Pediatrics

New biochemical bone assessment predicts fracture risk in children

New biochemical bone assessment predicts fracture risk in children

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The FSI proved to be at least as effective in predicting fracture risk in children as femoral and total body BMD.

USPSTF recommends screening for amblyopia in all children aged 3 to 5 years

USPSTF recommends screening for amblyopia in all children aged 3 to 5 years

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The USPSTF recommends that children aged 3 to 5 years undergo vision screening at least once to detect amblyopia or its risk factors.

2017-2018 recommendations for pediatric influenza vaccination

2017-2018 recommendations for pediatric influenza vaccination

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The guidelines include a strong recommendation for annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older.

Influenza vaccination rates drop in children when nasal spray is unavailable

Influenza vaccination rates drop in children when nasal spray is unavailable

Total influenza vaccination rates among children in the 2016 to 2017 influenza season dropped 1.6% from the year before.

Clinical pathway beneficial for pediatric acute gastroenteritis

Clinical pathway beneficial for pediatric acute gastroenteritis

Clinical pathway to improve care of acute gastroenteritis patients is associated with a sustained reduction in IV fluid use and length of stay in the pediatric emergency department.

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

Adherence decreased over time in adolescent MSM who participated in a 48-week HIV PrEP intervention.

FDA approves Chagas disease treatment for children

FDA approves Chagas disease treatment for children

The FDA has approved benznidazole to treat the tropical parasitic infection Chagas disease in children.

Updated recommendations for pediatric integrative medicine

Updated recommendations for pediatric integrative medicine

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The recommendations update the AAP's original 2008 statement on complementary medicine.

AAP: Hepatitis B vaccine should be given within first 24 hours of life

AAP: Hepatitis B vaccine should be given within first 24 hours of life

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.

Shorter sleep duration linked to higher diabetes risk in children

Shorter sleep duration linked to higher diabetes risk in children

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Sleep duration for 1 hour longer was associated with lower BMI, fat mass, insulin resistance, and fasting glucose but had no effect on HbA1c or cardiovascular risk.

Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumonia

Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumonia

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No single clinical observation reliably differentiates pneumonia from other causes of respiratory illness in children.

Anti-vaccine information during pregnancy could delay infant immunization

Anti-vaccine information during pregnancy could delay infant immunization

Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.

Managing high blood pressure in children: a clinical practice guideline

Managing high blood pressure in children: a clinical practice guideline

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The AAP has released an updated clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of high blood pressure in children.

Antiemetics: a clinical practice guideline update from ASCO

Antiemetics: a clinical practice guideline update from ASCO

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The updated guidelines will help clinicians prevent and manage nausea and vomiting caused by antineoplastic agents or radiation therapy in cancer patients.

Child with HIV suppresses virus without antiretroviral therapy for more than 8 years

Child with HIV suppresses virus without antiretroviral therapy for more than 8 years

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A child who was diagnosed with HIV at 1 month and received early treatment has suppressed the virus without anti-HIV therapy for 8.5 years.

Contraception and adolescents: ACOG releases counseling recommendations for clinicians

Contraception and adolescents: ACOG releases counseling recommendations for clinicians

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The ACOG released recommendations to help clinicians counsel adolescents about using contraception.

Screening guidelines for pediatric psoriasis comorbidities

Screening guidelines for pediatric psoriasis comorbidities

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The guidelines are the first to provide recommendations for comorbidity screening in pediatric psoriasis patients.

12.9 million infants worldwide not vaccinated in 2016: A WHO report

12.9 million infants worldwide not vaccinated in 2016: A WHO report

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Nearly 1 in 10 infants did not receive any vaccinations in 2016, according to the World Health Organization.

Higher childhood intelligence linked to lower mortality risk

Higher childhood intelligence linked to lower mortality risk

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Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.

Shaky, jerky eyes in an 8-week-old infant

Shaky, jerky eyes in an 8-week-old infant

An 8-week-old infant, presents to primary care with bilateral "shaky, jerky eyes."

Antibody screenings could detect celiac disease in asymptomatic children

Antibody screenings could detect celiac disease in asymptomatic children

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Serum TG2A screening has a positive predictive value of 61% to detect celiac disease.

Many children with suspected penicillin allergy may not be allergic

Many children with suspected penicillin allergy may not be allergic

A 3-part testing process may facilitate increased use of first-line penicillin antibiotics in the pediatric emergency department.

Making a case for developmental trauma disorder

Making a case for developmental trauma disorder

Epigenetics explains the anatomy and physiology behind the central nervous system changes caused by child abuse.

CDC: 101 influenza deaths in children reported for 2016-17

CDC: 101 influenza deaths in children reported for 2016-17

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A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.

Maternal antibodies inhibit antigenic responses to vaccines in infants

Maternal antibodies inhibit antigenic responses to vaccines in infants

Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.

USPSTF recommends obesity screening in children aged 6 years and older

USPSTF recommends obesity screening in children aged 6 years and older

The USPSTF has released updated recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents to focus on intensive behavioral interventions.

Majority of birth defects have unknown etiology

Majority of birth defects have unknown etiology

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About 80% of birth defects between 2005 and 2009 have an unknown etiology.

Too much or too little gestational weight gain increases risk of adverse outcomes

Too much or too little gestational weight gain increases risk of adverse outcomes

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Gestational weight gain greater than or less than guideline recommendations is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.

Breast milk bacteria seed development of infant gut microbiome

Breast milk bacteria seed development of infant gut microbiome

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Findings show that bacteria from mothers' breast milk and areolar skin are transferred to their infants' guts.

FDA approves medical device to treat esophageal atresia

FDA approves medical device to treat esophageal atresia

The new device uses magnetic catheters to draw the upper and lower esophagus together.

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