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Hospitalizations due to opioid abuse, dependence increasing significantly

Hospitalizations due to opioid abuse, dependence increasing significantly

Since 2002, the number of hospitalizations due to opioid abuse and dependence has increased by 72%.

Endometriosis is linked to higher risk for heart disease

Endometriosis is linked to higher risk for heart disease

The link is elevated in women 40 years of age or younger.

Medical errors are third leading cause of death in United States

Medical errors are third leading cause of death in United States

Heart disease, cancer, and medical errors are the top 3 causes of death in the United States, according to a BMJ study.

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

In patients with COPD, chronic renal failure is more likely and can be detected from decreased glomerular filtration rates.

Survival unimproved with deferred second defibrillation

Survival unimproved with deferred second defibrillation

Deferred defibrillation was not associated with improved survival.

Vaccine refusal key factor in measles, pertussis risk

Vaccine refusal key factor in measles, pertussis risk

Of 970 measles cases studied, 574 were eligible to receive the vaccine but chose not to.

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

Researchers found a statistically significant link between modified DASH diet score and risk of ischemic stroke.

Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder leads to more diagnoses at a younger age

Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder leads to more diagnoses at a younger age

A 2007 American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation for universal autism screening has led to increased earlier diagnoses of the condition.

FDA approves Bevespi Aerosphere for COPD

FDA approves Bevespi Aerosphere for COPD

The FDA has approved a long-acting dual bronchodilator, Bevespi Aerosphere, for the management of COPD.

Rates of asthma, ADHD increasing among children living in poverty

Rates of asthma, ADHD increasing among children living in poverty

Rates of chronic conditions are on the rise in children, and children living in poverty have a higher risk of ADHD and asthma, compared with wealthier children.

Digital mammography plus tomosynthesis linked to increased rate of breast cancer diagnosis

Digital mammography plus tomosynthesis linked to increased rate of breast cancer diagnosis

The combination of tomosynthesis and digital mammography screening may benefit women with heterogeneously dense breasts.

Rotating night shift work linked to elevated CHD risk in women

Rotating night shift work linked to elevated CHD risk in women

Study results showed a higher risk of CHD in women who work rotating night shifts.

Brief resolved unexplained events in lower-risk infants: a clinical practice guideline

Brief resolved unexplained events in lower-risk infants: a clinical practice guideline

The American Academy of Pediatrics has proposed a new term—brief resolved unexplained events—and has released guidelines for management.

CDC, OSHA issue interim guidance for preventing occupational exposure to Zika virus

CDC, OSHA issue interim guidance for preventing occupational exposure to Zika virus

The CDC encourages all healthcare employers and employees to follow OSHA's guidelines for preventing occupational exposure to the Zika virus.

Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes often have low levels of vitamin D.

Healthy diet reduces hypertension risk after gestational diabetes

Healthy diet reduces hypertension risk after gestational diabetes

Women who had gestational diabetes may be able to reduce their risk of developing hypertension by eating a healthy diet.

CBT in primary care settings benefits adolescents diagnosed with depression

CBT in primary care settings benefits adolescents diagnosed with depression

Teenagers assigned to receive CBT treatment recovered 8 weeks faster than those receiving only standard care.

Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative: a mid-term report

Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative: a mid-term report

Two years into the Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative, delivery of primary care has improved while expenses and patient experiences have not.

Increased use of Gardasil 9 for HPV prevention would reduce cervical cancer rates, healthcare costs

Increased use of Gardasil 9 for HPV prevention would reduce cervical cancer rates, healthcare costs

The new vaccine protects against 9 types of HPV and 5 cancer-causing strains.

Rates of clinician discipline vary widely across United States

Rates of clinician discipline vary widely across United States

In the United States, some states have 4 times more disciplinary actions for clinicians compared with other states.

Nonurgent patients routinely receive urgent care in emergency departments

Nonurgent patients routinely receive urgent care in emergency departments

Triage practices in EDs are essential to providing patient care.

