Cesarean Delivery Linked to Food Allergy in Offspring

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Children born by cesarean delivery who were large for gestational age and had low Apgar scores may be at increased risk of developing a food allergy.

Relationship Between Atopic Disorders May Be Age Dependent

Relationship Between Atopic Disorders May Be Age Dependent

Although allergic sensitization and hay fever rates increased as children grew older, the rates of asthma dropped.

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.

Perinatal Photoperiod May Influence Lifetime Depression in Offspring

Perinatal Photoperiod May Influence Lifetime Depression in Offspring

Extreme differences in daily photoperiod during pregnancy may be related to risk for lifetime depression in offspring.

Chest Radiograph Effective for Excluding Pediatric Pneumonia

Chest Radiograph Effective for Excluding Pediatric Pneumonia

CXR had negative predictive value of 98.8% in children evaluated for suspected pneumonia.

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