Web Exclusives

FDA approves second nonstatin drug to treat patients with high cholesterol

FDA approves second nonstatin drug to treat patients with high cholesterol

The drug is approved for patients who are unable to control their LDL cholesterol with current treatment options.

Court ruling eases insurers' ability to terminate clinicians from their network

Court ruling eases insurers' ability to terminate clinicians from their network

Court supports insurance company in termination of clinicians after dispute regarding necessity of services.

Experts call for public health initiatives, not personalized medicine

Experts call for public health initiatives, not personalized medicine

To improve public health in the United States, initiatives need to focus on addressing health inequalities and social factors.

Viral infection present in large families most of the year

Viral infection present in large families most of the year

Each child a family has increases the risk for viral infection.

SSRIs during pregnancy yield mixed results

SSRIs during pregnancy yield mixed results

Taking SSRIs during pregnancy was linked to a lower risk of complications but a higher risk of neonatal maladaptation.

Diabetes is poorly controlled in a majority of elderly people

Diabetes is poorly controlled in a majority of elderly people

The majority of older adults with diabetes do not meet the ADA's criteria for good management of their condition.

Newer cholesterol guidelines better at identifying increased risk of CVD events

Newer cholesterol guidelines better at identifying increased risk of CVD events

The 2013 ACC/AHA cholesterol management guidelines better identify the risk of CVD and presence of coronary artery disease.

Statins cost-effective in adults aged 40-75 years

Statins cost-effective in adults aged 40-75 years

For older adults at risk for heart attack or stroke, statin use is cost effective in 48% to 67% of patients.

Stroke may 
increase rate of cognitive decline

Stroke may 
increase rate of cognitive decline

People who suffered a stroke showed significant acute cognitive decline during six years of follow up.

Trans fats are linked to death and heart disease

Trans fats are linked to death and heart disease

Compared with saturated fats, consuming trans fats results in high mortality rates from all causes and from heart disease.

Increased risk for arrhythmia in psoriasis patients

Increased risk for arrhythmia in psoriasis patients

Patients with psoriasis, especially those with psoriatic arthritis, have an increased risk of arrhythmia.

After breast cancer, acupuncture more effectively treats hot flashes

After breast cancer, acupuncture more effectively treats hot flashes

For breast cancer survivors, acupuncture was more effective than gabapentin for treating hot flashes.

Regular aspirin, NSAID regimen may reduce colorectal cancer risk

Regular aspirin, NSAID regimen may reduce colorectal cancer risk

Regular, long-term use of low-dose aspirin or other NSAIDs reduced the risk of developing colorectal cancer.

Clinicians' helpfulness can improve weight loss

Clinicians' helpfulness can improve weight loss

Obese patients who rated their clinicians as very helpful lost more weight than those who gave them low ratings.

Preterm birth, poor fetal growth increase ADHD risk

Preterm birth, poor fetal growth increase ADHD risk

The earlier in a pregnancy a child is born, the greater their risk for developing ADHD.

Patient, family advisors can improve patient-centered care

Patient, family advisors can improve patient-centered care

Patient and family advisors can help ensure that practice focus on what each patient needs.

Laser technique accurately identifies melanoma

Laser technique accurately identifies melanoma

A non-invasive laser test can accurately identify melanoma with 100% accuracy.

Light, moderate drinking increases cancer risk in women

Light, moderate drinking increases cancer risk in women

Light to moderate alcohol intake increased the risk of alcohol-related cancers in women.

Diabetes insulin type does not affect myocardial infarction risk

Diabetes insulin type does not affect myocardial infarction risk

Using long-acting insulin in type 2 diabetes does not increase the risk for acute myocardial infarction.

Detailed medical history is the best screening approach for preeclampsia

Detailed medical history is the best screening approach for preeclampsia

Currently, the only method to screen for preeclampsia in pregnancy is through a detailed medical history.

Fewer moles linked to more aggressive melanoma

Fewer moles linked to more aggressive melanoma

Many moles increases melanoma risk, but fewer moles are linked to more aggressive forms of melanoma.

AMA releases module to improve clinician resilience

AMA releases module to improve clinician resilience

The AMA recommends strategies such as keeping a gratitude journal to help clinicians stave off stress.

Working long hours increases stroke risk

Working long hours increases stroke risk

People who work longer hours have an increased risk of stroke and coronary heart disease.

Male clinicians are sued more often than female clinicians

Male clinicians are sued more often than female clinicians

Male clinicians are more than two and half times likely to be sued than female clinicians.

Coffee intake associated with decreased colon cancer mortality

Coffee intake associated with decreased colon cancer mortality

Drinking four or more cups of coffee per day may significantly decrease mortality in colon cancer patients.

