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VTE risk linked to increased television watching

VTE risk linked to increased television watching

Increased frequency of television viewing may be linked to an increased risk for venous thromboembolism.

Menopausal hormone therapy for chronic conditions: USPSTF's final recommendation

Menopausal hormone therapy for chronic conditions: USPSTF's final recommendation

The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions.

Oral capsule of fecal transplant may be effective for C. difficile infection

Oral capsule of fecal transplant may be effective for C. difficile infection

Oral capsule FMT and colonoscopy delivery showed similar patient outcomes, low rate differences, and high success rates.

Combination ART may prevent progressive brain injury in HIV patients

Combination ART may prevent progressive brain injury in HIV patients

Post-seroconversion brain morphology can occur in HIV patients, but aviremia maintenance via cART can slow of prevent brain injuries.

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

A new report from the CDC finds that HIV is being diagnosed sooner after initial infection than in previous years.

Solutions needed for increasing physician burnout rate in the US

Solutions needed for increasing physician burnout rate in the US

Although awareness of physician burnout has increased, the problem continues to affect medical students, residents, and practicing physicians.

Prescription video game shows promising results for pediatric ADHD

Prescription video game shows promising results for pediatric ADHD

A study of an investigational digital medicine achieves its primary efficacy end point in pediatric ADHD.

Omega-3 supplementation improves pediatric executive functioning

Omega-3 supplementation improves pediatric executive functioning

Omega-3 supplementation in children with mood disorders is associated with decreased impairment in executive functioning.

Body mass index and dementia risk: Is there a connection?

Body mass index and dementia risk: Is there a connection?

Higher BMI is associated with increased dementia risk when weight was measured more than 20 years before dementia diagnosis, but this association is reversed when BMI was assessed less than 10 years before dementia diagnosis.

Sexual harassment: How far have we come?

Sexual harassment: How far have we come?

Researchers sought to determine how much has changed since the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology first reported on sexual harassment two decades ago.

DOACs vs warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation

DOACs vs warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation

Many direct acting oral anticoagulants may be more beneficial than warfarin.

AHA outlines concerns against the Senate tax reform bill

AHA outlines concerns against the Senate tax reform bill

The American Heart Association has released a statement detailing their concerns about the tax reform bill.

FDA approves weekly diabetes drug that may also be beneficial for weight loss

FDA approves weekly diabetes drug that may also be beneficial for weight loss

The FDA has approved semaglutide injection as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methotrexate vs tumor necrosis factor inhibitors for pediatric psoriasis

Methotrexate vs tumor necrosis factor inhibitors for pediatric psoriasis

Medication-related adverse events occur more frequently with methotrexate in children with moderate to severe psoriasis.

ADHD medication in pregnancy linked to few absolute increased risks

ADHD medication in pregnancy linked to few absolute increased risks

Women with significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder do not need to stop treatment during pregnancy.

Oral insulin does not prevent type 1 diabetes in relatives of patients

Oral insulin does not prevent type 1 diabetes in relatives of patients

Oral insulin usage does not prevent the development of type 1 diabetes in relatives of patients.

Residual anxiety after venlafaxine treatment associated with depressive relapse

Residual anxiety after venlafaxine treatment associated with depressive relapse

Venlafaxine was superior to lithium in reducing symptoms of both bipolar II, depression, and anxiety.

Adolescent acne not linked to malignant melanoma in men

Adolescent acne not linked to malignant melanoma in men

Body mass index is linked to malignant melanoma in men.

Healthcare system fires 50 employees for refusing influenza vaccination

Healthcare system fires 50 employees for refusing influenza vaccination

A Minnesota-based hospital chain fires about 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.

Drinking 3 to 4 cups of coffee per day linked to potential health benefits

Drinking 3 to 4 cups of coffee per day linked to potential health benefits

Meta-analyses suggest that drinking 3-4 cups of coffee a day has more associated health benefits than risks.

Low-dose aspirin ineffective for venous leg ulcers

Low-dose aspirin ineffective for venous leg ulcers

Low-dose aspirin does not decrease healing time for patients with venous leg ulcers.

