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FDA approves buprenorphine implant for opioid dependence

FDA approves buprenorphine implant for opioid dependence

Probuphine is the first buprenorphine implant approved for the maintenance treatment of opioid dependence.

Smoking while pregnant increases risk of schizophrenia in offspring

Smoking while pregnant increases risk of schizophrenia in offspring

Mothers who heavily used tobacco during pregnancy increased the risk of their children developing schizophrenia.

Antidepressants regularly prescribed for off-label indications

Antidepressants regularly prescribed for off-label indications

Antidepressant use for anxiety, panic, and ADHD has increased.

Predicting viral mutations may improve flu vaccine efficacy

Predicting viral mutations may improve flu vaccine efficacy

Natural viral mutations ensure that the seasonal flu vaccine must be updated on a yearly basis.

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk for secondary stroke

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk for secondary stroke

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk of a recurrent stroke 6 weeks after a transient ischemic attack or minor stroke.

Oral glucocorticoid use increases risk of diabetes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Oral glucocorticoid use increases risk of diabetes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Glucocorticoid therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis has been linked to elevated risk of diabetes.

Hypertension interventions are beneficial in older adults

Hypertension interventions are beneficial in older adults

Even those who are in overall poor health and medically frail could benefit from hypertension interventions.

Probiotics improve clinical, metabolic status in rheumatoid arthritis

Probiotics improve clinical, metabolic status in rheumatoid arthritis

After 8 weeks, patients with rheumatoid arthritis who took probiotics showed improvements in disease activity and metabolic health.

Rates of blindness, visual impairment projected to double by 2050

Rates of blindness, visual impairment projected to double by 2050

Researchers project that current rates of blindness and visual impairment in the United States will double by 2050, increasing the need for better screening efforts.

Bupivacaine liposome injectable improves total knee arthroplasty outcomes

Bupivacaine liposome injectable improves total knee arthroplasty outcomes

Patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty have better outcomes with bupivacaine liposome injectable than traditional anesthetics.

Delayed prenatal care, maternal smoking lead to perinatal complications in preterm infants

Delayed prenatal care, maternal smoking lead to perinatal complications in preterm infants

Infants of mothers who smoke and who delay the initiation of prenatal care have an increased risk of developing perinatal complications.

Antibiotic use, perceptions differ among patients and providers

Antibiotic use, perceptions differ among patients and providers

Regarding antibiotic use for upper respiratory infections, patients and providers have different perceptions, behaviors, and knowledge.

Liver transplant readmissions reduced through outpatient services protocol

Liver transplant readmissions reduced through outpatient services protocol

Patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplants were less likely to be readmitted to the hospital when treated via a specialized protocol.

History and physical may identify patients at risk for hemorrhagic stroke

History and physical may identify patients at risk for hemorrhagic stroke

Four examination findings were associated with increased probability of a hemorrhagic stroke diagnosis.

PAs, NPs more likely to staff critical access hospitals in rural locations

PAs, NPs more likely to staff critical access hospitals in rural locations

Geographically remote emergency departments are more likely to be staffed by physician assistants and nurse practitioners.

PCPs not addressing psychosocial issues in geriatric care

PCPs not addressing psychosocial issues in geriatric care

Many geriatric patients expressed dissatisfaction with patient/provider discussions regarding psychosocial issues.

PAs commonly provide health care to family members

PAs commonly provide health care to family members

Physician assistants routinely provide health care, including physical examinations, to members of their family.

Delayed immunizations, breastfeeding over age 1 may increase risk for caries

Delayed immunizations, breastfeeding over age 1 may increase risk for caries

Researchers identify new risk factors for caries in young children.

Health status, expense discourage medication adherence among under-, uninsured patients

Health status, expense discourage medication adherence among under-, uninsured patients

Patients who rated their overall health status as "good" were more likely to report better adherence to prescribed medications.

Short-term STICU patients often admitted for brief ventilator management

Short-term STICU patients often admitted for brief ventilator management

Almost one-quarter of patients admitted to the STICU short term are there for <4 hours of ventilator management.

