Web Exclusives

Physician assistants in Ohio benefit from new bill

Physician assistants in Ohio benefit from new bill

Physician-assistant-to-physician ratio in Ohio projected to increase to better meet patient needs due to passage of Senate Bill 110.

Aspirin use common in people with history of CVD, stroke

Aspirin use common in people with history of CVD, stroke

Approximately 70% of Americans with a history of CVD take aspirin regularly.

Accuracy of blood glucose meters in low glycemic range is questionable

Accuracy of blood glucose meters in low glycemic range is questionable

Blood glucose meters may not adhere to FDA standards for low glycemic ranges.

Psoriasis drug may help preserve pancreatic function in type 1 diabetes

Psoriasis drug may help preserve pancreatic function in type 1 diabetes

Alefacept, a psoriasis treatment, can help preserve pancreas function in type 1 diabetes.

Hospital patients with HIV often die from non-AIDS causes

Hospital patients with HIV often die from non-AIDS causes

HIV patients undergoing ART often die from non-AIDS infections and cardiovascular disease.

Top five unnecessary medical procedures for newborns

Top five unnecessary medical procedures for newborns

Experts reached a consensus on the top five unnecessary medical treatments and tests for newborns.

Bystander CPR increases cardiac arrest survival

Bystander CPR increases cardiac arrest survival

CPR from bystanders and first responders can increase cardiac arrest survival rates.

Primary care physicians can help bridge hospital transition gaps

Primary care physicians can help bridge hospital transition gaps

Care coordination can help hospital patients transition from inpatient to outpatient-only care.

Chlamydia screening decreases with updated Pap test guidelines

Chlamydia screening decreases with updated Pap test guidelines

Since the new Pap test guidelines have been established, rates of chlamydia screening have dropped.

Patients with chronic pain do not discuss use of alternative therapies with clinicians

Patients with chronic pain do not discuss use of alternative therapies with clinicians

A significant number of pain patients who use alternative therapies have not discussed them with their clinicians.

Misconceptions about antibiotics common among Medicaid patients

Misconceptions about antibiotics common among Medicaid patients

Compared with those with private insurance, parents with Medicaid tended to know less about antibiotics.

Medicare, Medicaid may pay for end-of-life counseling

Medicare, Medicaid may pay for end-of-life counseling

A proposal from the CMS may make end-of-life counseling sessions covered under insurance.

More radiation does not increase survival in low-risk prostate cancer

More radiation does not increase survival in low-risk prostate cancer

Higher doses of radiation does not increase survival rates in low-risk prostate cancer.

Hazardous sunburn art trend popular on social media

Hazardous sunburn art trend popular on social media

Clinicians should warn patients about the dangers of sunburn and discourage this new trend.

Genetic makeup influences HIV vaccine efficacy

Genetic makeup influences HIV vaccine efficacy

Researchers may be able to make HIV vaccines that are effective for specific genetic makeups.

Physical trauma increases psoriatic arthritis risk

Physical trauma increases psoriatic arthritis risk

Psoriasis patients exposed to trauma have an increased risk for psoriatic arthritis.

Standing at work may increase muscle fatigue

Standing at work may increase muscle fatigue

Standing for five or more hours at work leads to increased muscle fatigue.

Areas at high risk for Lyme disease are growing

Areas at high risk for Lyme disease are growing

The number of counties in the United States with a high risk for Lyme disease is rising.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis treatment guidelines updated

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis treatment guidelines updated

An international group of respiratory societies has recommended updates to IPF treatment guidelines.

Combination of antidepressants and NSAIDs may increase intracranial hemorrhage risk

Combination of antidepressants and NSAIDs may increase intracranial hemorrhage risk

People who started taking an antidepressant while taking NSAIDs had increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage.

More diabetes complications increase dementia risk

More diabetes complications increase dementia risk

Diabetes patients who had a greater number of diabetes-related complications had an increased risk for dementia.

Genetic testing during pregnancy can identify maternal cancer

Genetic testing during pregnancy can identify maternal cancer

Abnormal prenatal genetic testing can indicate cancer in the mother rather than a problem with the fetus.

Ixekizumab quickly, effectively treats psoriasis

Ixekizumab quickly, effectively treats psoriasis

The monoclonal antibody ixekizumab was more effective than other treatments for treating psoriasis.

New drug approved for schizophrenia, depression

New drug approved for schizophrenia, depression

Rexulti is indicated for treating schizophrenia and for major depression after first-line treatments fail.

