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DHEA serum levels predict coronary heart disease risk

DHEA serum levels predict coronary heart disease risk

For elderly men, low serum levels of the adrenal sex hormone DHEA and its sulfate, DHEA-S, predict coronary heart disease risk.

Prenatal exposure to sodium valproate linked to lower IQ in offspring

Prenatal exposure to sodium valproate linked to lower IQ in offspring

The IQ of children exposed to VPA was lower compared with children born to women without epilepsy and that of those exposed to carbamazepine.

FDA approves first Meningococcal B vaccine

FDA approves first Meningococcal B vaccine

The FDA has approved Trumenba, the first vaccine approved in the U.S. to prevent invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B

Be alert for food allergens omitted from nutrition labels

Be alert for food allergens omitted from nutrition labels

Nearly one-third of all foods reported as serious health risks involved allergens that were not listed on food labels.

Ebola quarantines are overused in United States

Ebola quarantines are overused in United States

Quarantining asymptomatic people who may have Ebola is unnecessary and harmful, according to experts.

Metformin better for initial type 2 diabetes treatment

Metformin better for initial type 2 diabetes treatment

Compared with sulfonylurea, thiazolidinedione, or DDP-4 inhibitor, patients who started their initial T2DM treatment with metformin did not need additional medication.

Ebola patients in United States fare well

Ebola patients in United States fare well

The United States has handled the Ebola outbreak relatively well despite country-wide concern.

Placebo, nectar reduce nighttime cough in kids

Placebo, nectar reduce nighttime cough in kids

Children who were assigned agave nectar or a placebo coughed less often and less severely compared with children who received no treatment.

Twitter feeds every NP/PA should follow

Twitter feeds every NP/PA should follow

Twitter can help NPs and PAs stay up-to-date on the latest news, policies, and research in their fields.

Many colleges lack resources to care for students with chronic health conditions

Many colleges lack resources to care for students with chronic health conditions

Only 24% of college medical directors reported contacting students to make a first-time appointment.

Overweight, obese kids with asthma overuse rescue meds

Overweight, obese kids with asthma overuse rescue meds

Overweight/obese children reported more frequent rescue treatments despite lower fraction of exhaled nitric oxide and reduced methacholine responsiveness.

Too little, too much sleep increase ulcerative colitis risk

Too little, too much sleep increase ulcerative colitis risk

Patients who slept more or less than the recommended seven to eight hours per night had higher incidence of ulcerative colitis.

NT-proBNP helps identify cardiovascular disease risk in women

NT-proBNP helps identify cardiovascular disease risk in women

Women in the highest versus the lowest quartile of NT-proBNP were at a 53% increased risk of CVD, even after adjustment.

Experts call for better cardiovascular disease management in patients with diabetes

Experts call for better cardiovascular disease management in patients with diabetes

There are currently no CVD risk-prediction algorithms in widespread use for patients with T1DM.

Americans still consuming too much saturated, trans fat

Americans still consuming too much saturated, trans fat

Dietary guidelines from the American Heart Association indicate that Americans need fewer trans and saturated fats, and more omega-3 fatty acids in their diets.

United States ranked last in access to health care

United States ranked last in access to health care

Results of a 2013 survey indicate that three out of 10 Americans believe money is a barrier to receiving care.

Raw cow's milk may protect against respiratory infection in infants

Raw cow's milk may protect against respiratory infection in infants

When compared with processed milk, raw milk consumption was inversely associated with occurrence of rhinitis, respiratory tract infections, otitis, and fever.

Dietary supplements containing banned substances still on shelves

Dietary supplements containing banned substances still on shelves

Supplements used to enhance sports performance, weight loss, and sexual performance that contain FDA-banned substances are still being sold in stores.

United States starting human trials of new Ebola vaccine

United States starting human trials of new Ebola vaccine

Initial safety and efficacy results of VSV-ZEBOV, a second Ebola vaccine candidate, are expected by the end of 2014.

Twice-yearly PCP visits yield improved hypertension control

Twice-yearly PCP visits yield improved hypertension control

Health insurance and being treated for high cholesterol improved chances of keeping hypertension under control.

