Depression is underdiagnosed in adolescents with diabetes

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Depression in underdiagnosed in youths aged 10-17 who have diabetes.
Depression in underdiagnosed in youths aged 10-17 who have diabetes.

HealthDay News — There are more youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) reporting depressive symptoms than there are depression diagnoses in this population, according to a study published online in Diabetes Care.

Janet Silverstein, MD, from the University of Florida in Gainesville, and colleagues examined the frequency of depressive symptoms among youth with T1D and T2D enrolled in Pediatric Diabetes Consortium registries. A total of 261 T1D and 339 T2D youths aged 10 to 17 years completed the Children's Depression Inventory 2 Self-Report (Short) version.

The researchers identified depression symptoms in 13% of T1D and 22% of T2D participants. Within the previous year, only 4% and 9%, respectively, of those with T1D and T2D were treated by a therapist. For youths with T1D, but not T2D, depressive symptoms correlated with lower family income and obesity.

"Depressive symptoms are more frequent than diagnosed depression in youth with T1D or T2D," the authors write. "These results underscore the need for regular depression screening and appropriate referral for youth with diabetes."

Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry, including Novo Nordisk, which funds the Pediatric Diabetes Consortium and its activities.

Reference

  1. Silverstein J, Cheng P, Ruedy KJ, et al. Depressive Symptoms in Youth With Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Pediatric Diabetes Consortium Screening Assessment of Depression in Diabetes Study. Diabetes Care. 2015; doi: 10.2337/dc15-0982.
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