Novel drug may be effective for psoriasis

Novel drug may be effective for psoriasis

Guselkumab was more effective than standard psoriasis treatment but had higher rates of pneumonia.

As many as 20% of hospitals reject policies to reduce errors

As many as 20% of hospitals reject policies to reduce errors

Many hospitals are unwilling to adopt policies that can reduce errors.

Hemodialysis patients can be trained to reduce fluid, salt intake

Hemodialysis patients can be trained to reduce fluid, salt intake

Training can help reduce fluid and salt intake in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Lower zinc levels linked to more severe alopecia

Lower zinc levels linked to more severe alopecia

Patients with alopecia areata have lower serum zinc levels compared with controls.

Two combination treatments show promise for HIV, HCV coinfection

Two combination treatments show promise for HIV, HCV coinfection

The combinations of ledipasvir plus sofosbuvir and daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir may effectively treat HIV, HCV coinfection.

Heart attack, stroke warnings updated for NSAIDs

Heart attack, stroke warnings updated for NSAIDs

The FDA will require manufacturers to include updated warnings on prescription and OTC NSAIDs.

More evidence links SSRIs to birth defects

More evidence links SSRIs to birth defects

Researchers found more evidence that links SSRI use during pregnancy to birth defects.

Most Americans support raising smoking age to 21

Most Americans support raising smoking age to 21

The CDC reports that 75% of Americans supporting increasing the legal age for smoking to 21.

Biomarkers indicate cardiovascular, mortality risks in HIV

Biomarkers indicate cardiovascular, mortality risks in HIV

HIV patients have several biomarkers that indicate higher risks for cardiovascular problems and mortality.

Entresto approved for heart failure treatment

Entresto approved for heart failure treatment

Entresto significantly reduced rates of cardiovascular death and hospitalization in heart failure.

High rates of colorectal cancer in select parts of U.S.

High rates of colorectal cancer in select parts of U.S.

The Mississippi Delta region, Appalachia, Virginia, and North Carolina include areas with high rates of colorectal cancer.

New diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis predicts CVD

New diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis predicts CVD

People with newly diagnosed psoriatic arthritis have an increased risk of later CVD.

Comorbidity involving diabetes, myocardial infarction, stroke increases mortality risk

Comorbidity involving diabetes, myocardial infarction, stroke increases mortality risk

People with more than one major health problem have higher mortality than those with just one condition.

Most health care professionals have worked while sick

Most health care professionals have worked while sick

A majority of health care professionals admitted to working while they were sick.

Colonoscopy prep is more effective with split-dose regimen

Colonoscopy prep is more effective with split-dose regimen

The quality of colon cleansing is better with split-dose regimens than with day-before prep.

Wisconsin malpractice claims lowest of any state

Wisconsin malpractice claims lowest of any state

Wisconsin has the lowest medical malpractice claims in the country, which may be due to caps on noneconomic damages.

Antipsychotic use increases in adolescents and young adults

Antipsychotic use increases in adolescents and young adults

A retrospective study showed that antipsychotic use increased in young adults aged 12 to 24.

Reducing chemo dose raises mortality in ovarian cancer

Reducing chemo dose raises mortality in ovarian cancer

For women with ovarian cancer, reducing chemotherapy dose was linked to worse survival regardless of BMI.

Liraglutide linked to significant body weight reduction

Liraglutide linked to significant body weight reduction

With lifestyle counseling, 3mg of liraglutide helped 63% of participants lose at least 5% body weight.

Eliminating five risk factors could halve CVD deaths

Eliminating five risk factors could halve CVD deaths

Eliminating elevated cholesterol levels, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and smoking can greatly reduce CVD mortality.

Better integration of behavioral health, primary care needed

Better integration of behavioral health, primary care needed

Payment barriers and insurance coverage gaps pose challenges.

Obesity linked to lower contraception use in teen girls

Obesity linked to lower contraception use in teen girls

Although they have sex with the same frequency as other girls, obese teens are less likely to use contraception.

IOM recommends making CPR a high school requirement

IOM recommends making CPR a high school requirement

Increasing community CPR competence could boost cardiac arrest survival.

Stroke risk higher with depression

Stroke risk higher with depression

Adults aged older than 50 years with depression may have a twofold increased risk of stroke.

Newer contraceptive pills may have higher clot risks

Newer contraceptive pills may have higher clot risks

Women taking contraceptive pills that contain newer types of progestogen have higher clot risks.

Preventing acute kidney injury

Preventing acute kidney injury

Monitoring kidney function in hospitalized patients can help prevent acute kidney injury.

