Web Exclusives

Many seniors qualify for statin treatment under new guidelines

Many seniors qualify for statin treatment under new guidelines

Statin therapy for patients with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or high cholesterol levels is recommended.

Eczema rates increase among children

Eczema rates increase among children

Due to a lack of pediatric dermatologists, primary-care clinicians are handling the influx of children with atopic dermatitis.

Many primary-care providers noncompliant with antibiotic guidelines

Many primary-care providers noncompliant with antibiotic guidelines

Inappropriate antibiotic selection more likely a result of demands than with a lack of familiarity with guideline recommendations.

Hand dryers may be unsuitable in health-care settings

Hand dryers may be unsuitable in health-care settings

Compared with paper towels, jet air and warm air dryers in public restrooms had higher bacteria levels.

Insufficient evidence for vitamin D deficiency screenings

Insufficient evidence for vitamin D deficiency screenings

There is not enough evidence to support vitamin D deficiency screenings said the USPSTF in a final recommendation statement.

Are women in positions of power more likely to be depressed?

Are women in positions of power more likely to be depressed?

Are women in positions of power more likely to be depressed?

Results of medicine-adherence interventions inconsistent

Results of medicine-adherence interventions inconsistent

More research needs to be done in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of interventions designed to improve patient adherence to prescribed medications.

Mom's pre-pregnancy weight impacts infant's risk of heart disease

Mom's pre-pregnancy weight impacts infant's risk of heart disease

Adults born to women who were overweight before pregnancy may be more likely to die from cardiovascular disease.

Mentally challenging jobs preserve cognitive skills in later life

Mentally challenging jobs preserve cognitive skills in later life

Patients who had mentally stimulating jobs appeared to retain sharper thinking even years after retirement.

Abuse-resistant hydrocodone approved by FDA

Abuse-resistant hydrocodone approved by FDA

Hydrocodone bitartrate is difficult to crush, break, or dissolve, making it resistant to abuse.

Diabetes costs United States $322B annually

Diabetes costs United States $322B annually

In 2012,the cost of prediabetes was $44 billion, while the cost of undiagnosed diabetes was $33 billion.

Telephone reminders up cardiovascular disease medication adherence

Telephone reminders up cardiovascular disease medication adherence

Small but statistically significant improvements in adherence were seen among intervention participants.

COPD hospital visits increased in past decade

COPD hospital visits increased in past decade

The number of hospital visits for COPD has increased by 88,000 from 2001 to 2012.

Long-term opioid use ups mortality risk in patients with chronic pain

Long-term opioid use ups mortality risk in patients with chronic pain

Compared with patients without chronic pain, opioid users had higher risks of injuries and toxicity/poisoning resulting in hospital inpatient admissions.

Genetically low vitamin D levels may increase early death risk

Genetically low vitamin D levels may increase early death risk

Gene variants linked to vitamin levels didn't affect cardiovascular-related mortality.

Despite weight gain, quitting smoking still heathlier

Despite weight gain, quitting smoking still heathlier

Compared with patients who kept smoking, the risk of dying was still 34% lower among quitters who did not gain weight.

High trans fat consumption tied to worse memory in men

High trans fat consumption tied to worse memory in men

Men who ate more trans fat demonstrated notably worse performance on the word memory test.

Biologics may up fungal infection risk in patients with psoriasis

Biologics may up fungal infection risk in patients with psoriasis

The incidence of deep fungal infections has risen with the increase of biologic treatment in psoriasis patients.

Wisconsin malpractice laws make tough cases for plaintiffs

Wisconsin malpractice laws make tough cases for plaintiffs

Since 1999, the number of medical malpractice lawsuits filed in Wisconsin has fallen by more than 50%.

Shortened life span, disability in tots with abusive head trauma

Shortened life span, disability in tots with abusive head trauma

Of the 4824 patients who experienced abusive head trauma in 2009, 334 died within 30 days of the trauma.

