Sleep Disorders

Increased mortality rates in patients with nocturia

Increased mortality rates in patients with nocturia

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Patients who experience nocturia, or frequent urination during the night, may have increased mortality rates.

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for widespread obstructive sleep apnea screening

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for widespread obstructive sleep apnea screening

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The USPSTF gave existing evidence an "I" recommendation.

OSA treatment linked to depression improvement

OSA treatment linked to depression improvement

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Patients presenting with depression should be evaluated for sleep disorders.

Hyperarousal and use of prescription sleep aids

Hyperarousal and use of prescription sleep aids

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Hyperarousal is linked to an increased likelihood of a patient using prescription sleep aids.

Behavioral interventions can provide significant sleep benefits in infants

Behavioral interventions can provide significant sleep benefits in infants

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No adverse stress reactions or long-term effects on parent-child attachment were noted.

Increased risk of Parkinson disease in female patients with sleep apnea

Increased risk of Parkinson disease in female patients with sleep apnea

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The sleep concerns of female patients are often diagnosed as depression rather than obstructive sleep apnea, leading to increased risks for certain diseases.

Lifestyle changes can reduce risk of restless legs syndrome

Lifestyle changes can reduce risk of restless legs syndrome

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Patients who are sedentary, obese, or smokers have an increased risk of developing restless leg syndrome.

Sleep problems in young adults associated with chronic pain later in life

Sleep problems in young adults associated with chronic pain later in life

Young adults with sleep problems have increased risks of developing chronic pain and experiencing worsening in pain severity.

Is obstructive sleep apnea linked to low levels of vitamin D?

Is obstructive sleep apnea linked to low levels of vitamin D?

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Understanding the link between vitamin D deficiency and obstructive sleep apnea can be challenging.

CPAP leads to improved glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes

CPAP leads to improved glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes

The CPAP group had a larger decrease in HbA1c levels after 6 months.

Sleepwalkers don't feel pain during sleep

Sleepwalkers don't feel pain during sleep

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Although people who sleepwalk may injure themselves, they often do not feel pain until they are awake.

Understanding the Mallampati score

Understanding the Mallampati score

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The Mallampati score is a simple, quick test that can be a good predictor of obstructive sleep apnea.

The other signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea

The other signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea

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Look for symptoms like headaches, daytime sleepiness, and forgetfulness when diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea.

Insomnia—Using 
natural modalities and OTC treatments

Insomnia—Using 
natural modalities and OTC treatments

Insomnia can be treated via nonprescription medications and modalities.

Atrial fibrillation linked to central sleep apena, disordered sleep breathing in older men

Atrial fibrillation linked to central sleep apena, disordered sleep breathing in older men

Incident atrial fibrillation in older men can be predicted by central sleep apnea but not by obstructive apnea or hypoxemia.

Unexplained weight gain? Consider sleep-related eating disorders

Unexplained weight gain? Consider sleep-related eating disorders

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For patients who are gaining weight seemingly without cause, consider sleep-related eating disorders for a diagnosis.

Vitamin D and improved sleep in African-Americans

Vitamin D and improved sleep in African-Americans

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Maintaining healthy vitamin D levels may benefit sleep and cardiovascular health in African-American patients.

Are smartphone apps helpful for sleep?

Are smartphone apps helpful for sleep?

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The use of sleep apps is growing among patients, but the data they provide may not be reliable.

Short sleep duration increases risk of metabolic syndrome

Short sleep duration increases risk of metabolic syndrome

Dose-response association, with 1.5-fold increase among those sleeping less than five hours

Helping patients get enough sleep

Helping patients get enough sleep

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Teaching patients to practice good sleep hygiene can help them get the correct amount of sleep.

Is sleeping with a partner helpful or hurtful?

Is sleeping with a partner helpful or hurtful?

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A study showed that sleep coregulation can occur in close, romantic relationships.

Psychotropic medication use in children

Psychotropic medication use in children

Whether to prescribe psychotropic medications in children with anxiety and sleep disorders is a common ethical dilemma faced by primary care providers.

How much sleep do we really need?

How much sleep do we really need?

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Although an average of 8 hours is recommended, people may need to sleep more or less than that.

Overcoming nocturnal leg cramps

Overcoming nocturnal leg cramps

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Nocturnal leg cramps are a relatively common complaint, but there is little research on treatments.

Shift work may pose threat to metabolic health

Shift work may pose threat to metabolic health

Excess weight and sleep issues are more common among those with changing schedules.

Visual hallucinations may not always mean mental illness

Visual hallucinations may not always mean mental illness

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Patients with Charles Bonnet syndrome do not have mental illness or cognition problems and are very aware that they are seeing images that are not there.

Melatonin may help treat jet lag disorder

Melatonin may help treat jet lag disorder

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Jet lag occurs when there is a change in the circadian rhythm caused by a change in time zones and may be related to melatonin dysregulation.

Patient with a history of erratic nighttime episodes

Patient with a history of erratic nighttime episodes

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After consulting a neurologist, the nurse practitioner determined a diagnosis of REM sleep behavior disorder.

Sleep impacts sexual desire, response in women

Sleep impacts sexual desire, response in women

Overall, women with longer average sleep duration reported better genital arousal than women with shorter average sleep length.

Losing 30 minutes of sleep may increase obesity risk

Losing 30 minutes of sleep may increase obesity risk

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For every 30 minutes of lost weekday sleep, the risk of obesity and insulin resistance increased substantially.

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