Metformin more effective than sulfonylureas for reducing cardiovascular mortality in diabetes patients

Metformin more effective than sulfonylureas for reducing cardiovascular mortality in diabetes patients

Compared with other drugs for type 2 diabetes, metformin is superior for reducing the risk of cardiovascular mortality.

Insufficient sleep may increase risky behavior in teens

Insufficient sleep may increase risky behavior in teens

Teens who have insufficient sleep are more likely to engage in risky behavior, including drunk driving.

Overweight, obese patients have increased osteoarthritis risk

Overweight, obese patients have increased osteoarthritis risk

The risk of developing hand, hip, and knee osteoarthritis is increased in people who are overweight or obese.

FDA approves Inflectra biosimilar for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis

FDA approves Inflectra biosimilar for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis

The biosimilar has also been approved for Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and ankylosing spondylitis.

Psoriasis severity linked to work productivity, quality of life

Psoriasis severity linked to work productivity, quality of life

Mild, moderate, and severe psoriasis can patients' quality of life and workplace productivity.

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

A report from the New England Journal of Medicine has confirmed that the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and other birth defects.

Florida bill poised to grant NPs, PAs controlled substance prescribing authority

Florida bill poised to grant NPs, PAs controlled substance prescribing authority

If signed, the bill would authorize Florida NPs and PAs to prescribe Schedule II controlled substances.

ASCO recommendations aim to increase HPV vaccination rates

ASCO recommendations aim to increase HPV vaccination rates

The American Society of Clinical Oncology has released its recommendations to help improve rates of HPV vaccination worldwide.

Text message alerts can improve appointment adherence for patients with HIV

Text message alerts can improve appointment adherence for patients with HIV

Patients with HIV have an increased risk of clinical nonadherence, which can be improved with text message alerts.

Indiana approves first increase in medical malpractice caps in 17 years

Indiana approves first increase in medical malpractice caps in 17 years

A new bill has passed in the Indiana state Senate that will increase malpractice caps to $1.8 by mid-2019.

USPSTF issues final recommendations for aspirin use to prevent CVD, colorectal cancer

USPSTF issues final recommendations for aspirin use to prevent CVD, colorectal cancer

The USPSTF concluded that a low-dose aspirin regimen can prevent cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer in adults aged 50 to 59.

FDA proposes a ban on powdered medical gloves

FDA proposes a ban on powdered medical gloves

The FDA has announced a proposal to ban most powdered gloves in the United States.

Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy may increase risk of preterm birth

Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy may increase risk of preterm birth

Pregnant women with HIV who undergo antiretroviral therapy may have an increased risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small-for-gestational age infants.

Pediatric asthma is regularly overdiagnosed

Pediatric asthma is regularly overdiagnosed

Inhalers are often inappropriately prescribed to children assumed to have asthma without proper diagnostic testing.

USPSTF recommends against screening for COPD in asymptomatic adults

USPSTF recommends against screening for COPD in asymptomatic adults

The USPSTF has released an updated recommendation statement that does not recommend screening asymptomatic adults for COPD.

Greater gluten intake before age 2 may increase risk of celiac disease

Greater gluten intake before age 2 may increase risk of celiac disease

High gluten intake during the first 2 years of life was associated with an increased risk of celiac disease during childhood.

FDA issues warning for 2 diabetes drugs linked to risk of heart failure

FDA issues warning for 2 diabetes drugs linked to risk of heart failure

The FDA will add warnings about heart failure risk to the labels of type 2 diabetes medicines containing saxagliptin and alogliptin.

Beta-blockers may reduce COPD exacerbation risk

Beta-blockers may reduce COPD exacerbation risk

Beta-blockers reduced the risk of COPD exacerbations between 21% and 55%.

Worldwide diabetes prevalence has quadrupled since 1980

Worldwide diabetes prevalence has quadrupled since 1980

From 1980 to 2014, the number of people worldwide with diabetes has increased from 108 million to 422 million.

Testosterone treatment beneficial in older men

Testosterone treatment beneficial in older men

Men 65 years of age and older who received 1 year of testosterone therapy reported better mood and fewer depressive symptoms.