Teens who use e-cigarettes are likely to use combustible tobacco

Teens who use e-cigarettes are likely to use combustible tobacco

Teenagers who use e-cigarettes have an increased likelihood of using combustible tobacco products.

Childhood infection hospitalization tied to adult metabolic syndrome

Childhood infection hospitalization tied to adult metabolic syndrome

Children who are hospitalized for infection have a greater risk of increased BMI and metabolic syndrome in adulthood.

Nonfunctioning kidney can lead to false positive in cystoscopy

Nonfunctioning kidney can lead to false positive in cystoscopy

For patients who undergo cystoscopy after hysterectomy, a nonfunctioning kidney can result in a false positive.

Insulin pump use reduces mortality in type 1 diabetes

Insulin pump use reduces mortality in type 1 diabetes

For people with type 1 diabetes, using insulin pump therapy lowers mortality from all causes.

OxyContin approved for children aged 11 and older

OxyContin approved for children aged 11 and older

The FDA has approved a pediatric indication for OxyContin in patients as young as 11 years.

Chronic pain common in HIV patients

Chronic pain common in HIV patients

Chronic pain and depression symptoms are common among patients with HIV.

Multigene tests can change breast, ovarian cancer management

Multigene tests can change breast, ovarian cancer management

For hereditary breast, ovarian cancer, multigene testing can influence clinical treatment options.

Clinician dissatisfaction with electronic health records increasing

Clinician dissatisfaction with electronic health records increasing

More clinicians report being dissatisfied or very dissatisfied with electronic health records.

Surgeon's alleged misdiagnosis leads to $4.2M jury award

Surgeon's alleged misdiagnosis leads to $4.2M jury award

After a misdiagnosis of a swollen lymph node, a patient's spinal accessory nerve was damaged.

Very high, very low physical activity increases heart failure risk

Very high, very low physical activity increases heart failure risk

Extremely high and low amounts of physical activity increase heart failure risk in men.

Earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy benefits HIV patients

Earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy benefits HIV patients

Two studies have provided more evidence that early initiatio of ART improves outcomes in HIV

One-quarter of elderly women have osteoporosis, per CDC

One-quarter of elderly women have osteoporosis, per CDC

The CDC found that 24.8% of women and 5.6% of men aged 65 years and older had osteoporosis.

Combination glycolic acid, iontophoresis therapy effective for acne

Combination glycolic acid, iontophoresis therapy effective for acne

Combination therapy of glycolic acid peels and iontophoresis with vitamins A, C, and E effectively treats acne.

Cholinesterase inhibitors may lead to weight loss in elderly adults with dementia

Cholinesterase inhibitors may lead to weight loss in elderly adults with dementia

Older adults with dementia who took cholinesterase inhibitors had an increased risk of weight loss.

Delphi methods can improve gastroenterology, liver workups

Delphi methods can improve gastroenterology, liver workups

Delphi methodology can optimize gastroenterology and hepatology workups.

Moderate coffee intake may reduce cognitive impairment

Moderate coffee intake may reduce cognitive impairment

Older adults who consumed a moderate amount of coffee had a lower risk of mild cognitive impairment.

More incidental pulmonary nodules result from increased scanning

More incidental pulmonary nodules result from increased scanning

The number of incidental pulmonary nodules has increased though the number of lung cancer cases remained stable.

Eating breakfast helps control glucose in type 2 diabetes

Eating breakfast helps control glucose in type 2 diabetes

People with type 2 diabetes who skipped breakfast had a higher risk of postprandial hyperglycemia.

FDA approves test to differentiate between HIV-1, HIV-2

FDA approves test to differentiate between HIV-1, HIV-2

The FDA has approved a new test that can differentiate between different HIV viruses.

Optimize primary care visits through delegation

Optimize primary care visits through delegation

Delegating various tasks to other team members can help increase primary care productivity.

HIV cells may still multiply with antiretroviral therapy

HIV cells may still multiply with antiretroviral therapy

HIV cells can multiply even in patients who are responding to antiretroviral therapy.

Prescription use common in pregnant women with Medicaid

Prescription use common in pregnant women with Medicaid

Pregnant women enrolled in Medicaid are commonly prescribed a variety of prescription medications.

Plague death reported in Colorado

Plague death reported in Colorado

The Pueblo City-County Health Department has confirmed the death of an adult due to the plague.

How hospitals and health centers can avoid malpractice suits

How hospitals and health centers can avoid malpractice suits

Improved patient communication can help hospitals avoid medical malpractice lawsuits.

Tenofovir gel reduces risk for genital herpes simplex

Tenofovir gel reduces risk for genital herpes simplex

Pericoital application of tenofovir gel, previously studied for HIV, linked to reduced risk of herpes infection.