Do providers focus too much on symptoms?

Do providers focus too much on symptoms?

Disease-focused model of care may be inadequate for symptom-prompted outpatient visits.

What to know about pediatric Ebola

What to know about pediatric Ebola

Pediatric health professionals should be able to identify potential Ebola cases in children through identification of symptoms and a history of potential virus exposure.

Medication errors occur every 8 minutes in kids

Medication errors occur every 8 minutes in kids

Though 94% of those mistakes didn't require medical treatment, 25 led to deaths and about 1,900 critical care admissions.

Enterovirus infection ups type 1 diabetes risk in kids

Enterovirus infection ups type 1 diabetes risk in kids

Except in patients aged five to 10 years, type 1 diabetes incidence rates increased with age of diagnosis of enterovirus infection.

Yoga may ease inflammatory bowel disease

Yoga may ease inflammatory bowel disease

Trends observed toward improvement in health-related quality of life and self-efficacy in children.

Counseling, meds best for quitting smoking

Counseling, meds best for quitting smoking

Combination treatment better than either strategy alone.

Wisconsin judge refuses to uphold malpractice caps

Wisconsin judge refuses to uphold malpractice caps

A Wisconsin judge ruled that the state's malpractice caps law does not apply to a patient who lost all four limbs.

More providers using mobile health apps to improve patient care

More providers using mobile health apps to improve patient care

One-third of clinicians recommend apps to patients, but half of these providers are unsure of which apps to recommend specifically.

Most kids get required vaccines

Most kids get required vaccines

Despite high rates of vaccination compliance in the 2013 to 2014 school year, a persistent gap exists among parents who refuse to vaccinate their children.

In infertile women, spotting linked to endometriosis

In infertile women, spotting linked to endometriosis

Subfertile women with premenstrual spotting for two or more days had a higher prevalence of endometriosis compared with women without this symptom.

Polyunsaturated fat intake associated with better cholesterol readings

Polyunsaturated fat intake associated with better cholesterol readings

Overall cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio differed as much as 18% in participants who ate a diet with unsaturated fats versus saturated fats.

Psoriasis severity tied to increased risk for uncontrolled hypertension

Psoriasis severity tied to increased risk for uncontrolled hypertension

An estimated 60% of study participants with psoriasis had uncontrolled hypertension.

Is 21 days enough quarantine time for Ebola exposure?

Is 21 days enough quarantine time for Ebola exposure?

Experts call for more thorough research into the effectiveness of the 21-day surveillance period.

Meds main cause of U.S. allergy-related deaths

Meds main cause of U.S. allergy-related deaths

Fatal anaphylaxis caused by medications, food, and unspecified allergens was significantly associated with race and older age.

Less stress equals better-looking skin

Less stress equals better-looking skin

Research into blocking specific steps in certain pathways between the nervous system and the skin could lead to improved treatment of some skin disorders.

Smoking attributed to 14M health issues in Americans

Smoking attributed to 14M health issues in Americans

Many Americans suffer from multiple conditions related to cigarettes and estimates suggest that COPD is underreported.

Experts weigh risks, benefits of lung cancer screening for seniors

Experts weigh risks, benefits of lung cancer screening for seniors

The government is evaluating the risks and benefits associated with low-dose CT scans and potential coverage changes for Medicaid patients.

Mental stress affects heart differently in men, women

Mental stress affects heart differently in men, women

Compared with women, though, men were more likely to show changes in traditional physiological measures such as blood pressure.

Family meals help in fight against childhood obesity

Family meals help in fight against childhood obesity

Children whose families participated in family meal time were less likely to be overweight or obese.

Controversial Florida medical malpractice law upheld

Controversial Florida medical malpractice law upheld

The law requiring any patient filing a medical malpractice suit to release protected health information has been declared constitutional by a Federal appeals court.

Antiretroviral therapy benefits HIV-positive stimulant-users

Antiretroviral therapy benefits HIV-positive stimulant-users

HIV-positive men that use stimulants show no greater mortality risk after initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).

Healthy habits can cut female stroke risk in half

Healthy habits can cut female stroke risk in half

Females who reported moderate alcohol intake, not smoking, physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and eating a nutritional diet were 54% less likely to have a stroke.

