More than half of U.S. adults reducing sodium intake

Worldwide salt intake nearly double recommended limits
Worldwide salt intake nearly double recommended limits

HealthDay News — Many U.S. adults are taking action to reduce sodium intake, according to research presented at the American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health 2015 Scientific Sessions.

Slightly more than half, 53%, of U.S. adults reported taking action to watch or reduce sodium intake, data from the  2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System indicate. Twenty-six 26 U.S. states, the District of Columba, and Puerto Rico participated in the new optional sodium module.

Sandra L. Jackson, PhD, from the CDC in Atlanta, and colleagues describe the prevalence and determinants of taking action to reduce sodium intake. 

Among adults having received doctor or other health professional advice to reduce sodium intake, the prevalence of taking action was highest (82%), compared with 29% among adults aged 18 to 24 years.

Thirty-six percent of those taking action reported initiating the behavior within the last three years. Twenty-three percent of adults reported receiving advice to reduce sodium intake. The highest rate of receiving advice (51% to 56%) was seen for those taking antihypertensive medications and/or having diabetes, kidney disease, or history of cardiovascular disease.

The lowest rate of receiving advice (7%) was among adults aged 18 to 24 years. Receiving advice correlated with action to reduce sodium intake (adjusted prevalence ratio, 1.59).

"Slightly over half of U.S. adults are taking action to reduce their sodium intake, and receiving advice is strongly associated with taking action," the authors write.

Reference

  1. Jackson SL et al. Abstract #P036. "Medical Advice is Associated with Taking Action to Reduce Sodium Intake, Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System 2013." Presented at: American Heart Association EPI/Lifestyle 2015 Meeting. March 3-6, 2015; Baltimore.
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