FDA approves Heplisav-B vaccine for hepatitis B treatment

FDA approves Heplisav-B vaccine for hepatitis B treatment

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Heplisav-B for the prevention of infection caused by all known subtypes of hepatitis B virus.

Endovascular strategy more effective than open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

Endovascular strategy more effective than open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

Treating patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with endovascular strategy over open repair may increase survival and decrease cost.

Reduced effectiveness of last season's flu vaccine traced to mutation in chicken eggs

Reduced effectiveness of last season's flu vaccine traced to mutation in chicken eggs

New virus mutations make antibody binding difficult as mismatches in vaccines and viruses emerge.

FDA warns that febuxostat may increase risk of heart-related mortality

FDA warns that febuxostat may increase risk of heart-related mortality

Preliminary clinical trial results show more heart-related deaths occur in patients taking febuxostat compared to allopurinol.

Brief intervention may be beneficial for adolescents with chronic pain

Brief intervention may be beneficial for adolescents with chronic pain

A combination of psychoeducation, cognitive-based therapy, visualization, and breathing exercises may represent a tolerable and readily accepted complementary therapeutic approach for adolescent patients with chronic pain.

ASCO: Alcohol consumption increases cancer risk

ASCO: Alcohol consumption increases cancer risk

According to a special report by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, alcohol consumption is a definite risk for cancer development.

FDA tips for holiday food health, safety

FDA tips for holiday food health, safety

The FDA has published recommendations to prevent foodborne illnesses during the holiday season.

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

Weight-loss diets low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.

Dual HIV treatment provides simple, safe salvage regimen

Dual HIV treatment provides simple, safe salvage regimen

The dual combination of dolutegravir plus darunavir/ritonavir provided a simple and safe salvage therapy to suppress viral replication without metabolic impact in patients infected with HIV-1.

USPSTF recommends osteoporosis screening, testing in women aged 65 and older

USPSTF recommends osteoporosis screening, testing in women aged 65 and older

The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on osteoporosis screening and testing in women and men.

FDA approves schizophrenia digital ingestion sensor

FDA approves schizophrenia digital ingestion sensor

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved Abilify MyCite, which contains an ingestible sensor that records whether or not the medication was taken.

Hepatitis increases mortality rates in HIV patients

Hepatitis increases mortality rates in HIV patients

Hepatitis B and hepatitis C may increase mortality risks in HIV patients.

CDC updates contraception recommendations for women at risk for HIV

CDC updates contraception recommendations for women at risk for HIV

The CDC revised its US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use categorization for DMPA injection in women at high risk for HIV infection from US MEC category 1 to US MEC category 2.

National NP Week 2017 highlights profession's efforts to expand health care in US

National NP Week 2017 highlights profession's efforts to expand health care in US

The American Association of Nurse Practitioners celebrates National NP Week from November 12-18.

AHA, ACC release new clinical guideline for managing hypertension in adults

AHA, ACC release new clinical guideline for managing hypertension in adults

The AHA and ACC have released a new guideline that categorizes more US adults as hypertensive.

Symptomatic treatment inferior to antibiotics in women with UTIs

Symptomatic treatment inferior to antibiotics in women with UTIs

Treating lower UTIs with diclofenac may help in optimizing antibiotic treatments.

FDA Approves NonInvasive Brain Stimulation System to Treat Depression

FDA Approves NonInvasive Brain Stimulation System to Treat Depression

The FDA has cleared a non-invasive brain stimulation system for treating depression.

Overweight, obesity-related cancers increasing in the United States

Overweight, obesity-related cancers increasing in the United States

Incidence rates of overweight- and obesity-related cancers have increased in the United States.

Underweight women have high risk of early menopause

Underweight women have high risk of early menopause

Early menopause risk is highest in weight-cycling and severely underweight women.

Delayed vs immediate cord clamping: comparing the impact on preterm infant health

Delayed vs immediate cord clamping: comparing the impact on preterm infant health

Delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping show no major differences in health of preterm infants.