Beware of caffeine poisoning with energy drinks

Beware of caffeine poisoning with energy drinks

Poisoning by caffeine can occur at levels higher than 400 mg a day in adults, and above 100 mg a day in teens.

Low-sodium meats have higher potassium levels

Low-sodium meats have higher potassium levels

Potassium-containing additives were listed in the ingredients in 63% of sodium-reduced products and 25% of non-reduced products.

Catastrophizing worsens low back pain

Catastrophizing worsens low back pain

Catastrophizing and fear-avoidance beliefs may be linked to poor treatment outcomes in those with low back pain.

Teen tobacco use still common

Teen tobacco use still common

More regulation could stop young Americans from picking up the deadly habit.

Acupuncture, exercise may ease breast cancer pain

Acupuncture, exercise may ease breast cancer pain

Treatment-related discomfort, swelling helped by the approaches in two studies.

Oral-oral, oral-genital HPV transmission routes identified

Oral-oral, oral-genital HPV transmission routes identified

Having female sex partner with HPV puts men at greater risk for contracting HPV type responsible for throat cancers.

Omega-3 supplementation cuts tobacco dependence

Omega-3 supplementation cuts tobacco dependence

Increasing omega-3 PUFA concentrations reduced cigarette cravings even after intervention.

Tdap vaccine OK for pregnant women

Tdap vaccine OK for pregnant women

Rate of preterm delivery, low birth weights did not vary dramatically between the vaccinated and the unvaccinated.

FDA approves combination simeprevir and sofosbuvir for HCV treatment

FDA approves combination simeprevir and sofosbuvir for HCV treatment

Combination simeprevir and sofosbuvir has been approved by the FDA for treatment of chronic genotype 1 hepatitis C.

Medicare proposes to cover lung cancer screenings for at-risk patients

Medicare proposes to cover lung cancer screenings for at-risk patients

CMS announced it has drafted a reimbursement proposal to cover annual computed tomography (CT) scans for high-risk patients.

Secukinumab may clear psoriasis for a year

Secukinumab may clear psoriasis for a year

All subjects successfully self-administered treatment at Week 1, without critical use-related hazards.

HIPAA privacy bulletin released in wake of Ebola outbreak

HIPAA privacy bulletin released in wake of Ebola outbreak

HHS released details on how patient information can be shared during a public-health emergency.

Screening increases COPD, heart failure diagnoses

Screening increases COPD, heart failure diagnoses

Screening elderly patients for heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can increase detection.

Schools encouraged to stock epinephrine

Schools encouraged to stock epinephrine

Nearly 15% of school-aged children with food allergies have had an allergic reaction at school.

Despite progress, United States premature birth rates still high

Despite progress, United States premature birth rates still high

Despite noteworthy progress, the United States rate of preterm births is one of the highest among wealthy nations.

Test patients for penicillin allergy before prescribing costly alternatives

Test patients for penicillin allergy before prescribing costly alternatives

Majority of patients reporting penicillin allergy showed no evidence in skin tests.

Early safety test of lorcaserin, phentermine conducted

Early safety test of lorcaserin, phentermine conducted

A phase II study of the combination of lorcaserin and phentermine showed no increased serotonergic effects and increased weight loss.

Newer pneumonia vaccine better for children

Newer pneumonia vaccine better for children

Patients in Tennessee aged less than two years experienced about 1,300 fewer pneumonia hospitalizations annually in 2011 and 2012.

Obama calls for $6 billion to combat Ebola

Obama calls for $6 billion to combat Ebola

The Obama administration has asked for over $6 billion to help combat the Ebola epidemic in West Africa and strengthen protection in the United States.

California medical malpractice ballot initiative voted down

California medical malpractice ballot initiative voted down

The ballot initiative requiring the drug testing of clinicians and raising of malpractice caps in California has been struck down.

8M women not screened for cervical cancer

8M women not screened for cervical cancer

CDC notes that more than half of cervical cancer cases occur among women never or rarely screened

Nearly 140M Americans need weight-loss treatment

Nearly 140M Americans need weight-loss treatment

Of the 140 million American adults advised for weight-loss treatment, 83% could be considered for pharmacotherapy.