Early epidural timing best left up to mother

Early epidural timing best left up to mother

Women who had early epidurals were no more likely to require a caesarian delivery or to spend more time in the pushing stage of labor.

First once-daily single combo tablet for HCV genotype 1 approved

First once-daily single combo tablet for HCV genotype 1 approved

The FDA has approved Harvoni (ledipasvir/sofosbuvir; Gilead Sciences), the first once-daily single tablet regimen for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 infection in adults ages ≥18.

How likely is a lawsuit against the hospital that treated first American Ebola victim?

How likely is a lawsuit against the hospital that treated first American Ebola victim?

Experts have said that it is unlikely that Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital will see a lawsuit from the first American Ebola victim's family.

Human trials of experimental Ebola vaccine begin in West Africa

Human trials of experimental Ebola vaccine begin in West Africa

Three Malian healthcare workers are the first to receive the investigational vaccine.

Treating the first known patient with Ebola in the U.S.: Lessons learned

Treating the first known patient with Ebola in the U.S.: Lessons learned

Lessons learned from treating the first known patient with Ebola virus infection in the United States offer a sobering look into the enormous challenge this disease represents.

Americans' life expectancy reaches all-time high

Americans' life expectancy reaches all-time high

The average life expectancy for Americans was 78.8 in 2012. Women were estimated to live longer than men by 2.5 years.

Avian flu vaccine improvements show promise

Avian flu vaccine improvements show promise

Immunologic priming and MF59-mixed vaccine demonstrated effective immune responses against strains of the avian flu.

Half of hospitalized Americans are prescribed antibiotics

Half of hospitalized Americans are prescribed antibiotics

Of the patients, 79.5% received antibiotics to treat infections, and 19.0% received them to reduce the risk of infection during surgeries.

MRI technique may foresee mental impairment in seniors

MRI technique may foresee mental impairment in seniors

Arterial spin labeling scans may predict future mental impairment issues for geriatric patients.

BPA exposure during pregnancy ups respiratory issues in kids

BPA exposure during pregnancy ups respiratory issues in kids

For every 10-fold increase in the average amount of BPA in the mothers' urine, there was nearly a 55% increase in the odds of some type of wheezing in their children.

Undiagnosed hypertension more likely in rheumatoid arthritis

Undiagnosed hypertension more likely in rheumatoid arthritis

Findings seen although patients with rheumatoid arthritis have more total visits

Women should not be prescribed testosterone therapy

Women should not be prescribed testosterone therapy

There is too little evidence to continue prescribing testosterone therapy to female patients.

Lung cancer screening cost-effective for Medicare beneficiaries

Lung cancer screening cost-effective for Medicare beneficiaries

Low-dose computed tomography screening is a low-cost strategy that can help the estimated 4.9 million Medicare patients that could meet criteria for lung cancer.

Hydrocodone combination products reclassified as schedule II

Hydrocodone combination products reclassified as schedule II

Pharmacies will be prohibited from filling hydrocodone prescriptions delivered over the phone or via fax. eScripts can only be used in states where they are permitted.

Sacroiliitis could be surrogate marker for CVD in psoriasis patients

Sacroiliitis could be surrogate marker for CVD in psoriasis patients

Sacroiliitis predicted vascular inflammation beyond psoriatic arthritis and cardiovascular risk factors.

Breastfeeding, delaying gluten won't lower risk of celiac disease

Breastfeeding, delaying gluten won't lower risk of celiac disease

Breastfeeding, waiting to introduce foods with gluten doesn't prevent autoimmune disorder

Nine-valent HPV vaccine promising in preventing cervical cancer

Nine-valent HPV vaccine promising in preventing cervical cancer

One third of women aged 15 to 26 years with precancerous cervical lesions were infected with more than one type of HPV.

Clinical best practices for Ebola released by CDC

Clinical best practices for Ebola released by CDC

Health-care providers are urged to inquire about the travel history of any patient presenting with symptoms of viral infection.

Preterm birth, pneumonia leading causes of child mortality

Preterm birth, pneumonia leading causes of child mortality

More than 50% of children aged less than five years died of complications resulting from infectious diseases.

