High salt intake may not lead to adverse effects on blood pressure in teen girls

High salt intake may not lead to adverse effects on blood pressure in teen girls
High salt intake may not lead to adverse effects on blood pressure in teen girls

HealthDay News — Consuming higher-than-recommended amounts of salt appears to have no ill effect on teen girl's blood pressure, study findings published in JAMA Pediatrics indicate.

The study findings contradict current salt guidelines, study lead author Lynn Moore, DSc, MPH, an associate professor of medicine at the Boston University School of Medicine, told HealthDay.

"The current official Dietary Guidelines for Americans say that salt intake after the age of 2 years should be limited to no more than 2,300 mg per day," she said. "Actual intake levels are much higher, with most Americans consuming close to 3,500 mg per day."

To study the effect of dietary sodium, potassium, and the potassium to sodium ratio on adolescent blood pressure, Justin R. Buendia, of Boston University School of Medicine, and colleagues examined data from 2,185 girls aged 9 to 10 years who took part in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Growth and Health Study. Food consumption was based on self-reporting, and blood pressure was measured annually for 10 years.

"For both blacks and whites, girls who consumed as much as 4,000 mg of salt per day or more had the same blood pressure levels as those consuming less than 2,500 mg per day," said Moore.

Higher potassium intakes were inversely associated with blood pressure change throughout adolescence (P<0.001 for systolic and diastolic) and at the end of the follow-up period (P=0.02 and 0.05 for systolic and diastolic, respectively).

"The beneficial effects of dietary potassium on both systolic and diastolic blood pressures suggest that consuming more potassium-rich foods during childhood may help suppress the adolescent increase in blood pressure," concluded the scientists.

References

  1. Buendia JR et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2015; doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0411
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