Vaccination coverage remains above 90% for infants

Vaccination coverage remains above 90% for infants

Infants aged 19-35 months had vaccination rates above 90%.

Exercise with interval therapy reduces fall risk

Exercise with interval therapy reduces fall risk

Exercise and various combinations of interventions were associated with lower risk of injurious falls compared with usual care.

Treatment guidelines updated for coughing associated with common cold

Treatment guidelines updated for coughing associated with common cold

There has been little change in the treatment recommendations for cough due to the common cold since publication of guidelines in 2006.

Vitamin D supplementation not associated with reduced cancer risk

Vitamin D supplementation not associated with reduced cancer risk

Little evidence was found for linear causal associations between genetic determinants of circulating vitamin D concentration and risk of seven cancers.

Fish consumption may trigger food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome

Fish consumption may trigger food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome

Fish is an important trigger of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome.

Cognitive and Behavioral Approach Effective for Adolescents With Chronic Pain

Cognitive and Behavioral Approach Effective for Adolescents With Chronic Pain

A combination of psychoeducation, cognitive-based therapy, visualization, and breathing exercises may represent a tolerable and readily accepted complementary therapeutic approach for adolescent patients with chronic pain.

Warfarin associated with lower cancer risk in older adults

Warfarin associated with lower cancer risk in older adults

Warfarin use may provide cancer protection across a broad range of malignant neoplasms.

Certain medication use associated with dry mouth in older adults

Certain medication use associated with dry mouth in older adults

Medication use is significantly associated with xerostomia and salivary gland dysfunction in older adults.

Prioritizing health care for older LGBT individuals

Prioritizing health care for older LGBT individuals

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals have specific health needs that become increasingly important as they age and should become an important part of primary care.

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

The meta-analysis showed that short-term probiotic supplementation reduced body weight, BMI, and fat percentage, but the effect sizes were small.

Vegetarian diet linked to more depressive symptoms in men

Vegetarian diet linked to more depressive symptoms in men

Men who identified as vegetarian had higher depression scores compared with non-vegetarians.

Methotrexate treatment improves symptoms of severe atopic dermatitis

Methotrexate treatment improves symptoms of severe atopic dermatitis

Methotrexate treatment is associated with a significant improvement in symptoms of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis compared with cyclosporine treatment.

Dabigatran, rivaroxaban associated with increased risk of major gastrointestinal bleeding

Dabigatran, rivaroxaban associated with increased risk of major gastrointestinal bleeding

The data suggest possible variability across NOACs regarding gastrointestinal bleeding risk, with an increased risk associated with rivaroxaban and dabigatran.

Depressive symptoms increase during internship year for physicians

Depressive symptoms increase during internship year for physicians

Depressive symptoms increase during the internship year for training physicians, with a greater increase among women.

AJCC melanoma staging system is revised

AJCC melanoma staging system is revised

American Joint Commtitee on Cancer melamona staging system revised.

Asenapine decreases recurrence of manic, depressive episodes in bipolar disorder

Asenapine decreases recurrence of manic, depressive episodes in bipolar disorder

Asenapine shown to decrease the time to recurrence of manic and depressive episodes among patients with bipolar I disorder.

Severe psoriasis linked to higher mortality risk

Severe psoriasis linked to higher mortality risk

Patients with psoriasis whose disease affects >10% of their body surface area (BSA) are at an increased risk for death compared with the general population.

ACOG issues recommendations for long-acting reversible contraception

ACOG issues recommendations for long-acting reversible contraception

The practice bulletin provides information for appropriate patient selection and evidence-based recommendations for intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants.

AAP releases updated information on cord blood banking

AAP releases updated information on cord blood banking

The policy statement from the AAP recommends public cord blood banking for collecting, processing, and using cord blood cells.

Statins associated with increased risk of diabetes in high-risk individuals

Statins associated with increased risk of diabetes in high-risk individuals

Statins are associated with an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes, especially for high-risk individuals.

Halloween tips for children with diabetes

Halloween tips for children with diabetes

With a little creativity, children with diabetes can enjoy the festivities of Halloween.