Nonsurgical weight loss procedure receives FDA approval

Nonsurgical weight loss procedure receives FDA approval

An intragastric balloon receives approval as a non-surgical weight loss procedure for patients with mild-to-moderate obesity.

HPV vaccination is lagging among U.S. adolescents

HPV vaccination is lagging among U.S. adolescents

Approximately 40% of girls and 60% of boys aged 13 to 17 have not received the HPV vaccine.

FDA approves new rosacea treatment

FDA approves new rosacea treatment

The FDA has approved Finacea Foam for the topical treatment of rosacea.

Glyburide increases adverse neonatal outcomes in gestational diabetes

Glyburide increases adverse neonatal outcomes in gestational diabetes

Glyburide is associated with an increased risk 
of adverse neonatal 
outcomes compared to 
insulin in women with 
gestational diabetes.

Secondhand smoke exposure is linked to a higher BMI in children

Secondhand smoke exposure is linked to a higher BMI in children

Children exposed to secondhand smoke are more likely to have a higher BMI by age 10.

Prednisone improves function in acute radiculopathy

Prednisone improves function in acute radiculopathy

Oral prednisone can improve 
functional status in patients 
with acute radiculopathy due to a herniated disk but does not improve pain.

Older adults with healthy lifestyle have lower heart failure risk

Older adults with healthy lifestyle have lower heart failure risk

Older adults who exercise, drink moderately, don't smoke, and have a healthy weight have a lower risk of heart failure.

Preventing premature ventricular contractions can prevent heart failure

Preventing premature ventricular contractions can prevent heart failure

Premature ventricular contractions may be a modifiable risk factor for heart failure and death.

Buprenorphine may benefit patients with opioid dependence

Buprenorphine may benefit patients with opioid dependence

Emergency-department initiated buprenorphine treatment may increase addiction treatment 
and decrease opioid use in patients with opioid dependence
.

Continuity of care improves survival after major surgery

Continuity of care improves survival after major surgery

After major surgery, returning to the same hospital for any complications increases survival.

Obesity prevalence continues to increase

Obesity prevalence continues to increase

Over 130 million Americans are either obese or overweight, according to new data.

Preventing 
hyponatremia

Preventing 
hyponatremia

During exercise, people should drink when they are thirsty to prevent hyponatremia.

Uric acid therapy may be effective
 for women after acute ischemic stroke

Uric acid therapy may be effective
 for women after acute ischemic stroke

Uric acid therapy reduced disability for up to 90 days in women after stroke.

Mediterranean diet improves cognitive function in adults with CVD risk

Mediterranean diet improves cognitive function in adults with CVD risk

Mediterranean diet is associated with improved cognitive function in older adults with high 
cardiovascular risk.

UTIs, STIs in women are often misdiagnosed in ERs

UTIs, STIs in women are often misdiagnosed in ERs

In emergency rooms, UTIs are overdiagnosed while STIs are underdiagnosed in women.

Statins linked to higher aggression in women, lower aggression in men

Statins linked to higher aggression in women, lower aggression in men

While statins may decrease aggression in men, they appear to increase it in postmenopausal women.

Screening colonoscopy linked to 50% lower colorectal cancer rate

Screening colonoscopy linked to 50% lower colorectal cancer rate

Screening colonoscopy leads to higher adenoma detection rates, which reduces colorectal cancer mortality.

EKG metrics may signal risk for cardiovascular death in CKD patients

EKG metrics may signal risk for cardiovascular death in CKD patients

Five EKG parameters can identify chronic kidney disease patients at risk for cardiovascular death.

Assessing dyspnea severity can improve cardiopulmonary care

Assessing dyspnea severity can improve cardiopulmonary care

The majority of hospitalists agree that routine dyspnea severity assessment would improve patient care.

Cost of autism care may reach $500 billion by 2025

Cost of autism care may reach $500 billion by 2025

Researchers estimate that the annual cost of caring for people with autism spectrum disorder could rise to $500 billion to $1 trillion.

Decrease in mortality, hospitalization rates among elderly

Decrease in mortality, hospitalization rates among elderly

Yearly mortality, hospital stays, and inpatient costs have decreased in Medicare patients.

Affordable health insurance, better health reported from ACA

Affordable health insurance, better health reported from ACA

More Americans have reported access to affordable health insurance and feel they are in better health since the ACA.

Poll indicates many people are unaware of hepatitis B vaccine

Poll indicates many people are unaware of hepatitis B vaccine

More than half of Americans polled were unsure or unaware of the existence of a hepatitis B vaccine.

Health insurance should cover primary care inpatient consultations, says AAFP

Health insurance should cover primary care inpatient consultations, says AAFP

Health insurance companies should considering paying PCP for inpatient consulting services.

FDA approves PCSK9 inhibitor for high cholesterol

FDA approves PCSK9 inhibitor for high cholesterol

The FDA approved Praluent (alirocumab), the first injectable PCSK9 inhibitor for high cholesterol.

