Web Exclusives

U.S. heroin overdose deaths tripled from 2010 to 2013

U.S. heroin overdose deaths tripled from 2010 to 2013

While heroin deaths soar, lethal overdose from prescription narcotics are leveling.

Nurse phone follow-up decreases post-surgery complications

Nurse phone follow-up decreases post-surgery complications

Educational intervention improves patient outcomes after discharge from hospital.

Experts question safety of acetaminophen

Experts question safety of acetaminophen

Heavy use of acetaminophen is associated with kidney disease and bleeding in the digestive tract.

Obese kids may be at even greater risk of cardiovascular disease than previously thought

Obese kids may be at even greater risk of cardiovascular disease than previously thought

About half of the children enrolled in the study had elevated blood pressure or dyslipidemia, and 14% had diabetes.

GLP-1 receptor agonist for 
type 2 diabetes

GLP-1 receptor agonist for 
type 2 diabetes

Not recommended as first-line treatment for patients inadequately controlled on diet and exercise.

Growth monitoring may help identify celiac disease in kids

Growth monitoring may help identify celiac disease in kids

Screening children for five height- and weight-related differences in growth could be an effective means of spotting those with celiac disease.

Despite risk, many providers yield to parental vaccine delay requests

Despite risk, many providers yield to parental vaccine delay requests

While most providers believe that veering from the recommended vaccine schedule is risky, they often agree to parents' wishes.

Immune changes found in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

Immune changes found in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

Evidence of immune system changes were only found in first three years of disease.

Can the time of day impact allergic reaction?

Can the time of day impact allergic reaction?

Symptoms and laboratory parameters of allergic disease exhibit prominent circadian variations, with symptoms worsening overnight or early in the morning.

Short-term hormone replacement therapy linked to ovarian cancer

Short-term hormone replacement therapy linked to ovarian cancer

Women who used hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for five years were approximately 40% more likely to develop ovarian cancer than were women who had never been on HRT.

Coffee may lower multiple sclerosis risk

Coffee may lower multiple sclerosis risk

Patients who regularly drank at least four cups of coffee a day were one-third less likely to have MS, compared with people who avoided coffee.

Combination drug 
for type 2 diabetes

Combination drug 
for type 2 diabetes

Adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with T2DM who are not adequately controlled on a regimen containing metformin or canagliflozin.

A higher disease burden for smoking?

A higher disease burden for smoking?

Current smokers had death rates that were nearly three times higher than in people who had never smoked.

Elderly at risk one year post-hospitalization

Elderly at risk one year post-hospitalization

Within one year of being discharged from the hospital for heart failure, 67.4% of patients enrolled in the study were readmitted to the hospital and 35.8% died.

Abdominal obesity may up hip fracture risk

Abdominal obesity may up hip fracture risk

Particularly in men, the risk of hip fracture was increased considerably with lower body mass index combined with abdominal obesity.

Sleeping more than eight hours per night may increase stroke risk

Sleeping more than eight hours per night may increase stroke risk

Participants who reported being long sleepers faced double the risk of stroke when compared to those who reported average sleep times.

Viral pneumonia rates rise among kids

Viral pneumonia rates rise among kids

Nearly three-quarters of the children studied had viral infections -- either alone or in combination with a bacterial infection.

High whole grain intake may protect against coronary heart disease

High whole grain intake may protect against coronary heart disease

The highest amount of whole grain intake, compared with the lowest amount of whole grain intake, was significantly associated with reduced risk for CHD.

Characteristics of tuberculosis source cases uncovered

Characteristics of tuberculosis source cases uncovered

Pulmonary tuberculosis smear-positive for acid-fast bacilli was confirmed in all case patients.

Primary care visits expected to rise less than 5% post-Affordable Care Act

Primary care visits expected to rise less than 5% post-Affordable Care Act

Estimates suggests that primary-care providers can expect about 70 additional visits a year per year, or slightly more than one visit a week.

Aspirin resistance linked to increased stroke risk

Aspirin resistance linked to increased stroke risk

Patients who are resistant to aspirin may be at risk for larger, more severe strokes.

