The CHEST Expert Cough Panel agreed on cough, dyspnea, pleural pain, sweating, shivers, aches, temperature of ≥38°C, tachypnea, and new and localizing chest examination signs as clinical symptoms as criteria suggestive of pneumonia in outpatient adults.
While primary care physicians overwhelmingly recommend pneumococcal vaccines, there is a gap in their knowledge of how to implement related vaccine recommendations.
The burden of childhood and infant pneumonia can be effectively reduced through the use of the pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine.
For patients with CAP, antibiotic regimens including a fluoroquinolone may reduce mortality risk by 1-2% compared to beta-lactams and cephalosporins alone.
CXR had negative predictive value of 98.8% in children evaluated for suspected pneumonia.
Rate of incident pneumonia increased in second year after initiating treatment with proton pump inhibitors.
Investigators examined the incidence and outcomes of pneumonia in patients with acute ischemic stroke and type 2 diabetes.
The risk of invasive pneumococcal disease is correlated with the prescription opioid use.
A pneumonia vaccine under development provides the most comprehensive coverage to date and alleviates antimicrobial concerns.
A combination antibiotic regimen with a macrolide was shown to improve short- and long-term outcomes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.
Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.
The researchers found that 42% of the estimated 12 million ever-employed adults with current asthma had received a pneumococcal vaccine.
Incidence of pneumonia was higher among patients with GERD compared with matched controls.
Men who are admitted to the hospital with a serious infection may have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the years immediately following the infection.
Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumoniaAugust 28, 2017
No single clinical observation reliably differentiates pneumonia from other causes of respiratory illness in children.
Clinicians must rely on the combination of clinical examination, signs and symptoms, microbiologic testing, and radiographic findings to diagnose hospital-acquired pneumonia.
The COPD Foundation has released tips for patients with COPD to avoid pneumonia and exacerbations.
The hospital and ICU mortality rates of critically ill patients with VZV-CAP were 24% and 17%, respectively.
Study findings suggest that nursing home residents should receive more guidance in using strategies to prevent aspiration during eating and drinking.
About 1 in 4 adult patients with pneumonia do not respond to initial prescription of antibiotic treatment.
The use of inhaled corticosteroids is associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in asthma patients.
Compared with current use of metformin + sulfonylurea, the use of thiazolidinediones + metformin was associated with an increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia.
Clinicians should consider risk of pneumonia when weighing the benefits and risks of benzodiazepines in patients with Alzheimer disease.
All participants with a neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio greater than 28.3 died within 30 days.
PCV10 decreases rate of pneumonia among vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.
Elevated cardiac troponin T is also strongly prognostic of cardiac mortality observed in association with community-acquired pneumonia.
Factors that contribute to antibiotic choice for CAP include patient age, previous antibiotic receipt, and private insurance.
Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
Point of care lung ultrasound is an accurate tool for the diagnosis of pneumonia, according to researchers.
Results showed no link between inhaled corticosteroids and risk of pharyngitis, otitis media, or sinusitis.