Early signs of plaque in arteries up myocardial infarction risk

Early signs of plaque in arteries up myocardial infarction risk

Patients with non-obstructive coronary artery disease were about 2 to 4.5 times more likely to have suffered an MI or died with no apparent CAD.

Recommendations for improved COPD intervention adherence

Recommendations for improved COPD intervention adherence

Researchers suggest improving self-management support and delivery system design to increase patients' adherence to COPD interventions.

HPV vaccine does not protect against recurrent warts in men

HPV vaccine does not protect against recurrent warts in men

The only significant factor in the recurrence of genital warts was marital status.

Dabigatran linked to higher bleeding risks compared with warfarin

Dabigatran linked to higher bleeding risks compared with warfarin

In black patients and those with chronic kidney disease, the risk of major bleeding was especially high.

Obesity linked to increased breast cancer risk in black, Hispanic women

Obesity linked to increased breast cancer risk in black, Hispanic women

Being overweight or obese increased the risk for ER-negative and progesterone receptor-positive breast tumors among postmenopausal women.

Women more likely to delay cardiovascular care

Women more likely to delay cardiovascular care

Men acted more quickly when they developed cardiovascular symptoms than women.

High milk intake associated with increased mortality risk

High milk intake associated with increased mortality risk

The risk of any bone fracture increased 16% in women who drank three or more glasses daily, and the risk of a broken hip increased 60%.

Overnight denture wear tied to pneumonia

Overnight denture wear tied to pneumonia

Perceived swallowing difficulties and overnight denture-wearing were independently associated with an approximately 2.3-fold higher risk of pneumonia.

Stents okay 
for stroke 
prevention

Stents okay 
for stroke 
prevention

Stenting carries no risk of nerve damage and is associated with a lower risk for heart attack than is endarterectomy.

Metformin linked to low TSH levels

Metformin linked to low TSH levels

The biguanide metformin was associated with a 55% increased risk of low TSH levels in patients with hypothyroidism when compared with sulfonylurea use.

New urinary incontinence guidelines focus on nonsurgical management

New urinary incontinence guidelines focus on nonsurgical management

Women with urgency UI (the loss of urine for no apparent reason after suddenly feeling the need or urge to urinate) should undergo bladder training.

Caffeine intake by children, teens studied

Caffeine intake by children, teens studied

Nearly 25% of children aged 12 to 19 years who reported consuming caffeine exceeded an intake of 2.5 mg/kg.

Antidepressant overuse with questionnaires

Antidepressant overuse with questionnaires

Approximately 1% of persons with a questionnaire score under 10 have major depression, which is the only form of depression that has been shown to benefit from antidepressants.

DHEA serum levels predict coronary heart disease risk

DHEA serum levels predict coronary heart disease risk

For elderly men, low serum levels of the adrenal sex hormone DHEA and its sulfate, DHEA-S, predict coronary heart disease risk.

Prenatal exposure to sodium valproate linked to lower IQ in offspring

Prenatal exposure to sodium valproate linked to lower IQ in offspring

The IQ of children exposed to VPA was lower compared with children born to women without epilepsy and that of those exposed to carbamazepine.

FDA approves first meningococcal B vaccine

FDA approves first meningococcal B vaccine

The FDA has approved Trumenba, the first vaccine approved in the U.S. to prevent invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B

Be alert for food allergens omitted from nutrition labels

Be alert for food allergens omitted from nutrition labels

Nearly one-third of all foods reported as serious health risks involved allergens that were not listed on food labels.

Ebola quarantines are overused in United States

Ebola quarantines are overused in United States

Quarantining asymptomatic people who may have Ebola is unnecessary and harmful, according to experts.