AAPA House of Delegates opposes proposed NCCPA recertification requirements

AAPA House of Delegates opposes proposed NCCPA recertification requirements

The House of Delegates voted to pass a board resolution to reject proposed changes by the NCCPA to the PA recertification process.

HPV education key in college populations

HPV education key in college populations

College-aged students may benefit from continued education regarding the spread of HPV, especially oral transmission

PAs lack reliable information on e-cigarettes

PAs lack reliable information on e-cigarettes

While most PAs believe that e-cigarettes are harmful to health, they need more reliable information to help inform clinical decisions.

Split clinic model allows independent PA care, improves patient visits

Split clinic model allows independent PA care, improves patient visits

PAs practicing in split clinic models function independently of a supervising physician, delivering high-quality patient care.

PA malpractice case rates slightly increasing

PA malpractice case rates slightly increasing

From 2005 to 2014, there has been a slight increase in the rate of malpractice cases among PAs.

Comparing the return on investment of advanced practice medical degrees in PAs vs NPs

Comparing the return on investment of advanced practice medical degrees in PAs vs NPs

By retirement, PAs will have a considerable return on their educational investment.

PAs power up at AAPA 2016 in San Antonio

PAs power up at AAPA 2016 in San Antonio

The 5-day event aims to "Power Up!" the clinical skills, networks, and careers of practicing PAs and PA students.

Patients with COPD face treatment challenges, limited access to care

Patients with COPD face treatment challenges, limited access to care

Although COPD is the third leading cause of death in the US, patients often lack access to basic therapies and consistent care.

Pain complexities in rheumatoid arthritis

Pain complexities in rheumatoid arthritis

Nearly 12% of patients in remission from RA still experience clinically significant pain.

Migraine medications not linked to stroke risk

Migraine medications not linked to stroke risk

For patients with basilar or hemiplegic migraines, two common migraine medications do not increase the risk of stroke and cardiovascular events.

Joan Rivers' medical malpractice case settles

Joan Rivers' medical malpractice case settles

Joan Rivers' family filed a medical malpractice suit after her death, and the case has been settled.

Effective strategies to prescribe opioids, provide pain relief in hospital settings urgently needed

Effective strategies to prescribe opioids, provide pain relief in hospital settings urgently needed

Clinicians in hospital settings need strategies in place to safely provide opioid pain relief to hospitalized patients.

Hepatitis C mortality increasing, now leading cause of death among all infectious diseases

Hepatitis C mortality increasing, now leading cause of death among all infectious diseases

The number of deaths associated with hepatitis C is higher than the total number of deaths resulting from 60 other infectious diseases.

Tumor recurrence is common in patients with hepatitis C, hepatocellular carcinoma

Tumor recurrence is common in patients with hepatitis C, hepatocellular carcinoma

Direct-acting antivirals pose challenges in patients with hepatitis C and prior hepatocellular carcinoma

Swaddling sleeping infants increases risk of SIDS

Swaddling sleeping infants increases risk of SIDS

Infants who are swaddled while they sleep have an increased risk of SIDS, and the risk increases with age.

Children with milk allergy have lower calcium, bone mineral density levels

Children with milk allergy have lower calcium, bone mineral density levels

Children with cow's milk allergy have lower bone mineral density scores that likely result from their reduced calcium intake.

Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy reduces mite sensitization in infants

Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy reduces mite sensitization in infants

Mothers who take high doses of vitamin D during pregnancy reduce sensitization of their infants to mites at 18 months.

Why some clinicians are more likely to be sued

Why some clinicians are more likely to be sued

A small percentage of clinicians account for almost one-third of paid malpractice claims.

Shared decision making aids medication management

Shared decision making aids medication management

Researchers found that shared decision making is effective when managing medication therapy in patients.

Abstinence, fidelity programs are ineffective for HIV prevention

Abstinence, fidelity programs are ineffective for HIV prevention

A study has found no evidence that programs promoting abstinence can reduce risky sexual behaviors that can increase the risk of HIV.