Centralized reminder system aids vaccination outreach

Centralized reminder system aids vaccination outreach

Centralized notification system might be more effective than messages from health care provider offices.

Skin patch improves peanut tolerance in those with allergy

Skin patch improves peanut tolerance in those with allergy

Wearable device appears to 'educate' cells not to react to the food allergen.

Medical malpractice reform may not be reducing health-care costs

Medical malpractice reform may not be reducing health-care costs

Investigators looked to see if tort reform positively influenced the number of clinicians and decreased health-care costs overall.

Childhood body mass index may influence type 2 diabetes risk

Childhood body mass index may influence type 2 diabetes risk

Two pathways of child growth that were associated with the development of T2D, found the researchers.

Advise peanut allergic patients to avoid cumin products

Advise peanut allergic patients to avoid cumin products

Packaged food should not have enough of the peanut-contaminated cumin to trigger an allergic reaction, but patients with peanut allergy should be careful just in case.

Patients, providers deeply divided over Affordable Care Act

Patients, providers deeply divided over Affordable Care Act

While the new Republican majority in Congress has vowed to repeal or rework the law, President Barack Obama has said he would veto any such efforts.

Hypothermia-related deaths on the rise in the United States

Hypothermia-related deaths on the rise in the United States

A statistically significant increase in death rates from hypothermia occurred between 2003 and 2013.

Unhealthy diets outpace healthy diets in most countries

Unhealthy diets outpace healthy diets in most countries

The greatest improvements in diet quality were in high-income nations, with increases in the amount of healthy foods people ate and slight decreases in their intake of unhealthy foods.

Providing overdiagnosis information makes women less likely to want mammogram

Providing overdiagnosis information makes women less likely to want mammogram

Compared with women who didn't receive the information, women in the intervention group had less favorable opinions about screening.

Duration, not intensity, reduces geriatric coronary heart disease risk

Duration, not intensity, reduces geriatric coronary heart disease risk

The predicted risk of heart attack or death increased 1% for every 25 to 30 minutes that a patient was sedentary.

Low back pain risk increases with distraction, fatigue

Low back pain risk increases with distraction, fatigue

The risk of back pain was highest between 7 a.m. and noon.

Biggest rise in measles cases reported in Illinois

Biggest rise in measles cases reported in Illinois

The majority of patients who have gotten the measles in the current outbreak were unvaccinated.

Updated recommendations for managing hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes

Updated recommendations for managing hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes

In 2012, the ADA and the EASD published a position statement on the management of hyperglycemia in patients with T2DM. In January, 2015, the ADA and EASD issued an update to the original 2012 statement.

Consider high-fiber diets for patients who have difficulty following diet plans

Consider high-fiber diets for patients who have difficulty following diet plans

The average weight loss after a year was about 6 pounds for the AHA dieters and 4.6 pounds for the high-fiber followers, but all of the participants experienced lower blood pressure and reduced blood glucose levels.

Moderate exercise cuts women's risk of heart disease, stroke

Moderate exercise cuts women's risk of heart disease, stroke

Moderate exercise was defined as being active enough to cause sweating or increased heart rate, and included walking, gardening, and cycling.

F. necrophorum may be responsible for 1 in 5 sore throats

F. necrophorum may be responsible for 1 in 5 sore throats

F. Necrophorum bacteria was found in 20.5% of patients with sore throat symptoms and about 9% in those without sore throats.

At least 4% weight loss needed to cut diabetes risk

At least 4% weight loss needed to cut diabetes risk

Compared with the weight-gain group, the incidence of diabetes was significantly lower in the highest quartile weight-loss group.

Georgia contemplates radical overhaul of malpractice system

Georgia contemplates radical overhaul of malpractice system

The bill is the latest in a series of attempts to establish an administrative system to handle medical malpractice cases.

Gas, dust, and fume exposure increases mite sensitization risk

Gas, dust, and fume exposure increases mite sensitization risk

Gas, dust, and fume exposure correlated with a doubled risk of sensitization to mites, but not other allergens.