FDA guidelines for a safe and happy Halloween

FDA guidelines for a safe and happy Halloween

The FDA has provided guidelines for a safe Halloween that include injury prevention from costumes and contact lenses and illness from sweet treats.

Combination antibiotic treatment beneficial for community-acquired pneumonia

Combination antibiotic treatment beneficial for community-acquired pneumonia

A combination antibiotic regimen with a macrolide was shown to improve short- and long-term outcomes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

CDC committee recommends new shingles vaccine

CDC committee recommends new shingles vaccine

CDC voted for Shingrix over Zostavax as herpes zoster vaccine of choice

Dermatology guideline authors frequently fail to disclose sizable industry payments

Dermatology guideline authors frequently fail to disclose sizable industry payments

Discrepancies were observed in disclosure forms of industry payments received by authors of dermatology clinical practice guidelines.

Cataract surgery linked to lower all-cause mortality in women

Cataract surgery linked to lower all-cause mortality in women

Cataract surgery was correlated with lower all-cause mortality in covariate-adjusted models.

Epsom salt may cause liver injury in predisposed patients

Epsom salt may cause liver injury in predisposed patients

A 38-year old nonalcoholic patient consumed Epsom salt in large quantities for a short period of time and developed jaundice and steatohepatitis.

Blood transfusion from female donors with history of pregnancy linked to increased mortality risk in men

Blood transfusion from female donors with history of pregnancy linked to increased mortality risk in men

Males who receive a blood transfusion from an ever-pregnant female donor have an increased mortality risk compared with those who receive a transfusion from a male donor or never-pregnant female.

Module created to improve adult vaccination rates

Module created to improve adult vaccination rates

The AMA STEPS Forward module helps health care professionals save time by creating a team-based approach for an adult immunization program.

Clinical tool developed to determine pediatric community-acquired pneumonia severity

Clinical tool developed to determine pediatric community-acquired pneumonia severity

Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.

Infection prevention in ambulatory settings: A policy statement from the AAP

Infection prevention in ambulatory settings: A policy statement from the AAP

The AAP has updated guidelines on infection prevention and control that include the endorsement of immunization for healthcare personnel and guidance during outbreaks of infectious diseases.

High percentage of HIV-diagnosed women not receiving care

High percentage of HIV-diagnosed women not receiving care

More than half of women receiving a new HIV diagnosis have already received this diagnosis in the past but are not undergoing HIV medical care.

Dual antithrombotic therapy with dabigatran reduces bleeding risk after PCI in atrial fibrillation

Dual antithrombotic therapy with dabigatran reduces bleeding risk after PCI in atrial fibrillation

Dual therapy with dabigatran and a P2Y12 inhibitor resulted in a lower risk of bleeding events compared with triple therapy with warfarin, a P2Y12 inhibitor, and aspirin.

Herbal, dietary supplements commonly mislabeled

Herbal, dietary supplements commonly mislabeled

Mislabeling of herbal and dietary supplements is common, occurring in more than half of products tested.

Diminished ovarian reserve not associated with infertility

Diminished ovarian reserve not associated with infertility

Among women who are attempting to conceive naturally, diminished ovarian reserve is not associated with infertility.

Aspirin use associated with a reduced risk of HCC in hepatitis B patients

Aspirin use associated with a reduced risk of HCC in hepatitis B patients

Aspirin therapy is associated with a reduced risk of hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma.

Antidepressant use linked to type 2 diabetes in young adults

Antidepressant use linked to type 2 diabetes in young adults

Type 2 diabetes risk is increased in young adults through antidepressant use, specifically the duration of use and the cumulative dose.

Updated hepatitis C recommendations include kidney transplant, pregnant patients

Updated hepatitis C recommendations include kidney transplant, pregnant patients

The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America have added updates to the hepatitis C guidelines to include kidney transplant, pregnant, and pediatric patients.

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

CBGT did not prevent overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes from regaining weight lost during weight loss programs.

