Pneumonia

Chlorhexidine oral rinse solution ineffective for aspiration pneumonia

Chlorhexidine oral rinse solution ineffective for aspiration pneumonia

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Study findings suggest that nursing home residents should receive more guidance in using strategies to prevent aspiration during eating and drinking.

First antibiotic prescription ineffective in 25% of pneumonia cases

First antibiotic prescription ineffective in 25% of pneumonia cases

About 1 in 4 adult patients with pneumonia do not respond to initial prescription of antibiotic treatment.

Inhaled corticosteroid use linked to increased pneumonia risk in asthma patients

Inhaled corticosteroid use linked to increased pneumonia risk in asthma patients

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The use of inhaled corticosteroids is associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in asthma patients.

Some antidiabetic agents may increase pneumonia risk in type 2 diabetes

Some antidiabetic agents may increase pneumonia risk in type 2 diabetes

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Compared with current use of metformin + sulfonylurea, the use of thiazolidinediones + metformin was associated with an increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia.

Benzodiazepines may increase risk of pneumonia in Alzheimer disease

Benzodiazepines may increase risk of pneumonia in Alzheimer disease

Clinicians should consider risk of pneumonia when weighing the benefits and risks of benzodiazepines in patients with Alzheimer disease.

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may predict mortality in community-acquired pneumonia

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may predict mortality in community-acquired pneumonia

All participants with a neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio greater than 28.3 died within 30 days.

PCV10 vaccine decreases pneumonia rate in children

PCV10 vaccine decreases pneumonia rate in children

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PCV10 decreases rate of pneumonia among vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.

High cardiac troponin levels may predict mortality in community-acquired pneumonia

High cardiac troponin levels may predict mortality in community-acquired pneumonia

Elevated cardiac troponin T is also strongly prognostic of cardiac mortality observed in association with community-acquired pneumonia.

Antibiotic prescribing in primary care varies for community-acquired pneumonia

Antibiotic prescribing in primary care varies for community-acquired pneumonia

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Factors that contribute to antibiotic choice for CAP include patient age, previous antibiotic receipt, and private insurance.

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine reduces <i>Streptococcus pneumoniae</i> bacteremia

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine reduces Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia

Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

Ultrasound vs radiology for diagnosing pneumonia

Ultrasound vs radiology for diagnosing pneumonia

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Point of care lung ultrasound is an accurate tool for the diagnosis of pneumonia, according to researchers.

Inhaled corticosteroids not tied to pneumonia in children with asthma

Inhaled corticosteroids not tied to pneumonia in children with asthma

Results showed no link between inhaled corticosteroids and risk of pharyngitis, otitis media, or sinusitis.

More antimicrobial treatments needed in community-acquired pneumonia

More antimicrobial treatments needed in community-acquired pneumonia

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Findings from a US claims-based retrospective study call for more effective antimicrobial treatments for patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

2017 Adult immunization schedule released by the CDC

2017 Adult immunization schedule released by the CDC

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The ACIP has released the 2017 recommended immunization schedule for adults.

2017 immunization schedule for children and adolescents released by CDC

2017 immunization schedule for children and adolescents released by CDC

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The schedule includes new or revised recommendations for several vaccines for children and adolescents.

High-potency statins increase hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia

High-potency statins increase hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia

Higher-potency statins increased hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia compared with lower-potency statins.

Recurrent pneumonia resulting from misdiagnosed endobronchial suture—a case synopsis

Recurrent pneumonia resulting from misdiagnosed endobronchial suture—a case synopsis

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Endobronchial suture should be considered in patients with recurrent pneumonia that is unresponsive to medical therapy.

Pneumococcal vaccination reduces pneumonia risk in COPD patients

Pneumococcal vaccination reduces pneumonia risk in COPD patients

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Polyvalent pneumococcal vaccines offered protection against community-acquired pneumonia in COPD patients.

Pneumonia vaccine may not be effective in rheumatoid arthritis patients

Pneumonia vaccine may not be effective in rheumatoid arthritis patients

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The PPSV23 vaccine may not prevent pneumonia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

IV catheters vs oral antibiotic treatment for pediatric pneumonia

IV catheters vs oral antibiotic treatment for pediatric pneumonia

Children with complicated pneumonia should preferentially receive oral antibiotics at discharge when effective oral options are available

Blood eosinophil counts linked to adverse pneumonia events in COPD patients

Blood eosinophil counts linked to adverse pneumonia events in COPD patients

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Patients with a blood eosinophil count below 2% had a poor response to treatment with inhaled corticosteroids.

A clinician and patient mistake

A clinician and patient mistake

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It is well-accepted that healthcare practitioners have a duty to their patients, but do patients have a duty as well?

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

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General practices that prescribe fewer antibiotics may encounter slightly higher incidences of pneumonia and peritonsillar abscess.

COPD exacerbations linked to quality of life, history of pneumonia

COPD exacerbations linked to quality of life, history of pneumonia

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Patients with mild-to-moderate airflow limitations should be screened for COPD exacerbations.

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia

Patients with COP generally have positive outcomes following a definitive diagnosis and the initiation of appropriate treatment.

Influenza vaccine can prevent pneumonia hospitalizations

Influenza vaccine can prevent pneumonia hospitalizations

The influenza vaccine may be able to prevent approximately 57% of hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia.

Adjunctive corticosteroids may improve outcomes in community-acquired pneumonia


Adjunctive corticosteroids may improve outcomes in community-acquired pneumonia


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Adults hospitalized with pneumonia benefit from the addition of corticosteroids to antibiotic treatment.

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor use not tied to pneumonia hospitalizations

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor use not tied to pneumonia hospitalizations

Of the 49,653 patients included in the cohort, 562 were hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia during follow-up.

Viral pneumonia rates rise among kids

Viral pneumonia rates rise among kids

Nearly three-quarters of the children studied had viral infections -- either alone or in combination with a bacterial infection.

Corticosteroids benefit community-acquired pneumonia

Corticosteroids benefit community-acquired pneumonia

Patients with severe, community-acquired pneumonia and high inflammatory response benefit from corticosteroids.

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