Diets high in meat, acid up kidney failure risk in CKD patients

Diets high in meat, acid up kidney failure risk in CKD patients

Those who consumed high-acid diets appeared to face triple the risk of kidney failure compared with those who consumed low-acid diets.

Prenatal tobacco exposure linked to shorter fetal telomere length

Prenatal tobacco exposure linked to shorter fetal telomere length

T/S ratio was greater in descending order in nonsmokers, compared with passive smokers, than in active smokers.

Smoking-related mortality may be higher than previously estimated

Smoking-related mortality may be higher than previously estimated

About 17% of the deaths in smokers were due to diseases that were not established by caused by smoking by the Surgeon General.

Type 1 diabetes increases psychiatric risk in children

Type 1 diabetes increases psychiatric risk in children

Within six months after the onset of diabetes, the risk of psychiatric morbidity increased three-fold in children with type 1 diabetes compared with the general population.

Human breast milk effective infant atopic dermatitis treatment

Human breast milk effective infant atopic dermatitis treatment

Human breast milk can improve infant atopic eczema with the same results as 1% hydrocortisone ointment, according to researchers.

Experts call for new name, criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome

Experts call for new name, criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome

IOM committee proposes name change to 'systemic exertion intolerance disease'.

Blood pressure meds benefit type 2 diabetes patients

Blood pressure meds benefit type 2 diabetes patients

Each decrease of 10 mm mercury (Hg) in systolic blood pressure reading reduced the risk of early death by 13%.

Mercury from seafood may be tied to autoimmune disorders in women

Mercury from seafood may be tied to autoimmune disorders in women

The higher the exposure to mercury, the higher the level of autoantibodies, found the researchers.

Joan Rivers' family files malpractice suit against clinic, providers

Joan Rivers' family files malpractice suit against clinic, providers

The Yorkville Endoscopy clinic has been found deficient by the CMS and has been prohibited from receiving Medicare or Medicaid funds unless it complies with mandated changes by early March.

Sexually transmitted infection rates similar among HPV-vaccinated, unvaccinated girls

Sexually transmitted infection rates similar among HPV-vaccinated, unvaccinated girls

There was a nearly identical increase in STIs among girls who received the HPV vaccine and girls who did not.

Once-daily daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir yields high SVR in HCV

Once-daily daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir yields high SVR in HCV

Daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir demonstrated a sustained virological response in 98% of patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C infection.

Supervised intensive obesity treatment better for weight loss

Supervised intensive obesity treatment better for weight loss

Weight, body fat levels, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure all improved in the children who took part in the residential program.

SVR lowers all-cause mortality in hepatitis C patients

SVR lowers all-cause mortality in hepatitis C patients

Thirteen patients with SVR died, resulting in a cumulative 10-year overall survival of 91.1% , which did not different significantly from the aged- and sex-matched general population.

U.S. Lyme disease costs could exceed 1 billion annually

U.S. Lyme disease costs could exceed $1 billion annually

Prolonged illness in infected Americans costs up to 1.3 billion a year in treatments

Two new genetic risk variants for breast cancer discovered

Two new genetic risk variants for breast cancer discovered

Variants in the KLF4 gene most strongly linked to estrogen receptor-positive disease.

Less common bariatric procedure better for weight loss

Less common bariatric procedure better for weight loss

But 'duodenal switch' procedure also linked to more complications.

Chronic fatigue syndrome linked to earlier menopause

Chronic fatigue syndrome linked to earlier menopause

Menstrual abnormalities, endometriosis, pelvic pain also associated with chronic fatigue syndrome.

Go Red For Women raises CVD awareness

Go Red For Women raises CVD awareness

The Go Red For Women campaign has helped significantly decrease heart disease in women since its inception 12 years ago.

Consider Achilles arthropathy in asymptomatic patients with psoriasis

Consider Achilles arthropathy in asymptomatic patients with psoriasis

The initial site of articular inflammation is where the Achilles tendon attaches to the bone.

