Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STD cases reach record high in the U.S.

STD cases reach record high in the U.S.

The largest increase in reported STD cases occurred in P&S syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia.

Healthcare issues of the LGBT community: What the primary care clinician should know

Healthcare issues of the LGBT community: What the primary care clinician should know

A greater understanding of the healthcare issues specific to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community may improve the quality of care.

Taking PrEP before and after sex reduces HIV risk for MSM

Taking PrEP before and after sex reduces HIV risk for MSM

Men who have sex with men can reduce their risk of contracting HIV by taking PrEP before and after sex instead of every day.

More people at risk for HIV need PrEP prescriptions, says CDC

More people at risk for HIV need PrEP prescriptions, says CDC

The CDC said that too few Americans who have an increased risk for HIV are taking the PrEP pill to help protect them against HIV.

CDC reports increases in rates of chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea

CDC reports increases in rates of chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea

In 2014, the CDC reported the highest number of cases of chlamydia ever. These increasing rates are fueled by the population of gay and bisexual men.

Congenital syphilis rates on the rise, says CDC

Congenital syphilis rates on the rise, says CDC

The rate of babies born with syphilis rose sharply from 2012 to 2014, and in 15% of congenital syphilis cases, the mothers were never tested during pregnancy.

Ahead of violent conflict, HIV transmission is high

Ahead of violent conflict, HIV transmission is high

The study tracked HIV incidence statistics in 36 sub-Saharan countries from 1990 through 2012 and correlated them with periods of conflict and peace in each country.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV effective for transgender women

Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV effective for transgender women

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Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, have found that pre-exposure prophylaxis can be effective in preventing HIV in transgender women when used consistently.

Engineered DART molecules target HIV-infected cells to eliminate viral reservoirs

Engineered DART molecules target HIV-infected cells to eliminate viral reservoirs

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Molecules engineered to target killer T cells and HIV-infected cells can reduce detectable HIV expression in HIV-positive patients.

More evidence suggests daily PrEP reduces HIV transmission

More evidence suggests daily PrEP reduces HIV transmission

HIV-negative gay men are less likely to contract HIV with daily pre-exposure prophylaxis.

Daily Truvada prevents HIV infection in high-risk patients

Daily Truvada prevents HIV infection in high-risk patients

Over more than two years, none of 657 patients contracted HIV while taking Truvada, though some contracted other STDs.

Obtaining a sexual
 history in MSM

Obtaining a sexual
 history in MSM

Understanding the nontraditional terminology used by men who have sex with men will help form a successful patient-provider relationship.

Sexual assault—Intervention in primary care

Sexual assault—Intervention in primary care

Recognizing red flag symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, and increased substance use, is important in helping victims who are reluctant to report the assault.

Tenofovir gel reduces risk for genital herpes simplex

Tenofovir gel reduces risk for genital herpes simplex

Pericoital application of tenofovir gel, previously studied for HIV, linked to reduced risk of herpes infection.

HPV vaccination is lagging among U.S. adolescents

HPV vaccination is lagging among U.S. adolescents

Approximately 40% of girls and 60% of boys aged 13 to 17 have not received the HPV vaccine.

UTIs, STIs in women are often misdiagnosed in ERs

UTIs, STIs in women are often misdiagnosed in ERs

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In emergency rooms, UTIs are overdiagnosed while STIs are underdiagnosed in women.

Chlamydia screening decreases with updated Pap test guidelines

Chlamydia screening decreases with updated Pap test guidelines

Since the new Pap test guidelines have been established, rates of chlamydia screening have dropped.

One and two doses of HPV-16/18 vaccine as effective as three

One and two doses of HPV-16/18 vaccine as effective as three

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The Cervarix vaccine may be as effective in one or two doses as it is with three.

How many teens, young adults are being tested for HIV?

How many teens, young adults are being tested for HIV?

Nearly one-fifth of teens and younger adults in the United States have been tested recently for HIV.

Sexually transmitted infection follow-up adherence low among urban youth

Sexually transmitted infection follow-up adherence low among urban youth

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Even after being contacted about the results of their test by a community nurse, more than 40% of patients did not seek out treatment.

Significant benefits tied to early initiation of antiretrovirals

Significant benefits tied to early initiation of antiretrovirals

NIH-funded trial results appear likely to impact global treatment guidelines according to the researchers.

Experimental HIV vaccine may boost body's immune system

Experimental HIV vaccine may boost body's immune system

The vaccine was safe and well tolerated, inducing anti-Tat antibodies in 79% of patients.

Subdermal delivery of antiretrovirals shows promise in early trials

Subdermal delivery of antiretrovirals shows promise in early trials

Clinicians acknowledge that one of the main drawbacks in current HIV treatments is the problem of adherence.

HIV-1 specific antibody may suppress virus

HIV-1 specific antibody may suppress virus

Treatment would augment existing medications, noted the investigators

Providers reluctant to prescribe pre-exposure prophylaxis

Providers reluctant to prescribe pre-exposure prophylaxis

The rate of new HIV infections in the United States has held steady at 50,000 new cases per year, according to the researchers.

Sexually transmitted infection rates similar among HPV-vaccinated, unvaccinated girls

Sexually transmitted infection rates similar among HPV-vaccinated, unvaccinated girls

There was a nearly identical increase in STIs among girls who received the HPV vaccine and girls who did not.

Novel smartphone accessory helps detect HIV, syphilis infection

Novel smartphone accessory helps detect HIV, syphilis infection

A handheld device that attaches to a smartphone can detect HIV and syphilis infection and spots disease markers in 15 minutes.

Daily HIV prophylaxis rates low among high-risk women

Daily HIV prophylaxis rates low among high-risk women

No treatment arms were associated with a significant reduction in the rate of HIV-1 seroconversion.

Southern states have lower HIV survival rates

Southern states have lower HIV survival rates

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Nine southern states had a higher HIV diagnosis rate and higher proportions of patients diagnosed with HIV who were black, female, younger.

High-risk HPV testing guidance released

High-risk HPV testing guidance released

The cobas HPV test detects DNA from 14 types of HPV and included types 16 and 18, which cause 70% of cervical cancers.

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