One and two doses of HPV-16/18 vaccine as effective as three

One and two doses of HPV-16/18 vaccine as effective as three

The Cervarix vaccine may be as effective in one or two doses as it is with three.

Antibiotics may be alternative 
to appendectomy in some patients

Antibiotics may be alternative 
to appendectomy in some patients

Patients with uncomplicated appendicitis may be treated with antibiotics instead of surgery.

Mediterranean diet and cognition

Mediterranean diet and cognition

Adhering to a Mediterranean diet may help fight against cognitive decline in older adults.

Defamation award results from operating room misconduct

Defamation award results from operating room misconduct

Clinicians in the operating room were sued for defamation after insulting a patient while he was under anesthesia.

PPIs linked to heart attack

PPIs linked to heart attack

Adults who took PPIs had a significantly higher risk of heart attack compared with those who didn't.

Outpatient evaluation is suggested for chest pain

Outpatient evaluation is suggested for chest pain

Adults with chest pain rarely displayed adverse cardiac events.

Exercise and healthy birth weight

Exercise and healthy birth weight

Exercising regularly during pregnancy may be associated with lower birth weight.

Drugs advised after first seizure

Drugs advised after first seizure

Taking epilepsy medication after a first seizure decreases the risk of another seizure.

Prevalence of metabolic 
syndrome high but stable

Prevalence of metabolic 
syndrome high but stable

Although many older adults have metabolic syndrome, the rates are stable.

Asthma treatment less likely to work as patients age

Asthma treatment less likely to work as patients age

Patients aged 30 years are older are more likely to experience unsuccessful asthma treatment.

Intensive glucose control lowers cardiovascular risk in diabetes

Intensive glucose control lowers cardiovascular risk in diabetes

For patients with diabetes, strict glucose control lowers the risk for cardiovascular events.

Cancer screening rates are short of goal

Cancer screening rates are short of goal

The CDC reports that screening rates for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer have dropped in recent years.

In menopausal women, SSRIs increase fracture risk

In menopausal women, SSRIs increase fracture risk

Women prescribed SSRIs for menopausal symptoms had a sustained increased risk for fracture.

Sequence of shots may play role in effective HIV vaccine

Sequence of shots may play role in effective HIV vaccine

Series of immunizations might encourage HIV-fighting antibodies.

Fewer adverse outcomes when pharmacists manage warfarin therapy

Fewer adverse outcomes when pharmacists manage warfarin therapy

Patients whose warfarin therapy was managed by pharmacists had reduced adverse outcomes compared with usual care.

Globally, public awareness of thrombosis is low

Globally, public awareness of thrombosis is low

People across the world are relatively unaware of thrombosis, especially venous thromboembolism.

Decreased flu vaccine efficacy due to differing strains

Decreased flu vaccine efficacy due to differing strains

The strain of H3N2 used in last year's flu vaccine differed from the circulating strain.

Asthma risk increased by prenatal exposure to H2Bs, PPIs

Asthma risk increased by prenatal exposure to H2Bs, PPIs

Pregnant women who use H2 blockers or PPIs increase their offspring's risk for asthma.

Janus kinase inhibitors may treat vitiligo

Janus kinase inhibitors may treat vitiligo

Janus kinase inhibitors are indicated for rheumatoid arthritis, but they may be able to treat vitiligo.

Eating carbs last in a meal lowers glucose levels

Eating carbs last in a meal lowers glucose levels

Eating carbohydrates last helped lower glucose levels, especially if vegetables and proteins were eaten first.

Affordable Care Act subsidies upheld by Supreme Court

Affordable Care Act subsidies upheld by Supreme Court

On Thursday, the Supreme Court voted to uphold tax subsidies for Americans enrolled in the Affordable Care Act.

Glycemic control improves with more electronic clinician notes

Glycemic control improves with more electronic clinician notes

Clinicians who take more electronic notes on lifestyle counseling help their diabetic patients achieve lower HbA1c.

California votes to reduce vaccine exemptions

California votes to reduce vaccine exemptions

A bill passed in California bans vaccine exemptions due to religious and personal reasons.

A more effective flu vaccine?

A more effective flu vaccine?

Flublok Quadrivalent vaccine was 33% more effective in preventing flu than the traditional vaccine.

Inpatient consultation can reduce cellulitis misdiagnosis

Inpatient consultation can reduce cellulitis misdiagnosis

Most patients who were initially diagnosed with cellulitis were diagnosed with pseudocellulitis in inpatient settings.