Obesity linked to higher risk of other cancers in colorectal cancer survivors

Obesity linked to higher risk of other cancers in colorectal cancer survivors

Overweight or obese patients with colorectal cancer had an elevated risk of developing a second cancer compared with normal-weight patients.

Cancer rates higher among patients with psoriasis

Cancer rates higher among patients with psoriasis

Researchers analyzed cancer rates for different psoriasis treatments, but did not find a significantly greater risk associated with any particular therapy.

Dendritic cells could be target for psoriasis therapy

Dendritic cells could be target for psoriasis therapy

Results of a recent study suggest targeting these cells may be a way to prevent and treat psoriasis.

HIV-positive patients at higher risk of spinal fusion-related complications

HIV-positive patients at higher risk of spinal fusion-related complications

Compared with HIV-negative patients, study participants with HIV infection had significantly higher rates of complications.

Genetic factors affect impact of exercise on type 2 diabetes risk

Genetic factors affect impact of exercise on type 2 diabetes risk

Exercise does not provide its usual benefit against diabetes in patients with high genetic risk for developing type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance.

Opioids too risky for long-term use in chronic-pain patients

Opioids too risky for long-term use in chronic-pain patients

New guidelines offer strategies for clinicians on how to effectively and safely manage opioid prescription use in chronic noncancer pain patients.

Antibiotics linked to increased obesity risk in kids

Antibiotics linked to increased obesity risk in kids

Children aged under 24 months who were prescribed antibiotics were 11% more likely to be obese.

IUDs, contraceptive implants recommended for teenage girls

IUDs, contraceptive implants recommended for teenage girls

IUDs and contraceptive implants are more reliable compared with condoms and should be the first type of contraception pediatricians recommend for non-abstinent teenage girls.

Ultrasound accurate in confirming carpal tunnel syndrome

Ultrasound accurate in confirming carpal tunnel syndrome

Compared with electrodiagnostic testing, ultrasound was more accurate in diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome.

Stress triggers worse outcomes in obese

Stress triggers worse outcomes in obese

Overweight and obese participants subjected to a stressful situation exhibited greater levels of IL-6 compared with normal-weight participants.

Half of HIV-positive men who have sex with men aren't receiving antiretroviral therapy

Half of HIV-positive men who have sex with men aren't receiving antiretroviral therapy

Younger men and minority males were at highest-risk of not getting HIV-related treatment.

Early arthritis impacts work productivity

Early arthritis impacts work productivity

The mean number of days on permanent disability tripled from 10 to 33 in patients diagnosed with early arthritis in the workforce.

Can working longer hours at certain jobs increase type 2 diabetes risk?

Can working longer hours at certain jobs increase type 2 diabetes risk?

Diabetes risk is almost 30% higher for people working long hours doing manual labor or other low socioeconomic status jobs.

Nearly 5% of young women have chlamydia

Nearly 5% of young women have chlamydia

Many cases of chlamydia go unreported, according to the CDC.

Psoriasis patients on TNF-alpha blockers not at risk for cardiovascular disease

Psoriasis patients on TNF-alpha blockers not at risk for cardiovascular disease

Treatment with TNF-alpha inhibitors demonstrated no increased risk of major cardiac events.

Enterovirus D68 has spread to more than half of United States

Enterovirus D68 has spread to more than half of United States

Officials say 29 states and the District of Columbia are now affected.

Lung cancer test unreliable in regions with endemic infectious lung disease

Lung cancer test unreliable in regions with endemic infectious lung disease

FDG-PET imaging demonstrated a 16% lower average specificity in diagnosing lung cancer in regions were lung infections were more common.

Primary-care providers key in preventing sexually transmitted infections

Primary-care providers key in preventing sexually transmitted infections

USPSTF recommends that providers offer behavioral interventions to patients at high risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections.

Five healthy habits may prevent 79% of heart attacks in men

Five healthy habits may prevent 79% of heart attacks in men

Initial myocardial infarctions could be prevented in four out of five male patients with a proper combination of healthy lifestyle choices.

