Pediatrics

Overuse of Neuroimaging in the Emergency Department Reported for Pediatric Headache

Overuse of Neuroimaging in the Emergency Department Reported for Pediatric Headache

Investigators examined rates, predictors, and outcomes of neuroimaging in pediatric and adolescent patients who presented to the ED with a headache.

Otitis Media-Related Ambulatory Visits Declined After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Otitis Media-Related Ambulatory Visits Declined After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

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The administration of PCV7 and PCV13 reduced the number of ambulatory visits for otitis media in pediatric patients.

Blister Packs for Several Meds Recalled Due to Risk of Harm to Children

Blister Packs for Several Meds Recalled Due to Risk of Harm to Children

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The recall affects approximately 470,000 units that include drugs packaged with 3 to 10 tablets per blister card. The blister packs were developed for use in hospitals, however some were sent to retail pharmacies and were likely dispensed for in-home use.

Internet "Challenges" and Teenagers: a Guide for Primary Care Providers

Internet "Challenges" and Teenagers: a Guide for Primary Care Providers

Discussions involving Internet challenges with children and adolescents should be as sensitive as those about sexuality and drug or alcohol use.

New AAP Policy on Patient Dismissal for Vaccine Refusal May "Erode Solidarity" Among Pediatricians

New AAP Policy on Patient Dismissal for Vaccine Refusal May "Erode Solidarity" Among Pediatricians

Others have argued that dismissal is ethically problematic because it can deprive children of comprehensive pediatric care and undermine public health.

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

Policy supports evidence-based strategies such as excise taxes, adding warning labels

Metabolic Health Predicative of Cognitive Development in Children

Metabolic Health Predicative of Cognitive Development in Children

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Researchers assessed whether current metabolic parameters are inversely associated with cognitive functioning.

Prenatal Pediatric Visit Recommended for Expectant Families

Prenatal Pediatric Visit Recommended for Expectant Families

Visit provides unique opportunity to address relationship between family and pediatric practice.

Implantable Continuous Glucose Monitoring Device Safe, Effective for Adolescents

Implantable Continuous Glucose Monitoring Device Safe, Effective for Adolescents

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The safety assessment included incidence of insertion or procedure-related removal and device-related serious adverse events through 180 after insertion.

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Association holds after adjustment for unmeasured genetic, environmental factors

NEURO Study: Neonatal neuroimaging with strong negative predictive value for developmental outcomes

In multivariate analyses, adverse late cranial ultrasound findings were an independent risk factor for full scale IQ scores 70.

Poison Control Center Data Detail Pediatric Exposure to Buprenorphine

Poison Control Center Data Detail Pediatric Exposure to Buprenorphine

Pediatric exposure to buprenorphine can result in serious adverse outcomes, especially among children aged younger than 6 years.

Childhood Abuse Linked to Compromised White Matter Integrity in Bipolar Disorder

Childhood Abuse Linked to Compromised White Matter Integrity in Bipolar Disorder

These findings are in line with previous research, which suggested that abuse and neglect in childhood have different effects on the brain.

Handheld Device Can ID Cardiac Dysfunction in Cancer Survivors

Handheld Device Can ID Cardiac Dysfunction in Cancer Survivors

Vivio can accurately detect cardiac dysfunction in anthracycline-exposed childhood cancer survivors

Prenatal antidepressant exposure may increase risk of poor motor development

A meta-analysis of 18 studies examining the association of prenatal antidepressant exposure with motor development in children showed a small overall effect of worse motor development outcomes among children exposed to antidepressants in pregnancy.

Sodium Chloride Fluid Infusion Rates Do Not Affect Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Sodium Chloride Fluid Infusion Rates Do Not Affect Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis

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Sodium chloride content of intravenous fluids does not affect neurologic events in children with diabetic ketoacidosis.

Gastroesophageal Reflux in Preterm Infants: Diagnosis and Management

Gastroesophageal Reflux in Preterm Infants: Diagnosis and Management

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The American Academy of Pediatrics releases a new clinical report on the diagnosis and treatment of clinically significant gastroesophageal reflux.

Resistant <i>A. Baumannii</i> Increased in Children From 1999 to 2012

Resistant A. Baumannii Increased in Children From 1999 to 2012

Increase seen carbapenem- and cephalosporin-resistant strains, with peak in 2008

Pediatric Kidney Recipients Often Have Subclinical Inflammation

Pediatric Kidney Recipients Often Have Subclinical Inflammation

Associated with increased risk of composite end point of acute rejection, allograft failure

Maternal Glucose, Fetal Genotype Independently Affect Birth Weight

Maternal Glucose, Fetal Genotype Independently Affect Birth Weight

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Fetal genetic score for birth weight affects fetal growth at various maternal fasting plasma glucose levels.

Child Neuroblastoma Survivors at Risk for Psychological Impairment

Child Neuroblastoma Survivors at Risk for Psychological Impairment

Psychological impairment seen particularly in those with chronic health conditions

Lower and higher oxygen saturation targets result in equal but contrasting outcomes for extremely preterm infants

In this meta-analysis, there was no significant difference between lower and higher oxygen saturation targets on a primary composite of mortality or major disability at a corrected age of 18-24 months for infants born extremely preterm.

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Increased From 1999 to 2014

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Increased From 1999 to 2014

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If trends continue, about one-third of children and one-half of teens will be obese/overweight by 2030.

Infant Omega-3 Supplementation Tied to Decreased Waist Size

Infant Omega-3 Supplementation Tied to Decreased Waist Size

At age 5 years, decreased waist circumference in both sexes, reduced insulin concentrations in boys

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

Surgeries by age 9 associated with higher long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, allergic diseases

Some Common Allergies Linked to Odds of Autism in Children

Some Common Allergies Linked to Odds of Autism in Children

Significant, positive link for common allergies, especially food allergy, with autism

Respiratory Pathogens May Increase Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

Respiratory Pathogens May Increase Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

Increased risk of treatment failure for children with asthma exacerbations presenting to the ER.

Mortality Still High After Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects

Mortality Still High After Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects

Long-term mortality elevated even for mild defects; overall survival improved over time

Microbiota in Breastfed Infants May Help Prevent Overweight

Microbiota in Breastfed Infants May Help Prevent Overweight

Elevated risk of overweight for formula-fed infants attenuated with adjustment for gut microbiota

Hepatitis C-Exposed Infants Not Adequately Screened

Hepatitis C-Exposed Infants Not Adequately Screened

Low screening rate seen at same time as increase in hepatitis C virus prevalence among pregnant women

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