Low vegetable-based protein intake may up metabolic syndrome risk
Decreased vegetable protein intake and increased dietary acid load were associated with prevalence of metabolic syndrome.
Low vegetable protein intake may up metabolic syndrome risk
HealthDay News -- Increased dietary acid and decreased vegetable protein intake are associated with a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with type 2 diabetes, results of a study published in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation suggest.
“It has been suggested that acid/base imbalance may plan an important role in some cardiometabolic abnormalities,” noted Hiroya Iwase, MD, of the Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine in Japan, and colleagues.
To evaluate whether carbohydrate intake was associated with quality of dietary protein and acid load, and whether these related to metabolic syndrome in patients with type 2 diabetes, the investigators assessed dietary intake in 149 patients with type 2 diabetes using a validated, self-administered diet history questionnaire. Potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP) were used to assess dietary acid load.
Carbohydrate energytotal energy was negatively correlated with animal protein energy/total energy, PRAL or NEAP score. However, carbohydrate energy/total energy was positively correlated with vegetable protein energy/total energy.
The subgroup of patients with lower vegetable protein energy/total energy or higher PRAL or NEAP score was significantly associated with prevalence of metabolic syndrome, after logistic regression analyses.
"Decreased vegetable protein intake and increased dietary acid load were associated with prevalence of metabolic syndrome," concluded the researchers.