Parents use online-ratings systems to help choose a pediatrician

Parents use online-ratings systems to help choose a pediatrician

Survey respondents were more likely to use a recommended pediatrician who also had positive online ratings.

Maternal iron intake linked to autism risk in children

Maternal iron intake linked to autism risk in children

Mothers aged 35 years and older with low iron intake were at a fivefold greater risk of having a child diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.

Administer PCV13, PPSV23 to protect against pneumococcal disease

Administer PCV13, PPSV23 to protect against pneumococcal disease

Give the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine along with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine to all patients aged 65 years and older.

Reducing cost of low-calorie foods encourages fruit, veggie intake

Reducing cost of low-calorie foods encourages fruit, veggie intake

Discounting the price of low-calorie foods such as fruits and vegetables increased the likelihood of purchasing more healthful options in low-income families.

Primary-care providers can help identify intimate-partner violence

Primary-care providers can help identify intimate-partner violence

More than half of the male survey respondents who reported violence against their spouse or partner had at least one routine health visit within the past year.

Urge all patients to get flu vaccine

Urge all patients to get flu vaccine

Flu-related complications last year caused more than 100 deaths in children and most of whom were not vaccinated.

New psoriatic arthritis patients switch treatments often

New psoriatic arthritis patients switch treatments often

Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug treatments are often discontinued, changed, or added-on to in patients with psoriatic arthritis.

High-fat dairy products cut type 2 diabetes risk

High-fat dairy products cut type 2 diabetes risk

Incidence of type 2 diabetes was lower in patients who reported higher intakes of high-fat dairy compared with patients who reported lower intake.

Insulin pumps decrease mortality, cardiovascular disease risk

Insulin pumps decrease mortality, cardiovascular disease risk

Compared with multiple daily injections, patients who used continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) had a lower likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease.

Surgeon's 'cognitive bias' responsible for deadly medical error

Surgeon's 'cognitive bias' responsible for deadly medical error

After a surgeon administered a dye that resulted in the death of a patient, cognitive bias was found to be the cause of the deadly hospital error.

Teenage drug use on the decline

Teenage drug use on the decline

A federal report revealed the number of teens reporting illicit drug use fell in 2013.

Fitness delays age-related hypertension in males

Fitness delays age-related hypertension in males

Male patients who reported a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness postponed increases in age-related diastolic and systolic blood pressure levels.

Antimicrobials commonly prescribed for acute respiratory tract infections

Antimicrobials commonly prescribed for acute respiratory tract infections

Antimicrobial agents were prescribed in 56.9% of acute respiratory tract infections encounters, representing an estimated 11.4 million potentially preventable antimicrobial prescriptions.

HPV knowledge doesn't predict vaccine compliance

HPV knowledge doesn't predict vaccine compliance

After surveying low-income communities, researchers found that human papillomavirus knowledge did not sway vaccination compliance.

What's in a name? PAs thrive in the United Kingdom

What's in a name? PAs thrive in the United Kingdom

U.K. physician associates in high demand, face similar challenges as U.S. counterparts. Shane Apperley, PA-R, a senior orthopaedic physician associate discusses the fairly recent profession.

Poverty linked to increased respiratory-related hospitalizations

Poverty linked to increased respiratory-related hospitalizations

Low income patients had nearly three times the odds of hospitalization compared with high income patients.

Cesarean risk higher with low-delivery-volume obstetricians

Cesarean risk higher with low-delivery-volume obstetricians

The odds of cesarean delivery were two-fold higher for patients whose obstetricians performed fewer than 60 deliveries per year.

Debate heats up over proposed California medical malpractice changes

Debate heats up over proposed California medical malpractice changes

Initial public support of Proposition 46 in California has diminished as voters express unhappiness with the ballot's increase in non-economic damages.

Young adults uninformed about opioid abuse risks

Young adults uninformed about opioid abuse risks

Researchers found that young people were unaware about the risks associated with prescription opioid abuse and call for better outreach strategies and overdose prevention programs.

Clinician-assisted interventions better for weight loss

Clinician-assisted interventions better for weight loss

Interventions that included a clinician component appeared to promote more weight loss compared with fully automated interventions.