Metformin better for initial type 2 diabetes treatment

Metformin better for initial type 2 diabetes treatment

Compared with sulfonylurea, thiazolidinedione, or DDP-4 inhibitor, patients who started their initial T2DM treatment with metformin did not need additional medication.

Ebola patients in United States fare well

Ebola patients in United States fare well

The United States has handled the Ebola outbreak relatively well despite country-wide concern.

Placebo, nectar reduce nighttime cough in kids

Placebo, nectar reduce nighttime cough in kids

Children who were assigned agave nectar or a placebo coughed less often and less severely compared with children who received no treatment.

Twitter feeds every NP/PA should follow

Twitter feeds every NP/PA should follow

Twitter can help NPs and PAs stay up-to-date on the latest news, policies, and research in their fields.

Many colleges lack resources to care for students with chronic health conditions

Many colleges lack resources to care for students with chronic health conditions

Only 24% of college medical directors reported contacting students to make a first-time appointment.

Overweight, obese kids with asthma overuse rescue meds

Overweight, obese kids with asthma overuse rescue meds

Overweight/obese children reported more frequent rescue treatments despite lower fraction of exhaled nitric oxide and reduced methacholine responsiveness.

Too little, too much sleep increase ulcerative colitis risk

Too little, too much sleep increase ulcerative colitis risk

Patients who slept more or less than the recommended seven to eight hours per night had higher incidence of ulcerative colitis.

NT-proBNP helps identify cardiovascular disease risk in women

NT-proBNP helps identify cardiovascular disease risk in women

Women in the highest versus the lowest quartile of NT-proBNP were at a 53% increased risk of CVD, even after adjustment.

Experts call for better cardiovascular disease management in patients with diabetes

Experts call for better cardiovascular disease management in patients with diabetes

There are currently no CVD risk-prediction algorithms in widespread use for patients with T1DM.

Americans still consuming too much saturated, trans fat

Americans still consuming too much saturated, trans fat

Dietary guidelines from the American Heart Association indicate that Americans need fewer trans and saturated fats, and more omega-3 fatty acids in their diets.

United States ranked last in access to health care

United States ranked last in access to health care

Results of a 2013 survey indicate that three out of 10 Americans believe money is a barrier to receiving care.

Raw cow's milk may protect against respiratory infection in infants

Raw cow's milk may protect against respiratory infection in infants

When compared with processed milk, raw milk consumption was inversely associated with occurrence of rhinitis, respiratory tract infections, otitis, and fever.

Dietary supplements containing banned substances still on shelves

Dietary supplements containing banned substances still on shelves

Supplements used to enhance sports performance, weight loss, and sexual performance that contain FDA-banned substances are still being sold in stores.

United States starting human trials of new Ebola vaccine

United States starting human trials of new Ebola vaccine

Initial safety and efficacy results of VSV-ZEBOV, a second Ebola vaccine candidate, are expected by the end of 2014.

Twice-yearly PCP visits yield improved hypertension control

Twice-yearly PCP visits yield improved hypertension control

Health insurance and being treated for high cholesterol improved chances of keeping hypertension under control.

Do providers focus too much on symptoms?

Do providers focus too much on symptoms?

Disease-focused model of care may be inadequate for symptom-prompted outpatient visits.

Timing of flu vaccine in HIV patients impacts future incidence

Timing of flu vaccine in HIV patients impacts future incidence

Early season influenza vaccination of patients with HIV may influence the risk of infection later in the season.

What to know about pediatric Ebola

What to know about pediatric Ebola

Pediatric health professionals should be able to identify potential Ebola cases in children through identification of symptoms and a history of potential virus exposure.

Medication errors occur every 8 minutes in kids

Medication errors occur every 8 minutes in kids

Though 94% of those mistakes didn't require medical treatment, 25 led to deaths and about 1,900 critical care admissions.

Enterovirus infection ups type 1 diabetes risk in kids

Enterovirus infection ups type 1 diabetes risk in kids

Except in patients aged five to 10 years, type 1 diabetes incidence rates increased with age of diagnosis of enterovirus infection.