Vaccines administered in the morning may be more effective

Vaccines administered in the morning may be more effective

Vaccines administered between 9 and 11 AM showed a significant increase in patients' antibody concentration

One-third of antibiotic prescriptions may be inappropriate, per study by JAMA and CDC

One-third of antibiotic prescriptions may be inappropriate, per study by JAMA and CDC

Research findings support the need to establish a goal of increased antibiotic stewardship among physicians.

Hospitalizations due to opioid abuse, dependence increasing significantly

Hospitalizations due to opioid abuse, dependence increasing significantly

Since 2002, the number of hospitalizations due to opioid abuse and dependence has increased by 72%.

Endometriosis is linked to higher risk for heart disease

Endometriosis is linked to higher risk for heart disease

The link is elevated in women 40 years of age or younger.

Medical errors are third leading cause of death in United States

Medical errors are third leading cause of death in United States

Heart disease, cancer, and medical errors are the top 3 causes of death in the United States, according to a BMJ study.

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

COPD may increase risk for chronic renal failure

In patients with COPD, chronic renal failure is more likely and can be detected from decreased glomerular filtration rates.

Survival unimproved with deferred second defibrillation

Survival unimproved with deferred second defibrillation

Deferred defibrillation was not associated with improved survival.

Vaccine refusal key factor in measles, pertussis risk

Vaccine refusal key factor in measles, pertussis risk

Of 970 measles cases studied, 574 were eligible to receive the vaccine but chose not to.

High fatigue common in psoriatic arthritis

High fatigue common in psoriatic arthritis

Nearly 50% of patients with psoriatic arthritis report elevated levels of fatigue.

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

Researchers found a statistically significant link between modified DASH diet score and risk of ischemic stroke.

Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder leads to more diagnoses at a younger age

Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder leads to more diagnoses at a younger age

A 2007 American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation for universal autism screening has led to increased earlier diagnoses of the condition.

FDA approves Bevespi Aerosphere for COPD

FDA approves Bevespi Aerosphere for COPD

The FDA has approved a long-acting dual bronchodilator, Bevespi Aerosphere, for the management of COPD.

Cancer may complicate HIV management

Cancer may complicate HIV management

The rates of many cancers increase in in HIV positive individuals.

Rates of asthma, ADHD increasing among children living in poverty

Rates of asthma, ADHD increasing among children living in poverty

Rates of chronic conditions are on the rise in children, and children living in poverty have a higher risk of ADHD and asthma, compared with wealthier children.

Digital mammography plus tomosynthesis linked to increased rate of breast cancer diagnosis

Digital mammography plus tomosynthesis linked to increased rate of breast cancer diagnosis

The combination of tomosynthesis and digital mammography screening may benefit women with heterogeneously dense breasts.

Rotating night shift work linked to elevated CHD risk in women

Rotating night shift work linked to elevated CHD risk in women

Study results showed a higher risk of CHD in women who work rotating night shifts.

Brief resolved unexplained events in lower-risk infants: a clinical practice guideline

Brief resolved unexplained events in lower-risk infants: a clinical practice guideline

The American Academy of Pediatrics has proposed a new term—brief resolved unexplained events—and has released guidelines for management.

CDC, OSHA issue interim guidance for preventing occupational exposure to Zika virus

CDC, OSHA issue interim guidance for preventing occupational exposure to Zika virus

The CDC encourages all healthcare employers and employees to follow OSHA's guidelines for preventing occupational exposure to the Zika virus.

Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes often have low levels of vitamin D.

Healthy diet reduces hypertension risk after gestational diabetes

Healthy diet reduces hypertension risk after gestational diabetes

Women who had gestational diabetes may be able to reduce their risk of developing hypertension by eating a healthy diet.

CBT in primary care settings benefits adolescents diagnosed with depression

CBT in primary care settings benefits adolescents diagnosed with depression

Teenagers assigned to receive CBT treatment recovered 8 weeks faster than those receiving only standard care.

Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative: a mid-term report

Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative: a mid-term report

Two years into the Comprehensive Primary Care Initiative, delivery of primary care has improved while expenses and patient experiences have not.

Increased use of Gardasil 9 for HPV prevention would reduce cervical cancer rates, healthcare costs

Increased use of Gardasil 9 for HPV prevention would reduce cervical cancer rates, healthcare costs

The new vaccine protects against 9 types of HPV and 5 cancer-causing strains.

Rates of clinician discipline vary widely across United States

Rates of clinician discipline vary widely across United States

In the United States, some states have 4 times more disciplinary actions for clinicians compared with other states.

Nonurgent patients routinely receive urgent care in emergency departments

Nonurgent patients routinely receive urgent care in emergency departments

Triage practices in EDs are essential to providing patient care.

Metformin more effective than sulfonylureas for reducing cardiovascular mortality in diabetes patients

Metformin more effective than sulfonylureas for reducing cardiovascular mortality in diabetes patients

Compared with other drugs for type 2 diabetes, metformin is superior for reducing the risk of cardiovascular mortality.

Insufficient sleep may increase risky behavior in teens

Insufficient sleep may increase risky behavior in teens

Teens who have insufficient sleep are more likely to engage in risky behavior, including drunk driving.

Overweight, obese patients have increased osteoarthritis risk

Overweight, obese patients have increased osteoarthritis risk

The risk of developing hand, hip, and knee osteoarthritis is increased in people who are overweight or obese.

FDA approves Inflectra biosimilar for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis

FDA approves Inflectra biosimilar for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis

The biosimilar has also been approved for Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and ankylosing spondylitis.

Psoriasis severity linked to work productivity, quality of life

Psoriasis severity linked to work productivity, quality of life

Mild, moderate, and severe psoriasis can patients' quality of life and workplace productivity.

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

Zika virus confirmed as cause of microcephaly, congenital abnormalities

A report from the New England Journal of Medicine has confirmed that the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and other birth defects.

Florida bill poised to grant NPs, PAs controlled substance prescribing authority

Florida bill poised to grant NPs, PAs controlled substance prescribing authority

If signed, the bill would authorize Florida NPs and PAs to prescribe Schedule II controlled substances.

ASCO recommendations aim to increase HPV vaccination rates

ASCO recommendations aim to increase HPV vaccination rates

The American Society of Clinical Oncology has released its recommendations to help improve rates of HPV vaccination worldwide.

Text message alerts can improve appointment adherence for patients with HIV

Text message alerts can improve appointment adherence for patients with HIV

Patients with HIV have an increased risk of clinical nonadherence, which can be improved with text message alerts.

Indiana approves first increase in medical malpractice caps in 17 years

Indiana approves first increase in medical malpractice caps in 17 years

A new bill has passed in the Indiana state Senate that will increase malpractice caps to $1.8 by mid-2019.

USPSTF issues final recommendations for aspirin use to prevent CVD, colorectal cancer

USPSTF issues final recommendations for aspirin use to prevent CVD, colorectal cancer

The USPSTF concluded that a low-dose aspirin regimen can prevent cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer in adults aged 50 to 59.

FDA proposes a ban on powdered medical gloves

FDA proposes a ban on powdered medical gloves

The FDA has announced a proposal to ban most powdered gloves in the United States.

Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy may increase risk of preterm birth

Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy may increase risk of preterm birth

Pregnant women with HIV who undergo antiretroviral therapy may have an increased risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small-for-gestational age infants.

Pediatric asthma is regularly overdiagnosed

Pediatric asthma is regularly overdiagnosed

Inhalers are often inappropriately prescribed to children assumed to have asthma without proper diagnostic testing.

USPSTF recommends against screening for COPD in asymptomatic adults

USPSTF recommends against screening for COPD in asymptomatic adults

The USPSTF has released an updated recommendation statement that does not recommend screening asymptomatic adults for COPD.

Greater gluten intake before age 2 may increase risk of celiac disease

Greater gluten intake before age 2 may increase risk of celiac disease

High gluten intake during the first 2 years of life was associated with an increased risk of celiac disease during childhood.

FDA issues warning for 2 diabetes drugs linked to risk of heart failure

FDA issues warning for 2 diabetes drugs linked to risk of heart failure

The FDA will add warnings about heart failure risk to the labels of type 2 diabetes medicines containing saxagliptin and alogliptin.

Beta-blockers may reduce COPD exacerbation risk

Beta-blockers may reduce COPD exacerbation risk

Beta-blockers reduced the risk of COPD exacerbations between 21% and 55%.

Worldwide diabetes prevalence has quadrupled since 1980

Worldwide diabetes prevalence has quadrupled since 1980

From 1980 to 2014, the number of people worldwide with diabetes has increased from 108 million to 422 million.

Testosterone treatment beneficial in older men

Testosterone treatment beneficial in older men

Men 65 years of age and older who received 1 year of testosterone therapy reported better mood and fewer depressive symptoms.

Definitions for sepsis, septic shock issued

Definitions for sepsis, septic shock issued

Sepsis should be defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction as a response to infection.

Coronary bypass surgery reduces mortality for patients with heart failure

Coronary bypass surgery reduces mortality for patients with heart failure

Patients with coronary artery disease who were previously not considered candidates for CABG may benefit from the surgery.

Predictors of mortality and diabetes risk

Predictors of mortality and diabetes risk

High body fat percentage and low BMI are associated with increased mortality in women and men.

Sleep problems in young adults associated with chronic pain later in life

Sleep problems in young adults associated with chronic pain later in life

Young adults with sleep problems have increased risks of developing chronic pain and experiencing worsening in pain severity.

Breastfeeding, fewer URIs linked to lower rates of acute otitis media in infants

Breastfeeding, fewer URIs linked to lower rates of acute otitis media in infants

Prolonged breastfeeding and low rates of URIs have been linked to decreased instances of acute otitis media in infants.

Nurse loses license after taking inappropriate pictures of patient

Nurse loses license after taking inappropriate pictures of patient

A nurse was charged with a felony and lost her license after distributing pictures of a patient's genitals to coworkers.

Public health initiatives improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes

Public health initiatives improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes

Training the public in bystander CPR and first responder defibrillation improves outcomes for cardiac arrest that occurs outside of a hospital.

Statins may benefit intermediate-risk patients without CVD

Statins may benefit intermediate-risk patients without CVD

Results from a study presented at ACC in Chicago suggest that statins can be more widely used in patients considered to be intermediate risk for cardiovascular disease.

CDC issues Zika virus update for pediatric health care providers

CDC issues Zika virus update for pediatric health care providers

As Zika virus infections continue, the agency offers clinicians information on how to evaluate and manage suspected cases.

HCV, HIV co-infection linked to increased diabetes risk

HCV, HIV co-infection linked to increased diabetes risk

Treatment guidelines must expand to focus on patients co-infected with both HCV and HIV.

ACOG recommendations on immunization integration in OB/GYN practices

ACOG recommendations on immunization integration in OB/GYN practices

Women's health practitioners should offer vaccinations for a wide range of common, preventable diseases.

Mindfulness, CBT can reduce chronic low back pain

Mindfulness, CBT can reduce chronic low back pain

Mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavior therapy may be useful to improve chronic low back pain.

Parental caffeine consumption linked to elevated risk of early miscarriage

Parental caffeine consumption linked to elevated risk of early miscarriage

Drinking 2 or more caffeinated beverages per day has been linked to elevated risk of miscarriage early in pregnancy.

Sustained virological response found at 5 years in low-risk patients with HCV

Sustained virological response found at 5 years in low-risk patients with HCV

Patients with HCV/HIV coinfections had a much higher risk of HCV recurrence.

SSRIs and cardiovascular events—Is there a connection?

SSRIs and cardiovascular events—Is there a connection?

A large study found that use of SSRI medications to treat depression does not increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients 20 to 64 years of age.

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