Definitions for sepsis, septic shock issued

Definitions for sepsis, septic shock issued

Sepsis should be defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction as a response to infection.

Coronary bypass surgery reduces mortality for patients with heart failure

Coronary bypass surgery reduces mortality for patients with heart failure

Patients with coronary artery disease who were previously not considered candidates for CABG may benefit from the surgery.

Predictors of mortality and diabetes risk

Predictors of mortality and diabetes risk

High body fat percentage and low BMI are associated with increased mortality in women and men.

Sleep problems in young adults associated with chronic pain later in life

Sleep problems in young adults associated with chronic pain later in life

Young adults with sleep problems have increased risks of developing chronic pain and experiencing worsening in pain severity.

Breastfeeding, fewer URIs linked to lower rates of acute otitis media in infants

Breastfeeding, fewer URIs linked to lower rates of acute otitis media in infants

Prolonged breastfeeding and low rates of URIs have been linked to decreased instances of acute otitis media in infants.

Nurse loses license after taking inappropriate pictures of patient

Nurse loses license after taking inappropriate pictures of patient

A nurse was charged with a felony and lost her license after distributing pictures of a patient's genitals to coworkers.

Public health initiatives improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes

Public health initiatives improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes

Training the public in bystander CPR and first responder defibrillation improves outcomes for cardiac arrest that occurs outside of a hospital.

Statins may benefit intermediate-risk patients without CVD

Statins may benefit intermediate-risk patients without CVD

Results from a study presented at ACC in Chicago suggest that statins can be more widely used in patients considered to be intermediate risk for cardiovascular disease.

CDC issues Zika virus update for pediatric health care providers

CDC issues Zika virus update for pediatric health care providers

As Zika virus infections continue, the agency offers clinicians information on how to evaluate and manage suspected cases.

HCV, HIV co-infection linked to increased diabetes risk

HCV, HIV co-infection linked to increased diabetes risk

Treatment guidelines must expand to focus on patients co-infected with both HCV and HIV.

ACOG recommendations on immunization integration in OB/GYN practices

ACOG recommendations on immunization integration in OB/GYN practices

Women's health practitioners should offer vaccinations for a wide range of common, preventable diseases.

Mindfulness, CBT can reduce chronic low back pain

Mindfulness, CBT can reduce chronic low back pain

Mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavior therapy may be useful to improve chronic low back pain.

Parental caffeine consumption linked to elevated risk of early miscarriage

Parental caffeine consumption linked to elevated risk of early miscarriage

Drinking 2 or more caffeinated beverages per day has been linked to elevated risk of miscarriage early in pregnancy.

Sustained virological response found at 5 years in low-risk patients with HCV

Sustained virological response found at 5 years in low-risk patients with HCV

Patients with HCV/HIV coinfections had a much higher risk of HCV recurrence.

SSRIs and cardiovascular events—Is there a connection?

SSRIs and cardiovascular events—Is there a connection?

A large study found that use of SSRI medications to treat depression does not increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients 20 to 64 years of age.

Transition from NICU to home care complicated by access to medical technology

Transition from NICU to home care complicated by access to medical technology

Health care of discharged neonates is often complicated by the need for uninterrupted access to complex medical technology.

Male adolescents with HIV have high rates of inflammation, bone loss

Male adolescents with HIV have high rates of inflammation, bone loss

HIV-infected male adolescents present with elevated rates of bone loss due to immune dysregulation, chronic inflammation, and antiretroviral therapy.

Use of potentially lethal drug combinations increases in the elderly

Use of potentially lethal drug combinations increases in the elderly

The rates of dangerous drug combinations, supplement use, and polypharmacy are increasing among older adult patients.

Tips for helping patients with allergies prepare for another bad pollen season

Tips for helping patients with allergies prepare for another bad pollen season

This spring may bring another bad pollen season, but clinicians can help their patients cope with allergies by using tips from the ACAAI.

Adding new transparency to medical errors

Adding new transparency to medical errors

Brigham and Women's Hospital has taken the bold step of publishing a public blog of its medical errors and close calls.

ACOG issues recommendations for prenatal genetic screening, diagnostic testing

ACOG issues recommendations for prenatal genetic screening, diagnostic testing

Published practice bulletins offer guidance to clinicians on patient education during pregnancy.

Latent tuberculosis infection screening recommended in at-risk adults

Latent tuberculosis infection screening recommended in at-risk adults

The USPSTF concludes with moderate certainty a moderate net benefit in screening at-risk adults for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI).

Asthma prevalence higher in obese adults

Asthma prevalence higher in obese adults

A National Center for Health Statistics study found significantly higher rates of asthma prevalence among obese women compared with men.

CDC releases guideline for prescribing opioids for chronic pain in primary care

CDC releases guideline for prescribing opioids for chronic pain in primary care

The CDC's new guideline regarding opioid therapy for chronic pain focuses on balancing potential benefits and harms to the patient.

Link between obesity and depression in college-educated women

Link between obesity and depression in college-educated women

Women considered obese were more likely to have depression than women of a normal weight.

Truvada approved for pediatric HIV-1 treatment

Truvada approved for pediatric HIV-1 treatment

Gilead Sciences has received approval to indicate Truvada for pediatric patients with HIV-1.

Ketamine treatment may benefit patients with depression

Ketamine treatment may benefit patients with depression

Researchers saw improvement in 80% of patients treated with ketamine infusion therapy.

Settlement reached in malpractice suit in which patient was a physician

Settlement reached in malpractice suit in which patient was a physician

An undisclosed settlement was reached between the family of a deceased physician and the hospital at which she had just become a pediatric resident.

Care gaps identified in adolescents as they enter adulthood

Care gaps identified in adolescents as they enter adulthood

The systematic literature review identified risk factors and protective factors that affect adolescents with chronic conditions.

Body fat percentage, physical fitness are better predictors of mortality and diabetes risk than BMI

Body fat percentage, physical fitness are better predictors of mortality and diabetes risk than BMI

High body weight percentage may increase mortality, and poor physical fitness in youth can increase diabetes risk later in life.

ACIP recommends minor changes in flu vaccination practices

ACIP recommends minor changes in flu vaccination practices

An ACIP panel recommended adding live-attenuated influenza vaccination as an option for individuals with egg allergy of any severity.

Managing diabetes in primary care: 2016 recommendations from ADA

Managing diabetes in primary care: 2016 recommendations from ADA

The ADA has published the 2016 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes that outline the best practices for diabetes care and management.

FDA approves Odefsey for HIV-1 treatment

FDA approves Odefsey for HIV-1 treatment

Odefsey combines emtricitabine and tenofovir alafenamide with rilpivirine to treat HIV-1.

Once-weekly GLP-1RAs beneficial for type 2 diabetes

Once-weekly GLP-1RAs beneficial for type 2 diabetes

Once-weekly GLP-1RAs reduced HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose.

Parents catch medical errors that hospitals miss

Parents catch medical errors that hospitals miss

Of the parents surveyed, 34 reported a total of 37 safety incidents.

MI risks, symptoms different in women compared with men, per AHA

MI risks, symptoms different in women compared with men, per AHA

Women and men experience different symptoms, risks, and outcomes of myocardial infarction.

USPSTF: evidence insufficient for visual acuity screening in older adults

USPSTF: evidence insufficient for visual acuity screening in older adults

The USPSTF has released a recommendation statement regarding screening for impaired visual acuity in older adults.

Obese heart failure patients may benefit from bariatric surgery

Obese heart failure patients may benefit from bariatric surgery

Patients who were obese and underwent bariatric surgery saw a significant reduction in heart failure-related exacerbation events.

Monitoring program improves chronic pain management in primary care

Monitoring program improves chronic pain management in primary care

Patient monitoring and pain specialist support can help primary care practitioners better manage their patients taking opioids for chronic pain.

