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Fish, PUFA intake linked to higher survival rates after breast cancer

Fish, PUFA intake linked to higher survival rates after breast cancer

All-cause mortality was reduced for those reporting the highest quartile of intake (versus never) for tuna , other baked or broiled fish , and dietary long-chain ω-3 PUFAs.

Abnormal brain responses to hunger in patients with anorexia

Abnormal brain responses to hunger in patients with anorexia

The patients who recovered from anorexia showed decreased response to reward, even when hungry.

Consuming 3 or more alcoholic drinks per day may increase liver cancer risk

Consuming 3 or more alcoholic drinks per day may increase liver cancer risk

The investigators also found that being overweight or obese boosts the chances of developing liver cancer.

Hypertension-related deaths spike in the United States

Hypertension-related deaths spike in the United States

A spike in hypertension-related death was seen in both genders and was most marked among those aged 45 to 64 years and those aged over 85 years.

FDA: Avoid amiodarone use in patients prescribed hepatitis C meds

FDA: Avoid amiodarone use in patients prescribed hepatitis C meds

Adding ledipasvir/sofosbuvir or sofosbuvir to amiodarone could cause symptomatic bradycardia, reported the FDA.

Certain antibiotics may boost type 2 diabetes risk

Certain antibiotics may boost type 2 diabetes risk

Patients who were prescribed at least two courses of four types of antibiotics -- penicillins, cephalosporins, quinolones, and macrolides -- were more likely to develop diabetes.

FDA approves expands use of diabetic retinopathy drug

FDA approves expands use of diabetic retinopathy drug

The FDA has granted expanded the use of Eylea injection to treat diabetic retinopathy in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME).

Medicaid expansion linked to increase in newly diagnosed diabetes patients

Medicaid expansion linked to increase in newly diagnosed diabetes patients

There was a 23% increase in the number of Medicaid-enrolled patients with newly identified diabetes in the 26 states and the D.C. that expanded Medicaid, compared with a 0.4% increase in the 24 states that did not expand Medicaid.

Air pollution may increase anxiety, stroke risk

Air pollution may increase anxiety, stroke risk

The findings of these two studies support a sharper focus on air pollution as a leading global health concern, according to an accompanying editorial.

Family-centered care improves ADHD symptoms

Family-centered care improves ADHD symptoms

After one year, the children as a whole showed improvements in hyperactivity, impulsivity, inattention, and social skills.

Bariatric surgery cuts asthma-related hospital visits

Bariatric surgery cuts asthma-related hospital visits

Significantly fewer ED visits or hospitalizations for asthma exacerbation occurred within 12 months after bariatric surgery.

Sleep impacts sexual desire, response in women

Sleep impacts sexual desire, response in women

Overall, women with longer average sleep duration reported better genital arousal than women with shorter average sleep length.

Multi-step intervention improves hand hygiene compliance

Multi-step intervention improves hand hygiene compliance

At both the completion of the project and three months afterward, hand hygiene compliance rates improved.

Intensive weight management, bariatric surgery yield similar results in type 2 diabetes

Intensive weight management, bariatric surgery yield similar results in type 2 diabetes

Both bariatric surgery and intensive weight management yielded similar improvements in HbA1c, weight loss and quality of life.

Nurse practitioner faces non-compete battle with former employer

Nurse practitioner faces non-compete battle with former employer

Only two states, New Jersey and Massachusetts, have ruled on patients' rights in a non-compete situation thus far.

Adiposity, weight gain up type 2 diabetes risk in patients with gestational diabetes

Adiposity, weight gain up type 2 diabetes risk in patients with gestational diabetes

Raised risk for increased baseline BMI, most recent BMI, and weight gain after gestational diabetes

Losing 30 minutes of sleep may increase obesity risk

Losing 30 minutes of sleep may increase obesity risk

For every 30 minutes of lost weekday sleep, the risk of obesity and insulin resistance increased substantially.

Assisted reproductive technology tied to higher incidence of autism

Assisted reproductive technology tied to higher incidence of autism

Correlation mainly explained by adverse prenatal and perinatal outcomes; multiple births, according to researchers.

