Fondaparinux and rivaroxaban were associated with increased risk of major bleeding in patients who underwent total hip or knee arthroplasty.
Lifestyle interventions maintain glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes.
The updated guidelines will help clinicians prevent and manage nausea and vomiting caused by antineoplastic agents or radiation therapy in cancer patients.
Hospital patients reported breakdowns in care, which included information exchange, medications, delays in admission, team communication, providers' manner, and discharge.
Researchers analyzed colorectal cancer mortality rates among individuals between 20 and 54 years of age from 1970 through 2014.
The addition of oats to a gluten-free diet did not affect symptoms, histology, immunity, or serologic features in patients with celiac disease.
The COPD Foundation has released tips for patients with COPD to avoid pneumonia and exacerbations.
A new study finds compelling evidence of a strong link between chronic traumatic encephalopathy and North American football.
Results show that exposure to pesticides and herbicides is associated with fixed airflow obstruction and chronic bronchitis.
Women with mental illness engage in significantly more sexually risky behaviors than men, and personality risk scores are a significant predictor of total sex acts for women but not men.
Researchers found that doxycycline plus prednisone did not prolong the time between exacerbations in patients with COPD.
Research reveals an adverse effect of sugar intake from sweet foods and beverages on long-term psychological health.
Rapid HIV testing offered in parallel to patient-clinician consultations increases the testing rate in the emergency department.
Researchers found no difference in outcomes between older and younger adults undergoing transcranial magnetic stimulation for depression.
The gene-editing tool called CRISPR-Cas9 could have the potential to treat and prevent other genetic diseases.
Consumption of alcohol 3 to 4 days weekly is associated with a significantly lower risk for diabetes in men and women.
The new guidelines address the issue of how to manage pretreatment HIV drug resistance in countries where the prevalence of is 10% or higher.
Mixed and psychotic features and comorbid anxiety disorder were also associated with poor treatment response.
The USPSTF updated their 2012 recommendations on behavior lifestyle counseling for preventing cardiovascular disease.
A child who was diagnosed with HIV at 1 month and received early treatment has suppressed the virus without anti-HIV therapy for 8.5 years.
Researchers found an association between poor metabolic health and depression, regardless of weight status.
Completing the antibiotic course increases the chance of patients developing antibiotic resistance, according to the authors.
The AAFP has created an alcohol screening practice manual to help family physicians prevent alcohol misuse.
The ACOG released recommendations to help clinicians counsel adolescents about using contraception.
Dalazatide treatment reduced the plasma levels of multiple inflammation markers and reduced the expression of T cell activation markers on peripheral blood memory T cells.
The guidelines are the first to provide recommendations for comorbidity screening in pediatric psoriasis patients.
Nearly 1 in 10 infants did not receive any vaccinations in 2016, according to the World Health Organization.
Most measles cases in the United States are the result of international travel.
The hospital and ICU mortality rates of critically ill patients with VZV-CAP were 24% and 17%, respectively.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to an insect sting may include itching and hives, swelling in the throat or tongue, difficulty breathing, dizziness, stomach cramps, nausea, or diarrhea.
About half of patients accepted influenza vaccination for their child if the clinician used a presumptive vs participatory initiation format.
The USPSTF states that the harms of screening for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women outweigh the benefits.
Algal blooms produce toxins that can cause illness in people and animals and can block sunlight or use up oxygen in water, which can kill fish and plants.
Telbivudine administered during early and middle pregnancy prevented hepatitis B transmission from mother to infants in all participants receiving antiviral treatment.
Obstructive sleep apnea and sleep-disordered breathing are associated with amyloid deposition.
HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C infections are more common among individuals with severe mental illness.
Individuals with a first manic episode with psychotic features were randomly assigned to receive lithium or quetiapine monotherapy during the randomized controlled trial.
Adulthood weight gain is associated with an increased risk of major chronic diseases and mortality.
The update includes 30 new medicines for adults and 25 for children and groups antibiotics into 3 distinct categories.
Researchers found a paradoxical increase in thromboembolism risk in low-weight patients with atrial fibrillation and VTE who were treated with direct oral anticoagulants.
The annual screening could decrease negative health outcomes and may be a cost-effective way to reduce complications.
Many adverse events could be avoidable with more judicious use of antibiotics.
The FDA commissioned the report to provide an update on current evidence on research, care, and education in the pain field, and to identify actionable measures for the FDA to more adequately address the ongoing opioid epidemic.
Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.
Early antiretroviral therapy initiation may increase the rate of bone loss in HIV patients.
Providers in 17 new Walgreens locations will be able to prescribe PrEP for HIV prevention.
Patients are more likely to exercise and participate in pulmonary rehabilitation if they live with others and have a caregiver.
Coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality for men and women, specifically in African Americans, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites.
The drug is indicated for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with HIV-1.
LABA/LAMA is associated with a similar or lower risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events compared to treatment with LABA/inhaled corticosteroid.
Serum TG2A screening has a positive predictive value of 61% to detect celiac disease.
Users of opioid-only agents had significantly increased rates of emergency room visits and hospitalizations for ischemic heart disease and IHD-related mortality.
