Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The largest increase in reported STD cases occurred in P&S syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia.
A greater understanding of the healthcare issues specific to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community may improve the quality of care.
Men who have sex with men can reduce their risk of contracting HIV by taking PrEP before and after sex instead of every day.
The CDC said that too few Americans who have an increased risk for HIV are taking the PrEP pill to help protect them against HIV.
In 2014, the CDC reported the highest number of cases of chlamydia ever. These increasing rates are fueled by the population of gay and bisexual men.
The rate of babies born with syphilis rose sharply from 2012 to 2014, and in 15% of congenital syphilis cases, the mothers were never tested during pregnancy.
The study tracked HIV incidence statistics in 36 sub-Saharan countries from 1990 through 2012 and correlated them with periods of conflict and peace in each country.
Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, have found that pre-exposure prophylaxis can be effective in preventing HIV in transgender women when used consistently.
Molecules engineered to target killer T cells and HIV-infected cells can reduce detectable HIV expression in HIV-positive patients.
HIV-negative gay men are less likely to contract HIV with daily pre-exposure prophylaxis.
Over more than two years, none of 657 patients contracted HIV while taking Truvada, though some contracted other STDs.
Understanding the nontraditional terminology used by men who have sex with men will help form a successful patient-provider relationship.
Recognizing red flag symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, and increased substance use, is important in helping victims who are reluctant to report the assault.
Pericoital application of tenofovir gel, previously studied for HIV, linked to reduced risk of herpes infection.
Approximately 40% of girls and 60% of boys aged 13 to 17 have not received the HPV vaccine.
In emergency rooms, UTIs are overdiagnosed while STIs are underdiagnosed in women.
Since the new Pap test guidelines have been established, rates of chlamydia screening have dropped.
The Cervarix vaccine may be as effective in one or two doses as it is with three.
Nearly one-fifth of teens and younger adults in the United States have been tested recently for HIV.
Even after being contacted about the results of their test by a community nurse, more than 40% of patients did not seek out treatment.
NIH-funded trial results appear likely to impact global treatment guidelines according to the researchers.
The vaccine was safe and well tolerated, inducing anti-Tat antibodies in 79% of patients.
Clinicians acknowledge that one of the main drawbacks in current HIV treatments is the problem of adherence.
Treatment would augment existing medications, noted the investigators
The rate of new HIV infections in the United States has held steady at 50,000 new cases per year, according to the researchers.
There was a nearly identical increase in STIs among girls who received the HPV vaccine and girls who did not.
A handheld device that attaches to a smartphone can detect HIV and syphilis infection and spots disease markers in 15 minutes.
No treatment arms were associated with a significant reduction in the rate of HIV-1 seroconversion.
Nine southern states had a higher HIV diagnosis rate and higher proportions of patients diagnosed with HIV who were black, female, younger.
The cobas HPV test detects DNA from 14 types of HPV and included types 16 and 18, which cause 70% of cervical cancers.