Most psoriasis patients being treated accordingly

Most psoriasis patients being treated accordingly

Providers may have not made changes to treatment strategies due to the high effectiveness of biologics in most visits.

Diet soda linked to greater obesity in seniors

Diet soda linked to greater obesity in seniors

The mean interval in waist-circumference change in patients who drank diet soda was triple that compared with patients who did not drink diet soda.

Reduce unnecessary cardiac screening in low-risk patients

Reduce unnecessary cardiac screening in low-risk patients

Within a low-risk population, clinicians should focus on strategies for treating modifiable risk factors and encouraging healthy levels of exercise.

Obesity ups weight-related cancer risk by 40% in women

Obesity ups weight-related cancer risk by 40% in women

In a group of 1,000 obese women, 274 will be diagnosed with a body weight-linked cancer in their lifetime, compared with 194 women diagnosed in a group of 1,000 healthy weight women.

Hypogylcemia linked to deteriorated language processing

Hypogylcemia linked to deteriorated language processing

There was a significant deterioration in reading span and a decrease in correct responses with hypoglycemia.

Missouri tries to set caps on medical malpractice damages again

Missouri tries to set caps on medical malpractice damages again

Supporters of the bill believe it will reduce medical malpractice insurance rates, keep doctors from fleeing the state, and reduce incentives for frivolous lawsuits.

New hypersensitivity/allergic disease model proposed

New hypersensitivity/allergic disease model proposed

The proposed model has been presented to the World Health Organization groups in charge of International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) revision.

Enalapril plus folic acid linked to reduced stroke risk

Enalapril plus folic acid linked to reduced stroke risk

The enalapril-folic acid group had reduced risk of first ischemic stroke and composite cardiovascular events consisting of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke.

PCP shortage expected by 2035

PCP shortage expected by 2035

An additional 1,700 primary-care residency slots will be necessary by 2035 based on current production.

IOM report highlights benefits of raising legal age for tobacco purchase

IOM report highlights benefits of raising legal age for tobacco purchase

Raising the legal age would save thousands of lives and lower the number of smokers, according to an Institute of Medicine report.

AMA, CDC to focus on diabetes prevention

AMA, CDC to focus on diabetes prevention

Testing Americans at risk for type 2 diabetes is the first step, experts said.

Interoperable medical devices could cut down medical errors

Interoperable medical devices could cut down medical errors

Half of the nurses surveyed reported personally witnessing a medical error due to lack of device coordination.

Poll: More Americans favor vaccination

Poll: More Americans favor vaccination

Survey results indicate that more people feel positively toward childhood vaccination in the wake of the measles outbreak.

Long-term NSAID use linked to improvements in knee osteoarthritis

Long-term NSAID use linked to improvements in knee osteoarthritis

Improvements in pain, stiffness, physical function, and in knee joint space width were found with long-term NSAID use in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Stress, depression up heart attack, mortality risk in heart disease

Stress, depression up heart attack, mortality risk in heart disease

Coronary heart disease coupled with depression and stress significantly increases the risk for heart attack and death.

Melatonin may pose health risks for children

Melatonin may pose health risks for children

Animal research suggesting that melatonin affects reproductive and endocrine health raises questions about its safety in children with sleep disorders.

Evidence supporting herbal meds for GI disorders lacking

Evidence supporting herbal meds for GI disorders lacking

Limited evidence and a lack of quality control for manufacturing practices cast doubt on the use of herbal medicines for gastrointestinal conditions.

Reminders improve quality-assurance testing in health care

Reminders improve quality-assurance testing in health care

Postal, computer reminders equally increase adherence to quality-assurance program.

Intervention cuts inappropriate PPI prescriptions

Intervention cuts inappropriate PPI prescriptions

Increase in proportion of PPIs discontinued at hospital discharge after intervention implementation.

Parents' depression ups asthma risk for baby

Parents' depression ups asthma risk for baby

And older antidepressants in pregnancy showed similarly increased odds.

Cresemba approved for serious fungal infections

Cresemba approved for serious fungal infections

New drug targets cell walls of the fungi and is available in oral and intravenous formulations.

