Psoriasis Variants & Related Conditions

  • Adalimumab successful in psoriasis, AD case

    Adalimumab successful in psoriasis, AD case

    Chronic plaque psoriasis is a condition in which epithelial cells are over produced and form a well-defined site. The redness is often covered with silvery scales of skin. The cause of this type of psoriasis is unknown, but some inheritance factor has been reported, as has a connection with stress disorders. Treatment is normally by palliative creams based on coal tar, although some acute cases are treated with drugs.

  • Guttate psoriasis is a skin eruption characterized by small, drop-like, salmon-pink papules between one and 10 mm in diameter, usually with a fine scale. This variant primarily occurs on the trunk and the proximal extremities, but it may have a generalized distribution. It mostly affects children and young adults, often following a streptococcal throat infection, immunization or a physical or psychological trauma. The word "guttate" is derived from the Latin word "gutta," meaning drop.

  • Seborrheic psoriasis is a chronic, hereditary, recurrent dermatosis, characterized by discrete red plaques covered with silvery scales. It results from overactive sebaceous glands in the skin.

  • Pustular psoriasis is characterized by clearly defined, raised pus-filled blisters, that cover large swatches of skin and is sometimes accompanied by fever, chills and severe itching. This form of psoriasis can be triggered by pregnancy and medications such as systemic steroids. Flares may also occur after discontinuing certain medications, such as strong topical steroid creams.

  • Erythrodermic psoriasis causes inflammation, itching and a painful red rash that may peel and often covers the entire body. It can be caused by severe sunburn, another poorly controlled form of psoriasis, or withdrawal from systemic treatment. This photo shows the dorsum left foot with confluent erythematous plaques and scaling in a man on methotrexate and neotigason.

  • Psoriasis rupioides is an extreme and rare variant of psoriasis characterized by concentric tiers of scales resembling an oyster shell, pictured here on the knees.

  • Screening tools aid in psoriatic arthritis diagnosis

    Screening tools aid in psoriatic arthritis diagnosis

    Psoriatic arthritis is a type of arthritis of unknown etiology that often occurs in patients with psoriasis of the skin. This dorsum view of the hands of an adult man with psoriatic arthritis shows swollen fingers and distal joints, as well as pitting in some nails, characteristic of the disorder.

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Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin disease, marked by thick, red skin with flaky, silver-white scaly patches. It generally appears between the ages of 15 and 35 years, and is the most common autoimmune disease, according to the National Psoriasis Foundation, affecting approximately 7.5 million Americans.

Psoriasis can occur on any part of the body and is associated with other serious health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease and depression. Learn more about the different type of psoriasis and related conditions with this slideshow.

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