Lifestyle, not ED medication, raises melanoma risk

Lifestyle, not ED medication, raises melanoma risk

Men who took erectile dysfunction medication had increased risk for melanoma, but it is probably due to lifestyle factors.

Challenges remain in HCV treatment despite advances

Challenges remain in HCV treatment despite advances

High hepatitis C treatment costs with interferon-free regimens and ethical questions about re-treatment and resource allocation remain.

Acid suppression medications raise risk of pediatric C. difficile

Acid suppression medications raise risk of pediatric C. difficile

Children using acid suppression medications have a higher risk of incident Clostridium difficile infections.

Mini nasal filter reduces hay fever symptoms

Mini nasal filter reduces hay fever symptoms

The device, which prevents pollen inhalation resulted in significantly fewer symptoms including sneezing, watery eyes, and drowsiness.

Discourage marijuana use among pregnant, breastfeeding women

Discourage marijuana use among pregnant, breastfeeding women

Using marijuana during pregnancy can affect fetal development and lead to cognitive and behavioral issues in children.

Determine risk of chronic back pain with a clinical decision rule

Determine risk of chronic back pain with a clinical decision rule

Researchers have developed a way to determine back pain patients' risk for chronic pain.

Rates of obesity on the rise in the U.S.

Rates of obesity on the rise in the U.S.

More people in the United States are obese and overweight than ever before.

Routine testing for coronary artery disease has low yield

Routine testing for coronary artery disease has low yield

Testing patients with acute chest pain and low clinical risks had a low yield for coronary artery disease.

Fate of extended statute of limitations on NY malpractice filings is unclear

Fate of extended statute of limitations on NY malpractice filings is unclear

The New York Assembly is trying to pass a law that changes the malpractice statute of limitations.

Trans fat may worsen memory

Trans fat may worsen memory

Male patients who ate more trans fats performed poorly on word recall test.

Diabetes may increase infection-related mortality risk

Diabetes may increase infection-related mortality risk

After adjustment for age and sex, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were higher in type 1 and type 2 diabetes for all outcomes.

Patients in underprivileged cities may be at greater risk for suicide

Patients in underprivileged cities may be at greater risk for suicide

Individuals living in socio-economically disadvantaged cities that also have relatively few residents living in family setting have higher suicide risk.

Psoriasis drug may also aid weight loss

Psoriasis drug may also aid weight loss

Nearly 20% of patients lost more than 5% of their baseline weight by 52 weeks or less when assigned to receive apremilast.

Kids, teens aren't drinking enough water

Kids, teens aren't drinking enough water

Nearly one-quarter of patients aged 6 to 19 years reported they did not drink water at all.

Chocolate linked to better heart health

Chocolate linked to better heart health

Eating up to 3.5 ounces of chocolate daily was tied to reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke compared with little or no chocolate consumption.

Diet plan choice may limit weight loss effectiveness

Diet plan choice may limit weight loss effectiveness

Those who had a choice lost slightly less weight compared with patients who had no choice.

Smoking attributed to half of cancer deaths

Smoking attributed to half of cancer deaths

Almost 126,000 of the deaths attributed to smoking were from cancers of the lungs, bronchus, and trachea.

Additional evidence of link between psoriasis, kidney disease

Additional evidence of link between psoriasis, kidney disease

Patients with psoriasis should avoid long-term use of medications that are toxic to the kidneys.

Self-inflicted injury rates among adolescents on the rise

Self-inflicted injury rates among adolescents on the rise

Cutting injuries increased over time, and it was particularly common among girls, study results indicate.

Screening tool detects eating disorders

Screening tool detects eating disorders

The acronym SCOFF can help identify patients with a likely case of anorexia or bulimia.

Oral health care, training necessary in primary care practice

Oral health care, training necessary in primary care practice

There were 33.3 million underserved persons living in areas where there was a shortage of dental health professionals, according to the CDC.

Novel learning can benefit cognitive function in older adults

Novel learning can benefit cognitive function in older adults

People who remain active as they age improve cognitive skills in executive function, attention, behavior, and spatial relationships.

Improving migraine diagnosis and treatment

Improving migraine diagnosis and treatment

Taking a thorough headache history is key for timely migraine diagnosis.

Primary care bundle aims to reduce ED, hospital readmissions

Primary care bundle aims to reduce ED, hospital readmissions

Health 360 is designed to be applied by an interprofessional collaborative care team and facilitated by nurse practitioners.

Aging population at risk for new HIV infection

Aging population at risk for new HIV infection

Older Americans are more likely than younger Americans to be diagnosed with HIV infection later in the course of the disease.