Pulmonology

Cancer-related deaths attributed to smoking vary across states

Cancer-related deaths attributed to smoking vary across states

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Cancer deaths attributed to cigarette smoking are common among the Southern states.

Pulmonary embolism common in patients hospitalized for syncope

Pulmonary embolism common in patients hospitalized for syncope

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One in 6 patients hospitalized for a first episode of syncope experiences a pulmonary embolism.

Screening for latent tuberculosis infection: USPSTF finalizes recommendation

Screening for latent tuberculosis infection: USPSTF finalizes recommendation

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The USPSTF task force reviewed evidence regarding screening for LTBI in asymptomatic adults.

Preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants

Preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants

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Seven ventilation strategies were compared for efficacy in a study of 5598 preterm infants.

Clinician survey indicates improved attitudes toward COPD treatment

Clinician survey indicates improved attitudes toward COPD treatment

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Clinician awareness of COPD treatment guidelines has increased since 2007.

Blood eosinophil counts linked to adverse pneumonia events in COPD patients

Blood eosinophil counts linked to adverse pneumonia events in COPD patients

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Patients with a blood eosinophil count below 2% had a poor response to treatment with inhaled corticosteroids.

Does statin use benefit patients with COPD?

Does statin use benefit patients with COPD?

Potential effects of statin use as adjunct therapy in COPD patients is still widely debated.

Using an evidence-based approach to diagnose IPF

Using an evidence-based approach to diagnose IPF

The importance of ruling out conditions other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is highlighted in this case of a 62-year-old female.

Inpatient mortality, length of stay decreasing for COPD patients, but financial burden increasing

Inpatient mortality, length of stay decreasing for COPD patients, but financial burden increasing

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For patients hospitalized with COPD, mortality and length of stay have decreased while financial burden has increased.

COPD Assessment Test can identify new COPD, mild airflow obstruction

COPD Assessment Test can identify new COPD, mild airflow obstruction

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The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) can be used to distinguish between newly diagnosed patients, those with more exacerbations, and by gender.

Young patients with COPD still active smokers

Young patients with COPD still active smokers

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Patients who are socioeconomically disadvantaged are more likely to continue smoking after a COPD diagnosis.

Depression limits adherence to COPD maintenance medications

Depression limits adherence to COPD maintenance medications

Older adults with depression are less likely to adhere to COPD maintenance medications regimens.

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

Reduced antibiotic prescribing may lead to increase in pneumonia, peritonsillar abscess cases

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General practices that prescribe fewer antibiotics may encounter slightly higher incidences of pneumonia and peritonsillar abscess.

COPD exacerbations linked to quality of life, history of pneumonia

COPD exacerbations linked to quality of life, history of pneumonia

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Patients with mild-to-moderate airflow limitations should be screened for COPD exacerbations.

Frailty affects rehabilitation outcomes in COPD patients

Frailty affects rehabilitation outcomes in COPD patients

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Patients who complete pulmonary rehabilitation programs may experience short-term symptom reversal.

COPD screening needed in HIV-positive patients

COPD screening needed in HIV-positive patients

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Many HIV-positive patients who meet the criteria for COPD are not receiving proper treatment.

Rehabilitation reduces in-hospital COPD mortality

Rehabilitation reduces in-hospital COPD mortality

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Patients who participate in rehabilitation have a lower in-hospital mortality rate.

Childhood asthma linked to young adult COPD risk

Childhood asthma linked to young adult COPD risk

In early adulthood, 75% of participants showed decline in lung function or reduced lung growth.

Indacaterol-Glycopyrronium cuts COPD exacerbations

Indacaterol-Glycopyrronium cuts COPD exacerbations

Exacerbations were reduced in COPD patients with a history of at least 1 exacerbation in the past year.

Patients with COPD face treatment challenges, limited access to care

Patients with COPD face treatment challenges, limited access to care

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Although COPD is the third leading cause of death in the US, patients often lack access to basic therapies and consistent care.

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

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In patients with COPD, chronic renal failure is more likely and can be detected from decreased glomerular filtration rates.

Triple therapy does not reduce COPD exacerbations

Triple therapy does not reduce COPD exacerbations

The addition of tiotropium does not reduce COPD exacerbations.

FDA approves Bevespi Aerosphere for COPD

FDA approves Bevespi Aerosphere for COPD

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The FDA has approved a long-acting dual bronchodilator, Bevespi Aerosphere, for the management of COPD.

EHRs improve quality of prescribing for patients with COPD exacerbations

EHRs improve quality of prescribing for patients with COPD exacerbations

The number of patients receiving all recommending pharmacologic therapies improved after the implementation of a computerized multidisciplinary order in patients' EHRs.

Pediatric asthma is regularly overdiagnosed

Pediatric asthma is regularly overdiagnosed

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Inhalers are often inappropriately prescribed to children assumed to have asthma without proper diagnostic testing.

Physical activity tied to mortality risk in patients with COPD

Physical activity tied to mortality risk in patients with COPD

Patients with COPD who engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity were 47% less likely to die 12 months after hospitalization.

Beta-blockers may reduce COPD exacerbation risk

Beta-blockers may reduce COPD exacerbation risk

Beta-blockers reduced the risk of COPD exacerbations between 21% and 55%.

Latent tuberculosis infection screening recommended in at-risk adults

Latent tuberculosis infection screening recommended in at-risk adults

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The USPSTF concludes with moderate certainty a moderate net benefit in screening at-risk adults for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI).

Asthma prevalence higher in obese adults

Asthma prevalence higher in obese adults

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A National Center for Health Statistics study found significantly higher rates of asthma prevalence among obese women compared with men.

Abrupt cessation more effective when quitting smoking

Abrupt cessation more effective when quitting smoking

Of those who quit abruptly, 49% and 22% were still non-smokers at 4 weeks and 6 months, respectively.

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