Treating depression helps reduce cardiovascular risk

Treating depression helps reduce cardiovascular risk

Reduced risk of death, heart disease, stroke observed in patients with moderate to severe depression who were treated with antidepressants.

Hearing loss, otologic problems more frequent with HIV

Hearing loss, otologic problems more frequent with HIV

Odds of hearing loss up for HAART-naive patients, and those receiving first- or second-line HAART

Mediterranean diet halves heart disease risk

Mediterranean diet halves heart disease risk

People who followed the Mediterranean diet closely were 47% less likely to develop disease.

Vaccine offers some protection for hepatitis E

Vaccine offers some protection for hepatitis E

Hepatitis E vaccine offers nearly five years of protection. Long-term efficacy still needs to be assessed.

New FDA app offers drug shortage alerts

New FDA app offers drug shortage alerts

App notifies health care providers of new and resolved shortages, product discontinuation, and can be used to report shortages.

High-dose omega-3 protective after myocardial infarction

High-dose omega-3 protective after myocardial infarction

Survivors who took large daily dose of prescription-only capsules showed less decline in heart function.

Eczema major U.S. health, cost burden

Eczema major U.S. health, cost burden

Adults with eczema had $371 to $489 higher out-of-pocket costs per person-year compared with those without the disease.

Higher fried food intake increases heart failure risk

Higher fried food intake increases heart failure risk

Eaten regularly, fried foods might boost heart failure risk as much as 68%.

Anti-TNF alpha drugs rarely cause lupus flares in patients with psoriasis, lupus

Anti-TNF alpha drugs rarely cause lupus flares in patients with psoriasis, lupus

The coexistence of psoriasis with lupus erythematosus is rare and often presents a therapeutic challenge.

More than half of U.S. adults reducing sodium intake

More than half of U.S. adults reducing sodium intake

Receiving advice from a healthcare provider to reduce sodium intake linked with action.

U.S. heroin overdose deaths tripled from 2010 to 2013

U.S. heroin overdose deaths tripled from 2010 to 2013

Although heroin deaths are increasing, lethal overdose from prescription narcotics has remained stable.

Rx drug monitoring programs underused in primary care

Rx drug monitoring programs underused in primary care

Barriers to use include time-consuming nature of information retrieval, lack of intuitive format for data.

Nurse phone follow-up decreases post-surgery complications

Nurse phone follow-up decreases post-surgery complications

Educational intervention improves patient outcomes after discharge from hospital.

Experts question safety of acetaminophen

Experts question safety of acetaminophen

Heavy use of acetaminophen is associated with kidney disease and bleeding in the digestive tract.

Obese kids may be at even greater risk of cardiovascular disease than previously thought

Obese kids may be at even greater risk of cardiovascular disease than previously thought

About half of the children enrolled in the study had elevated blood pressure or dyslipidemia, and 14% had diabetes.

GLP-1 receptor agonist for 
type 2 diabetes

GLP-1 receptor agonist for 
type 2 diabetes

Not recommended as first-line treatment for patients inadequately controlled on diet and exercise.

Anticholinergic drugs and
 dementia

Anticholinergic drugs and
 dementia

Research findings suggest the link between dementia risk and anticholinergic medications may persist and may not be reversible years after people stop taking these drugs.

Growth monitoring may help identify celiac disease in kids

Growth monitoring may help identify celiac disease in kids

Screening children for five height- and weight-related differences in growth could be an effective means of spotting those with celiac disease.

Despite risk, many providers yield to parental vaccine delay requests

Despite risk, many providers yield to parental vaccine delay requests

While most providers believe that veering from the recommended vaccine schedule is risky, they often agree to parents' wishes.

Immune changes found in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

Immune changes found in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

Evidence of immune system changes were only found in first three years of disease.

Can the time of day impact allergic reaction?

Can the time of day impact allergic reaction?

Symptoms and laboratory parameters of allergic disease exhibit prominent circadian variations, with symptoms worsening overnight or early in the morning.

