Pulmonology

Fluoroquinolones May Aid in Reducing Mortality in Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Fluoroquinolones May Aid in Reducing Mortality in Community-Acquired Pneumonia

For patients with CAP, antibiotic regimens including a fluoroquinolone may reduce mortality risk by 1-2% compared to beta-lactams and cephalosporins alone.

Anti-Reflux Surgery Promising in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Anti-Reflux Surgery Promising in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

In phase 2 study, surgery for abnormal acid GER in IPF patients was safe, well-tolerated.

Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Interstitial Lung Disease

Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Interstitial Lung Disease

Vitamin D deficiency is independently associated with subclinical interstitial lung disease and its progression.

EPA Plan Will Maintain Carbon Emissions From Power Plants

EPA Plan Will Maintain Carbon Emissions From Power Plants

Inadequate regulation of carbon pollution will likely have current, future consequences for human health.

Addition of High-Dose Guaifenesin Benefits Patient With Chronic Respiratory Conditions

Addition of High-Dose Guaifenesin Benefits Patient With Chronic Respiratory Conditions

According to the report, the patient complained of a non-productive cough, accumulation of mucus, and post-nasal drip and requested a thorough assessment of her medical conditions.

Ambient Particulate Matter Linked to Emergency Asthma Care

Ambient Particulate Matter Linked to Emergency Asthma Care

Increase in asthma hospital visits with increasing ambient particulate matter in San Luis Valley.

No Evidence for Milk Increasing Mucus Production From Lungs

No Evidence for Milk Increasing Mucus Production From Lungs

Patients perceive swallowing difficulty from thickness of saliva, but no real increase in mucus.

Small Reduction in Lung Function With Treatment De-Escalation in COPD

Small Reduction in Lung Function With Treatment De-Escalation in COPD

No difference in exacerbations with indacaterol/glycopyrronium for non-frequently exacerbating COPD.

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.

Chest Radiograph Effective for Excluding Pediatric Pneumonia

Chest Radiograph Effective for Excluding Pediatric Pneumonia

CXR had negative predictive value of 98.8% in children evaluated for suspected pneumonia.

New Bronchoscopic Option Used for Severe Emphysema

New Bronchoscopic Option Used for Severe Emphysema

First bronchoscopic lung volume reduction using endobronchial valve performed at Temple University.

Bigger Cut in Smoke Exposure for Immediate Nicotine Reduction

Bigger Cut in Smoke Exposure for Immediate Nicotine Reduction

Smokers with immediate vs gradual reduction have significantly lower levels of smoke exposure.

Prevalence of Marijuana Use Among US Adults in Past Year

Prevalence of Marijuana Use Among US Adults in Past Year

Researchers found that 14.6 percent of adults reported marijuana use in the past year and 8.7 percent reported use in the past 30 days.

Budesonide/Formoterol for the Prevention of Serious Asthma Exacerbations

Budesonide/Formoterol for the Prevention of Serious Asthma Exacerbations

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The SYGMA trials assessed the use of an as-needed combined corticosteroid/beta-agonist inhaler in patients with mild asthma.

E-cigarette use common, especially among younger adults and those in the LBGTQ community

Adults within the LBGTQ community more likely to use e-cigarettes.

Long-Term PPI Use Linked to Pneumonia Risk in Older Adults

Long-Term PPI Use Linked to Pneumonia Risk in Older Adults

Rate of incident pneumonia increased in second year after initiating treatment with proton pump inhibitors.

Wildfire Smoke Causing Poor Air Quality in US Pacific Northwest

Wildfire Smoke Causing Poor Air Quality in US Pacific Northwest

Air pollution advisories, air quality alerts issued for Washington, Oregon.

Food Allergies Linked to Reduced Small Airway Function in Children With Asthma

Food Allergies Linked to Reduced Small Airway Function in Children With Asthma

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Children and young adults with asthma and multiple food allergies may be at risk for reduced small airway lung function than children with a single food allergy.

Chronic Cough in Interstitial Lung Disease: More Clinical Trials Needed

Chronic Cough in Interstitial Lung Disease: More Clinical Trials Needed

An expert panel developed suggestions for chronic cough management in interstitial lung disease, but more clinical trials are needed to establish recommendations.

Severe Asthma Risk Increased From <i>Aspergillus fumigatus</i> Sensitization

Severe Asthma Risk Increased From Aspergillus fumigatus Sensitization

Sensitization to Aspergillus fumigatus increased the risk for severe asthma.

Collagen Degradation, Formation Elevated in Patients With Exacerbated COPD

Collagen Degradation, Formation Elevated in Patients With Exacerbated COPD

Serologically assessed collagen remodeling plays a key role in the severity of COPD, as determined by airflow limitation and dyspnea, as well as in disease outcomes.

CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

More than 9 million smokers have attempted to quit because of Tips from Former Smokers Campaign.

Wildfire Smoke Causes Health Risks

Wildfire Smoke Causes Health Risks

Agency offers steps to minimize exposure, particularly for those with chronic conditions.

FDA: Zephyr Endobronchial Valve Approved for Severe Emphysema

FDA: Zephyr Endobronchial Valve Approved for Severe Emphysema

Valve has been approved after review of data from trial involving 190 patients with emphysema

COPD End-of-Life Management Strategies: Use Could Be Expanded

COPD End-of-Life Management Strategies: Use Could Be Expanded

The use of formal palliative care services among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease increased by 1% per year, going from 5.3% in 2004 to 14.3% in 2014.

Tiotropium Once-Daily Plus ICS Maintenance May Improve Airflow Obstruction in Adult Asthma

Tiotropium Once-Daily Plus ICS Maintenance May Improve Airflow Obstruction in Adult Asthma

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Researchers from the University of Rochester identified improvement in pulmonary function in symptomatic adult patients with asthma treated with once-daily tiotropium.

Double Lung Transplantation Improves Survival in Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis

Double Lung Transplantation Improves Survival in Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis

Double lung transplantation appears to offer superior survival outcomes to single lung transplantation in patients with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis who are younger than 70 years.

CD63 Ratio May Predict Allergic Reaction Severity in Peanut Food Challenge

CD63 Ratio May Predict Allergic Reaction Severity in Peanut Food Challenge

Researchers developed a predictive algorithm to identify individuals with a higher risk for severe reactions to the standardized peanut oral food challenge.

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

Surgeries by age 9 associated with higher long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, allergic diseases

Respiratory Pathogens May Increase Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

Respiratory Pathogens May Increase Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

Increased risk of treatment failure for children with asthma exacerbations presenting to the ER.

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