The USPSTF task force reviewed evidence regarding screening for LTBI in asymptomatic adults.
Seven ventilation strategies were compared for efficacy in a study of 5598 preterm infants.
Clinician awareness of COPD treatment guidelines has increased since 2007.
Patients with a blood eosinophil count below 2% had a poor response to treatment with inhaled corticosteroids.
Potential effects of statin use as adjunct therapy in COPD patients is still widely debated.
The importance of ruling out conditions other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is highlighted in this case of a 62-year-old female.
For patients hospitalized with COPD, mortality and length of stay have decreased while financial burden has increased.
The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) can be used to distinguish between newly diagnosed patients, those with more exacerbations, and by gender.
Patients who are socioeconomically disadvantaged are more likely to continue smoking after a COPD diagnosis.
Older adults with depression are less likely to adhere to COPD maintenance medications regimens.
General practices that prescribe fewer antibiotics may encounter slightly higher incidences of pneumonia and peritonsillar abscess.
Patients with mild-to-moderate airflow limitations should be screened for COPD exacerbations.
Patients who complete pulmonary rehabilitation programs may experience short-term symptom reversal.
Many HIV-positive patients who meet the criteria for COPD are not receiving proper treatment.
Patients who participate in rehabilitation have a lower in-hospital mortality rate.
In early adulthood, 75% of participants showed decline in lung function or reduced lung growth.
Exacerbations were reduced in COPD patients with a history of at least 1 exacerbation in the past year.
Although COPD is the third leading cause of death in the US, patients often lack access to basic therapies and consistent care.
In patients with COPD, chronic renal failure is more likely and can be detected from decreased glomerular filtration rates.
The addition of tiotropium does not reduce COPD exacerbations.
The FDA has approved a long-acting dual bronchodilator, Bevespi Aerosphere, for the management of COPD.
The number of patients receiving all recommending pharmacologic therapies improved after the implementation of a computerized multidisciplinary order in patients' EHRs.
Inhalers are often inappropriately prescribed to children assumed to have asthma without proper diagnostic testing.
Patients with COPD who engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity were 47% less likely to die 12 months after hospitalization.
Beta-blockers reduced the risk of COPD exacerbations between 21% and 55%.
The USPSTF concludes with moderate certainty a moderate net benefit in screening at-risk adults for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI).
A National Center for Health Statistics study found significantly higher rates of asthma prevalence among obese women compared with men.
Of those who quit abruptly, 49% and 22% were still non-smokers at 4 weeks and 6 months, respectively.
An ACIP panel recommended adding live-attenuated influenza vaccination as an option for individuals with egg allergy of any severity.
Patients with COP generally have positive outcomes following a definitive diagnosis and the initiation of appropriate treatment.