Rosecea is shown on the forehead and the nose of an elderly woman. The skin disorder affects both sexes, but is almost three times more common in women, and peak onset occurs between 30 and 60 years.
As rosacea progresses other symptoms can develop such as semi-permanent erythema, telangiectasia, red domed papules and pustules, red gritty eyes, and burning and stinging sensations. The disorder can be confused and coexist with acne vulgaris and/or seborrheic dermatitis.
A 65-year-old woman with a bulbous red nose characteristic of the condition rhinophyma, a severe form of the skin disease rosacea. The tissue of the nose thickens, small blood vessels enlarge and the sebaceous glands become overactive, causing the nose to become excessively oily. Treatment includes surgery to cut away the swollen tissue and restore the normal shape of the nose.
Rozex metronidazole cream
Metronidazole is an antimicrobial drug used to treat bacterial and protozoal infections. Rozex (Galderma Laboratories) is particularly targeted at the treatment of the skin disorder rosacea.
Rosacea laser treatment
A pulsed dye KTP laser is used to treat rosacea and varicose veins by reducing the diameter of blood vessels.
Inflammation after laser treatment
Face of a woman after tunable dye laser treatment for acne rosacea. Tunable dye laser treatment targets the blood vessels with a microsecond laser pulse. The laser heats the blood vessel, which collapses and is reabsorbed by the body. The use of a pulse prevents heat diffusing to other tissues, targeting only the affected blood vessels. Swelling and inflammation recedes after a few days.
Rosacea is a common but often misunderstood condition that is estimated to affect more than 45 million people worldwide. It affects fair-skinned people of mostly north-western European descent. Rosacea begins as erythema on the central face and across the cheeks, nose, or forehead may also less commonly affect the neck and chest.
At first patients with the disorder typically experience a temporary flushing of the face, for example after drinking alcohol. It then develops into a permanent reddening of the skin. The cause of rosacea is usually unknown, but it can result from overuse of corticosteroid creams.