Five measles cases reported at Illinois day care

Five measles cases reported at Illinois day care

Health officials don't know if infections are related to outbreak tied to Disney parks in California.

Timely, aggressive BP management encouraged

Timely, aggressive BP management encouraged

Systolic reading of 150 should prompt immediate action to prevent poor outcomes.

HIV disparities persist for blacks

HIV disparities persist for blacks

Blacks account for 45% of CDC-funded HIV testing events, and make up 54.9% of newly positive.

Post-traumatic stress disorder ups diabetes risk in women

Post-traumatic stress disorder ups diabetes risk in women

The greater the number and severity of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms, the greater a patient's risk of type 2 diabetes.

Cultural practices may be driving hepatitis C infection rates in West Africa

Cultural practices may be driving hepatitis C infection rates in West Africa

Reports that suggest high rates of serologic false positives and low levels of viremia have contributed to uncertainty regarding the burden of active hepatitis C infection.

Flu vaccine rates low among nursing home workers

Flu vaccine rates low among nursing home workers

More education is needed to increase influenza vaccination rates among nursing home workers.

Debunking contraception myths may lower unplanned pregnancy rates

Debunking contraception myths may lower unplanned pregnancy rates

Nearly 87 million women face an unplanned pregnancy due to the underuse of contraception each year,.

First internal use tissue adhesive earns FDA approval

First internal use tissue adhesive earns FDA approval

The FDA has approved Cohera Medical's TissuGlu Surgical Adhesive, the first tissue adhesive for internal use.

Work-related asthma goes unaddressed in many adult patients

Work-related asthma goes unaddressed in many adult patients

Only 14.6% of patients surveyed who discussed their asthma and work with a health-care professional.

Consider nutrition, diet in mental disorder care

Consider nutrition, diet in mental disorder care

A collaboration is encouraging psychiatry and public health to recognize the relationships between diet and mental health.

Fumaric acid esters effective psoriasis treatment in Germany

Fumaric acid esters effective psoriasis treatment in Germany

The long-term safety profile of continuous fumaric acid esters treatment is favorable.

Mediterranean diet tied to reduced left ventricular mass

Mediterranean diet tied to reduced left ventricular mass

When adjusted for body mass index, the association between Mediterranean diet adherence and left ventricular mass weakened, but remained statistically significant.

Empagliflozin/linagliptin tablets approved for type 2 diabetes

Empagliflozin/linagliptin tablets approved for type 2 diabetes

The FDA has approved empagliflozin/linagliptin tablets as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes when both empagliflozin and linagliptin are appropriate treatments.

Measles cases surge in 2015

Measles cases surge in 2015

The spike in measles cases stemmed from an outbreak at Disney theme parks in December 2014.

ADHD drug approved to treat binge-eating disorder

ADHD drug approved to treat binge-eating disorder

Patients taking Vyvanse experienced a decrease in the number of binge eating days per week.

Tonsillectomy may improve psoriasis symptoms in select patients

Tonsillectomy may improve psoriasis symptoms in select patients

The causative link between chronic tonsillitis and psoriasis have been mostly speculative based on translational association studies.

Demographics, not location, explain high inner-city asthma rates

Demographics, not location, explain high inner-city asthma rates

Associations with asthma morbidity were very similar to those with prevalent asthma.

Added fructose: a chief driver of type 2 diabetes?

Added fructose: a chief driver of type 2 diabetes?

Reducing the intake of added sugars may help reduce diabetes-related morbidity, researchers suggest.

Radiation, hormone therapy for prostate cancer

Radiation, hormone therapy for prostate cancer

Combination radiation and hormone therapy is more effective than hormone therapy alone for the treatment of prostate cancer.

Gender 
effects 
of statins

Gender 
effects 
of statins

A patient's gender does not affect the efficacy of statin therapy for major vascular events.

Headache counseling needed

Headache counseling needed

Patients with headaches should be counseled about making lifestyle changes before being referred to specialists.

How effective is a low-glycemic diet?

How effective is a low-glycemic diet?

