Color-enhanced scanning electron micrograph of <I>Candida albicans</I>, a yeast that inhabits the mouth, throat, intestines and urinary tract of humans. <I>C. albicans</I> recognize and destroy harmful bacteria. The growth of <I>C. albicans</I> is usually controlled by the immune system and friendly bacteria.
The white plaque on the mouth and lips of this infant is an oral fungal infection. The white plaque on the mouth and lips of this infant is an oral fungal infection. Candidiasis can occur when resistance to infection is lowered and may be a reaction to certain drugs such as antibiotics.
Diaper rash and candidiasis in female infant with a patchy red rash and white flakes of <I>C. albicans</I> on the genital area. Diaper rash is produced by skin irritation from substances contained in the feces and urine. Bacteria and fungus often infect the moist areas of skin and may produce blistering.
Light areas caused by the fungal infection Pityriasis versicolor. This infection is caused by a yeast normally found on the skin, <I>Malassezia furfur</I>. However, in warm humid environments it may proliferate and cause an infection. It most commonly affects the back, upper arms, chest and neck, causing light patches and occasionally scaly skin and itching, and can be treated with antifungal cream.
Darkened patches on the skin around the armpit caused by Tinea versicolor. These infections are caused by the yeasts <I>Malassezia globosa</I> and <I>Malassezia furfur</I>. These are normally found on the skin without causing any problems, but in warm humid environments they may proliferate excessively. Areas most commonly affected are the back, upper arms, chest and neck. Symptoms are discolored skin with some scaliness and itching, and can be treated with antifungal cream.
A body rash caused by <I>C. albicans</I>. Thrush, or candidiasis, encompasses infections that range from superficial such as oral thrush and vaginitis to systemic and potentially life-threatening diseases. Candida infections of the latter category are also referred to as candidemia and are usually confined to severely immunocompromised persons, such as cancer, transplant and AIDS patients.
Yeast infections are the most common gynecological complaint in the United States each year, but they can also affect children, men and immunocompromised patients, as well as other areas of the body. Easily treatable symptoms, including redness, itching and discomfort, are characteristic of typical yeast infections; however, more severe infections can be fatal if left untreated.