Yoga may ease inflammatory bowel disease

Yoga may ease inflammatory bowel disease

Trends observed toward improvement in health-related quality of life and self-efficacy in children.

Counseling, meds best for quitting smoking

Counseling, meds best for quitting smoking

Combination treatment better than either strategy alone.

Wisconsin judge refuses to uphold malpractice caps

Wisconsin judge refuses to uphold malpractice caps

A Wisconsin judge ruled that the state's malpractice caps law does not apply to a patient who lost all four limbs.

More providers using mobile health apps to improve patient care

More providers using mobile health apps to improve patient care

One-third of clinicians recommend apps to patients, but half of these providers are unsure of which apps to recommend specifically.

Most kids get required vaccines

Most kids get required vaccines

Despite high rates of vaccination compliance in the 2013 to 2014 school year, a persistent gap exists among parents who refuse to vaccinate their children.

In infertile women, spotting linked to endometriosis

In infertile women, spotting linked to endometriosis

Subfertile women with premenstrual spotting for two or more days had a higher prevalence of endometriosis compared with women without this symptom.

Polyunsaturated fat intake associated with better cholesterol readings

Polyunsaturated fat intake associated with better cholesterol readings

Overall cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio differed as much as 18% in participants who ate a diet with unsaturated fats versus saturated fats.

Psoriasis severity tied to increased risk for uncontrolled hypertension

Psoriasis severity tied to increased risk for uncontrolled hypertension

An estimated 60% of study participants with psoriasis had uncontrolled hypertension.

Is 21 days enough quarantine time for Ebola exposure?

Is 21 days enough quarantine time for Ebola exposure?

Experts call for more thorough research into the effectiveness of the 21-day surveillance period.

Meds main cause of U.S. allergy-related deaths

Meds main cause of U.S. allergy-related deaths

Fatal anaphylaxis caused by medications, food, and unspecified allergens was significantly associated with race and older age.

Less stress equals better-looking skin

Less stress equals better-looking skin

Research into blocking specific steps in certain pathways between the nervous system and the skin could lead to improved treatment of some skin disorders.

Smoking attributed to 14M health issues in Americans

Smoking attributed to 14M health issues in Americans

Many Americans suffer from multiple conditions related to cigarettes and estimates suggest that COPD is underreported.

Experts weigh risks, benefits of lung cancer screening for seniors

Experts weigh risks, benefits of lung cancer screening for seniors

The government is evaluating the risks and benefits associated with low-dose CT scans and potential coverage changes for Medicaid patients.

Mental stress affects heart differently in men, women

Mental stress affects heart differently in men, women

Compared with women, though, men were more likely to show changes in traditional physiological measures such as blood pressure.

Family meals help in fight against childhood obesity

Family meals help in fight against childhood obesity

Children whose families participated in family meal time were less likely to be overweight or obese.

Controversial Florida medical malpractice law upheld

Controversial Florida medical malpractice law upheld

The law requiring any patient filing a medical malpractice suit to release protected health information has been declared constitutional by a Federal appeals court.

Combination long-acting beta agonists, inhaled corticosteroids better for COPD

Combination long-acting beta agonists, inhaled corticosteroids better for COPD

Patients who received the combination therapy and had never taken a long-acting anticholinergic had an 8.4% reduced risk of death or hospitalization.

Antiretroviral therapy benefits HIV-positive stimulant-users

Antiretroviral therapy benefits HIV-positive stimulant-users

HIV-positive men that use stimulants show no greater mortality risk after initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).

Healthy habits can cut female stroke risk in half

Healthy habits can cut female stroke risk in half

Females who reported moderate alcohol intake, not smoking, physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and eating a nutritional diet were 54% less likely to have a stroke.

ART tied to higher preterm delivery rates in HIV-positive women

ART tied to higher preterm delivery rates in HIV-positive women

Women who are HIV positive and pregnant have high rates of preterm delivery and deliver children who are small for gestational age in Canada.