Public Health

Rates of blindness, visual impairment projected to double by 2050

Rates of blindness, visual impairment projected to double by 2050

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Researchers project that current rates of blindness and visual impairment in the United States will double by 2050, increasing the need for better screening efforts.

Hospitalizations due to opioid abuse, dependence increasing significantly

Hospitalizations due to opioid abuse, dependence increasing significantly

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Since 2002, the number of hospitalizations due to opioid abuse and dependence has increased by 72%.

Rates of asthma, ADHD increasing among children living in poverty

Rates of asthma, ADHD increasing among children living in poverty

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Rates of chronic conditions are on the rise in children, and children living in poverty have a higher risk of ADHD and asthma, compared with wealthier children.

Worldwide diabetes prevalence has quadrupled since 1980

Worldwide diabetes prevalence has quadrupled since 1980

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From 1980 to 2014, the number of people worldwide with diabetes has increased from 108 million to 422 million.

Public health initiatives improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes

Public health initiatives improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes

Training the public in bystander CPR and first responder defibrillation improves outcomes for cardiac arrest that occurs outside of a hospital.

CDC issues Zika virus update for pediatric health care providers

CDC issues Zika virus update for pediatric health care providers

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As Zika virus infections continue, the agency offers clinicians information on how to evaluate and manage suspected cases.

Prediabetes goes untreated in many patients

Prediabetes goes untreated in many patients

Very few patients with glycated hemoglobin levels that indicate prediabetes are being told they have the condition.

In Uganda, clinical officers rise to the challenge of meeting public health needs

In Uganda, clinical officers rise to the challenge of meeting public health needs

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In Uganda, clinical officers are addressing public health needs by training to work in rural areas and treating the country's growing population.

Death rates increase among middle-aged white Americans

Death rates increase among middle-aged white Americans

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Mortality rates among non-Hispanic white men and women have increased significantly between 1999 and 2013.

Processed meats cause colorectal cancer in humans, according to WHO

Processed meats cause colorectal cancer in humans, according to WHO

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A report from WHO found that processed meat causes colorectal cancer, and red meat is positively associated with several cancers.

Outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease at Princeton University

Outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease at Princeton University

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An outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease at Princeton University has infected 19 students.

Most Americans will be misdiagnosed at least once

Most Americans will be misdiagnosed at least once

A panel at the Institute of Medicine urges communication between clinicians and patients to help reduce diagnostic errors.

Exposure to pesticides increases risk of developing diabetes

Exposure to pesticides increases risk of developing diabetes

Exposure to any type of pesticide raised the risk of developing any type of diabetes by 61%.

Half of U.S. adults have type 2 diabetes or prediabetes

Half of U.S. adults have type 2 diabetes or prediabetes

Almost half of adults in the United States have either type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, though many are undiagnosed.

Experts call for public health initiatives, not personalized medicine

Experts call for public health initiatives, not personalized medicine

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To improve public health in the United States, initiatives need to focus on addressing health inequalities and social factors.

Viral infection present in large families most of the year

Viral infection present in large families most of the year

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Each child a family has increases the risk for viral infection.

Children vaccination rates are high in U.S., says CDC

Children vaccination rates are high in U.S., says CDC

On average, 94% of children entering kindergarten received vaccinations.

Obesity prevalence continues to increase

Obesity prevalence continues to increase

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Over 130 million Americans are either obese or overweight, according to new data.

Decrease in mortality, hospitalization rates among elderly

Decrease in mortality, hospitalization rates among elderly

Yearly mortality, hospital stays, and inpatient costs have decreased in Medicare patients.

Affordable health insurance, better health reported from ACA

Affordable health insurance, better health reported from ACA

More Americans have reported access to affordable health insurance and feel they are in better health since the ACA.

Aspirin use common in people with history of CVD, stroke

Aspirin use common in people with history of CVD, stroke

Approximately 70% of Americans with a history of CVD take aspirin regularly.

Hazardous sunburn art trend popular on social media

Hazardous sunburn art trend popular on social media

Clinicians should warn patients about the dangers of sunburn and discourage this new trend.

Standing at work may increase muscle fatigue

Standing at work may increase muscle fatigue

Standing for five or more hours at work leads to increased muscle fatigue.

Most Americans support raising smoking age to 21

Most Americans support raising smoking age to 21

The CDC reports that 75% of Americans supporting increasing the legal age for smoking to 21.

High rates of colorectal cancer in select parts of U.S.

High rates of colorectal cancer in select parts of U.S.

The Mississippi Delta region, Appalachia, Virginia, and North Carolina include areas with high rates of colorectal cancer.

Comorbidity involving diabetes, myocardial infarction, stroke increases mortality risk

Comorbidity involving diabetes, myocardial infarction, stroke increases mortality risk

People with more than one major health problem have higher mortality than those with just one condition.

Eliminating five risk factors could halve CVD deaths

Eliminating five risk factors could halve CVD deaths

Eliminating elevated cholesterol levels, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and smoking can greatly reduce CVD mortality.

Beach medicine pearls (and seashell lacerations)

Beach medicine pearls (and seashell lacerations)

Fun at the beach exposes children and adults to a number of hazards—some avoidable, such as sunburn, and some less so.

Prevalence of metabolic 
syndrome high but stable

Prevalence of metabolic 
syndrome high but stable

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Although many older adults have metabolic syndrome, the rates are stable.

Cancer screening rates are short of goal

Cancer screening rates are short of goal

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The CDC reports that screening rates for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer have dropped in recent years.

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