Appropriate use criteria developed for aortic stenosis

Appropriate use criteria developed for aortic stenosis

Appropriate use criteria for the treatment of patients with severe aortic stenosis includes the use of surgical aortic valve replacement and transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

PPI use associated with risk of stroke, myocardial infarction

PPI use associated with risk of stroke, myocardial infarction

Use of PPIs was associated with increased risks of first -time ischemic stroke and MI, particularly among long -term users and at high doses.

Robotically assisted surgical device for laparoscopic procedures cleared by FDA

Robotically assisted surgical device for laparoscopic procedures cleared by FDA

The FDA has cleared the Senhance System, which allows surgeons to control robotic arms for gynecologic and colorectal procedures.

Diabetes risk greater in children, young adults on second-generation antipsychotics

Diabetes risk greater in children, young adults on second-generation antipsychotics

Type 2 diabetes is greater with second-generation antipsychotics than with non-second-generation antipsychotic psychotropic medications for patients aged 6 to 25 years.

Direct oral anticoagulants vs warfarin for bleeding risk in VTE

Direct oral anticoagulants vs warfarin for bleeding risk in VTE

Compared with warfarin, treatment with DOACs was not associated with an increased risk of major bleeding or all-cause mortality within the first 90 days.

Antenatal multivitamin use linked to lower autism risk in offspring

Antenatal multivitamin use linked to lower autism risk in offspring

Maternal multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy may be inversely associated with ASD with intellectual disability in offspring.

HIV care outcomes low for Hispanics and Latinos

HIV care outcomes low for Hispanics and Latinos

Infection was diagnosed at an early stage for fewer males with infection attributed to heterosexual contact vs male-to-male sexual contact.

Conflict of interest reporting at medical conferences often misleading

Conflict of interest reporting at medical conferences often misleading

The length of time these statements were presented was shorter if the slide contained only a conflict of interest statement vs a slide that contained other information or data.

Statin use decreases the risk of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus

Statin use decreases the risk of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus

Compared with nonusers, current statin users experienced markedly decreased risk of CA-SAB.

No evidence that the influenza vaccine causes VTE

No evidence that the influenza vaccine causes VTE

In the 1 to 10 days after flu vaccine administration, there was no increased risk for VTE.

Postoperative mortality lower among patients treated by female surgeons

Postoperative mortality lower among patients treated by female surgeons

Fewer patients treated by female surgeons died, were readmitted to the hospital, or had complications within 30 days of surgery.

Positive mood associated with enhanced responses to influenza vaccination

Positive mood associated with enhanced responses to influenza vaccination

Greater positive mood significantly predicted greater antibody responses to the influenza vaccination.

AAP releases list of 5 unnecessary endocrine-related tests

AAP releases list of 5 unnecessary endocrine-related tests

The AAP Section for Endocrinology compiled the list of tests for height and puberty, which should prompt careful discussion between parents and physicians.

FDA approves glucose monitoring system to eliminate fingerstick testing

FDA approves glucose monitoring system to eliminate fingerstick testing

The system uses a small sensor implanted below the skin and a mobile reader to continuously monitor blood glucose.

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

With a continuing resurgence in pertussis, efforts should focus on maximizing Tdap uptake among pregnant women.

USPSTF recommends skin cancer prevention care to begin at age 6 months

USPSTF recommends skin cancer prevention care to begin at age 6 months

The USPSTF has released updated recommendations on skin cancer counseling and self-examination for adults with fair skin.

Gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma patients benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy

Gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma patients benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy

The researchers found that patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma were younger, more likely to have advanced disease, and had shorter postoperative inpatient stays.

Physical and psychological coping skills associated with symptom severity in IBS

Physical and psychological coping skills associated with symptom severity in IBS

The association is partially mediated by levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Colonoscopy rates improve from patient navigators, provider reminders

Colonoscopy rates improve from patient navigators, provider reminders

Patient-level interventions include changes to invitation, giving results or follow-up appointments, and patient navigators, and provider-level interventions include reminders or performance data.

Longer hospital stay linked to low health literacy

Longer hospital stay linked to low health literacy

Low health literacy is associated with a longer hospital length of stay in general medicine patients.

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