A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
In the US Burden of Disease Report, the leading causes of death were ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Alzheimer's disease, and colorectal cancer while the leading causes of disability were low back pain, major depressive disorder, and diabetes.
Increasing inhaled glucocorticoid doses at initial signs of exacerbating asthma may not be effective.
Compared with standard oxygen therapy, high-flow treatments were better for infants with bronchiolotis.
Single maintenance and reliever therapy and long-acting muscarinic antagonists are linked to better management of asthma in patients with uncontrolled, persistent asthma.
Adaption of processes in pediatric pulmonology clinics that may eliminate tobacco use and exposure will help with decreasing medical expenses and hospital admissions for illnesses that can be triggered from smoke exposure.
Involvement in aerobic fitness activities helps adolescents and children increase lung volume as adults but does not improve airway caliber.
A 32-year-old woman, diagnosed several months earlier with pulmonary arterial hypertension, presented to the emergency department with dyspnea and near syncopal episodes.
In children age 5 to 11 with mild-to-moderate persistent asthma treated with daily inhaled glucocorticoids, quintupling the dose of inhaled glucocorticoids during the initial signs of worsening asthma control did not reduce the rate of severe exacerbations.
There is a significant association between varicose veins and an increased risk for deep venous thrombosis and possible associations with pulmonary embolism and peripheral artery disease, though results are still unclear.
Researchers examined real-world characteristics of patients receiving albuterol multidose dry powder inhaler or short-acting β2 agonists with short-acting β2 agonists for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Patients with opioid dependence or abuse may exhibit a higher prevalence of asthma compared with the general population.
When testing for sensitivity to histamine, larger swelling sizes were recorded for infants with eczema and atopic dermatitis compared with infants without those conditions.
Children who are exposed to antibiotics earlier in life may have an increased risk for allergic diseases, including asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis.
Data from the Isle of Wight birth cohort study and the Kuwait University Allergy cross-sectional study were used to assess self-reported acetaminophen use and asthma diagnosis.
Intranasal corticosteroids are the current guideline-preferred treatment recommendation for nasal congestion.
A congressionally mandated report has found that e-cigarettes are likely to be far less harmful than conventional cigarettes, although they are not without health risks.
Exposure to surrounding air pollutants and warm season ozone are linked to increased risk of death.
New evidence regarding safety is spurring the US FDA to remove a Boxed Warning from certain inhaled medications used to treat asthma and COPD.
There has been little change in the treatment recommendations for cough due to the common cold since publication of guidelines in 2006.
Results support the benefits of single-inhaler triple therapy compared with inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2-agonist therapy in patients with advanced COPD.
Vitamin B supplements are not chemopreventive and may increase cancer risk in men.
No significant effects were found from oral corticosteroid use for acute lower respiratory tract infection in adults without asthma.
Results show that exposure to pesticides and herbicides is associated with fixed airflow obstruction and chronic bronchitis.
Researchers found that doxycycline plus prednisone did not prolong the time between exacerbations in patients with COPD.
Obstructive sleep apnea and sleep-disordered breathing are associated with amyloid deposition.
A chest CT can provide additional information on comorbidities, including coronary artery disease and osteoporosis.
Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.
Surgical pulmonary embolectomy for peripheral distribution of thrombus demonstrated positive outcomes in patients with either CPE or PPE.
Increased residual volume is associated with a larger pulmonary artery in patients with COPD.