New synthetic stimulant "Flakka" has adverse psychiatric effects

New synthetic stimulant "Flakka" has adverse psychiatric effects

"Flakka," a synthetic stimulant, can cause violent and unpredictable behavior.

Physician assistants in Ohio benefit from new bill

Physician assistants in Ohio benefit from new bill

Physician-assistant-to-physician ratio in Ohio projected to increase to better meet patient needs due to passage of Senate Bill 110.

Aspirin use common in people with history of CVD, stroke

Aspirin use common in people with history of CVD, stroke

Approximately 70% of Americans with a history of CVD take aspirin regularly.

Accuracy of blood glucose meters in low glycemic range is questionable

Accuracy of blood glucose meters in low glycemic range is questionable

Blood glucose meters may not adhere to FDA standards for low glycemic ranges.

Psoriasis drug may help preserve pancreatic function in type 1 diabetes

Psoriasis drug may help preserve pancreatic function in type 1 diabetes

Alefacept, a psoriasis treatment, can help preserve pancreas function in type 1 diabetes.

Hospital patients with HIV often die from non-AIDS causes

Hospital patients with HIV often die from non-AIDS causes

HIV patients undergoing ART often die from non-AIDS infections and cardiovascular disease.

Top five unnecessary medical procedures for newborns

Top five unnecessary medical procedures for newborns

Experts reached a consensus on the top five unnecessary medical treatments and tests for newborns.

Bystander CPR increases cardiac arrest survival

Bystander CPR increases cardiac arrest survival

CPR from bystanders and first responders can increase cardiac arrest survival rates.

Primary care physicians can help bridge hospital transition gaps

Primary care physicians can help bridge hospital transition gaps

Care coordination can help hospital patients transition from inpatient to outpatient-only care.

Chlamydia screening decreases with updated Pap test guidelines

Chlamydia screening decreases with updated Pap test guidelines

Since the new Pap test guidelines have been established, rates of chlamydia screening have dropped.

Patients with chronic pain do not discuss use of alternative therapies with clinicians

Patients with chronic pain do not discuss use of alternative therapies with clinicians

A significant number of pain patients who use alternative therapies have not discussed them with their clinicians.

Misconceptions about antibiotics common among Medicaid patients

Misconceptions about antibiotics common among Medicaid patients

Compared with those with private insurance, parents with Medicaid tended to know less about antibiotics.

Medicare, Medicaid may pay for end-of-life counseling

Medicare, Medicaid may pay for end-of-life counseling

A proposal from the CMS may make end-of-life counseling sessions covered under insurance.

More radiation does not increase survival in low-risk prostate cancer

More radiation does not increase survival in low-risk prostate cancer

Higher doses of radiation does not increase survival rates in low-risk prostate cancer.

Hazardous sunburn art trend popular on social media

Hazardous sunburn art trend popular on social media

Clinicians should warn patients about the dangers of sunburn and discourage this new trend.

Genetic makeup influences HIV vaccine efficacy

Genetic makeup influences HIV vaccine efficacy

Researchers may be able to make HIV vaccines that are effective for specific genetic makeups.

Physical trauma increases psoriatic arthritis risk

Physical trauma increases psoriatic arthritis risk

Psoriasis patients exposed to trauma have an increased risk for psoriatic arthritis.

Standing at work may increase muscle fatigue

Standing at work may increase muscle fatigue

Standing for five or more hours at work leads to increased muscle fatigue.

Areas at high risk for Lyme disease are growing

Areas at high risk for Lyme disease are growing

The number of counties in the United States with a high risk for Lyme disease is rising.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis treatment guidelines updated

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis treatment guidelines updated

An international group of respiratory societies has recommended updates to IPF treatment guidelines.

Combination of antidepressants and NSAIDs may increase intracranial hemorrhage risk

Combination of antidepressants and NSAIDs may increase intracranial hemorrhage risk

People who started taking an antidepressant while taking NSAIDs had increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage.

More diabetes complications increase dementia risk

More diabetes complications increase dementia risk

Diabetes patients who had a greater number of diabetes-related complications had an increased risk for dementia.

Genetic testing during pregnancy can identify maternal cancer

Genetic testing during pregnancy can identify maternal cancer

Abnormal prenatal genetic testing can indicate cancer in the mother rather than a problem with the fetus.

Ixekizumab quickly, effectively treats psoriasis

Ixekizumab quickly, effectively treats psoriasis

The monoclonal antibody ixekizumab was more effective than other treatments for treating psoriasis.

New drug approved for schizophrenia, depression

New drug approved for schizophrenia, depression

Rexulti is indicated for treating schizophrenia and for major depression after first-line treatments fail.