Benefit of fiber intake not equal in IBD patients

Benefit of fiber intake not equal in IBD patients

Patients with Crohn disease who ate high-fiber foods were 40% less likely to have a disease flare.

FDA to require Black Box warning for Essure birth control device

FDA to require Black Box warning for Essure birth control device

The agency will require Bayer to conduct clinical studies examining the device's benefits and harms.

Penicillin allergy and the risk for chronic hives

Penicillin allergy and the risk for chronic hives

Prevalence of self-reported penicillin allergy was 3 times greater among those with chronic hives.

Comparing COPD outcomes for patients treated by NPs/PAs versus physicians

Comparing COPD outcomes for patients treated by NPs/PAs versus physicians

Some variance is observed in outcomes for patients with COPD who are treated by NPs or PAs versus those treated by physicians.

CDC reports nearly 60% efficacy for influenza vaccine

CDC reports nearly 60% efficacy for influenza vaccine

The ACIP announced the latest vaccine effectiveness percentages at their February 24th meeting.

WHO guideline poised to reduce HIV-related deaths

WHO guideline poised to reduce HIV-related deaths

Rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy will likely reduce the number of HIV-related deaths.

Stimulant misuse increasing in young adults

Stimulant misuse increasing in young adults

The rate of misuse of prescription stimulants has risen among young adults despite the rate of prescriptions remaining the same.

Vaginal ring decreases incidence of HIV-1 infection

Vaginal ring decreases incidence of HIV-1 infection

HIV-1 incidence was reduced by 27% among all study participants.

Is heart failure linked to DPP-4 inhibitor use in patients with diabetes?

Is heart failure linked to DPP-4 inhibitor use in patients with diabetes?

Current evidence is inadequate to determine how DPP-4 inhibitors affect the risk of heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes.

HPV prevalence declines since introduction of vaccine in young females

HPV prevalence declines since introduction of vaccine in young females

Data collected between 2009 and 2012 show a significant decline in cases of HPV in females aged 14-19 and 20-24.

Green tea compound shows potential for rheumatoid arthritis

Green tea compound shows potential for rheumatoid arthritis

A molecule found in green tea may block a protein that causes the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.

Several states consider new system for medical malpractice claims

Several states consider new system for medical malpractice claims

Five states are considering adopting a new Patient Compensation System that would streamline the process of filing medical malpractice cases.

Comparing RAS blockers and other antihypertensives for diabetes

Comparing RAS blockers and other antihypertensives for diabetes

Renin angiotensin system blockers have similar risks and outcomes compared with other antihypertensive agents for patients with diabetes.

Diabetes drug may lower risk of recurrent stroke, MI in insulin-resistant patients

Diabetes drug may lower risk of recurrent stroke, MI in insulin-resistant patients

Although pioglitazone decreased the risk of stroke and myocardial infarction in this population, it elevated the risk of weight gain, edema, and bone fracture.

Miscommunication contributes to one-third of malpractice cases

Miscommunication contributes to one-third of malpractice cases

A new study found that communication failures contributed to almost one-third of all medical malpractice cases in the United States.

Weighing the benefits and harms of transvaginal mesh

Weighing the benefits and harms of transvaginal mesh

Low- and moderate-quality evidence suggests no difference between artificial mesh and native tissue repair of vaginal prolapse.

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for autism screening in all children

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for autism screening in all children

The USPSTF has found insufficient evidence to support screening all young children for autism spectrum disorder if a parent or clinician has no expressed concerns.

Past marijuana use linked to worse verbal memory later in life

Past marijuana use linked to worse verbal memory later in life

In adults, past exposure to marijuana was associated with worse verbal memory.

Indiana proposes first increase of malpractice caps since 1999

Indiana proposes first increase of malpractice caps since 1999

Republicans in Indiana want to raise the state's malpractice cap in an attempt to retain the cap's existence.

Biologic treatment for RA leads to low disease activity, clinical remission

Biologic treatment for RA leads to low disease activity, clinical remission

RA patients treated with biologics have exhibited either clinical remission or low disease activity on follow-up visits.

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