The medication is designed to deter abuse of the drug by snorting or injection.
When used as prescribed, these drugs are not addictive. However, abuse is on the rise, and clinicians need to be able to identify the signs.
Ask patients how many times in the past year they have used an illegal drug or prescription medication for nonmedical reasons.
Alcohol can elevate a person's risk of ischemic stroke by 2.3 times in the first hour after ingestion.
Does tobacco use after buprenorphine and naloxone (Suboxone) treatment encourage relapse?
An uncooperative and intoxicated patient forces clinicians to take matters into their own hands.
Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of liver cirrhosis.
What can be done for a mood disorder secondary to alcohol abuse when the patient has failed all treatments?
Perhaps the patient had a viral infection or metabolic disorder. But her symptoms pointed to something more urgent.
Seeking neurologic treatment for fatigue and headaches, the patient's poor liver function pointed in another direction.
Is there a way to reduce or eliminate frequent episodes of boils?
The young woman had a personal history of drug use and a family history significant for schizophrenia and suicide.
A patient's claim that her husband lost her pain pills makes clinicians suspect symptoms are a ruse.
Fatal medication errors (FMEs) among patients who used recreational drugs or alcohol while taking prescribed or OTC medicines increased more than 3,000% over two decades.
Primary-care clinicians are being asked to diagnose substance use disorder with increasing frequency. Find out what tools are available to assist you.
Legal and professional authorities frown on clinicians who try to offer rehab on their own.