In overweight adults, a low-glycemic diet did not improve insulin sensitivity, lipid levels, or blood pressure.

Six ways to lower heart attack risk in women

Six ways to lower heart attack risk in women

Women's risk for heart attack can be significantly lowered through six healthy lifestyle practices.

Depression: An early sign of dementia?

Depression: An early sign of dementia?

Depression and other behavioral changes may precede Alzheimer disease and dementia.

Treating older adults with diabetes

Treating older adults with diabetes

Many older adults with diabetes and comorbid medical problems may be over treated.

Prolonged sitting linked to adverse health

Prolonged sitting linked to adverse health

Spending a long time during the day sitting increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and death.

Does political affiliation affect life span?

Does political affiliation affect life span?

When it came to political ideologies, 30% of conservatives and moderates died compared with 25% of liberals.

Prescription costs forcing some patients to skimp on treatment

Prescription costs forcing some patients to skimp on treatment

Although patients skimped on prescription drugs because of financial concerns at every age, patients aged 64 years or younger were more likely to do so.

Hypertension guideline adherence yields health, economic benefits

Hypertension guideline adherence yields health, economic benefits

Full implementation of the new hypertension guidelines would reduce deaths and treatment costs for patients aged 45 to 74 years with cardiovascular disease.

Eating blueberries may reduce blood pressure in postmenopausal women

Eating blueberries may reduce blood pressure in postmenopausal women

Nitric oxide levels were greater in the blueberry powder group compared with baseline levels, while no changes were observed in the control group.

Protein, probiotic combo shows promise for pediatric peanut allergy

Protein, probiotic combo shows promise for pediatric peanut allergy

A new oral therapy that combines a probiotic and peanut protein appears to be a successful immunotherapy for peanut allergy.

Chronic insomnia tied to increased hypertension risk

Chronic insomnia tied to increased hypertension risk

Patients with chronic insomnia who took longer than 14 minutes to fall asleep had a 300% higher risk of hypertension.

Diet, exercise may lower plaque build-up in coronary arteries

Diet, exercise may lower plaque build-up in coronary arteries

Intensive lifestyle modifications were associated with a decrease in atherosclerotic burden in both coronary and carotid vasculature systems.

How does the public perceive medical malpractice?

How does the public perceive medical malpractice?

A survey of Massachusetts residents concluded overwhelming public support for more transparency from providers and hospitals.

First generic esomeprazole approved by FDA

First generic esomeprazole approved by FDA

The FDA has approved esomeprazole magnesium delayed-release capsules, the first generic version of AstraZeneca's Nexium.

Updates to U.S. childhood, adolescent vaccine schedule released

Updates to U.S. childhood, adolescent vaccine schedule released

Changes in the 2015 childhood and adolescent immunization schedule include column changes to reflect the availability of influenza vaccines.

Novel combo hypertension drug gets FDA nod

Novel combo hypertension drug gets FDA nod

Perindopril arginine and amlodipine besylate may be used as initial therapy if a patient is likely to need multiple drugs to achieve their blood pressure goals.

Meningococcal disease vaccine earns FDA approval

Meningococcal disease vaccine earns FDA approval

After vaccination, 62% to 88% of patients treated with the vaccine had antibodies in their blood that killed three different N. meningitidis serogroup B strains.

Only half of U.S. girls receive timely HPV vaccine

Only half of U.S. girls receive timely HPV vaccine

Almost half of American girls receive the HPV vaccine after the recommended age.

Fishes omega-3 benefits offset mercury toxicity risk in pregnancy

Fishes omega-3 benefits offset mercury toxicity risk in pregnancy

Only children whose mothers had high levels of meat-related omega-6 fatty acids but low levels of omega-3s from fish oil had associated developmental damage.

E-cigarette vapor contains high levels of formaldehyde

E-cigarette vapor contains high levels of formaldehyde

High-voltage e-cigarettes released enough formaldehyde-containing compounds to increase a patient's lifetime risk of cancer five to 15 times higher than the risk caused by long-term smoking.