Short-term hormone replacement therapy linked to ovarian cancer

Short-term hormone replacement therapy linked to ovarian cancer

Women who used hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for five years were approximately 40% more likely to develop ovarian cancer than were women who had never been on HRT.

Coffee may lower multiple sclerosis risk

Coffee may lower multiple sclerosis risk

Patients who regularly drank at least four cups of coffee a day were one-third less likely to have MS, compared with people who avoided coffee.

Combination drug 
for type 2 diabetes

Combination drug 
for type 2 diabetes

Adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with T2DM who are not adequately controlled on a regimen containing metformin or canagliflozin.

A higher disease burden for smoking?

A higher disease burden for smoking?

Current smokers had death rates that were nearly three times higher than in people who had never smoked.

Elderly at risk one year post-hospitalization

Elderly at risk one year post-hospitalization

Within one year of being discharged from the hospital for heart failure, 67.4% of patients enrolled in the study were readmitted to the hospital and 35.8% died.

Abdominal obesity may up hip fracture risk

Abdominal obesity may up hip fracture risk

Particularly in men, the risk of hip fracture was increased considerably with lower body mass index combined with abdominal obesity.

Sleeping more than eight hours per night may increase stroke risk

Sleeping more than eight hours per night may increase stroke risk

Participants who reported being long sleepers faced double the risk of stroke when compared to those who reported average sleep times.

Viral pneumonia rates rise among kids

Viral pneumonia rates rise among kids

Nearly three-quarters of the children studied had viral infections -- either alone or in combination with a bacterial infection.

High whole grain intake may protect against coronary heart disease

High whole grain intake may protect against coronary heart disease

The highest amount of whole grain intake, compared with the lowest amount of whole grain intake, was significantly associated with reduced risk for CHD.

Characteristics of tuberculosis source cases uncovered

Characteristics of tuberculosis source cases uncovered

Pulmonary tuberculosis smear-positive for acid-fast bacilli was confirmed in all case patients.

Primary care visits expected to rise less than 5% post-Affordable Care Act

Primary care visits expected to rise less than 5% post-Affordable Care Act

Estimates suggests that primary-care providers can expect about 70 additional visits a year per year, or slightly more than one visit a week.

Aspirin resistance linked to increased stroke risk

Aspirin resistance linked to increased stroke risk

Patients who are resistant to aspirin may be at risk for larger, more severe strokes.

Hepatitis C, HIV coinfection treatment yields high sustained virologic response rates

Hepatitis C, HIV coinfection treatment yields high sustained virologic response rates

The high sustained virologic response rates in these studies suggest that future barriers to unnecessary HCV-related deaths may be related to health-care system failures.

Centralized reminder system aids vaccination outreach

Centralized reminder system aids vaccination outreach

Centralized notification system might be more effective than messages from health care provider offices.

Skin patch improves peanut tolerance in those with allergy

Skin patch improves peanut tolerance in those with allergy

Wearable device appears to 'educate' cells not to react to the food allergen.

Medical malpractice reform may not be reducing health-care costs

Medical malpractice reform may not be reducing health-care costs

Investigators looked to see if tort reform positively influenced the number of clinicians and decreased health-care costs overall.

Childhood body mass index may influence type 2 diabetes risk

Childhood body mass index may influence type 2 diabetes risk

Two pathways of child growth that were associated with the development of T2D, found the researchers.

Advise peanut allergic patients to avoid cumin products

Advise peanut allergic patients to avoid cumin products

Packaged food should not have enough of the peanut-contaminated cumin to trigger an allergic reaction, but patients with peanut allergy should be careful just in case.

Patients, providers deeply divided over Affordable Care Act

Patients, providers deeply divided over Affordable Care Act

While the new Republican majority in Congress has vowed to repeal or rework the law, President Barack Obama has said he would veto any such efforts.

Hypothermia-related deaths on the rise in the United States

Hypothermia-related deaths on the rise in the United States

A statistically significant increase in death rates from hypothermia occurred between 2003 and 2013.

Unhealthy diets outpace healthy diets in most countries

Unhealthy diets outpace healthy diets in most countries

The greatest improvements in diet quality were in high-income nations, with increases in the amount of healthy foods people ate and slight decreases in their intake of unhealthy foods.

