Physical activity may detect cardiometabolic risk

Physical activity may detect cardiometabolic risk
Physical activity may detect cardiometabolic risk

HealthDay News -- Physical activity, as assessed by the Exercise Vital Sign (EVS), is associated with improved cardiometabolic profile, according to research published in the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

“Exercise training studies and more generalizable population-based physical activity interventions show that risk factors associated with these chronic diseases, including blood pressure, blood glucose, and glycemic control, can be improved,” wrote Deborah Rohm Young, PhD, of Kaiser Permanente Southern California in Pasadena, and colleagues.

To examine the correlation between EVS and cardiometabolic risk factors, the investigators used electronic health records for 622,897 Kaiser Permanente Southern California members. Data were included for patients aged 18 years and older with at least three EVS measures, without comorbid conditions, and not taking antihypertensives or glucose-lowering medications.

Participants were classified as consistently inactive (EVS, zero minutes/week for every measure), consistently active (EVS, ≥150 minutes/week), and irregularly active (EVS, one to 149 minutes/week or not meeting the consistently active or inactive criteria).

Compared with inactive women, consistently active women had lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Compared with inactive men, active men had lower diastolic blood pressure. Compared with consistently inactive patients, consistently active and irregularly active patients had lower fasting glucose, and had favorable random glucose and hemoglobin A1c.

"Routine clinical physical activity assessment may give health-care providers additional information about their patients' cardiometabolic risk factors," wrote the authors.

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