An increased ADR is associated with an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.63 for interval colorectal cancer and 0.50 for cancer death.
Cardiac geometry demonstrated by non-contrast computerized tomography scan can predict which patients will respond to β-blocker therapy with a reduction in exacerbation frequency.
However, the number of opioids prescribed decreased between 2010 and 2015.
The most common comorbidities found in patients with psoriasis are hyperlipidemia, hypertension, depression, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and obesity.
Researchers sought to analyze long-term and real-world outcome data in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis after starting biologic treatment.
Preterm preeclampsia occurred in 13 participants (1.6%) in the aspirin group, as compared with 35 (4.3%) in the placebo group.
Among the nearly 40 million Americans who have a mental health condition, about 19% use prescription opioids.
Antibiotics in conjunction with incision and drainage improved short-term outcomes compared with incision and drainage alone.
Risk of death is increased among those without gastrointestinal conditions and with prolonged use.
Overall, 54% of women with bipolar disorder reported sexual distress and 39% were not satisfied with their sexual life.
The score could help predict advanced colorectal neoplasia in adults younger than 50 years of age.
Thyroid disease may be a risk factor for manic relapse in patients with bipolar disorder.
The Rotterdam Study found that frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption is associated with lower liver stiffness in the general population.
Study findings suggest that nursing home residents should receive more guidance in using strategies to prevent aspiration during eating and drinking.
A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.
The universal vaccination against hepatitis B virus infection prevented non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents.
Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.
Although research has emphasized the possible benefits of vitamin D, high dosages pose potential risks.
The USPSTF has released updated recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents to focus on intensive behavioral interventions.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices released updated guidelines to include recommendations for the 3-dose formulation of serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.
Results from a 27-year follow-up study found no association between physical activity and a lower risk of dementia.
Breast cancer risk is increased with a larger number of first- and second-degree relatives diagnosed as having breast cancer for both BRCA1/BRCA2 carriers.
Treatment with amphotericin B was superior to itraconazole as an induction therapy for HIV-associated talaromycosis.
Researchers found that mood relapse episodes were delayed with risperidone long-acting injection.
A point-of-care resource tool may help clinicians better manage childhood overweight- and obesity-related comorbidities.
Civilian healthcare providers need to be educated on the importance of screening women for military service and also be aware of the unique healthcare needs of this population.
An innovative advanced practice preceptor program can help students and novices transition into established professionals.
Post-discharge care from hospital to community coordinated by an NP in high-risk complex care patients reduced hospital readmission rates.
Clinicians will encounter more patients at risk for CHF as the population ages and cardiovascular risk factors become more prevalent.
A survey found that 77.4% of NPs reported that the care provided in retail health clinics was in accordance with evidence-based guidelines.
Researchers developed a protocol to demonstrate the efficacy of rivaroxaban in lowering the risk of venous thromboembolism among orthopedic joint surgery patients.
A breast cancer screening program helped improve mammography referral and screening rates in a federally qualified health center.
Using collaboration and technology, NPs can help patients prevent weight gain and obesity-related diseases.
Nearly 90% of nurse practitioners are prepared in primary care programs in 2017.
Understanding the different attitudes and skills that different generations and professions bring to relationships can increase working confidence and self-efficacy.
AANP 2017: NPs better able to diagnose and treat mental health disorders with greater exposure as students
Diagnostic and treatment competency levels in mental health disorders improved with increased educational time on these conditions.
Continued antiretroviral therapy was found to be safe and beneficial in HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4+ T cell counts.
The AANP 2017 National Conference will be held from June 20 through June 25 in Philadelphia.
Ketamine may alleviate depression, pain, and adverse effects associated with opioid treatment.
The DASH diet could offer a dietary strategy that may help prevent gout and its comorbidities in high-risk patients with hyperuricemia.
HIV-infected patients on ART had approximately 4 and 1.5 greater odds of developing diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, respectively.
Degludec is noninferior to glargine regarding the incidence of major cardiovascular events among patients with type 2 diabetes.
Factors linked to health-related quality of life in military HIV patients include advanced HIV disease and mental or medical comorbidity.
About 80% of birth defects between 2005 and 2009 have an unknown etiology.
Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to determine the association between coffee consumption and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Gestational weight gain greater than or less than guideline recommendations is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.
Pregnant women with a high hepatitis B viral load who receive tenofovir have a reduced risk for passing the virus to their child.
The guideline is intended to be an educational device to provide information that may assist endoscopists in providing care to patients.
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Clinical Advisor Articles
- Hand-foot-and-mouth disease in adults
- Antiemetics: a clinical practice guideline update from ASCO
- Colorectal cancer mortality rates increasing in younger white adults
- Tips for avoiding pneumonia in patients with COPD
- Occupational pesticide exposure linked to fixed airflow obstruction and chronic bronchitis
- Comparing anticoagulants to prevent venous thromboembolism after hip and knee arthroplasty
- Lifestyle intervention provides minimal benefit in improving glycemic control in type 2 diabetes
- Antiemetics: a clinical practice guideline update from ASCO
- Forty percent of hospitalized patients report breakdowns in care
- Colorectal cancer mortality rates increasing in younger white adults