Providing overdiagnosis information makes women less likely to want mammogram

Providing overdiagnosis information makes women less likely to want mammogram

Compared with women who didn't receive the information, women in the intervention group had less favorable opinions about screening.

Duration, not intensity, reduces geriatric coronary heart disease risk

Duration, not intensity, reduces geriatric coronary heart disease risk

The predicted risk of heart attack or death increased 1% for every 25 to 30 minutes that a patient was sedentary.

Low back pain risk increases with distraction, fatigue

Low back pain risk increases with distraction, fatigue

The risk of back pain was highest between 7 a.m. and noon.

Biggest rise in measles cases reported in Illinois

Biggest rise in measles cases reported in Illinois

The majority of patients who have gotten the measles in the current outbreak were unvaccinated.

Updated recommendations for managing hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes

Updated recommendations for managing hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes

In 2012, the ADA and the EASD published a position statement on the management of hyperglycemia in patients with T2DM. In January, 2015, the ADA and EASD issued an update to the original 2012 statement.

Consider high-fiber diets for patients who have difficulty following diet plans

Consider high-fiber diets for patients who have difficulty following diet plans

The average weight loss after a year was about 6 pounds for the AHA dieters and 4.6 pounds for the high-fiber followers, but all of the participants experienced lower blood pressure and reduced blood glucose levels.

Moderate exercise cuts women's risk of heart disease, stroke

Moderate exercise cuts women's risk of heart disease, stroke

Moderate exercise was defined as being active enough to cause sweating or increased heart rate, and included walking, gardening, and cycling.

F. necrophorum may be responsible for 1 in 5 sore throats

F. necrophorum may be responsible for 1 in 5 sore throats

F. Necrophorum bacteria was found in 20.5% of patients with sore throat symptoms and about 9% in those without sore throats.

At least 4% weight loss needed to cut diabetes risk

At least 4% weight loss needed to cut diabetes risk

Compared with the weight-gain group, the incidence of diabetes was significantly lower in the highest quartile weight-loss group.

Georgia contemplates radical overhaul of malpractice system

Georgia contemplates radical overhaul of malpractice system

The bill is the latest in a series of attempts to establish an administrative system to handle medical malpractice cases.

Gas, dust, and fume exposure increases mite sensitization risk

Gas, dust, and fume exposure increases mite sensitization risk

Gas, dust, and fume exposure correlated with a doubled risk of sensitization to mites, but not other allergens.

Diets high in meat, acid up kidney failure risk in CKD patients

Diets high in meat, acid up kidney failure risk in CKD patients

Those who consumed high-acid diets appeared to face triple the risk of kidney failure compared with those who consumed low-acid diets.

Prenatal tobacco exposure linked to shorter fetal telomere length

Prenatal tobacco exposure linked to shorter fetal telomere length

T/S ratio was greater in descending order in nonsmokers, compared with passive smokers, than in active smokers.

Smoking-related mortality may be higher than previously estimated

Smoking-related mortality may be higher than previously estimated

About 17% of the deaths in smokers were due to diseases that were not established by caused by smoking by the Surgeon General.

Nearly half of acute stroke patients are dehydrated

Nearly half of acute stroke patients are dehydrated

Dehydration in stroke can lead to hemoconcentration and vascular sludging.

Aerobic exercise may improve motor function, mood after stroke

Aerobic exercise may improve motor function, mood after stroke

Forced exercise was particularly effective in improving motor function and quality of life.

Type 1 diabetes increases psychiatric risk in children

Type 1 diabetes increases psychiatric risk in children

Within six months after the onset of diabetes, the risk of psychiatric morbidity increased three-fold in children with type 1 diabetes compared with the general population.

Human breast milk effective infant atopic dermatitis treatment

Human breast milk effective infant atopic dermatitis treatment

Human breast milk can improve infant atopic eczema with the same results as 1% hydrocortisone ointment, according to researchers.

Raising the hypertension threshold increases stroke risk

Raising the hypertension threshold increases stroke risk

The new recommended levels could have a particularly negative effect on Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks.